"Series Number"



"Date of Instruction - Spell Month Out Completely"

8 April 1996

"Series Title"


"Long Title - Type In All Capital Letters"


This instruction implements AFPD10-12, Space and AFI10-1201, Space Operations, by providing guidance and procedures for satellite control. It applies to Headquarters Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), and all subordinate units utilizing common use and/or unique resources of the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN); except for Royal Air Force (RAF) Telemetry and Command Station (TCS), Oakhanger. This instruction does not apply to Air National Guard nor Air Force Reserve units. Submit changes to HQ AFSPC/Current Operations Division, 150 Vandenberg St Ste 1105, Peterson AFB CO 80914-4200. If there is a conflict between this instruction and unit, contractor, or other major command publications, this instruction applies.

Incorporates information previously found in AFSPCR55-8, AFSPCR55-21, AFSPCR55-22, and AFSPCR55-29, and aligns the guidance with AFPD10-12 and AFI10-1201.

1.Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) Responsibilities. AFSPC has Launch and Deployment Authority (LDA) and Satellite Control Authority (SCA) for assigned operational missions. AFSPC provides satellite control support to various DoD and civil agencies and is responsible for day-to-day operations of the satellite control infrastructure.

1.1.HQ AFSPC Directorate of Operations:

1.1.1. Develops and provides command doctrine, policy, requirements, and guidance for operation and command and control (C2) of the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN), configuration control, and upchannel reporting.

1.1.2. Develops procedures for accepting SCA and notifies all concerned agencies when SCA is accepted.

1.1.3. Provides resource management to include funding advocacy for operations, maintenance, modernization, and new programs.

1.1.4. Establishes training and standardization evaluation policy and guidance.

1.1.5. Ensures qualification training is provided to new satellite operators.

1.1.6. Maintains Security Classification Guides for each operational program.

1.1.7. Develops and provides policy, guidance, oversight of Follow-On Test and Evaluation (FOT&E) of satellite systems.

1.1.8. Develops, reviews, and modifies, Designed Operational Capability (DOC) statements for AFSPC units with wartime taskings.

1.1.9. Develops concepts of operations (CONOPS) in support of satellite control missions.

1.1.10. Develops Technical Requirements Documents for each satellite program supported by AFSPC.

1.1.11. Develops program specific Memorandum of Agreements (MOA) with the system operational management agencies responsible for the DSCS, FLTSATCOM, and NATO satellite programs.

1.2. HQ AFSPC Directorate of Logistics:

1.2.1. Establishes policy and procedures for configuration control of hardware and software changes.

1.2.2. Establishes maintenance data collection policy and procedures.

1.2.3. Establishes maintenance status and inventory reporting policy and procedures.

1.2.4. Establishes system (e.g., hardware and software) maintenance criteria to support mission requirements.

1.3.HQ AFSPC Directorate of Communications - Computer Systems:

1.3.1. Establishes computer and communications management policy and guidance.

1.3.2. Implements configuration control procedures for satellite systems.

1.3.3. Serves as the DoD-level System Operational Manager for, and manages the communications payloads of, those MILSATCOM systems designated for Air Force system management in CJCS Memorandum of Policy 37, "Military Satellite Communications Systems".

1.3.4. Establishes sustainment policy and procedures for hardware and software supporting mission requirements.

1.3.5. Establishes procedures for collecting and evaluating metrics pertaining to hardware and software. Uses this data to advocate upgrades, changes, and enhancements to mission equipment.

1.4.HQ AFSPC Directorate of Requirements:

1.4.1. Develops Mission Need Statements.

1.4.2. Consolidates all Major Command (MAJCOM) requirements into specific Operational Requirement Documents (ORD) or Modification Proposal (AF Form 1067), as appropriate.

1.4.3. Supports Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center (AFOTEC) conducted Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E).

1.5.HQ AFSPC Directorate of Plans:

1.5.1. Provides planning for satellite control requirements and advocacy leading to requirement validation and system acquisition and modification.

1.5.2. Acts as focal point for program objective memorandum advocacy and submission.

1.6.HQ AFSPC Comptroller:

1.6.1. Provides satellite valuation data for on-orbit assets to the Defense Accounting Agency.

1.6.2. Develops and submits financial plans and distributes funding to subordinate units in support of satellite control.

1.7.14th Air Force:

1.7.1. Develops policies and procedures for routine and emergency satellite relocations and disposal actions.

1.7.2. Responsible for operational taskings to the Space Wings (SW) for each satellite program supported by AFSPC.

1.7.3. Develops procedures and criteria for convening operations review boards.

1.7.4. Maintains Operational Control (OPCON) over GPS, DSP, DMSP, and Milstar as well as the spacelift infrastructure.

1.7.5. Accepts SCA for all satellites over which 14 AF maintains OPCON and delegates SCA to the appropriate SW for day-to-day operations.

1.7.6. Supplements this instruction as necessary.

1.8.21st/50th Space Wings (SW):

1.8.1. Develops financial plans, submit budgets, and identify improvement requirements.

1.8.2. Plans for and provides continuous satellite operations at all levels of conflict.

1.8.3. Ensures compliance with AFSPC operational reporting requirements.

1.8.4. Reviews, approves, and executes maintenance programs in compliance with AFSPC main-tenance policies.

1.8.5. Establishes training requirements and executes a Unit Qualification Training (UQT) program for all assigned personnel and other individuals as necessary.

1.8.6. Identifies, reviews, approves, and forwards deficiencies, improvement and modernization require-ments, and new mission requirements to HQ AFSPC.

1.8.7. Implements the configuration control program to ensure compliance with AFSPC and AFMC directives and/or agreements. Develops operational configuration control procedures.

1.8.8. Develops procedures to interface with owners/operators and external agencies.

1.8.9. Develops operational procedures for appropriate backup of critical operational missions.

1.8.10. Supplements this instruction with local instructions as necessary.

1.8.11. Implements operations security (OPSEC) procedures according to AFPD10-11, Operations Security.

1.8.12. Develops supporting plans to COMAFSPACE Operations Plans (OPLAN).

1.8.13. Ensures compliance with AFSPC maintenance reporting requirements.

1.8.14. Provides unit qualification training (UQT) to new satellite operators.

1.8.15. Acts as LDA and assumes SCA from 14 AF for assigned operational missions.

2.Command, Control, and Management. The Commander, AFSPC provides operations policy and guidance to the Numbered Air Forces (NAF) and SWs through the HQ AFSPC, Director of Operations. NAFs provide operational control of all space forces.

3.Command and Control. The space wings have overall authority to direct operations to fulfill C2 and mission data collection requirements.

4.Operations. AFSPC's satellite control mission is to provide pre-launch, launch and deployment, anomaly resolution, operational telemetry, tracking, and commanding (TT&C), mission operations, end-of-life testing, and disposal support to all assigned space systems.

4.1.Normal Operations. Space Wings:

4.1.1. Operate space vehicles (SV) according to higher headquarters (HHQ) direction.

4.1.2. Perform pre-launch SV command and telemetry compatibility checkout. Check all SVs to ensure that the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN) will be able to properly communicate with the spacecraft before launch. Provide additional support for all planning efforts leading to launch phase.

4.1.3. Provide LDA support, including tracking and monitoring the launch vehicle through boost and operations checkout. Assigned Space Operations Squadrons (SOPS) will control the SV during separation, spin-up (if appropriate), and throughout the early orbit checkout period

4.1.4. Provide on-orbit TT&C to support the daily evaluation of the SV, and provide payload support as required. These activities include prescribed C2, tracking, telemetry readouts, mission data recovery, relocation maneuvers, and station keeping functions throughout the useful life of the SV.

4.1.5. Provide Common User Network services and support to Air Force, DoD, NASA, and other authorized users. Plan and execute user access to network assets (processors, communications, antennas); provide training and technical control and support to network users.

4.2.Contingency Operations. The SWs will develop procedures to conduct contingency operations for the following:

4.2.1.SV Malfunction. Operate and correct malfunctioning SVs consistent with technical guidance provided by the SPOs, external agencies, and SV and ground system contractors. The procedures will
address "safing" the SV (e.g., ensuring the SV doesn't further damage itself) and correcting failures. These procedures will also include actions aimed at maximizing on orbit SV capabilities while minimizing risk to SV health.

4.2.2.Theater/Tactical Operations. Use the SV's to maximize support to tactical units in the event of hostilities interrupting routine capability to meet mission requirements.

4.2.3.Threat and Intrusion Detection. Perform routine analysis of SV's telemetry to detect and report SV intrusion and or interference in a timely manner.

4.2.4.Backup Operations. Provide continuity of operations for SV control, in accordance with the Backup CONOPS in the event of natural or man-made disasters at the primary SOPS operations center. May also be used to provide additional operational capacity during peak load situations.
5.Capability Assessment. System Capability (SYSCAP) is a continuous assessment of the capability of a system or program to perform the mission. Operational Capability (OPSCAP) is a continuous assessment of the capability of the major components of a system or program to perform the mission. OPSCAP and SYSCAP assessments support real time planning and serve as a measure of capability. Each SW will develop specific criteria to define mission degradation and OPSCAP/SYSCAP status changes. 14 AF/DO is the final approval authority for these criteria. Submit reports per AFSPCI10-202.

6.Engineering Support. The SWs will develop procedures to monitor the status of each subsystem, and maintain and analyze available SV telemetry, throughout the useful life of each SV. SWs will analyze data to detect trends, degradations, or anomalies. The SWs will develop tests and procedures and recommend changes to minimize the effects of anomalies.

7. Constellation Sustainment. Constellation Sustainment Assessment Teams (CSAT) will be developed to review on-orbit constellation status for the DMSP, DSP, GPS, and Milstar programs. CSATs will convene quarterly, prior to the Current Launch Schedule (CLS) Review Board (CLSRB), to review the Space Launch Manifest and CLS, examine the health of operational constellations, ensure user requirements are satisfied and forecast launch requirements. CSATs will forward launch recommendations to COMAFSPACE for review and COMAFSPACE will, in turn, issue a launch/no-launch recommendation to the CLSRB. The CLSRB approves or disapproves the launch recommendation and decisions are reflected in the revised CLS. Teams will also convene on an as needed basis in response to contingency launch scenarios

7.1. Membership. CSATs will be comprised of members from HQ AFSPC/DO, AFSPACE/DO, SWs, the SOPS providing TT&C, and the supporting Space Launch Squadron (SLS). Membership for each program's System Program Office (SPO) shall be outlined in SW/SMC MOAs. Each MOA shall contain
verbiage whereas the SPO will extend an invitation of membership to the spacecraft and launch booster contractor(s).

7.2. Responsibilities. The responsibilities outlined within this instruction only cover the overall management and chairmanship. Specific responsibilities (i.e. Secretariat, tracking of Action Items, etc.) will be defined in documents governing the management, roles and responsibilities within each CSAT.

7.2.1. HQ AFSPC/DO: Organizes and participates in the CSATs for the DMSP, DSP, GPS and Milstar. Participates as a member of the DSCS and UFO CSATs.

7.2.2. AFSPACE/DO: Chairs the CSAT. Convenes the CSAT quarterly, prior to the CLSRB, or on an as needed basis for each program. Forwards CSAT recommendations to the COMAFSPACE. Participates as a member of the DSCS and UFO CSATs.

8. Reports. Accomplish reports per AFSPCI10-202.

9.AFSPC Mission Specific Responsibilities. Specific responsibilities for each program will be developed at the SW level and below. They will be in compliance with this instruction and the most current MOAs developed by HQ AFSPC/DO.

DONALD G. COOK, Brigadier General, USAF
Director of Operations

1. Interfaces
2. Terms Explained
3. Acronyms


Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN). Provides global ground based support for launch, C2, mission data distribution and data processing to DoD and RDT&E space systems and other assigned programs. The network supports space systems mission performance and routes mission data to military and other national security users.

Air Force Space Command Command Center (AFSCCC). The AFSCCC is the C2 operations center for AFSPC. Its primary interface is with the AFSPACE Space Operations Center which in turn interfaces with 14 AF subordinate wings.

AFSPACE Space Operations Center (AFSPACE SOC). The AFSPACE SOC is 14 AF/CC's 24 hour center for command and control of the Air Force's space surveillance, satellite command and control, missile warning, and spacelift mission areas. The AFSPACE SOC is AFSPACE's center for operational control of Air Force space operations assets.

Army Space Command (USARSPACE). USARSPACE exercises operational command for the Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) Operations Centers (OC). USARSPACE operates and maintains all DSCSOCs (fixed and mobile). They provide personnel resources required to ensure coordinated, accurate and responsive control functions for the DSCS communications networks.

Navy Space Command (NAVSPACECOM). NAVSPACECOM, following operational acceptance, has overall responsibility for the Fleet Satellite Communications (FLTSATCOM) system satellites. The FLTSATCOM system includes, FLTSAT, UHF Follow-on (UFO), and LEASAT. NAVSPACECOM exercises system management responsibilities and operational control of the FLTSATCOM system satellites and payloads, through the Naval Satellite Operations Center, located at Point Mugu, CA.

Owner/Operator Agencies. Each satellite program and supporting SOPS provides unique data to owner/operators, and interfaces with various agencies.

Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) System Program Office (SPO). The SPOs, located at Los Angeles Air Force Base, design, develop, and procure space and associated satellite control systems, and are LDA for R&D and DT&E systems. The SPOs provide technical advice and support, including Technical Advisors and other contractors, to the SW throughout the lifetime of their assigned satellite programs.

Space Control Center (SCC). The SCC is located within Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base (CMAFB) and coordinates USSPACECOM space defense missions, AFSPC space surveillance, and USSPACECOM space surveillance. The 1st Command and Control Squadron (1 CACS) within the SCC is a command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) facility under the direct control of the AFSPACE SOC which in turn reports to the Commander in Chief, United States Space Command (USCINCSPACE). The SCC acts as the focal point for space defense, and space surveillance operations to ensure effective management of all space resources. The SCC operates under the rules and procedures established by USSPACECOMR55-20(S), Warning and Verification of Hostile Space Events

Anomaly. An unexpected or unplanned condition that does not meet system performance parameters.

Anomaly Resolution. Process to resolve an anomaly. An anomaly resolution team will be formed to resolve all anomalies. This team may consist of AFMC, AFSPC, contractors, and any other resources needed to resolve the anomaly, including the LDA (as appropriate).

Configuration Control. The systematic proposal, justification, evaluation, coordination, approval or disapproval, and implementation of all approved changes in the configuration of Configuration Item (CI) after formal establishment of the baseline. In accordance with DODI5000-2AFSUP1, AFMC is responsible for administering Configuration Control and AFSPC has approval for changes to the operational configuration of fielded systems.

Configuration Management. A discipline applying technical and administrative direction and surveillance to do the following: (1) identify and document the functional and physical characteristics of a CI; (2) control changes to the CI and its documentation; and (3) record and report change processing and implementation status [DODI5000-2AFSUP1]. An AFMC responsibility.

Depot-Level Maintenance. The level of equipment maintenance for launch vehicle, spacecraft, facilities, and ground systems (not including RPIE) performed by AFMC or their contractors normally not performed at the operating location. This may include organizational-level maintenance as agreed to by AFSPC and AFMC.

Developmental, Test, and Evaluation (DT&E). A new or modified system that is programmed for operational employment but which is currently under the control of the acquiring agency until having completed development tests, demonstrated performance within specification, and accepted by the specified operational command/agency.

Launch & Deployment Authority (LDA). The LDA is accountable for spacelift mission success and is responsible for activating the payload to a mission ready status. The LDA makes the final decision to launch and has Satellite Control Authority (SCA). Unless otherwise specified, the LDA assignment is a function of the payload mission (operational, DT&E, or R&D).

Operational Turnover. The point in time for operational system responsibility and control of spacelift systems transfers from AFMC to AFSPC.

Research and Development (R&D). A one of a kind space experiment system used to demonstrate/validate new technology but as designed, is not intended for use in an operational capacity.

Satellite Control Authority (SCA). Authority to command and control the spacecraft.

Spacecraft Deployment. All activities to deliver the payload to its mission orbit configured for operations. Includes all functions required to perform early orbit checkout on a newly launched payload.


14 AF 14th Air Force
AFB Air Force Base
AFR Air Force Regulation
AFMC Air Force Material Command
AFSCN Air Force Satellite Control Network
AFSPACE Air Component to US Space Command
AFSPC Air Force Space Command
AFSCCC Air Force Space Command Command Center
ASSC Alternate Space Surveillance Center
BSSC Battle Staff Support Center
CCC USSPACECOM/NORAD Consolidated Command Center
CMAFB Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base
COMSAT Communications Satellite
CSOC Consolidated Space Operations Center
C2 Command and Control
C3 Command, Control, and Communications
C3I Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
DO Director of Operations
DOC Directorate of Command and Control Systems
DOO Current Operations Division
DOR Daily Operations Report
DOT Directorate of Space Training, Standardization/Evaluation
DSCS Defense Satellite Communications System
DSP Defense Support Program
DT&E Developmental, Test, and Evaluation
EAM Emergency Action Message
EAP Emergency Action Procedures
EAR Engineering Analysis Report
FLTSATCOM Fleet Satellite Communications
GAR Ground System Anomaly Report
GPS Global Positioning System
JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff
LDA Launch and Deployment Authority
MCS Master Control Station
MIJI Meaconing, Intrusion, Jamming, and Interference
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NAVSPACECOM Naval Space Command
NAVSPOC Naval Space Operations Center
NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command
OPLANS Operations Plans
OPORD Operations Orders
OPREP Operational Report
OPSCAP Operations Capability
OPSEC Operations Security
PEM Program Element Monitor
POM Program Objectives Memorandum
R&D Research and Development
RCS Report Control Symbol
SOAR Systems Operations and Analysis Report
SCA Satellite Command Authority
SITREP Situation Report
SMC Space and Missile Systems Center
SOC Satellite Operations Center
SOPS Space Operations Squadron
SORD Systems Operational Requirements Document
SPADOC Space Defense Operations Center
SPO Systems Program Office
SW Space Wing
SSC Space Surveillance Center
SSN Space Surveillance Network
SV Space Vehicle
TRD Technical Requirements Document
TT&C Tracking, Telemetry, and Commanding
USSPACECOM United States Space Command
UQT Unit Qualification Training
VAR Vehicle Anomaly Report