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Launch Vehicle Trends

During 1993-1994 the Russian Federation, the principal heir to the vast Soviet space program, conducted 97 space launches (down from 116 space launches during 1991-1992) with only three failures. By contrast, the rest of Eurasia undertook only 27 missions during this 2-year period and suffered three launch failures. Although one of the two operational CIS cosmodromes is in Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation was responsible not only for launching all 1993-1994 launch vehicles but also for their payloads.

Two new launch vehicle types were added to the Russian arsenal in 1993-1994, which now consists of five basic families with seven major variants. By the end of the decade, the number of launch vehicle variants may double, and the new Svobodnyy Cosmodrome in the Russian Far East may be commissioned.

Sources and Resources

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