In mid-1999 the Kosmotras International Space Company (ISC) started to develop the Dnepr-M booster, which is a modification version of the Dnepr-1 conversion booster, developed from the RS-20 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM, NATO designation SS-18 Satan). The first launch of the Dnepr-1 rocket took place on 21 April 1999, when a British satellite of the SSTL Company was taken to orbit. Kosmotras is planning to use more than 150 SS-18 Satan missiles converted into Dnepr-1 carrier rockets. The launches will be made from the launch-sites in Baikonur, where all requisite infrastructure is in place for these rockets.
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Implemented by Christina Lindborg, 1997 Scoville Fellow
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