The Russian Federation continues to operate the most comprehensive and diverse set of Earth observation satellites in Eurasia. Eight major systems were active during the period, including the first Russian GEO meteorological satellite. Earth observation and remote sensing remain missions of great importance to the Russian Federation but have been vulnerable to budget cuts in the current fiscally constrained national space program. Although the large number of new systems proposed in the late 1980's and early 1990's are unlikely to materialize, some improved variants of existing systems as well as a few new satellite designs are anticipated during the second half of this decade. For convenience, these systems are divided in this section into the general categories of meteorology, oceanography, and multi-purpose.