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Since the 1970's Iran has considered establishing a GEO communications satellite network. After several abortive attempts, Iran reached a tentative agreement in 1993 to purchase a pair of western satellites for its Zohreh system. With spacecraft stationed at 26 degrees E and 34 degrees E, the Zohreh system will provide both L-band (INMARSAT-compatible) and Ku-band (14 transponders) links. The 1,850-kg spacecraft are to be furnished by Alcatel Espace and Aerospatiale with design lifetimes of 10 years. In the meantime, Iran is leasing Ku-band capacity on INTELSAT spacecraft (References 135-137).


135. F. Shahrokhi and M. Talebzadeh, "Zohreh Satellite System: The Iranian Satellite System", Paper IAF-93M.5.340, 44th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, 16-22 October 1993.

136. "Iranian Domestic Satellite System", Space FAX Daily, 8 November 1993, p. 1.

137. "Iranians Could Lease Intelsat 507 Capacity", Space News, 16-22 January 1995, p. 2.

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