GRAHAM T. ALLISON, JR.: Dr. Allison is the Director of Harvard University's Center for Science and International Affairs. He was Dean of Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government from 1977 to 1989, and has served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy and Plans, coordinating Department of Defense strategy toward Russia, Ukraine, and the other states of the former Soviet Union.
ROBERT D. BLACKWILL: Mr. Blackwill teaches foreign and defense policy, political and organizational analysis, and public management at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government, where he also chairs the school's Executive Programs for Russian General Officers and members of the Russian State Duma. Special Assistant for European and Soviet Affairs to President Bush, his most recent books are Emerging Russia and Damage Limitation of Crisis? Russia and the Outside World.
BARRY M. BLECHMAN: Dr. Blechman is the Chairman and cofounder of the Henry L. Stimson Center, a nonnprofit research and educational organization. He has worked on national security issues for more than 30 years, including service as Assistant Director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
RICHARD R. BURT: Mr. Burt is Chairman of International Equity Partners, a Washington-based investment firm. He was Chief Negotiator, Strategic Arms Reduction Talks, and U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany.
KEITH W. DAYTON: Colonel Dayton is a visiting Senior Military Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.
ROBERT ELLSWORTH: Mr. Ellsworth is Chairman of the International Institute for Strategic Studies. He is former Deputy Secretary of Defense and former Ambassador to NATO.
RICHARD A. FALKENRATH: Dr. Falkenrath is Executive Director of Harvard University's Center for Science and International Affairs. He is the author of Shaping Europe's Military Order: The Origins and Consequences of the CFE Treaty, as well as the coauthor of Avoiding Nuclear Anarchy: Containing the Threat of Loose Russian Nuclear Weapons and Fissile Material.
ALTON FRYE: Mr. Frye is Senior Vice President and National Director of the Council on Foreign Relations, which he also served as President. Formerly a Senate Staff Director and a member of the RAND Corporation, he is author of the strategic build-down concept.
LAWRENCE GOLDMUNTZ: Mr. Goldmuntz is President of Economic and Science Planning, Inc. He was Executive Secretary of the Federal Council for Science and Technology in the Executive Office of the President.
SIDNEY N. GRAYBEAL: Mr. Graybeal is Chief Scientist at Science Applications lnternational Corporation and a member of the Defense Policy Board. He was a member of the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty negotiating team, and served as first U.S. Commissioner on the Standing Consultative Commission, the implementing body of the Antiballistic Missile Treaty.
RICHARD N. HAASS: Dr. Haass is Director of Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution. He served as a senior member of the National Security Council staff during the Bush administration.
MORTON H. HALPERIN: Dr. Halperin is a Senior Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations. He served in the Department of Defense in the Johnson and Clinton administrations and on
the staff of the National Security Council in the Nixon and Clinton administrations.
ARNOLD L. HORELICK: Mr. Horelick is Professor of Political Science at UCLA and Resident Consultant at the RAND Corporation. He served as National Intelligence Officer for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
ARNOLD KANTER: Mr. Kanter is a Senior Associate at the Forum for Intemational Policy. He served as Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs and as Special Assistant to the President for Defense Pohcy and Arms Control.
STEVEN E. MILLER: Dr. Miller is Director of the International Security Program at Harvard University's Center for Science and lntemational Affairs and Editor-in-Chief of International Security. He was formerly a Senior Research Fellow at SIPRI in Stockholm and taught Defense Studies at MIT.
MICHAEL MOODIE: Mr. Moodie is President of the Chemical and Biological Arms Control Institute. He is a former Assistant Director for Multilateral Affairs at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
STANLEY R. RESOR: Mr. Resor is a retired partner of Debevoise & Plimpton and Chairman of the Arms Control Association. He served as Secretary of the Army and Ambassador to Mutual Balance Force Reduction negotiations.
JOHN B. RHINELANDER: Mr. Rhinelander is Senior Counsel at Shaw, Pittman, Potts & Trowbridge in Washington, D.C., and Vice Chairman of the Arms Control Association. He was a Deputy Legal Adviser at the Department of State and legal adviser to the United States' first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty delegation.
PETER W. RODMAN: Mr. Rodman is Director of National Security Programs at the Nixon Center for Peace and Freedom and a Senior Editor of National Review. He has served as a Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and as Director of the State Department Policy Planning Staff.
STEPHEN R. SESTANOVICH: Mr. Sestanovich is Vice President for Russian and Eurasian Affairs at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He was Senior Director for Policy Development on the National Security Councd Staff and a member of the Policy Planning Staff at the Department of State.
DOV S. ZAKHEIM: Dr. Zakheim is CEO of SPC International Corporation and Adjunct Professor at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs. He is a former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Planning and Resources.
JAMES F. DOBBINS: Mr. Dobbins is Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director of the National Security Council Staff on Inter-American Affairs. He was Ambassador to the European Community and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs.
SALLY K. HORN: Ms. Horn is the Special Assistant to the Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. She previously served as Director of Cooperative Threat Reduction and Director of Verification Policy within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy.
LORI ESPOSITO MURRAY: Dr. Murray is the Special Adviser to the President and U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency Director on the Chemical Weapons Convention. She was Assistant Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and served as Senior National Security Adviser to Senator Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R-Kans.).
* Observers were invited to participate in the meetings of the Task Force and comment on succesive drafts of this report. As observers, they were not asked to endorse the report.