PDF Version

[Federal Register Volume 78, Number 71 (Friday, April 12, 2013)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 21826-21839]
[FR Doc No: 2013-07802]


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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

Office of the Secretary

[DOD-2009-OS-0038; RIN 0790-AI54]

32 CFR Part 182


Defense Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies

AGENCY: Department of Defense.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This rule implements DoD regulations and legislation 
concerning restriction on direct participation by DoD personnel. It 
provides specific policy direction and assigns responsibilities with 
respect to DoD support provided to Federal, State, and local civilian 
law enforcement agencies, including responses to civil disturbances.

DATES: This rule is effective May 13, 2013.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Tom LaCrosse, 571-256-8353.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

[[Page 21827]]

Executive Summary

I. Purpose of the Regulatory Action

    a. The purpose of this rule is to implement the statutory 
requirements for the Department of Defense support of civilian law 
enforcement agencies. This rule provides specific policy direction and 
assigns responsibilities to Department of Defense key individuals 
providing support to Federal, State, Tribal, and local law enforcement 
agencies, including response to civil disturbances within the United 
States, including the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any territory or possession of the 
United States or any other political subdivision thereof.
    b. The legal authority for this rule is 10 U.S.C. 375, 
``Restriction on participation by Military Personnel.''

II. Summary of the Major Provisions of the Rule

a. Support in Accordance With the Posse Comitatus Act
    The primary restriction on DoD participation in civilian law 
enforcement activities is the Posse Comitatus Act. It provides that 
whoever willfully uses any part of the Army or the Air Force as a posse 
comitatus or otherwise to execute U.S. laws, except in cases and under 
circumstances expressly authorized by the Constitution or Act of 
Congress, shall be fined under title 18, U.S.C., or imprisoned not more 
than two years, or both. Section 182.6 (a) describes in detail the 
assistance that the Department of Defense may and may not provide 
civilian law enforcement agencies.
b. Support During Civil Disturbances
    The President is authorized by the Constitution and laws of the 
United States to employ the Armed Forces of the United States to 
suppress insurrections, rebellions, and domestic violence under various 
conditions and circumstances. Planning and preparedness by the Federal 
Government, including the Department of Defense, for civil disturbances 
is important due to the potential severity of the consequences of such 
events for the Nation and the population. The employment of Federal 
military forces to control civil disturbances shall only occur in a 
specified civil jurisdiction under specific circumstances as authorized 
by the President, normally through issuance of an Executive order or 
other Presidential directive authorizing and directing the Secretary of 
Defense to provide for the restoration of law and order in a specific 
State or locality.

III. Costs and Benefits

    This rule does not have a significant effect on the economy. 
However, the Department of Defense may provide support to civilian law 
enforcement entities on either a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis 
depending on the authority under which the support is provided. The 
benefit to the elements of the Department of Defense providing such 
support may include a benefit that is substantially equivalent to that 
derived from military operations or training. Additionally, the 
recipient civilian law enforcement agencies benefit from the Department 
of Defense's substantial capabilities when those capabilities are not 
needed for Department of Defense missions.

Public Comments

    On Tuesday, December 28, 2010, the Department of Defense published 
a proposed rule (75 FR 81547) requesting public comment. Two comments 
were received. Below are the comments and responses.
    Comment #1. Comment on Proposed Rule: 32 CFR Part 182 DOD-2009-OS-
0038. The definition given in Sec.  182.3 of ``civil disturbance'' is 
overly broad and encompasses any number of situations that the 
Legislature and DOD entities might not have in mind at the time of 
drafting this rule. It is my recommendation that specific reference be 
made to DOD Directive 3025.12 within Sec.  182.3 to allay any possible 
misreading of 32 CFR part 182. If Posse Comitatus is going to be 
suspended in times other than those specifically authorized by the 
Constitution, Congress must act to make the language clear and 
unambiguous. In addition, the definition of ``Emergency Authority'' in 
Sec.  182.3 and DOD 3025.12 is unclear. In what sort of a civil 
emergency can prior Presidential authorization be ``impossible'' to 
obtain. These two definitions read together give an extraordinary 
degree of latitude to DOD entities within the borders of the United 
States. Finally, I question whether a rule is the appropriate venue for 
an expansion of this nature. Perhaps this is a task best left to 
congress for full public scrutiny and debate. Should this really be a 
task left to the DOD to make a rule essentially gutting 10 U.S.C.A. 
331-4? Despite the fact that this rule has received certification by 
the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA), I seriously 
question whether there are not significant implications for its 
enactment under Executive Order 13132 (Federalism). If it is left to 
the DOD to determine when force is necessary, absent a Presidential 
order and absent the cooperation of local authorities, Posse Comitatus 
is for all intents and purposes at an end.
    DoD Response: No action required. This instruction cancels DoD 
Directive 3025.12. ``Civil disturbance'' is an approved definition in 
the DoD Dictionary and makes no reference to the Posse Comitatus Act 
being ``suspended.'' Also this rule does not make reference to the 
suspension of Posse Comitatus Act. It lists those actions that are 
permissible and restricted under the Act. The author also recommends 
that Congress, rather than DoD, make the language ``clear and 
unambiguous.''
    Comment #2. The Posse Comitatus Act, 18 U.S.C. 1385, clearly 
applies to National Guard troops which have been federalized and are 
deployed under Title 10 authority within the United States. However, 
the courts have not definitively ruled on whether the Act applies to 
troops deployed under Title 32, and generally it is assumed that the 
act does not apply under those circumstances. If Sec.  182.4(b) of this 
rule is meant to clearly state that the National Guard is, in fact, to 
act in compliance with the restrictions of the Posse Comitatus Act 
while in support of civilian law enforcement officials while deployed 
under Title 32 authority as well as Title 10, then this is a welcome 
clarification of DoD policy.
    DoD Response: No action required. National Guard forces operating 
under Title 32 are under State control, and the Posse Comitatus Act 
would not apply. State law governs what actions State officials and 
State National Guard forces may take.

Regulatory Procedures

Executive Order 12866, ``Regulatory Planning and Review,'' and 
Executive Order 13563, ``Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review''

    It has been certified that 32 CFR part 182 does not:
    (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or 
adversely affect in a material way the economy; a section of the 
economy; productivity; competition; jobs; the environment; public 
health or safety; or State, local, or Tribal governments or 
communities;
    (2) Create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an 
action taken or planned by another agency;
    (3) Materially alter the budgetary impact of entitlements, grants, 
user fees,

[[Page 21828]]

or loan programs, or the rights and obligations of recipients thereof; 
or
    (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal 
mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles set forth in 
these Executive Orders.

Sec. 202, Pub. L. 104-4, ``Unfunded Mandates Reform Act''

    It has been certified that 32 CFR part 182 does not contain a 
Federal mandate that may result in the expenditure by State, local, and 
Tribal governments, in aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 
million or more in any 1 year.

Public Law 96-354, ``Regulatory Flexibility Act'' (5 U.S.C. 601)

    It has been certified that 32 CFR part 182 is not subject to the 
Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601) because it would not, if 
promulgated, have a significant economic impact on a substantial number 
of small entities. This rule establishes procedures and assigns 
responsibilities within DoD for assisting civilian law enforcement 
agencies, therefore, it is not expected that small entities will be 
affected because there will be no economically significant regulatory 
requirements placed upon them.

Public Law 96-511, ``Paperwork Reduction Act'' (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35)

    It has been certified that 32 CFR part 182 does not impose 
reporting or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction 
Act of 1995.

Executive Order 13132, ``Federalism''

    It has been certified that 32 CFR part 182 does not have federalism 
implications, as set forth in Executive Order 13132. This rule does not 
have substantial direct effects on:
    (1) The States;
    (2) The relationship between the national government and the 
States; or
    (3) The distribution of power and responsibilities among the 
various levels of Government.

List of Subjects in 32 CFR Part 182

    Armed forces, Law enforcement.

    Accordingly, 32 CFR part 182 is added to read as follows:

PART 182--DEFENSE SUPPORT OF CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

Sec.
182.1 Purpose.
182.2 Applicability and scope.
182.3 Definitions.
182.4 Policy.
182.5 Responsibilities.
182.6 Procedures.

    Authority: 10 U.S.C. 113, 331-334, 371-382, 2576, and 2667; 14 
U.S.C. 141; 16 U.S.C. 23, 78, 593, and 1861; 18 U.S.C. 112, 351, 
831, 1116, 1385, and 1751; 22 U.S.C. 408, 461-462; 25 U.S.C.180; 31 
U.S.C. 1535; 42 U.S.C. 97, 1989, and 5121-5207; 50 U.S.C. 1621-1622; 
and Public Law 94-524.


Sec.  182.1  Purpose.

    This part:
    (a) Establishes DoD policy, assigns responsibilities, and provides 
procedures for DoD support to Federal, State, Tribal, and local 
civilian law enforcement agencies, including responses to civil 
disturbances within the United States, including the District of 
Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, 
Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
and any territory or possession of the United States or any other 
political subdivision thereof in accordance with 32 CFR part 185.
    (b) Prescribes the regulations required by 10 U.S.C. 375.


Sec.  182.2  Applicability and scope.

    This part:
    (a) Applies to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the 
Military Departments, the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands, the Defense 
Agencies, the DoD Field Activities, and all other organizational 
entities within the Department of Defense (hereafter referred to 
collectively as the ``DoD Components'').
    (b) Applies to the Office of the Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense (IG, DoD) only to the extent that this part does 
not conflict with any of the duties and responsibilities assigned to 
the IG, DoD pursuant to section 8(g) of Appendix, title 5, U.S.C. (also 
known as ``The Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended'').
    (c) Governs all DoD Component planning for and participation in 
Defense support of civilian law enforcement activities, including 
domestic emergencies and civil disturbance operations (CDO) (formerly 
referred to as ``military assistance for civil disturbances'').
    (d) Applies to National Guard (NG) personnel only in title 10, 
U.S.C., status only.
    (e) Applies to civilian employees of the DoD Components and the 
activities of DoD contractors performed in support of the DoD 
Components.
    (f) Does not apply to:
    (1) Counternarcotics activities.
    (2) Assistance to foreign law enforcement officials.
    (3) The Defense Intelligence and Counterintelligence Components, 
except when providing assistance to civilian law enforcement activities 
in accordance with paragraph 2.6. of Executive Order 12333 and 
Procedure 12 of DoD 5240.1-R.\1\
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    \1\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/524001r.pdf.
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    (4) Requests for sensitive support, which are governed by DoD 
Directive S-5210.36.\2\
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    \2\ Authorized users may obtain a copy at www.dtic.smil.mil/whs/directives. Others may send a written request by email to 
[email protected]
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    (5) NG personnel in State active duty or title 32, U.S.C., status.
    (6) Maritime Homeland Security Operations, defined as time-critical 
requests by the United States Coast Guard for short duration (less than 
48 hours) DoD support in countering an immediate maritime security 
threat, that are governed by the DoD-Department of Homeland Security 
Memorandum of Agreement for Department of Defense Support to the United 
States Coast Guard for Maritime Homeland Security.
    (7) Aircraft piracy operations conducted pursuant to title 10, 
U.S.C.


Sec.  182.3  Definitions.

    The following definitions apply to this part:
    Civil authorities. Those elected and appointed officers and 
employees who constitute the government of the United States, the 
governments of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, U.S. possessions and territories, and 
political subdivisions thereof.
    Civil disturbance. Group acts of violence and disorder prejudicial 
to public law and order.
    Civilian law enforcement official. An officer or employee of a 
civilian Federal, State, local, and tribal law enforcement agency with 
responsibility for enforcement of the laws within the jurisdiction of 
that agency.
    DoD personnel. Federal military officers and enlisted personnel and 
civilian employees of the Department of Defense.
    Domestic emergencies. Emergencies affecting the public welfare and 
occurring within the 50 states, District of Columbia, Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, U.S. possessions and territories, or any political 
subdivision thereof, as a result of enemy attack, insurrection, civil 
disturbance, earthquake, fire, flood, or other public disasters or 
equivalent emergencies that endanger life and property or disrupt the 
usual process of government. Domestic emergencies include civil defense 
emergencies, civil disturbances, major disasters, and natural 
disasters.

[[Page 21829]]

    Emergency authority. A Federal military commander's authority, in 
extraordinary emergency circumstances where prior authorization by the 
President is impossible and duly constituted local authorities are 
unable to control the situation, to engage temporarily in activities 
that are necessary to quell large-scale, unexpected civil disturbances 
because:
    (1) Such activities are necessary to prevent significant loss of 
life or wanton destruction of property and are necessary to restore 
governmental function and public order; or
    (2) Duly constituted Federal, State, or local authorities are 
unable or decline to provide adequate protection for Federal property 
or Federal governmental functions.
    Explosives or munitions emergency. A situation involving the 
suspected or detected presence of unexploded ordnance (UXO), damaged or 
deteriorated explosives or munitions, an improvised explosive device 
(IED), other potentially explosive material or device, or other 
potentially harmful military chemical munitions or device, that creates 
an actual or potential imminent threat to human health, including 
safety, or the environment, including property, as determined by an 
explosives or munitions emergency response specialist. Such situations 
may require immediate and expeditious action by an explosives or 
munitions emergency response specialist to control, mitigate, or 
eliminate the threat.
    Law enforcement agency. Any of a number of agencies (outside the 
Department of Defense) chartered and empowered to enforce U.S. laws in 
the following jurisdictions: the United States, a State (or political 
subdivision) of the United States, a territory (or political 
subdivision) of the United States, a federally recognized Native 
American tribe or Alaskan Native Village, or within the borders of a 
host nation.


Sec.  182.4  Policy.

    It is DoD policy that:
    (a) The Department of Defense shall be prepared to support civilian 
law enforcement agencies consistent with the needs of military 
preparedness of the United States, while recognizing and conforming to 
the legal limitations on direct DoD involvement in civilian law 
enforcement activities.
    (b) Support of civilian law enforcement agencies by DoD personnel 
shall be provided in accordance with 18 U.S.C. 112, 351, 831, 1116, 
1751, and 1385 (also known and hereinafter referred to as ``The Posse 
Comitatus Act, as amended''); 10 U.S.C. chapter 18; 2 U.S.C. 1970 (for 
support to the U.S. Capitol Police); and other Federal laws, including 
those protecting the civil rights and civil liberties of individuals, 
as applicable.
    (c) The restrictions in Sec.  182.6(a)(1)(iii) shall apply to all 
actions of DoD personnel worldwide.
    (d) Exceptions, based on compelling and extraordinary 
circumstances, may be granted to the restrictions in Sec.  
182.6(a)(1)(iii) for assistance to be provided outside the United 
States; only the Secretary of Defense or Deputy Secretary of Defense 
may grant such exceptions.
    (e) Requests for law enforcement support shall be evaluated using 
the criteria in 32 CFR part 185.


Sec.  182.5  Responsibilities.

    (a) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy (USD(P)) shall 
establish DoD policy governing defense support of civilian law 
enforcement agencies and facilitate the coordination of that policy 
with Federal departments and agencies; State, local, and tribal 
agencies; and the DoD Components, as appropriate.
    (b) The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and 
Americas' Security Affairs (ASD(HD&ASA)), under the authority, 
direction, and control of the USD(P) and in accordance with DoD 
Directive 5111.13,\3\ ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland 
Defense and Americas' Security Affairs (ASD(HD&ASA)),'' shall develop, 
coordinate, recommend, and supervise the implementation of policy for 
defense support of civilian law enforcement agencies and defense 
support of civil authorities (DSCA), including law enforcement support 
activities. In executing this responsibility for DoD law enforcement 
support activities, the ASD(HD&ASA) shall:
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    (1) Develop procedures and issue appropriate direction as necessary 
for defense support of civilian law enforcement agencies in 
coordination with the General Counsel of the Department of Defense, and 
in consultation with the Attorney General of the United States 
(Attorney General), as appropriate, and in accordance with 
responsibilities assigned in 32 CFR part 185 and DoD Directive 5111.13. 
This includes tasking the DoD Components to plan for and to commit DoD 
resources in response to requests from civil authorities for CDO (such 
a commitment of DoD resources for CDO must be authorized by the 
President of the United States and directed by the Secretary of 
Defense).
    (2) Serve as the principal point of contact between the Department 
of Defense and the Department of Justice for planning and executing 
CDO.
    (3) Coordinate with civilian law enforcement agencies on policies 
to further DoD cooperation with civilian law enforcement agencies.
    (4) Provide guidance for the use of Reserve Component personnel in 
support of civilian law enforcement agencies, in coordination with the 
Secretaries of the Military Departments and the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Reserve Affairs (ASD(RA)), and with the Chief, National 
Guard Bureau (NGB), as appropriate. This will include guidance for use 
by approving authorities in evaluating the effect on military 
preparedness of requests for civilian law enforcement assistance that 
may involve use of the Reserve Components.
    (5) Assist in the development of policy regulating plans, 
procedures, and requirements of the DoD Components with authority over 
defense resources that may be employed to provide law enforcement 
support.
    (6) Inform the ASD(RA) of all requests for assistance by civilian 
law enforcement agencies that may be met using Reserve Component 
personnel and resources.
    (i) Inform the Chief, NGB, of all requests for assistance by 
civilian law enforcement agencies that may be met using NG personnel.
    (ii) Coordinate with the ASD(RA) and others as appropriate 
regarding duty status policies (e.g., performance of duty pursuant to 
10 U.S.C. 331-334 and 371-382).
    (7) Coordinate with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
(CJCS) in advance of the commitment of any Federal military forces.
    (8) Coordinate with the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/
Chief Financial Officer, Department of Defense, when providing 
assistance to civilian law enforcement agencies to ensure an 
appropriate funding approach in accordance with Sec.  182.6(g).
    (9) In coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Intelligence (USD(I)), the CJCS, the Commanders of the Combatant 
Commands with DSCA responsibilities, and the Secretaries of the 
Military Departments, establish protocols and guidance for ensuring 
that the needs of civilian law enforcement officials for information 
are taken into account in the planning and execution of military 
training and operations.
    (10) Ensure, in coordination with the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for

[[Page 21830]]

Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict (ASD(SO/LIC)), the proper 
use of electronic counter-measures (ECM) by or in support of DoD 
explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) personnel when supporting civil 
authorities is addressed in interagency agreements and contingency 
plans.
    (c) The USD(I) shall:
    (1) Establish DoD processes and procedures to provide support to 
civilian law enforcement officials with Defense Intelligence Component 
resources in accordance with appropriate statutory authorities and DoD 
and Intelligence Community policy.
    (2) Facilitate consultation on DoD policy regarding intelligence 
support of law enforcement officials, with appropriate Federal 
departments and agencies; State, local, and tribal agencies; and the 
DoD Components.
    (d) The IG, DoD, shall issue guidance on cooperation with civilian 
law enforcement officials with respect to audits and investigations 
conducted, supervised, monitored, or initiated pursuant to DoD 
Directive 5106.01,\4\ ``Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
(IG DoD).''
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    (e) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
(USD(P&R)) shall monitor and oversee the development of integrated 
training capabilities related to defense support to civilian law 
enforcement officials and the integration of these training 
capabilities into exercises and training to build, sustain, and assess 
readiness in accordance with DoD Directive 1322.18,\5\ ``Military 
Training.''
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    (f) The ASD(RA), under the authority, direction, and control of the 
USD(P&R), shall assist the ASD(HD&ASA) in the development of guidance 
for use by approving authorities in evaluating the effect on military 
preparedness of requests for civilian law enforcement assistance that 
may involve use of the Reserve Components.
    (g) The Heads of the DoD Components shall:
    (1) Strictly comply with and disseminate throughout their 
Components the guidance issued by the ASD(HD&ASA) pursuant to paragraph 
(b) of this section.
    (2) Identify appropriate resources for civilian law enforcement 
support that are consistent with law and DoD policy to carry out the 
intent of this part.
    (3) Review training and operational programs to determine how and 
where assistance can best be provided to civilian law enforcement 
officials, consistent with the responsibilities established in this 
section. This review should include recommendations regarding 
activities for which reimbursement could be waived in accordance with 
Sec.  182.6(g)(2).
    (4) Issue implementing guidance, in coordination with the 
ASD(HD&ASA), incorporating the procedures in this part, including:
    (i) Procedures for prompt transfer of relevant information to law 
enforcement agencies.
    (ii) Procedures for establishing local contact points in 
subordinate commands for purposes of coordination with Federal, State, 
tribal, and local civilian law enforcement officials.
    (iii) Guidelines for evaluating requests for assistance in terms of 
effect on military readiness of the United States.
    (5) Inform the CJCS of all requests requiring approval of the 
ASD(HD&ASA) or the Secretary of Defense, in accordance with this part.
    (h) The Secretaries of the Military Departments, in addition to the 
responsibilities in paragraph (g) of this section, shall:
    (1) Provide resources to the DoDComponents, consistent with DoD 
policies, goals, and objectives, to carry out the purpose of this part.
    (2) Coordinate with the Commanders of the Combatant Commands with 
DSCA responsibilities to ensure that the needs of civilian law 
enforcement officials for information are taken into account in the 
planning and execution of military training and operations.
    (i) The CJCS, in addition to the responsibilities in paragraph (g) 
of this section, shall:
    (1) Assist the ASD(HD&ASA) in developing recommendations for 
responding to requests for CDO and developing interagency policies on 
CDO.
    (2) Develop processes to evaluate the effect of requests for 
civilian law enforcement assistance on military preparedness of the 
United States.
    (3) Advise the Secretary of Defense, ASD(HD&ASA), or Heads of the 
DoDComponents, upon request, on the effect on military preparedness of 
the United States of any request for defense assistance with respect to 
CDO.
    (j) The Commanders of the Combatant Commands with DSCA 
responsibilities, through the CJCS, shall, in addition to the 
responsibilities in paragraph (g) of this section:
    (1) Provide support of civilian law enforcement authorities as 
directed by the Secretary of Defense.
    (2) Implement the provisions of this part in appropriate training 
and exercises.
    (3) When designated as a supported commander, coordinate with 
supporting DoDComponents all reimbursement for assistance provided 
under the provisions of this part.
    (4) When designated as a supported commander, coordinate with the 
CJCS, the ASD(HD&ASA), and the ASD(SO/LIC) (for the employment of 
special operations forces) for all military preparations and 
operations, including the employment of Federal military forces as 
requested by the Attorney General and approved by the Secretary of 
Defense, as a result of any domestic emergency, including a terrorist 
incident, civil disturbance, or a natural disaster. Commanders shall 
observe all such law enforcement policies as the Attorney General may 
determine appropriate.
    (5) For a terrorist incident having the potential for a request for 
military assistance by mutual agreement of DoD and the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation (FBI), designated Combatant Commanders may dispatch 
observers to the incident site to evaluate the situation. Any dispatch 
of DoD counterterrorism forces must be specifically authorized by the 
Secretary of Defense through the CJCS.
    (6) Coordinate with the Secretaries of the Military Departments to 
ensure that the needs of civilian law enforcement officials for 
information are taken into account in the planning and execution of 
military training and operations.
    (k) The Commanders of U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM), U.S. 
Pacific Command (USPACOM), and U.S. Special Operations Command 
(USSOCOM), through the CJCS and in addition to the responsibilities in 
paragraphs (g) and (j) of this section, shall:
    (1) Serve as the DoD planning agents for support of civilian law 
enforcement activities, including CDO, following the guidance of the 
ASD(HD&ASA) and in coordination with the CJCS.
    (2) Lead planning activities for support of civilian law 
enforcement activities, including CDO, of the DoDComponents in 
accordance with Sec.  182.6(b)(3). Serve as the DoD financial managers 
for their respective CDO operations in accordance with Sec.  
182.6(g)(2).
    (l) The Chief, NGB, shall:
    (1) Implement the procedures in this part.
    (2) Assist the ASD(HD&ASA) in accordance with DoD Directive

[[Page 21831]]

5105.77,\6\ ``National Guard Bureau (NGB),'' in developing policy 
guidance regarding the use of NG personnel for DoD support of civilian 
law enforcement agencies.
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    (3) Assist the ASD(HD&ASA) in the development of policy guidance 
for use by approving authorities in evaluating the effect on military 
preparedness if NG personnel are used to fulfill requests for civilian 
law enforcement assistance.
    (4) Serve as an advisor to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands 
on NG matters pertaining to Combatant Command responsibilities under 
this part, and support planning and coordination for such activities as 
requested by the CJCS or the Commanders of other Combatant Commands.
    (5) On all matters pertaining to the NG, serve as the channel of 
communications between: the Secretary of Defense, the CJCS, and the DoD 
Components (other than the Department of the Army and the Department of 
the Air Force); and the States. The Chief, NGB, shall keep the 
Secretaries of the Army and the Air Force informed of all 
communications unless otherwise directed by the Secretary of Defense.
    (6) Coordinate the sharing of State contingency plans for the use 
of non-federalized NG forces in CDO roles between the responsible State 
Adjutants General and the responsible Combatant Commander.


Sec.  182.6  Procedures.

    (a) Participation of DoD Personnel in Civilian Law Enforcement 
Activities--(1) Guiding Statutory Requirements and Supporting 
Policies--(i) Statutory Restrictions. (A) The primary restriction on 
DoD participation in civilian law enforcement activities is the Posse 
Comitatus Act. It provides that whoever willfully uses any part of the 
Army or the Air Force as a posse comitatus or otherwise to execute U.S. 
laws, except in cases and under circumstances expressly authorized by 
the Constitution or Act of Congress, shall be fined under title 18, 
U.S.C., or imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.
    (B) 10 U.S.C. 375 provides that the Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to ensure that any 
activity (including the provision of any equipment or facility or the 
assignment or detail of any personnel) under 10 U.S.C. chapter 18 does 
not include or permit direct participation by a member of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps in a search, seizure, arrest, or other 
similar activity unless participation in such activity by such member 
is otherwise authorized by law.
    (ii) Permissible Direct Assistance. Categories of active 
participation in direct law-enforcement-type activities (e.g., search, 
seizure, and arrest) that are not restricted by law or DoD policy are: 
(A) Actions taken for the primary purpose of furthering a DoD or 
foreign affairs function of the United States, regardless of incidental 
benefits to civilian authorities. This does not include actions taken 
for the primary purpose of aiding civilian law enforcement officials or 
otherwise serving as a subterfuge to avoid the restrictions of the 
Posse Comitatus Act. Actions under this provision may include 
(depending on the nature of the DoD interest and the authority 
governing the specific action in question):
    (1) Investigations and other actions related to enforcement of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C. chapter 47).
    (2) Investigations and other actions that are likely to result in 
administrative proceedings by the Department of Defense, regardless of 
whether there is a related civil or criminal proceeding. (See DoD 
Instruction 5525.07 \7\ and the Memorandum of Agreement Between the 
Attorney General and the Secretary of Defense with respect to matters 
in which the Department of Defense and the Department of Justice both 
have an interest.)
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    (3) Investigations and other actions related to a commander's 
inherent authority to maintain law and order on a DoD installation or 
facility.
    (4) Protection of classified defense information or equipment or 
controlled unclassified information (e.g., trade secrets and other 
proprietary information), the unauthorized disclosure of which is 
prohibited by law.
    (5) Protection of DoD personnel, equipment, and official guests.
    (6) Such other actions that are undertaken primarily for a military 
or foreign affairs purpose.
    (B) Audits and investigations conducted by, under the direction of, 
or at the request of the IG, DoD, pursuant to the Inspector General Act 
of 1978, as amended.
    (C) When permitted under emergency authority in accordance with 32 
CFR part 185, Federal military commanders have the authority, in 
extraordinary emergency circumstances where prior authorization by the 
President is impossible and duly constituted local authorities are 
unable to control the situation, to engage temporarily in activities 
that are necessary to quell large-scale, unexpected civil disturbances 
because:
    (1) Such activities are necessary to prevent significant loss of 
life or wanton destruction of property and are necessary to restore 
governmental function and public order; or
    (2) When duly constituted Federal, State, or local authorities are 
unable or decline to provide adequate protection for Federal property 
or Federal governmental functions. Federal action, including the use of 
Federal military forces, is authorized when necessary to protect 
Federal property or functions.
    (D) DoD actions taken pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 331-334, relating to 
the use of Federal military forces in specified circumstances with 
respect to insurrection, domestic violence, or conspiracy that hinders 
the execution of State or Federal law.
    (E) Actions taken under express statutory authority to assist 
officials in executing the laws, subject to applicable limitations. The 
laws that permit direct DoD participation in civilian law enforcement 
include:
    (1) Protection of national parks and certain other Federal lands 
consistent with 16 U.S.C. 23, 78, and 593.
    (2) Enforcement of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 
1976, as amended, pursuant to 16 U.S.C. 1861(a).
    (3) Assistance in the case of crimes against foreign officials, 
official guests of the United States, and other internationally 
protected persons pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 112 and 1116.
    (4) Assistance in the case of crimes against Members of Congress, 
Members-of-Congress-elect, Justices of the Supreme Court and nominees, 
and certain senior Executive Branch officials and nominees in 
accordance with 18 U.S.C. 351.
    (5) Assistance in the case of crimes involving nuclear materials in 
accordance with 18 U.S.C. 831.
    (6) Protection of the President, Vice President, and other 
designated dignitaries in accordance with 18 U.S.C. 1751 and Public Law 
94-524.
    (7) Actions taken in support of the neutrality laws in accordance 
with 22 U.S.C. 408 and 461-462.
    (8) Removal of persons unlawfully present on Indian lands in 
accordance with 25 U.S.C. 180.
    (9) Execution of quarantine and certain health laws in accordance 
with 42 U.S.C. 97 and DoD Instruction

[[Page 21832]]

6200.03,\8\ ``Public Health Emergency Management Within the Department 
of Defense.''
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    \8\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/620003p.pdf.
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    (10) Removal of unlawful enclosures from public lands in accordance 
with 43 U.S.C. 1065.
    (11) Protection of the rights of a discoverer of an island covered 
by 48 U.S.C. 1418.
    (12) Support of territorial governors if a civil disorder occurs, 
in accordance with 48 U.S.C. 1422 and 1591.
    (13) Actions in support of certain customs laws in accordance with 
50 U.S.C. 220.
    (F) Actions taken to provide search and rescue support domestically 
under the authorities provided in the National Search and Rescue Plan 
and DoD Instruction 3003.01.\9\
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    \9\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/300301p.pdf.
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    (iii) Restrictions on Direct Assistance. (A) Except as authorized 
in this part (e.g., in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section), DoD 
personnel are prohibited from providing the following forms of direct 
civilian law enforcement assistance:
    (1) Interdiction of a vehicle, vessel, aircraft, or other similar 
activity.
    (2) A search or seizure.
    (3) An arrest; apprehension; stop and frisk; engaging in 
interviews, interrogations, canvassing, or questioning of potential 
witnesses or suspects; or similar activity.
    (4) Using force or physical violence, brandishing a weapon, 
discharging or using a weapon, or threatening to discharge or use a 
weapon except in self-defense, in defense of other DoD persons in the 
vicinity, or in defense of non-DoD persons, including civilian law 
enforcement personnel, in the vicinity when directly related to an 
assigned activity or mission.
    (5) Evidence collection; security functions; crowd and traffic 
control; and operating, manning, or staffing checkpoints.
    (6) Surveillance or pursuit of individuals, vehicles, items, 
transactions, or physical locations, or acting as undercover agents, 
informants, investigators, or interrogators.
    (7) Forensic investigations or other testing of evidence obtained 
from a suspect for use in a civilian law enforcement investigation in 
the United States unless there is a DoD nexus (e.g., the victim is a 
member of the Military Services or the crime occurred on an 
installation under exclusive DoD jurisdiction) or the responsible 
civilian law enforcement official requesting such testing declares in 
writing that the evidence to be examined was obtained by consent. 
Requests for exceptions to this restriction must be made through 
channels to the ASD(HD&ASA), who will evaluate, in coordination with 
the General Counsel of the Department of Defense, whether to seek 
Secretary of Defense authorization for an exception to policy.
    (B) The use of deputized State or local law enforcement powers by 
DoD uniformed law enforcement personnel shall be in accordance with DoD 
Instruction 5525.13,\10\ ``Limitation of Authority to Deputize DoD 
Uniformed Law Enforcement Personnel by State and Local Governments.''
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    \10\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/552513p.pdf.
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    (C) Except as otherwise directed by the Secretary of Defense, the 
rules for the use of force and authority for the carrying of firearms 
by DoD personnel providing authorized support under this part shall be 
in accordance with DoD Directive 5210.56,\11\ ``Carrying of Firearms 
and the Use of Force by DoD Personnel Engaged in Security, Law and 
Order, or Counterintelligence Activities,'' and any additional 
Secretary of Defense-approved rules for the use of force contained in 
CJCS Instruction 3121.01B, ``Standing Rules of Engagement Standing 
Rules for the Use of Force for U.S. Forces.''
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    \11\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/521056p.pdf.
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    (D) Exceptions to these restrictions for assistance may be granted 
when the assistance is to be provided outside the United States. Only 
the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy Secretary of Defense may grant 
such exceptions, based on compelling and extraordinary circumstances.
    (iv) Use of DoD Personnel to Operate or Maintain Equipment. The use 
of DoD personnel to operate or maintain, or to assist in operating or 
maintaining, equipment shall be limited to situations when the use of 
non-DoD personnel for operation or maintenance of such equipment would 
be unfeasible or impractical from a cost or time perspective and would 
not otherwise compromise military preparedness of the United States. In 
general, the head of the civilian law enforcement agency may request a 
DoD Component to provide personnel to operate or maintain, or to assist 
in operating or maintaining, equipment for the civilian agency. This 
assistance shall be subject to this guidance:
    (A) Such assistance may not involve DoD personnel directly 
participating in a law enforcement operation (as described in paragraph 
(a)(1)(iii) of this section).
    (B) The performance of such assistance by DoD personnel shall be at 
a location where there is not a reasonable likelihood of a 
confrontation between law enforcement personnel and civilians.
    (C) The use of DoD aircraft to provide transportation for civilian 
law enforcement agencies may be provided only in accordance with DoD 
4515.13-R.\12\
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    \12\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/451513r.pdf.
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    (D) A request for DoD personnel to operate or maintain, or to 
assist in operating or maintaining, equipment must be made pursuant to 
10 U.S.C. 374 or other applicable law that permits DoD personnel to 
provide such assistance to civilian law enforcement officials. A 
request that is made pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 374 must be made by the head 
of a civilian agency empowered to enforce any of these laws:
    (1) 21 U.S.C. 801-904 and 951-971.
    (2) 8 U.S.C. 1324-1328.
    (3) A law relating to the arrival or departure of merchandise, as 
defined in 19 U.S.C. 1401, into or out of the customs territory of the 
United States, as defined in 19 U.S.C. 1401, or any other territory or 
possession of the United States.
    (4) 46 U.S.C. chapter 705.
    (5) Any law, foreign or domestic, prohibiting terrorist activities.
    (E) In addition to the assistance authorized under paragraph 
(a)(1)(ii)(A) of this section:
    (1) DoD personnel may be made available to a Federal law 
enforcement agency to operate or assist in operating equipment, to the 
extent the equipment is used in a supporting role, with respect to:
    (i) A criminal violation of the laws specified in paragraph 
(a)(1)(iv)(D) of this section.
    (ii) Assistance that the Federal law enforcement agency is 
authorized to furnish to a State, local, or foreign government that is 
involved in the enforcement of laws similar to those in paragraph 
(a)(1)(iv)(D) of this section.
    (iii) A foreign or domestic counter-terrorism operation, including 
support of FBI Joint Terrorism Task Forces.
    (iv) Transportation of a suspected terrorist from a foreign country 
to the United States to stand trial.
    (2) DoD personnel made available to a civilian law enforcement 
agency pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 374 may operate equipment for:
    (i) Detection, monitoring, and communication of the movement of air 
and sea traffic.

[[Page 21833]]

    (ii) Detection, monitoring, and communication of the movement of 
surface traffic outside of the geographic boundary of the United States 
and, if the initial detection occurred outside of the boundary, within 
the United States, not to exceed 25 miles of the boundary.
    (iii) Aerial reconnaissance (does not include satellite 
reconnaissance).
    (iv) Interception of vessels or aircraft detected outside the land 
area of the United States for the purposes of communicating with such 
vessels and aircraft to direct such vessels and aircraft to go to a 
location designated by appropriate civilian officials.
    (v) Operation of equipment to facilitate communications in 
connection with the law enforcement programs specified in paragraph 
(a)(1)(iv)(D) of this section.
    (vi) The following activities that are subject to joint approval by 
the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General (and the Secretary of 
State in the case of a law enforcement operation outside of the land 
area of the United States): the transportation of civilian law 
enforcement personnel along with any other civilian or military 
personnel who are supporting, or conducting, a joint operation with 
civilian law enforcement personnel; the operation of a base of 
operations for civilian law enforcement and supporting personnel; and 
the transportation of suspected terrorists from foreign countries to 
the United States for trial (so long as the requesting Federal law 
enforcement agency provides all security for such transportation and 
maintains custody over the suspect through the duration of the 
transportation).
    (vii) The detection, monitoring, and tracking of the movement of 
weapons of mass destruction under the circumstances described above 
when outside the United States.
    (F) DoD personnel made available to operate equipment for the 
purposes in paragraphs (a)(1)(iv)(E)(2)(i) and (a)(1)(iv)(E)(2)(iv) of 
this section may continue to operate such equipment in cases involving 
the pursuit of vessels or aircraft into the land area of the United 
States where the detection began outside such land area.
    (G) With the approval of the Secretary of Defense, DoD personnel 
may be made available to any Federal, State, or local civilian law 
enforcement agency to operate equipment for purposes other than 
described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, only to the extent that 
such support does not involve direct assistance by such personnel in a 
civilian law enforcement operation unless such direct participation is 
otherwise authorized by law and is authorized by the Secretary of 
Defense.
    (H) Nothing in this part restricts the authority of Federal 
military commanders to take emergency action to prevent loss of life or 
wanton destruction of property as provided in paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(C) 
of this section.
    (I) When DoD personnel are otherwise assigned to provide assistance 
with respect to the laws specified in paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(E) of this 
section, the participation of such personnel shall be consistent with 
the limitations in such laws, if any, and such restrictions as may be 
established by policy or the DoD Components concerned.
    (v) Expert Advice. DoD Components may provide, subject to paragraph 
(a)(5) of this section, expert advice to Federal, State, or local law 
enforcement officials in accordance with 10 U.S.C. 373. This does not 
permit direct assistance by DoD personnel in activities that are 
fundamentally civilian law enforcement operations, except as otherwise 
authorized in this section.
    (vi) Training. (A) The DoD Components may provide, subject to 
paragraph (a)(5) of this section, training to Federal, State, and local 
civilian law enforcement officials. This does not permit large-scale or 
elaborate DoD training, and does not permit regular or direct 
involvement of DoD personnel in activities that are fundamentally 
civilian law enforcement operations, except as otherwise authorized in 
this section.
    (B) Training of Federal, State, and local civilian law enforcement 
officials shall be provided according to this guidance:
    (1) Assistance shall be limited to situations when the use of non-
DoD personnel would be unfeasible or impractical from a cost or time 
perspective and would not otherwise compromise military preparedness of 
the United States.
    (2) Assistance may not involve DoD personnel participating in a law 
enforcement operation, except as otherwise authorized by law.
    (3) Assistance of DoD personnel shall be provided at a location 
where there is not a reasonable likelihood of a confrontation between 
law enforcement personnel and civilians, except as otherwise authorized 
by this part.
    (C) This paragraph does not apply to advanced military training, 
which is addressed in Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum, ``DoD 
Training Support to U.S. Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies,'' June 29, 
1996,\13\ and Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum, ``Request for 
Exception to Policy,'' November 12, 1996.\14\ Additional exceptions to 
the policy in Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum, ``DoD Training 
Support to U.S. Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies,'' may be requested 
on a case-by-case basis. Requests for such exceptions shall be 
forwarded through the ASD(HD&ASA). Advanced military training:
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    \13\ Available from OASD(HD&ASA)/Room 3D247, 2600 Defense 
Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301.
    \14\ Available from OASD(HD&ASA)/Room 3D247, 2600 Defense 
Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301.
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    (1) Includes advanced marksmanship training, including sniper 
training, military operations in urban terrain (MOUT), advanced MOUT, 
close quarters battle/close quarters combat, and similar training.
    (2) Does not include basic military skills such as basic 
marksmanship, patrolling, mission planning, medical, and survival.
    (vii) Other Permissible Assistance. These forms of indirect 
assistance are not prohibited by law or DoD policy:
    (A) Transfer to Federal, State, or local law enforcement officials 
of information acquired in the normal course of DoD operations that may 
be relevant to a violation of any Federal or State laws.
    (B) Information obtained through procedures, means, or devices 
authorized by Federal law exclusively for use in gathering, obtaining, 
or acquiring national intelligence or military intelligence may be 
transferred unless specifically prohibited by law. Information shall 
not be transferred if it meets any of the following criteria:
    (1) The acquisition of that information violates applicable law 
protecting the privacy or constitutional rights of any person, 
including rights protected by 5 U.S.C. 552a (also known as ``The 
Privacy Act of 1974, as amended'').
    (2) It would have been illegal for those civilian law enforcement 
officials to have obtained the information or employ the procedures, 
means, or devices used by the DoD Component to obtain the information.
    (C) Such other actions, approved in accordance with procedures 
established by the DoD Components concerned, that do not subject 
civilians to the use of DoD power that is regulatory, prescriptive, 
proscriptive, or compulsory.
    (2) Exceptions Based on Status. The restrictions in paragraph (a) 
of this section do not apply to:
    (i) A member of a Reserve Component when not on active duty, active 
duty for training, or inactive duty for training.
    (ii) A member of the NG when not in Federal service.
    (iii) A civilian employee. If the civilian employee is under the 
direct

[[Page 21834]]

control of a military officer, assistance will not be provided unless 
it is permitted by paragraph (a)(3) of this section.
    (iv) A member of a Military Service when off duty and in a private 
capacity. A Service member is acting in a private capacity when he or 
she responds on his or her own volition to assist law enforcement 
officials instead of acting under the direction or control of DoD 
authorities.
    (v) A member of the Civil Air Patrol, except when performing 
missions pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 9442(b).
    (3) Exceptions Based on Military Service. By policy, Posse 
Comitatus Act restrictions (as well as other restrictions in this part) 
are applicable to the Department of the Navy (including the Marine 
Corps) with such exceptions as the Secretary of Defense may authorize 
in advance on a case-by-case basis.
    (i) Such exceptions shall include requests from the Attorney 
General for assistance pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 873(b).
    (ii) Requests for approval of other exceptions should be made by a 
senior official of the civilian law enforcement agency concerned, who 
verifies that:
    (A) The size or scope of the suspected criminal activity poses a 
serious threat to the interests of the United States and enforcement of 
a law within the jurisdiction of the civilian agency would be seriously 
impaired if the assistance were not provided because civilian assets 
are not available to perform the mission; or
    (B) Civilian law enforcement assets are not available to perform 
the mission, and temporary assistance is required on an emergency basis 
to prevent loss of life or wanton destruction of property.
    (4) Military Readiness. Assistance may not be provided if such 
assistance could adversely affect military preparedness. Implementing 
documents issued by the Heads of the DoD Components shall ensure that 
approval for the disposition of equipment is vested in officials who 
can assess the effect of such disposition on military preparedness.
    (5) Approval Authority. Requests by civilian law enforcement 
officials for use of DoD personnel to provide assistance to civilian 
law enforcement agencies shall be forwarded to the appropriate approval 
authority.
    (i) The Secretary of Defense is the approval authority for requests 
for direct assistance in support of civilian law enforcement agencies, 
including those responding with assets with the potential for 
lethality, except for the use of emergency authority as provided in 
paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(C) of this section and in 32 CFR part 185, and 
except as otherwise provided below.
    (ii) Requests that involve the Defense Intelligence and 
Counterintelligence entities are subject to approval by the Secretary 
of Defense and the guidance in DoD Directive 5240.01 \15\ and DoD 
5240.1-R.
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    (iii) The Secretaries of the Military Departments and the Directors 
of the Defense Agencies may, in coordination with the ASD(HD&ASA), 
approve the use of DoD personnel:
    (A) To provide training or expert advice in accordance with 
paragraphs (a)(1)(v) and (a)(1)(vi) of this section.
    (B) For equipment maintenance in accordance with paragraph 
(a)(1)(iv) of this section.
    (C) To monitor and communicate the movement of air and sea traffic 
in accordance with paragraphs (a)(1)(iv)(E)(2)(i) and 
(a)(1)(iv)(E)(2)(iv) of this section.
    (iv) All other requests, including those in which subordinate 
authorities recommend disapproval, shall be submitted promptly to the 
ASD(HD&ASA) for consideration by the Secretary of Defense, as 
appropriate.
    (v) The views of the CJCS of shall be obtained on all requests that 
are considered by the Secretary of Defense or the ASD(HD&ASA), that 
otherwise involve personnel assigned to a unified or specified command, 
or that may affect military preparedness.
    (vi) All requests that are to be considered by the Secretary of 
Defense or the ASD(HD&ASA) that may involve the use of Reserve 
Component personnel or equipment shall be coordinated with the ASD(RA). 
All requests that are to be considered by the Secretary of Defense or 
the ASD(HD&ASA) that may involve the use of NG personnel also shall be 
coordinated with the Chief, NGB. All requests that are to be considered 
by the Secretary of Defense or the ASD(HD&ASA) that may involve the use 
of NG equipment also shall be coordinated with the Secretary of the 
Military Department concerned and the Chief, NGB.
    (b) DoD Support of CDO. (1) Guiding Statutory Requirements and 
Supporting Policies. (i) The President is authorized by the 
Constitution and laws of the United States to employ the Armed Forces 
of the United States to suppress insurrections, rebellions, and 
domestic violence under various conditions and circumstances. Planning 
and preparedness by the Federal Government, including DoD, for civil 
disturbances is important due to the potential severity of the 
consequences of such events for the Nation and the population.
    (ii) The primary responsibility for protecting life and property 
and maintaining law and order in the civilian community is vested in 
State and local governments. Supplementary responsibility is vested by 
statute in specific agencies of the Federal Government other than DoD. 
The President has additional powers and responsibilities under the 
Constitution of the United States to ensure that law and order are 
maintained.
    (iii) Any employment of Federal military forces in support of law 
enforcement operations shall maintain the primacy of civilian 
authority, and, unless otherwise directed by the President, 
responsibility for the management of the Federal response to civil 
disturbances rests with the Attorney General. The Attorney General is 
responsible for receiving State requests for Federal military 
assistance, coordinating such requests with the Secretary of Defense 
and other appropriate Federal officials, and presenting such requests 
to the President who will determine what Federal action will be taken.
    (iv) The employment of Federal military forces to control civil 
disturbances shall only occur in a specified civil jurisdiction under 
specific circumstances as authorized by the President, normally through 
issuance of an Executive order or other Presidential directive 
authorizing and directing the Secretary of Defense to provide for the 
restoration of law and order in a specific State or locality in 
accordance with 10 U.S.C. 331-334.
    (v) Planning by the DoD Components for CDO shall be compatible with 
contingency plans for national security emergencies, and with planning 
for DSCA pursuant to 32 CFR part 185. For example:
    (A) Guidelines concerning the use of deputized State or local law 
enforcement powers by DoD uniformed law enforcement personnel are 
outlined in DoD Instruction 5525.13.
    (B) Guidelines concerning the use of deadly force and/or the 
carrying of firearms by DoD personnel while engaged in duties related 
to security or law and order, criminal investigations, or 
counterintelligence investigations; protecting personnel; protecting 
vital Government assets; or guarding Government installations and 
sites, property, and persons (including prisoners) are outlined in DoD 
Directive 5210.56 and any additional Secretary of Defense-approved 
rules for the use of

[[Page 21835]]

force contained in CJCS Instruction 3121.01B, ``Standing Rules of 
Engagement/Standing Rules for the Use of Force for U.S. Forces,'' June 
13, 2005.
    (2) DoD Requirements. (i) Federal military forces shall not be used 
for CDO unless specifically authorized by the President, except under 
emergency authority as provided in 32 CFR part 185 and paragraph 
(a)(1)(ii)(C) of this section.
    (ii) Federal military forces shall be made available for CDO as 
directed by the President. The Secretary of Defense or other authorized 
DoD official may, where authorized and consistent with the direction of 
the President, establish the source and composition of those forces to 
achieve appropriate balance with other national security or DoD 
priorities.
    (iii) Federal military forces employed in CDO shall remain under 
Secretary of Defense command and control at all times.
    (iv) The pre-positioning of Federal military forces for CDO shall 
not exceed a battalion-sized unit in a single location unless a larger 
force is authorized by the President.
    (v) DoD Components shall not take charge of any function of civil 
government unless absolutely necessary under conditions of extreme 
emergency (e.g., when using emergency authority as described in 32 CFR 
part 185 and paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(C) of this section). Any commander 
who is directed, or undertakes, to control such functions shall 
strictly limit DoD actions to emergency needs and shall facilitate the 
reestablishment of civil responsibility at the earliest time possible.
    (3) CDO Planning. (i) To ensure essential control and sound 
management of all Federal military forces employed in CDO, centralized 
direction from the Secretary of Defense, through the ASD(HD&ASA), shall 
guide planning by the DoD Components, whether alone or with civil 
authorities. Execution of CDO missions shall be decentralized through 
the Commanders of USNORTHCOM, USPACOM, or USSOCOM, or through joint 
task force commanders, and only when specifically directed by the 
Secretary of Defense or as described in paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(C) of this 
section.
    (ii) The Commanders of USNORTHCOM, USPACOM, and USSOCOM, as the DoD 
planning agents for CDO in accordance with Sec.  182.5(k) of this part, 
shall lead the CDO planning activities of the DoD Components in these 
areas:
    (A) USNORTHCOM. The 48 contiguous States, Alaska, the District of 
Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
    (B) USPACOM. Hawaii and the U.S. possessions and territories in the 
Pacific area.
    (C) USSOCOM. CDO activities involving special operations forces.
    (iii) CDO plans and readiness measures shall foster efficient 
employment of Federal equipment controlled by NG forces, whether 
employed under State or Federal authority, as well as other resources 
of the DoD Components.
    (4) Role of the National Guard. (i) NG forces in a State active 
duty status have primary responsibility to support State and local 
Government agencies for disaster responses and in domestic emergencies, 
including in response to civil disturbances; such activities would be 
directed by, and under the command and control of, the Governor, in 
accordance with State or territorial law and in accordance with Federal 
law.
    (ii) NG forces may be ordered or called into Federal service to 
ensure unified command and control of all Federal military forces for 
CDO when the President determines that action to be necessary in 
extreme circumstances.
    (iii) Federal military forces shall conduct CDO in support of the 
Attorney General or designee (unless otherwise directed by the 
President) to assist State law enforcement authorities. Federal 
military forces will always remain under the command and control of the 
President and Secretary of Defense. Federal military forces also could 
conduct CDO in concert with State NG forces under the command of a 
dual-status commander, if determined to be appropriate by the Secretary 
of Defense and the Governor(s) concerned, or in close coordination with 
State NG forces using direct liaison.
    (iv) Chief, NGB, will coordinate the sharing of State contingency 
plans for the use of non-federalized NG forces in CDO roles between the 
responsible State Adjutants General and the responsible Combatant 
Commander.
    (5) Cooperation with Civil Authorities. (i) The Attorney General 
shall receive and coordinate preliminary requests for CDO from civil 
authorities pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 331-334.
    (A) Formal requests for CDO shall be addressed to the President.
    (B) The Attorney General may assign a component law enforcement 
agency of the Department of Justice, such as the FBI or Bureau of 
Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, to lead the operational 
response to a civil disturbance incident.
    (C) The President may provide, through the Attorney General or 
other Federal official, a personal representative to communicate the 
President's policy guidance to the military commander conducting CDO. 
That representative may augment, but shall not replace, the military 
chain of command. In addition, an individual may be designated by the 
Attorney General as the Senior Civilian Representative of the Attorney 
General.
    (ii) The ASD(HD&ASA) shall represent DoD in coordinating CDO 
planning and execution with the Department of Justice, and other 
Federal and State law enforcement agencies, as appropriate.
    (6) Approval Authority. (i) The President is the approval authority 
for requests for assistance for CDO, except for emergency authority as 
provided in paragraph (a)(1)(ii)(C) of this section and in 32 CFR part 
185.
    (ii) If the President directs the use of Federal military forces 
for CDO, the ASD(HD&ASA) and the CJCS shall provide advice to the 
Secretary of Defense regarding the employment of DoD personnel and 
resources to implement the direction of the President. Secretary of 
Defense approval of such employment shall be communicated to the 
Combatant Commanders through the CJCS.
    (iii) The ASD(HD&ASA) shall provide any request, contingency plan, 
directive, or order affecting the employment of special operations 
forces to the ASD(SO/LIC), who supervises the activities of those 
forces on behalf of the Secretary of Defense in accordance with DoD 
Directive 5111.10,\16\ ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict (ASD(SO/LIC)).''
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    \16\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/511110p.pdf.
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    (iv) Additionally, the ASD(HD&ASA), in coordination with the 
ASD(SO/LIC) for the employment of special operations forces, shall 
provide overall policy oversight of the employment of DoD personnel and 
resources for CDO responding to terrorist incidents and other similar 
events in coordination with the CJCS.
    (c) Domestic EOD Support of Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies.
    (1) Guiding Statutory Requirements and Supporting Policies. DoD EOD 
personnel may provide immediate response for EOD support in support of 
civil authorities, when requested, in accordance with 32 CFR part 185 
and may provide for disposition of military munitions in accordance 
with 40 CFR parts 260-270.
    (2) DoD Requirements. (i) DoD personnel will not participate in 
search

[[Page 21836]]

or seizure of ordnance as part of a civilian law enforcement 
investigation. DoD personnel may, as described in paragraph (c) of this 
section, render safe military munitions and take possession of military 
munitions for appropriate disposition at the request of civilian law 
enforcement officials when such military munitions have already been 
discovered and seized by civilian law enforcement personnel.
    (ii) DoD officials, including local military commanders, may 
provide EOD and explosive detection dog support to local civil 
authorities to save lives, prevent human suffering, and mitigate great 
property damage under imminently serious conditions in accordance with 
32 CFR part 185. Guidance for planning and execution requirements for 
Combatant Commanders and the Military Departments in responding to DoD 
military munitions is found in DoD Manual 6055.09, Volume 7,\17\ ``DoD 
Ammunition And Explosives Safety Standards: Munitions, and Material 
Potentially Presenting an Explosive Hazard.''
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    \17\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/605509m/605509-M-V7.pdf.
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    (iii) Such an immediate response may include actions to provide 
advice and assistance to civil authorities, when requested, in the 
mitigation, rendering safe, and disposition of suspected or detected 
presence of unexploded ordnance (UXO), damaged or deteriorated 
explosives or munitions, an improvised explosive device (IED), other 
potentially explosive material or device, or other potentially harmful 
military chemical munitions or device, that creates an actual or 
potential imminent threat.
    (iv) Military munitions, discarded military munitions, and UXO in 
an unauthorized location under the jurisdiction of public officials 
potentially present an imminent and substantial danger to public safety 
and health and to the environment, and may require an immediate EOD 
response.
    (A) These conditions include:
    (1) Items that were illegally removed from military installations.
    (2) Military munitions that land off range.
    (3) Munitions located on property formerly leased or owned by DoD 
(including manufacturing areas, pads, pits, basins, ponds, streams, 
burial sites, and other locations incident to such operations).
    (4) Transportation accidents involving military munitions.
    (5) Unauthorized public possession of military munitions.
    (B) Military munitions found in the conditions in paragraph 
(c)(2)(iv) of this section should be considered extremely hazardous and 
should not be disturbed or moved until technically qualified EOD 
personnel assess and determine the hazard.
    (C) DoD officials, including local military commanders:
    (1) Will provide EOD support for military munitions, discarded 
military munitions, and UXO that have (or appear to have) DoD origins.
    (2) May, in accordance with 32 CFR part 185, provide EOD support 
for military munitions or foreign ordnance that do not appear to have 
DoD origins found in the United States under the conditions in 
paragraph (c)(2)(iv) of this section.
    (v) Rendering safe and disposing of improvised devices, non-
military commercial explosives, or similar dangerous articles reported 
or discovered outside of DoD installations are primarily the 
responsibility of civil authorities. However, due to the potential 
lethality and danger to public safety, DoD EOD personnel may provide 
assistance upon request in accordance with 32 CFR part 185.
    (vi) When responding to requests for assistance from civil 
authorities under immediate response authority pursuant to 32 CFR part 
185, the closest capable EOD unit regardless of Military Service will 
provide support.
    (vii) Requests from civil authorities for non-immediate DoD EOD 
support are subject to approval by the Secretary of Defense. Examples 
of non-immediate DoD EOD support include, but are not limited to, post-
blast analysis, use of DoD material and equipment, and support of pre-
planned events. Exceptions include those activities in support of the 
U.S. Secret Service that, in accordance with DoD Directive 3025.13,\18\ 
``Employment of DoD Capabilities in Support of the U.S. Secret Service 
(USSS), Department of Homeland Security (DHS),'' do not require 
Secretary of Defense approval and those activities undertaken in 
response to requests for technical assistance or assessment of military 
munitions that are performed solely for safety purposes.
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    \18\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/302513p.pdf.
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    (viii) DoD EOD forces providing support under immediate response 
authority under 32 CFR part 185 will also comply with 40 CFR parts 260-
270, ``Hazardous Waste Management System: General,'' and other 
applicable local, State, and Federal laws and regulations, including 
environmental laws and regulations.
    (ix) The National Joint Operations and Intelligence Center (NJOIC) 
and the FBI's Strategic Information Operations Center shall be advised 
immediately of the recovery and disposition of military munitions, as 
well as responses to non-military munitions and explosives. DoD 
Components also shall ensure that reports are submitted within 72 
hours, in accordance with 18 U.S.C. 846 and DoD Manual 5100.76,\19\ 
``Physical Security of Sensitive Conventional Arms, Ammunitions, and 
Explosives (AA&E),'' to: Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and 
Explosives, U.S. Bomb Data Center, 99 New York Ave. NE., 8S 295, 
Washington, DC 20226.
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    \19\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/510076m.pdf.
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    (3) Planning and Execution. (i) Combatant Commanders will:
    (A) Maintain situational awareness of all EOD elements in support 
of civil authorities, consolidate Service EOD incident reports, and 
provide to the ASD(HD&ASA) and the ASD(SO/LIC) a monthly consolidated 
report highlighting:
    (1) DoD EOD support of civil authorities, resources, and work-hours 
expended.
    (2) Final determination of the item, as well as the agency 
supported.
    (3) Final disposition of the hazard, as well as a cost estimate of 
the support provided.
    (4) A status of reimbursement by the supported entity. 
Reimbursement will not be sought for EOD response to military munitions 
that have (or appear to have) DoD origins.
    (B) Coordinate with the DoD Explosives Safety Board and the 
Executive Manager for EOD Training and Technology to ensure information 
sharing.
    (ii) In situations where DoD EOD personnel are asked to provide 
support to DOJ/FBI in conducting electronic countermeasures (ECM), such 
personnel may only employ ECM in the United States if approved by the 
Secretary of Defense and in accordance with the DOJ program for 
applying ECM in the United States in response to threats of radio-
controlled improvised explosive devices (DOJ Federal ECM Program) 
approved by the National Telecommunications and Information 
Administration (NTIA) (see Section 7.25 of the NTIA Manual of 
Regulations and Procedures for Federal Radio Frequency Management). 
NTIA has approved the use of DoD military ECM assets in support of the 
DOJ Federal ECM Program, however, only those DoD military ECM assets/
systems

[[Page 21837]]

that have been approved by NTIA for employment in the United States 
under the DOJ Federal ECM Program may be used by DoD EOD personnel in 
providing the requested support to DOJ/FBI.
    (A) DoD officials may provide ECM equipment, and expert advice 
regarding the FBI's use of the equipment, in accordance with paragraph 
(c)(2) of this section when the FBI has approved use of ECM and when 
there is insufficient time to obtain Secretary of Defense approval.
    (B) All use of ECM equipment or devices while conducting EOD 
operations supporting civil authorities will be coordinated with and 
follow procedures established by the FBI's Strategic Information 
Operations Center and reported to the NJOIC.
    (iii) In consideration of the Military Departments' and the 
Combatant Commanders' planning requirements and in consultation with 
appropriate local civilian agencies, installation commanders will 
identify off-installation critical infrastructure and key resources, 
such as nuclear power stations, power plants, communications hubs, and 
water treatment plants. Combatant Commanders and other responsible DoD 
officials will assist in developing priorities for EOD support of civil 
authorities. Installations without resident EOD forces will develop 
plans to seek support from the nearest DoD EOD organization.
    (iv) Combatant Commanders, as appropriate, will maintain 
situational awareness of all EOD elements in support of civil 
authorities, coordinate and de-conflict Military Services' EOD domestic 
areas of response, and develop consolidated reporting procedures to 
permit accurate and timely collection of data from the supporting 
Services.
    (v) Service EOD reports shall be used to indicate that DoD is 
reclaiming accountability of DoD military munitions that were found 
outside the custody of DoD. The Military Departments will forward 
reports of reclaimed military munitions to installations for 
ammunitions logistics management and submission to the DoD Explosives 
Safety Board in accordance with DoD Manual 6055.09, Volume 7, DoD 
Manual 5100.76, and DoD Instruction 5160.68,\20\ ``Single Manager for 
Conventional Ammunition (SMCA): Responsibilities of the SMCA, the 
Military Services, and the United States Special Operations Command 
(USSOCOM).''
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    \20\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/516068p.pdf.
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    (vi) Reimbursement is not required for EOD support involving 
military munitions, discarded military munitions, and UXO that have DoD 
origins or appear to have DoD origins. Combatant Commanders will 
coordinate with the DoD Explosives Safety Board and the Executive 
Manager for EOD Training and Technology to ensure information sharing.
    (vii) In accordance with DoD Instruction 6055.17,\21\ ``DoD 
Installation Emergency Management (IEM) Program,'' and applicable 
Military Department issuances, commanders of EOD organizations will:
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    \21\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/605517p.pdf.
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    (A) Coordinate with installation emergency managers to:
    (1) Establish local processes and procedures to respond to and 
report military and non-military munitions support requests from civil 
law enforcement agencies.
    (2) Determine priorities of EOD support for protecting critical 
infrastructure and key resources when requested.
    (B) Participate in installation emergency response exercises.
    (C) Determine training requirements for conducting DSCA response 
missions.
    (4) Cooperation with Civil Authorities. (i) DoD EOD forces will 
maintain relationships with local, State, tribal, and other Federal 
bomb disposal and other law enforcement agency assets near their 
geographical locations. Such relationships may include conferences and 
training exercises to increase the interoperability and integration 
with local bomb squad agencies, to improve the response capabilities to 
civil authorities when requested, and to enhance the consolidated 
response capabilities.
    (ii) DoD EOD personnel may conduct UXO and explosive ordnance 
awareness and education programs that inform and promote public safety 
of the hazards associated with military munitions and explosive items.
    (d) Domestic terrorist incident support. (1) DoD guidance. Only the 
Secretary of Defense may authorize the use of DoD personnel in support 
of civilian law enforcement officials during a domestic terrorism 
incident, except as described in paragraph (d)(1)(ii) of this section. 
The Commanders of USNORTHCOM, USPACOM, and USSOCOM, in coordination 
with the CJCS, ASD(HD&ASA), and ASD(SO/LIC), have primary 
responsibility for all military preparations and--when authorized by 
the Secretary of Defense--operations, including the employment of armed 
Federal military forces at the scene of any domestic terrorist 
incident.
    (i) In discharging those functions, the Commanders of USNORTHCOM, 
USPACOM, and USSOCOM shall operate in a manner consistent with law 
enforcement policies established by the Attorney General.
    (ii) When a terrorist incident develops that has a potential for 
military involvement, the Commanders of USNORTHCOM, USPACOM, and 
USSOCOM may dispatch military observers to the incident site, with the 
concurrence of the senior FBI official at the site, to appraise the 
situation before any decision is made by the Secretary of Defense to 
commit Federal military forces. Any dispatch of U.S. counterterrorism 
forces as observers must be specifically authorized by the Secretary of 
Defense through the CJCS.
    (2) Requirement for vocal orders to be published. When the 
Secretary of Defense authorizes U.S. counterterrorism forces to assist 
with the resolution of a domestic terrorist incident, the CJCS shall 
issue the appropriate order on behalf of the Secretary of Defense. That 
order shall designate the command relationships for the deploying 
forces.
    (e) Use of information collected during DoD operations.
    (1) Acquisition and dissemination. DoD Components are encouraged to 
provide to Federal, State, or local civilian law enforcement officials 
any information collected during the normal course of military 
operations that may be relevant to a violation of State or Federal law 
within the jurisdiction of such officials, except as described in 
paragraph (a)(6)(vii)(B) of this section. The DoD Components shall 
prescribe procedures for releasing information upon reasonable belief 
that there has been such a violation.
    (i) The assistance provided shall be in accordance with DoD 
5400.11-R,\22\ ``Department of Defense Privacy Program,'' and with 10 
U.S.C. 371 and other applicable laws.
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    \22\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/540011r.pdf.
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    (ii) The acquisition and dissemination of information under 
paragraph (e) of this section shall be in accordance with DoD Directive 
5200.27,\23\ ``Acquisition of Information Concerning Persons and 
Organizations not Affiliated with the Department of Defense,'' DoD 
Directive

[[Page 21838]]

5240.01,\24\ ``DoD Intelligence Activities,'' and, for DoD intelligence 
components, DoD 5240.1-R,\25\ ``Procedures Governing the Activities of 
DoD Intelligence Components that Affect United States Persons.''
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    \23\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/520027p.pdf.
    \24\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/524001p.pdf.
    \25\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/524001r.pdf.
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    (iii) The DoD Components shall establish procedures for ``routine 
use'' disclosures of such information in accordance with DoD 
Instruction 5160.68,\26\ ``Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition 
(SMCA): Responsibilities of the SMCA, the Military Services, and the 
United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM),'' and DoD Directive 
5400.11,\27\ ``DoD Privacy Program.''
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    \26\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/516068p.pdf.
    \27\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/540011p.pdf.
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    (iv) Under guidance established by the DoD Components concerned, 
the planning and execution of compatible DoD training and operations 
shall, to the maximum extent practicable, take into account the needs 
of civilian law enforcement officials for information when the 
collection of the information is an incidental aspect of training or 
operations performed by Federal military forces consistent with 10 
U.S.C. 371.
    (v) The needs of civilian law enforcement officials shall, to the 
maximum extent practicable, be considered when scheduling routine 
training missions, consistent with 10 U.S.C. 371. This does not permit 
the planning or creation of missions or training for the primary 
purpose of aiding civilian law enforcement officials, and it does not 
permit conducting training or missions for the purpose of routinely 
collecting information about U.S. citizens.
    (vi) Civilian law enforcement agents may accompany routinely 
scheduled training flights as observers for the purpose of collecting 
law enforcement information. This provision does not authorize the use 
of DoD aircraft to provide point-to-point transportation and training 
flights for civilian law enforcement officials. Such assistance may be 
provided only in accordance with DoD 4515.13-R,\28\ ``Air 
Transportation Eligibility.''
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    \28\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/451513r.pdf.
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    (vii) Intelligence information held by the DoD Components and 
relevant to drug interdiction or other civilian law enforcement matters 
shall be provided promptly to appropriate civilian law enforcement 
officials, unless sharing that information is determined by the head of 
that DoD Component to be inconsistent with national security. Under 
procedures established by the DoD Components concerned, information 
concerning illegal drugs that is provided to civilian law enforcement 
officials under provisions of DoD 5240.1-R shall also be provided to 
law enforcement officials at the El Paso Intelligence Center.
    (viii) Nothing in this section modifies DoD procedures for 
dissemination of information for foreign intelligence or 
counterintelligence purposes.
    (ix) The DoD Components are encouraged to participate in the 
Department of Justice law enforcement coordinating committees situated 
in each Federal judicial district.
    (x) The assistance provided under paragraph (e) of this section may 
not include or permit direct participation by DoD personnel in the 
interdiction of a vessel, aircraft, or land vehicle, or in a search, 
seizure, arrest, or other similar activity, unless the member's 
participation in such activity is otherwise authorized by law in 
accordance with paragraph (a)(1)(ii) of this section.
    (2) Military readiness. Information shall not be provided under 
paragraph (e) of this section if it could adversely affect military 
preparedness of the United States.
    (f) Use of DoD equipment and facilities.
    (1) Equipment and facilities. The DoD Components may make 
equipment, base facilities, or research facilities available to 
Federal, State, or local civilian law enforcement officials for law 
enforcement purposes in accordance with the guidance in paragraph (f) 
of this section.
    (i) The ASD(HD&ASA) shall issue guidance to ensure that the 
assistance provided under paragraph (f) of this section is in 
accordance with applicable provisions of law, including:
    (A) 10 U.S.C. 372, 377, 2576, and 2667.
    (B) 31 U.S.C. 1535 (also known and referred to in this part as 
``The Economy Act of 1932, as amended'') and 31 U.S.C. 6501-6508 (also 
known as ``The Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968, as 
amended'').
    (C) Title 40, U.S.C.
    (D) 41 U.S.C. 102-103, 105-115, 151-153, 3101, 3105, 3301, 3303-
3305, 3509, 3901, 3905-3906, 4501-4506, 4701, and 6101.
    (E) 44 U.S.C. chapters 21, 25, 29, and 31.
    (ii) The ASD(HD&ASA) guidance shall also ensure compliance with DoD 
Instruction 4165.70,\29\ ``Real Property Management,'' and DoD 
Directive 5410.12,\30\ ``Economic Adjustment Assistance to Defense-
Impacted Communities,'' and other guidance that may be issued by the 
Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)/Chief Financial Officer, 
Department of Defense.
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    \29\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/416570p.pdf.
    \30\ Available at http://www.dtic.mil/whs/directives/corres/pdf/541012p.pdf.
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    (2) Limitations on the use of personnel. The DoD Components shall 
follow the guidance in paragraph (a)(1)(iv) of this section in 
considering requests for DoD personnel to operate or maintain, or to 
assist in operating or maintaining, equipment made available according 
to paragraph (f)(1) of this section.
    (3) Military readiness. Assistance may not be provided under 
paragraph (f) of this section if such assistance could adversely affect 
military preparedness. Each request shall be evaluated using the 
criteria provided in 32 CFR part 185 for evaluating legality, 
lethality, risk, cost, appropriateness, and readiness. The implementing 
documents issued by the DoD Components shall ensure that approval for 
the disposition of equipment is vested in officials who can assess the 
effect of such disposition on military preparedness.
    (4) Approval authority. (i) Requests by civilian law enforcement 
officials for DoD assistance for the use of DoD equipment and 
facilities shall be forwarded to the appropriate approval authority 
under the guidance in this section. All requests, including those in 
which subordinate authorities recommend denial, shall be submitted 
promptly to the approving authority. Requests will be forwarded and 
processed according to the urgency of the situation.
    (A) Requests for the use of equipment or facilities outside the 
United States, other than for arms, ammunition, combat vehicles, 
vessels, and aircraft, shall be considered in accordance with 
procedures established by the applicable DoD Component.
    (B) Requests from other Federal agencies to purchase equipment 
(permanent retention) from a DoD Component, that are accompanied by 
appropriate funding documents, may be submitted directly to the DoD 
Component concerned.
    (C) Requests for training, expert advice, or use of personnel to 
operate or maintain equipment shall be forwarded in accordance with 
paragraph (a)(5) of this section.
    (D) For loans pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 1535 and 6501-6508, which are 
limited

[[Page 21839]]

to agencies of the Federal Government, and for leases pursuant to 10 
U.S.C. 2667, which may be made to entities outside the Federal 
Government, this guidance applies:
    (1) Requests for arms, ammunition, combat vehicles, vessels, and 
aircraft shall be submitted to the Secretary of Defense for approval.
    (2) Requests for loan or lease or other use of equipment or 
facilities are subject to approval by the heads of the DoD Components, 
unless approval by a higher official is required by statute or DoD 
issuance applicable to the particular disposition.
    (ii) The Heads of the DoD Components shall issue implementing 
policy and direction for taking action on requests for loan, lease, or 
other use of equipment or facilities that are not governed by 
paragraphs (f)(4)(i)(D)(1) and (f)(4)(i)(D)(2) of this section. Such 
implementing policy and direction shall ensure compliance with 
applicable law and DoD issuances, including requiring specific levels 
of approval with respect to particular dispositions.
    (g) Funding.
    (1) General. Reimbursement is required when equipment or services 
are provided to agencies outside DoD.
    (i) The primary sources of reimbursement requirements are the 
Economy Act of 1932, as amended, for provision of equipment or services 
to Federal departments and agencies and 10, U.S.C. 2667. 10 U.S.C. 377 
requires reimbursement unless the Secretary of Defense elects to waive 
reimbursement using the criteria described in paragraph (g)(2)(iii) of 
this section.
    (ii) Other statutes may apply to particular types of assistance or 
may apply to assistance to specific civilian law enforcement entities. 
Payment of fair market value under 10 U.S.C. 2667 may only be waived 
under the provisions of 10 U.S.C. 2667.
    (iii) A requirement for reimbursement does not apply when DoD 
Components provide information, collected during the normal course of 
military training or operations, to Federal, State, or local civilian 
law enforcement agencies pursuant to 10 U.S.C. 371.
    (2) Procedural requirements. (i) Defense support of civilian law 
enforcement agencies is normally an unprogrammed requirement for DoD. 
DoD 7000.14-R,\31\ ``Department of Defense Financial Management 
Regulations (FMRs),'' Volumes 1-15, prescribes procedures for financing 
and reporting costs. DoD Components shall comply with these procedures 
and shall consider the factors presented in paragraph (g)(2)(iii) of 
this section to determine or recommend whether financing is to be 
accomplished on a reimbursable or non-reimbursable basis.
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    \31\ Available at http://comptroller.defense.gov/fmr/.
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    (ii) The Commanders of USNORTHCOM, USPACOM, and USSOCOM shall serve 
as the financial managers responsible for DoD oversight of all 
operations executed in their areas of responsibility in accordance with 
Sec.  182.5(k).
    (iii) The Secretary of Defense may waive reimbursement for DoD 
support to civilian law enforcement agencies provided pursuant to 10 
U.S.C. 18, or support provided by NG personnel performing duty pursuant 
to 32 U.S.C. 502(f), in accordance with 10 U.S.C. 377, if such support:
    (A) Is provided in the normal course of DoD training or operations; 
or
    (B) Results in a benefit to the DoD element or the NG personnel 
providing the support that is substantially equivalent to that which 
would otherwise be obtained from military operations or training.
    (3) Personnel duty status. Funding for State active duty of NG 
personnel is the responsibility of the State involved.

    Dated: March 8, 2013.
Patricia L. Toppings,
OSD Federal Register Liaison Officer, Department of Defense.
[FR Doc. 2013-07802 Filed 4-11-13; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 5001-06-P