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Content developed in collaboration with National Organization on Disability's Emergency Preparedness Initiative

 

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Extreme Heat

Stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality added to extreme temperatures and high humidity can lead to heat-related illnesses, especially in older adults, young children, and those who are sick or overweight.

How to Prepare for Extreme Heat

  • See Get A Kit and Make A Plan for general information
  • Discuss special needs you may have on extremely hot days with your support network and plan accordingly
  • Install window air conditioners snugly
  • Install temporary window reflectors such as aluminum foil-covered cardboard
  • Weather-strip doors to keep cool air in
  • Keep storm windows up all year

How to Respond to Extreme Heat

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Limit intake of alcoholic beverages
  • Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible
  • Check on family and neighbors who do not have air conditioning
  • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles
  • Avoid strenuous work during the hottest part of the day
  • Know the signs of heat stroke:
    • High body temperature (105+)
    • Hot, red, dry skin
    • Rapid, weak pulse
    • Rapid shallow breathing
    • Possible unconsciousness
  • If you suspect that someone is a victim of serious heat induced illness:
    • Call 9-1-1 or get the victim to a hospital immediately; a delay could be fatal
    • Move victim to a cooler environment
    • Remove clothing
    • Use a cool bath, sponging, or wet sheet to reduce body temperature
    • Watch for breathing problems

More Information