Treaty Text and DocumentsTreaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
The 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is a multilateral treaty among 189 signatories. It seeks to foster peaceful civilian nuclear energy cooperation, while countering the threat of nuclear weapons proliferation and taking steps toward eventual nuclear disarmament.
Extension of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
At the 1995 NPT Review Conference, the NPT signatory states agreed to extend the Treaty indefinitely.
The Structure and Content of Agreements Between the Agency and States Required in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
This document (INFCIRC/153) provides a framework for the general content and structure of individual safeguards agreements that NPT signatory states possessing nuclear materials and technology must sign with the IAEA.
The Agency's Safeguards System
The IAEA’s Safeguards System was adopted in 1965 and implements measures to protect against the theft or diversion of peaceful nuclear energy materials and technology, thereby assuring that they are not used for nuclear weapons production or other military purposes.
The Agency's Safeguards - Extension of the System to Large Reactor Facilities
In February 1964, the IAEA’s Board of Governors extended the Agency’s Safeguards System to apply to reactors of 100 thermal megawatts or more, notwithstanding the limitations specified in paragraph 4 of INFCIRC/26.
A Declaration by the President on Security Assurances for Non-Nuclear Weapon States Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
In a statement issued by U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher on April 5, 1995, President Clinton declared that the United States would not use nuclear weapons against any non-nuclear weapons state party to the NPT except under a certain set of limited circumstances.
Strengthening the Review Process for the Treaty
At the 1995 NPT Review Conference, the NPT signatory states agreed to certain provisions that would improve the Treaty’s review process, which included the establishment of annual Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) meetings in the three years leading up to the Review Conference.
Resolution on the Middle East
At the 1995 NPT Review Conference, the Resolution on the Middle East was adopted. The Resolution called for the full implementation of the NPT in the region, urged non-parties to the Treaty that operated unsafeguarded nuclear facilities to accept IAEA safeguards, and noted the link between the Middle East peace process and the potential realization of a regional NWFZ.