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  • "MANPADS: What they do and how they do it," presentation by Chris Hughes, United Kingdom Ministry of Defense, at the one-day OAS conference entitled "Effective Strategies to Migitate the Threat Posed by the use of Man-portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS) by non-State actors, 8 March 2007. Good basic overview of MANPADS technology and systems
  • Iraq Ordnance Identification Guide, "Guided Missiles", Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technology Division
  • "MANPADS Components", Defense Intelligence Agency, undated (2002).

Inter-governmental Efforts to Combat MANPADS Proliferation

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC)

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)


 Australian Government's International MANPADS Initiative

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

 Organization of American States (OAS)

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

Wassenaar Arrangement (WA)

United Nations

Documents obtained via the Freedom of Information Act

FOIA No. 200500711: documents containing information on the acquisition and/or use of MANPADS by 10 Non-state groups, filed 2 February 2005.

FOIA No. 06-0063: documents distributed at "MANPADS: The Worldwide Threat to Aviation Conference," November 3-4, 2004.

FOIA No. F-2007-00017: records pertaining to "the foiled January 1976 attempt by terrorists to shoot down an El Al passenger plane near Nairobi, Kenya."

FOIA No. F-2007-00010: records on "a foiled attempt by Arab terrorists to shoot down an Israeli El Al plane near Rome's Fiumcino airport."

FOIA No. F-2007-00057: "a copy of the June 1998 document entitled "Bin Ladin Threatening to Attack US Aircraft."

FOIA No. 07-0120: "request for "documents or photographs of the "22 surface-to-air missiles" seized by Task Force Baghdad on January 2006."

FOIA No. 200603443: "Report on Small Arms Programs," State Department (required by the Conference Report accompanying the FY06 Foreign Operations Appropriations Act).

FOIA No. 07-945: "Securing the Nation Against Man-Portable Air Defense Systems," Report to Congress in Response to the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-458), Department of Homeland Security, December 2005.

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