The Entertainment Software Association (ESA) is the U.S. association exclusively dedicated to serving the business and public affairs needs of companies that publish video and computer games for video game consoles, personal computers, and the Internet. ESA members collectively account for more than 90 percent of the $7.3 billion in entertainment software sold in the U.S. in 2004, and billions more in export sales of U.S.-made entertainment software.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" With an annual budget of about $5.5 billion, they are the funding source for approximately 20 percent of all federally supported basic research conducted by America’s colleges and universities. In many fields such as mathematics, computer science and the social sciences, NSF is the major source of federal backing. NSF’s Education and Human Resources Directorate’s mission is to achieve excellence in U.S. science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education at all levels and in all settings (both formal and informal) in order to support the development of a diverse and well-prepared workforce of scientists, technicians, engineers, mathematicians and educators and a well-informed citizenry that have access to the ideas and tools of science and engineering.
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) was formed in 1945 by atomic scientists from the Manhattan Project. Endorsed by nearly 60 Nobel Laureates in biology, chemistry, economics, medicine and physics as sponsors, the Federation has addressed a broad spectrum of national security issues of the nuclear age in carrying out its mission to promote humanitarian uses of science and technology. Today, the Federation continues its 60-year exemplary record of achieving meaningful results in strategic security, with research and education projects in nuclear arms control and global security; conventional arms transfers; nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction; information technology for human health; and government information policy. FAS has expanded its policy activities to address our country’s critical challenges in housing, energy and education. FAS’ Housing Technology Project combines the talents of engineers, energy-efficiency specialists and other experts in the field of housing to develop new materials and design methods that can lead to safe, highly energy efficient, affordable homes in the U.S. and abroad. The FAS’ Learning Federation Project works on strategies to intensify and focus research and development to harness the potential of emerging information technologies to improve how we teach and learn.