U.S. Department of Energy ORDER
Washington, D.C. DOE 5610.12
SUBJECT: PACKAGING AND OFFSITE TRANSPORTATION OF NUCLEAR COMPONENTS, AND
SPECIAL ASSEMBLIES ASSOCIATED WITH THE NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE AND
WEAPON SAFETY PROGRAM
1. PURPOSE. Establish the Department of Energy (DOE) policy, requirements,
objectives, authorities, procedures, and responsibilities for the safe
packaging and offsite transportation of nuclear components, and special
assemblies associated with the nuclear weapons program requiring the use
of the Transportation Safeguards System. This Order is part of the DOE
5610-series which implements the DOE Nuclear Explosive and Weapon Safety
Program conducted in the interest of national security or in support of
mutual defense treaty obligations and agreements.
2. CANCELLATION. DOE 5610.1, PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTING OF NUCLEAR
EXPLOSIVES, NUCLEAR COMPONENTS, AND SPECIAL ASSEMBLIES, of 9-11-79.
3. SCOPE. Except for the exclusion in paragraph 5, the provisions of this
Order apply to all Departmental Elements, including DOE management and
operating contractors, their subcontractors, Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Sandia National
Laboratories, supporting the nuclear weapons program activities.
4. APPLICABILITY. This Order applies to the packaging and offsite
transportation in the Transportation Safeguards System of nuclear
components, and special assemblies made by or under the direction or
supervision of the Office of Defense Programs and which are required to
be escorted by Federal Officers or personnel designated by or under the
authority of DOE, pursuant to Section 161k of the United States Atomic
Energy Act of 1954, as amended. Shipments transported under this Order
are limited to nuclear components, special assemblies associated with
the DOE Nuclear Explosive and Weapon Safety Program and other materials
specifically designated by the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office,
which, by law, require the application of the Transportation Safeguards
5. EXCLUSIONS. The provisions of this Order do not apply to the following:
a. DOE facilities, projects, and programs which operate under license
from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).
b. Packaging and transportation of radioactive or other hazardous
materials for shipment, conducted pursuant to DOE 1540.3A and
c. Air shipments of plutonium (which are governed by Public Law 94-187
and 10 CFR 871).
6. APPLICATION TO CONTRACTS.
a. Except for the exclusions in paragraph 5, this Order includes
requirements that are to be applied to the universe of contractors
involved with work under the direction of the Assistant Secretary
for Defense Programs in support of the nuclear weapons program and
awarded a management and operating contract.
b. The Operations Offices shall incorporate the responsibilities to be
applied to these contractors into respective contracts. If this is
not practicable, identify the paragraphs in the directive that
describe what the contractor is required to do.
7. IMPLEMENTATION. The provisions of this Order must be fully implemented
within 12 months from its effective date.
8. REFERENCES. See Attachment 1.
9. DEFINITIONS. See Attachment 2.
a. Nuclear components, and special assemblies associated with the
nuclear weapons program shall be transported by the Transportation
Safeguards System in a configuration certified or authorized
pursuant to this Order, and in a manner that ensures the safety and
health of DOE workers, the public, and the environment. It is the
goal of DOE that the level of safety and health required for DOE
transportation operations be equivalent to, or greater than, that
provided by compliance to applicable Federal, State, tribal, and
local regulations. The risk to the public due to DOE
transportation operations shall be minimized by the implementation
of positive measures.
b. Radioactive material shipments using either: (1) DOE/Office of
Environment, Safety, and Health packaging certified under DOE
5480.3, or (2) NRC certified packaging meeting the 10 CFR 71
requirements, or (3) Department of Transportation (DOT)
specification packaging shall be reviewed and approved by the
Albuquerque Operations Office prior to shipment in the
Transportation Safeguards System, for compatibility with the
Transportation Safeguards System loading, unloading, tiedown and
a. The objective of this Order is to promulgate DOE policy such that
all measures reasonably practicable for the safe packaging and
offsite transport of nuclear components, and special assemblies
associated with the nuclear weapons program are implemented.
Safety review and offsite transportation operations shall be
conducted through a systematic process that considers and evaluates
all aspects of operations, identifies risks, and analyzes those
operations in terms of worker and public safety, health, and
protection of the environment.
b. To attain this objective, all Nuclear Explosive and Weapon Safety
shipments conducted under the authority of this Order shall be
approved by the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, with either
an Offsite Transportation Certificate or an Offsite Transportation
Authorization. Figure 1 illustrates the approval process for both
types of packaging.
(1) Offsite Transportation Certificate.
(a) An Offsite Transportation Certificate is a DOE document,
approved and issued by the Manager, Albuquerque
Operations Office, certifying a specific packaging for
nuclear weapons-related cargo requiring shipment in
Transportation Safeguards System, for use either on a
one-time basis or up to 5 years. It is issued if a DOE
package meets applicable requirements of 10 CFR 71 or 49
(b) The Offsite Transportation Certificate shall be supported
by the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging, with the
Safety Analysis Report for Packaging review documented in
a Safety Evaluation Report.
(2) Offsite Transportation Authorization.
(a) An Offsite Transportation Authorization is a DOE
document, approved and issued by the Manager, Albuquerque
Operations Office, authorizing a weapons-related shipment
campaign requiring the use of Transportation Safeguards
System, for a specific package and loading configuration,
specific routes, and campaign duration.
(b) If expeditious shipment is warranted by an emergency or
other extreme case, the initiating organization may
request the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, to
waive the formal Offsite Transportation Authorization
review/approval process, in total or in part. The
Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, must be assured,
however, that safety levels commensurate with those
resulting from the formal Offsite Transportation
Authorization process are achieved. Only the Manager,
Albuquerque Operations Office, may approve justifications
for an expeditious shipment request and authorize the
shipment; Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office cannot
delegate this authority.
(3) The Offsite Transportation Authorization approval process
shall not be used merely to bypass the requirements of Offsite
12. RESPONSIBILITIES AND AUTHORITIES.
a. The Secretary of Energy has the ultimate responsibility for the
safe transport of all items covered by this Order.
b. The Associate Deputy Secretary for Field Management is responsible
for management, coordination, and oversight of the Operations
Offices and shall ensure that line managers apply appropriate
safety principles to the packaging and offsite transportation
operations authorized by this Order.
c. Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs shall implement the
Secretary's policy and identify pertinent line-management
d. Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety, and Health shall:
(1) Provide DOE certificates for packaging of hazardous and
radioactive materials in accordance with DOE 5480.3;
(2) Provide independent oversight of environmental protection,
worker safety and health, and public safety and health
related to DOE operations;
e. The Deputy Assistant Secretary for Military Applications and
Stockpile Support, Defense Programs is the Headquarters official
responsible for all matters relating to the packaging and offsite
transportation of nuclear components, and special assemblies
associated with Nuclear Explosive and Weapon Safety. Specifically,
the Deputy Assistant Secretary shall:
(1) Provide overall program management, oversight, and direction,
including coordination of the operating and capital budgets;
(2) Provide proactive oversight of the packaging certification
(a) Nominating a Military Applications and Stockpile Support
staff member, on a case-by-case basis, to observe
Transportation Safety Review Panel review activities;
(b) Conducting safety appraisals of this program at least
once in 2 years, and ensuring that corrective actions are
(c) Periodically reviewing this Order to assure continued
compliance with Federal laws and Department of Energy
(d) Maintaining a copy of all Safety Evaluation Reports,
Offsite Transportation Certificates, Offsite
Transportation Authorizations and Transportation Safety
Risk Assessments supporting offsite weapon transportation
f. Director, Office of Security Affairs, Nonproliferation and National
(1) Establish and implement policy for the classification and
declassification of Restricted Data, Formerly Restricted Data,
and National Security Information and the control of certain
unclassified sensitive information within DOE's jurisdiction;
e.g., Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information;
(2) Establish DOE-wide policy in matters associated with the
protection of classified information, work, or materials, and
with the authority to make arrests and carry firearms for the
protection of shipments, facilities, and installations under
the cognizance of the Department.
g. Director, Office of Naval Reactors, Nuclear Energy shall, in
accordance with the responsibility and authorities assigned by
Executive Order 12344 (42 U.S.C. 7158) and to ensure consistency
throughout the joint Navy-DOE organization of the Naval Nuclear
Propulsion Program, implement and oversee all policy and practices
pertaining to this DOE Order for activities under the cognizance of
h. Manager, Pittsburgh Naval Reactors Office shall:
(1) Establish and implement special arrangements for shipments of
Category I and Category II quantities (as defined in DOE
5633.3A) of Special Nuclear Material to or from facilities of
the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program;
(2) Coordinate with the Albuquerque Operations Office,
Transportation Safeguards Division for appropriate support of
shipments containing Category I or II quantities of Special
Nuclear Material to or from facilities of the Naval Nuclear
**** DATABASE NOTE:
ATTACHMENT OF FIGURE 1 - PROCESSES FOR CERTIFICATION/AUTHORIZATION OF
PACKAGING (PAGE 6) IS NOT INCLUDED IN DATABASE, DUE TO ITS FORMAT.
i. Managers, Operations Offices shall:
(1) Implement DOE offsite transportation policy and assure safe
transport of nuclear components, and special assemblies
associated with the nuclear weapons program authorized by this
(2) Ensure that transportation requests, with Safety Analysis
Report for Packaging or Transportation Safety Risk Assessment
or other required supporting documents, are submitted to the
Albuquerque Operations Office at least 6 months prior to the
first required shipment date;
(3) Provide qualified individuals to serve as members on a
Transportation Safety Review Panel, when requested by the
Albuquerque Operations Office;
(4) Comment on guides, methodology, and reviews when requested by
the Albuquerque Operations Office;
(5) Maintain a copy of all approved Offsite Transportation
Certificates, Offsite Transportation Authorizations, and
supporting documentation applicable to shipments by their
(6) On a 24-month cycle, minimum, conduct appraisals of packaging
and offsite transportation safety programs under their
cognizance to verify compliance with this Order, and implement
and track corresponding corrective actions.
(7) Ensure that all personnel who support and/or perform packaging
and transportation operations are appropriately trained and
knowledgeable of the regulations to meet the requirements of
(8) Ensure that each site has personnel assigned and trained to
oversee compliance with this Order;
(9) Review base technology programs at Area Offices and contractor
locations for transportation packaging; maintain records of
(10) Ensure that procurement activities are conducted in compliance
with applicable requirements;
(11) Provide support for the conduct of safety appraisals at the
Operations Offices conducted by external organizations.
j. Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, in addition to
responsibilities and authorities in paragraph 12i, shall:
(1) Approve Offsite Transportation Certificates and Offsite
Transportation Authorizations; ensure an Offsite
Transportation Authorization is not issued when an Offsite
Transportation Certificate is feasible; transmit approved
Offsite Transportation Certificates and Offsite Transportation
Authorizations (or the record of disapproval) to Deputy
Assistant Secretary for Military Applications and Stockpile
Support, the appropriate Operations/Area Offices along with
the Safety Evaluation Report;
(2) Manage the day-to-day activities related to packaging and
offsite transportation of nuclear weapon components, special
assemblies, and radioactive materials associated with the
nuclear weapons program;
(3) Every 5 years or as dictated by programmatic requirements,
review and update the Defense Program Transportation Risk
Assessment Report, and Transportation Safety Analysis Report,
in order to assess the risk to public safety and the
environment from shipments of cargo in Transportation
Safeguards System in support of the nuclear weapons program;
(4) Develop and maintain a review and approval process for
packaging configurations within the Transportation Safeguards
System in support of the nuclear weapons program utilizing DOE
certified, under DOE 5480.3, NRC certified or DOT
(5) Issue supplemental directives and guides to implement this
(6) Implement procedures and guidelines for Operations Offices to
conduct safety and/or risk analyses of requested
transportation configurations and to ensure that the report of
that analysis is usable by the Transportation Safety Review
Panel in its review of the Offsite Transportation Certificate/
Offsite Transportation Authorization request;
(7) Develop and implement personnel training programs and
procedures that assure the safe packaging and transportation
of nuclear components, special assemblies, and radioactive
material associated with the nuclear weapons program;
(8) Maintain a copy of:
(a) All currently approved Offsite Transportation
Certificates and Offsite Transportation Authorizations
along with Safety Analysis Report for Packaging, Safety
Evaluation Reports, Transportation Safety Risk
Assessments, and other supporting documents;
(b) All current certificates for NRC, and DOE/Office of
Environment, Safety, and Health approved (under DOE
5480.3) packaging which are approved by the Manager,
Albuquerque Operations Office, for use in Transportation
Safeguards System in support of the nuclear weapons
(9) Annually provide a listing to Deputy Assistant Secretary for
Military Applications and Stockpile Support and all Operations
Offices of all certified packaging and authorized
transportation configurations reviewed and approved by the
Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, for use in
Transportation Safeguards System in support of the nuclear
(10) Establish and maintain the capability for technical and safety
oversight of the packaging and offsite transportation system
in support of the nuclear weapons transportation program;
(11) Conduct appraisals of the packaging and offsite transportation
program activities at other Operations Offices at least every
24 months to verify compliance with this Order;
(12) Ensure that all shipments, to include expeditious shipments
outside the formal Offsite Transportation Authorization
process, comply with the applicable provisions of this Order.
(13) The Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, must specifically
authorize the use of any vehicle other than the ones certified
under an Offsite Transportation Certificate or Offsite
BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY:
ARCHER L. DURHAM
Assistant Secretary for
Human Resources and Administration
1. ATOMIC ENERGY ACT OF 1954 (42 U.SC 2011, et. seq.), as amended, which
establishes a program for Government control of the possession, use and
production of atomic energy and Special Nuclear Material, whether owned
by the Government or others.
2. Title 10 CFR, ENERGY, Part 71 "Packaging and Transportation of
Radioactive Material," which establishes requirements for packaging,
preparation for shipment, and transportation of licensed material; and
procedures and standards for NRC approval of packaging and shipping
procedures for fissile material and for a quantity of other licensed
material in excess of a Type A quantity.
3. Title 10 CFR, ENERGY, Part 871, "Air Transportation of Plutonium," which
establishes the conditions for authorizing the air transportation of
plutonium under a national security exemption or a public health and
4. Title 49 CFR, TRANSPORTATION, Parts 100-178, which contains current
regulations issued by the Department of Transportation under Subtitle B,
Chapter I--Research and Special Programs Administration--governing
transportation of hazardous materials.
5. Public Law 94-187, Sections 501-502, "Air Transportation of Plutonium,"
which precludes air transport of plutonium except under rules
promulgated for national security, medical shipments, and half-life
6. DOE 1540.2, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PACKAGING FOR TRANSPORTATION
ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES, of 9-30-86, which establishes administrative
procedures for the certification and use of radioactive and other
hazardous materials packaging by the Department of Energy.
7. DOE 1540.3A, BASE TECHNOLOGY FOR RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL TRANSPORTATION
PACKAGING SYSTEMS, of 7-8-92, which provides Departmental policies and
responsibilities for coordination and planning base technology for
radioactive material transportation packaging systems.
8. DOE 5000.3B, OCCURRENCE REPORTING AND PROCESSING OF OPERATIONS
INFORMATION, of 1-19-93, which sets forth the policy, assigns
responsibility, and provides criteria and instructions for reporting all
9. DOE 5480.1B, ENVIRONMENT, SAFETY, AND HEALTH PROGRAM FOR DEPARTMENT OF
ENERGY OPERATIONS, of 9-23-86, which establishes the Office of
Environment, Safety, and Health program for DOE.
10. DOE 5480.3, SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL, HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, AND HAZARDOUS WASTE, of
7-9-85, which sets forth requirements for packaging and transportation
of hazardous materials shipments.
11. DOE 5480.11, RADIATION PROTECTION FOR OCCUPATIONAL WORKERS, of 12-21-88,
which establishes radiation protection standards and program
requirements for DOE and DOE-contractor operations with respect to the
protection of the worker from ionizing radiation.
12. DOE 5480.23, NUCLEAR SAFETY ANALYSIS REPORTS, of 4-10-92, which sets
forth provisions to be applied to DOE-owned nuclear facilities and
13. DOE 5610.10, NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE AND WEAPON SAFETY PROGRAM, of 10-10-90,
which provides safety policy and assignments of responsibilities for
the nuclear weapons program, and is the lead Order for other Orders
containing specific safety requirements that will establish a
comprehensive safety program.
14. DOE 5610.11, NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE SAFETY, of 10-10-90, which sets forth
policy, assigns responsibilities, and establishes requirements,
standards, and safety rules for the prevention of accidental or
unauthorized nuclear explosive detonations.
15. DOE 5610.13, JOINT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY/DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NUCLEAR
WEAPON SYSTEM SAFETY, SECURITY, AND CONTROL ACTIVITIES, of 10-10-90,
which sets forth provisions to be applied to the Joint DOE-Department of
Defense Nuclear Weapon Program Interface.
16. DOE 5610.14, TRANSPORTATION SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM OPERATIONS, of 5-12-93,
which sets forth provisions to be applied to the operation of the
Transportation Safeguards System.
17. DOE 5632.2A, PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL AND VITAL
EQUIPMENT, of 2-9-88, which sets forth provisions for the protection of
Special Nuclear Material and vital equipment.
18. DOE 5632.5, PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF CLASSIFIED MATTER, of 2-3-88, which
sets forth provision for the protection of classified matter.
19. DOE 5633.3A, CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, of
2-12-93, which prescribes DOE minimum requirements and procedures for
control and accountability of nuclear materials at DOE-owned and leased
facilities and DOE-owned nuclear materials at other facilities which are
exempt from licensing by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
20. DOE 5700.6C, QUALITY ASSURANCE, of 8-21-91, which establishes quality
assurance requirements for DOE and its contractors.
21. Joint DOE/DOD Technical Publication 20-11, GENERAL FIRE FIGHTING
22. Joint DOE/DOD Technical Publication 45-51 series, TRANSPORTATION OF
NUCLEAR WEAPON MATERIAL (U).
23. Energy Research & Development Administration (ERDA), Research,
Development and Test Standard, RDT-F8-11T, FUEL SHIPPING CONTAINER
TIE-DOWN FOR TRUCK TRANSPORT, of 1-75, which describes general
requirements, methods of tiedown, and arrangement of tiedown members for
package assemblies up to 25 tons and within certain dimensional limits.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. CAMPAIGN. A series of shipments, made over a predetermined time period
in support of a common objective, which have similar cargo, packaging,
tiedown configuration, and conveyance. The approval to conduct a
shipment campaign may further specify route restrictions or
administrative positive measures.
2. CATEGORY. A designation (Category I, II, III, or IV) of a quantity of
Special Nuclear Material or of a Special Nuclear Material location based
on the attractiveness level of the material and the amount of material
present. DOE 5633.3A, Chapter I, paragraph 2b, provides precise
guidance for determining nuclear material categories.
3. GENERAL SAFETY RESTRICTIONS. Procedures to ensure safety and protection
to workers, the public, property, and the environment.
4. HAZARDOUS COMPONENTS. Those parts of nuclear explosives or special
assemblies that contain hazardous, other than radioactive materials.
5. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. A substance, or a material including a hazardous
substance, which has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation
to be capable of posing unreasonable risk to health, safety, and
property when transported in commerce, and which has been so designated
in 49 CFR 172.101.
6. JOINT-TEST ASSEMBLIES (JTAs). A DOE-developed configuration based on
DOE-DOD requirements for use in a joint flight test program comprised of
a joint test subassembly and War Reserve (WR) weapon components. The
physical appearance and characteristics of a JTA approximates a War
Reserve configuration to the extent practicable.
7. LINE MANAGER. The individual responsible for all activities pertaining
to programs under his/her cognizance.
8. LABORATORY TEST UNIT (LTU). Special Non-war Reserve units that are
related to the War Reserve parent but do not have the combination of
high explosive and fissile material.
9. MIXED LOAD. Any transportation configuration where nuclear components,
special assemblies, or radioactive materials are shipped with items
containing high explosive (HE) or insensitive high explosive (IHE). The
term does not apply to a single special assembly that contains both
explosive and radioactive or hazardous materials.
10. NUCLEAR COMPONENTS. Those parts of a nuclear explosive or special
assembly, or test part or subassembly that contain fissile and/or
radioactive and other materials.
11. NUCLEAR CRITICALITY SAFETY. The implementation of procedures and the
application of limits to ensure that fissile material remain in a
subcritical state. Protection against the consequences of an
inadvertent nuclear chain reaction, preferably by prevention of the
reaction (Ref. ANS/ANSI 8.1).
12. NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE. Any assembly containing fissile and/or fusionable
materials and main charge high explosive parts that may be capable of
producing a nuclear yield.
13. NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE-LIKE ASSEMBLY (NELA). An assembly which represents a
nuclear explosive in its basic configuration (main charge and pit) and
any subsequent level of assembly up to its final configuration, or which
represents a weaponized nuclear explosive such as a warhead, bomb,
reentry vehicle, or artillery shell. A Nuclear Explosive-like Assembly
in any configuration does not contain an arrangement of high explosive
and fissile material capable of producing a nuclear yield.
14. NUCLEAR MATERIAL COURIERS (NMC). Armed, "Q" cleared, Transportation
Safeguards System Federal Officers who have been authorized under
Section 161k of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, or other
appropriate statutory authority, to carry firearms, make arrests without
warrant, and use deadly force in accordance with 10 CFR 1047.4 (Limited
Arrest and Use of Force by Protective Force Officers). The Nuclear
Material Couriers are charged with the responsibility for the safe
secure movement of nuclear weapons, weapons components, radioactive
materials associated with the nuclear weapons program, and other
identified cargo/matter/materials requiring in-transit safeguards
protection. Nuclear Material Couriers possess a commercial drivers
license with the hazardous materials endorsement and receive related
biannual training in transportation of hazardous material.
15. OFFSITE. The areas outside the boundaries and jurisdiction of a DOE
facility to which the general public has free and unlimited access.
16. OFFSITE TRANSPORTATION AUTHORIZATION (OTA). A DOE document, approved
and issued by the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, authorizing a
weapon-related shipment campaign on a limited basis for a specific
package and loading configuration, specific routes, and campaign
17. OFFSITE TRANSPORTATION CERTIFICATE (OTC). A DOE document, approved and
issued by the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, authorizing a
specific packaging for weapons-related transportation activities
involving quantities of radioactive and other hazardous materials, for
use either on a one-time basis or up to 5 years.
18. PACKAGE. The packaging together with its contents as presented for
19. PACKAGING. The assembly of components necessary to comply with the
packaging requirements of Title 49 CFR. It may consist of one or more
receptacles, absorbent materials, spacing structures, thermal
insulation, radiation shielding, and devices for cooling or absorbing
mechanical shocks. The conveyance, tiedown system, and auxiliary
equipment may sometimes be designated as part of the packaging.
20. POSITIVE MEASURES. Design features, safety rules, procedures, or other
controls used individually or collectively to reduce risk and enhance
21. RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL. Any material having a specific activity greater
than 0.002 microcuries per gram.
22. RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM. Type
B quantities of weapons-grade Special Nuclear Material, Category I or II
quantities of special nuclear material, tritium, and other materials
specifically designated by the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office.
23. RISK. The combination of the probability of an incident releasing
radioactive and/or hazardous materials and the consequences of the
release on the public and the environment which, taken over all events
relating to system operation, provides a meaningful picture of the
adverse impact of the operation.
24. SAFEGUARDS. An integrated system of physical protection, material
accounting, and material control measures designed to deter, prevent,
detect, and respond to unauthorized access, possession, use, or sabotage
of nuclear material.
25. SAFE-SECURE TRAILER (SST). A specially modified semi-trailer, pulled by
an armored tractor, which is used to transport materials in support of
the nuclear weapons program.
26. SAFETY ANALYSIS REPORT FOR PACKAGING (SARP). A document that provides a
comprehensive technical evaluation of packaging. The report identifies
design, testing, operational procedures, maintenance procedures, and a
quality assurance program to demonstrate compliance with NRC safety
standards or equivalent standards established by DOE for approving
packaging and issuing Offsite Transportation Certificates.
27. SAFETY EVALUATION REPORT (SER). A document that provides the final
results of the Transportation Safety Review Panel's safety evaluation
and independent review of the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging
and/or Transportation Safety Risk Assessment.
28. SHIPMENT. An operational or logistic action involving offsite movement
of nuclear weapon components, special assemblies, or related radioactive
and hazardous materials by DOE in Transportation Safeguards System, or
any Albuquerque Operations Office approved conveyance made under the
supervision of the Transportation Safeguards Division.
29. SPECIAL ASSEMBLY. A major assembly of nuclear weapon components which
does not comprise a complete nuclear explosive or nuclear test device
and is not capable of producing a nuclear detonation. Special
assemblies include Joint-test Assemblies (JTAs), Laboratory Test Units
(LTUs), Nuclear Explosive-like Assemblies (NELAs), and trainers (Type
30. SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL (SNM). Plutonium, uranium enriched in the
isotope 233 or in the isotope 235, and any other material which the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, pursuant to the provisions of Section 51
of the Atomic Energy Act, determines to be Special Nuclear Material, but
does not include source material; or any materials artificially enriched
by any of the foregoing, but does not include source materials.
(Reference: Atomic Energy Act, 42 U.S.C. 2014)
31. TRANSPORTATION REQUEST. A formal request by a DOE organization or
contractor to the Manager, Albuquerque Operations Office, to obtain an
Offsite Transportation Certificate or Offsite Transportation
32. TRANSPORTATION SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM (TSS). A DOE system, managed and
operated by the Albuquerque Operations Office, administered by the
Transportation Safeguards Division, under the programmatic direction of
the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Military Application and Stockpile
Support, used for the safe and secure movement of nuclear explosives,
nuclear components, special assemblies, Special Nuclear Material, and
other cargo deemed appropriate by responsible program elements and
approved by the Albuquerque Operations Office. Such operations are
authorized by Congress under the Atomic Energy Act and its revisions.
33. TRANSPORTATION SAFETY ANALYSIS REPORT (TSAR). A formal Safety Analysis
Report for a transportation system. It describes the design, operation,
and maintenance of the system and assesses accident response.
34. TRANSPORTATION SAFETY REVIEW PANEL (TSRP). A committee, chaired by a
Federal employee and composed of persons with appropriate expertise,
that performs technical reviews to verify compliance with this Order and
makes recommendations for offsite transportation certification or
35. TRANSPORTATION SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT (TSRA). Formal documentation to
systematically describe a transportation system and identify and assess
hazards and risks associated with the planned operation.
36. TYPE A1/A2 QUANTITY. The maximum activity of a radioactive isotope
which can be transported in a "Type A" package. A list of these
activity levels, by isotope, is contained in 10 CFR 71, Appendix A. A1
values apply to "special form radioactive material;" i.e., material that
is either a single solid piece or contained in a sealed capsule. A2
values apply to "normal form radioactive material;" i.e., material which
does not qualify as special form radioactive material.
37. TYPE B PACKAGE. A Type B packaging together with its radioactive
38. TYPE B QUANTITY. A quantity of radioactive material or mixture of
radioactive isotopes which has an activity level higher than the maximum
A1 or A2 activity level allowed by 10 CFR 71, Appendix A.
39. WEAPONS-GRADE RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL. Uranium that contains greater than
20 percent of the isotope U-235 or plutonium that contains less than 7
percent of the isotope Pu-240.