U.S. Department of Energy                                    ORDER
     Washington, D.C.                                      DOE 5600.1


1.  PURPOSE.  This directive establishes the policy and procedures for the
    management of the Department of Energy (DOE) weapon program and weapon
    complex and the utilization of the weapon complex facilities for
    nonweapon DOE activities.


3.  SCOPE.  This Order applies to all elements of the Department of Energy
    and to all weapon complex facilities.


    a.  Policy.  It is the policy of the DOE that the paramount mission of
        the weapon complex is the successful execution of the weapon
        program, and such steps will be taken as are necessary to preserve
        this principle.  The utilization of the capabilities of the weapon
        complex in support of DOE's nonweapon responsibilities or other
        programs of national interest is encouraged but limited to the
        extent that such utilization does not adversely impact the weapon

    b.  Objectives.

        (1)  To assure the effective management of the weapon complex and
             the weapon program.

        (2)  To assure the continuing capability of the weapon complex to
             carry out its primary mission, to conduct the weapon program.

        (3)  To encourage the effective use of the capabilities and
             resources of the weapon complex in support of DOE's nonweapon
             responsibilities or other programs of national interest,
             subject to the need to assure that such programs do not
             adversely impact the weapon program.


    a.  The Secretary (S)

        (1)  Assures that the primary mission of the weapon complex remains
             the weapon program; and, that within the weapon complex, other
             programs do not adversely impact the weapon program.

        (2)  Establishes lines of authority for the direction and management
             of the weapon complex from the Assistant Secretary for Defense
             Programs, DP-1, through the weapon complex operations offices.

        (3)  Resolves issues related to the weapon program and the weapon
             complex which are of overriding national security interest.

    b.  The Under Secretary (US).  Keeps the allocation of resources to the
        weapon complex under personal review to provide assurance to the
        Secretary that the policy established by this Order is followed and
        its objectives achieved.

    c.  The Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs (DP-1).

        (1)  Is responsible for all weapon and weapon-related functions
             under DP-1 jurisdiction and reports directly to the Secretary
             (or Under Secretary as appropriate) regarding all matters
             pertaining to the weapon complex, its resources, capabilities,
             performance and activities, and the weapon program proper.

        (2)  Exercises overall management and direction of the weapon
             complex through the lines of authority established by the
             Secretary, and, to the degree necessary and practical,
             exercises such management and direction apart from the
             integrated or coordinated management of DOE's energy-related
             responsibilities.  In so doing, develops and implements
             policies and procedures related to the overall management and
             utilization of the weapon complex.

             (a)  Reviews jointly with the appropriate DOE sponsors, the
                  nature, scope and future requirements of
                  nondefense-related work described in the long-range

             (b)  Reviews the general support requirements and Nuclear
                  Regulatory Commission (NRC), Department of Defense (DOD),
                  and other national security-related reimbursables in
                  conjunction with the affected operations offices.

             (c)  Reviews appropriate elements of the Policy and Program
                  Planning System and other DOE management systems to assure
                  that actual work assignments do not differ significantly
                  from the projections.

             (d)  Reports to the Secretary (or Under Secretary, as
                  appropriate) any occurring or threatened adverse impact on
                  the weapon program and the weapon complex by ongoing or
                  scheduled nonweapon work; provides annually a specific
                  determination of whether the long-range projections
                  indicate any adverse impact by nonweapon work on the
                  weapon program.

             (e)  As appropriate, recommends assignment or reassignment of
                  nondefense-related work.

             (f)  Concurs or nonconcurs in the assignment of responsibility
                  for nonweapon work to weapon complex facilities through
                  other than weapon complex operations offices.

             (g)  Concurs or nonconcurs in the assignment of nonweapon lead
                  missions to weapon complex facilities.

        (3)  Reviews and concurs in all proposed DOE permanent directives
             and similar Department-wide issuances that may apply to the
             weapon complex and provides any modifications necessary to
             preclude any adverse impact on the weapon program or complex.

        (4)  Avoids duplicating DOE's support and advisory services to the
             greatest extent consistent with fulfilling the needs of the
             weapon program.

        (5)  Modifies the requirements for the long-range projections to
             assure that they also fulfill Departmental institutional
             planning requirements and the requirements of the Director of
             Energy Research for monitoring energy research and development,
             and provides the projections as institutional plans when

    d.  The Assistant Secretaries and the Director of Energy Research, for
        nonweapon programs falling within their areas of responsibility.

        (1)  Deal directly with the field elements and the weapon complex
             operations offices in formulating possible nonweapon work tasks
             for accomplishment in the weapon complex.

        (2)  Review jointly with the DP-1, the nature, scope, and future
             requirements of nondefense-related work described in the
             long-range projections.

        (3)  Carry out necessary technical direction and related
             informational interaction directly with the field organizations
             conducting work which they fund.

        (4)  Inform DP-1 if any new circumstances occur which warrant
             significant deviations from the current long-range projections
             in their respective areas.

    e.  The Assistant Secretary for Environment.  Provides the oversight and
        monitoring functions on environmental assessment and industrial/
        radiological health and safety and environmental practices for the
        weapon complex, exclusive of nuclear safety of weapon design,
        assembly, disassembly, test and transportation.

    f.  The Managers of the Weapon Complex Operations Offices.

        (1)  Report to the Assistant Secretary, DP, on matters related to
             this Order or which affect the weapon complex.  Consistent with
             the responsibility of the Manager, Albuquerque Operations
             Office, for field management and oversight of the weapons
             production program, the Managers of the Oak Ridge Operations
             Office and the Savannah River Operations Office coordinate with
             and report through the Albuquerque Operations Office on matters
             concerning weapon activities at the Y-12 Plant and the Savannah
             River weapons production facility.

        (2)  Assure compliance with this Order by their organizations and
             appropriate contractors under their jurisdiction.

        (3)  Assure that the following functions relating to the workload of
             the complex are accomplished.

             (a)  The Managers of Albuquerque, Nevada, and Savannah River
                  Operations Offices submit long-range projections of the
                  work to be accomplished by their organizations and at
                  their respective production and test site facilities to
                  DP-1.  Work at the Savannah River weapons production
                  facility is also included in the Albuquerque Operations
                  Office projection along with work at the Y-12 Plant.

             (b)  The Directors of the Los Alamos, Lawrence Livermore,
                  Sandia and Savannah River Laboratories submit long-range
                  projections of the work to be accomplished by their
                  respective laboratories to DP-1.  These projections also
                  serve to fulfill the Department's institutional planning
                  requirements and are submitted through the cognizant
                  operations offices.

             (c)  As part of their projection submissions, the Operations
                  Office Managers and the Laboratory Directors provide
                  written assurance that there is no adverse impact on the
                  weapon program by nonweapon programs, or they identify
                  areas of potential adverse impact along with suggested
                  remedies.  They also advise DP-1 whenever the aggregate
                  nonweapon activity proposed for the current or future
                  years varies significantly from the current projection.

             (d)  The Managers of the weapon complex operations offices
                  review and assess planned and assigned nonweapon work at
                  their respective weapon complex facilities in accordance
                  with this Order, related Departmental directives, guidance
                  provided by the Under Secretary and DP-1, and approved
                  Institutional Plans.


    a.   Long-Range Projections are best estimates of weapon and non-weapon
         work to be accomplished at weapon complex facilities based on broad
         guidance and constraints provided by Headquarters and the
         President's latest budget.  They include a description of the
         general nature and scope of the work involved and the associated
         annual manpower, funding, and new facility requirements broken out
         in terms of each sponsor's area of responsibility.  Capital
         equipment and plant not required primarily for a single sponsor are
         categorized as general support.  Details of content, format,
         publication, and scheduling are prescribed by DP-1.  To provide
         commonality with other Departmental documentation, the laboratory
         long range projections are titled, "Institutional Plans."

    b.   The Weapon Complex includes the three weapon laboratories whose
         primary mission is nuclear weapon design and development:  the
         Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL), the Los Alamos Scientific
         Laboratory (LASL), and the Sandia Laboratories (SL); the nuclear
         weapon test installations; the nuclear weapon production facilities
         (Pantex, Kansas City, Rocky Flats, Mound Facility, Pinellas, and
         weapon production areas at Y-12 and the Savannah River Plant); the
         Savannah River Laboratory (SRL); the Albuquerque Operations Office
         (AL); the Nevada Operations Office (NV); the Savannah River
         Operations Office (SR); and those elements of the San Francisco
         (SAN) and Oak Ridge (OR) Operations Offices related to management
         of the weapon program and the weapon complex.

    c.   The Weapon Complex Operations Offices include AL, NV, SR, OR for
         Y-12 and SAN for LLL.


                                 William S. Heffelfinger
                                 Director of Administration