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The Mission, Role, and Organization of EMERCOM
- developing proposals and initiatives in the sphere of State policy on issues within the Ministry's competence;
- managing Civil Defense and Search and Rescue Service in the Russian Federation;
- providing for the functioning and further development of the Russian System of Disaster Management (RSDM);
- directing activities aimed at eliminating the consequences of large-scale disasters, catastrophes and other emergencies;
- conducting special submarine activities;
- supervising the use of finance resources allocated to the Government for disaster management and response;
- organizing the training of the population, and governing agencies and the RSDM forces for disaster management and response;
- and organizing international cooperation in the fields of the Ministry's competency.2
Regional Centers. EMERCOM centers are located in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-the-Don, Samara, Yekaterinburg, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Chita and Kahbarovsk.
Civil Defense and Emergency Headquarters. Many regions, provinces, autonomous administrative units, districts and towns possess these headquarters.
Command and Control Center. These centers are located in Moscow, and in each region and oblast.
Training and Education Facilities. These include a Civil Protection Academy, Training and Methodology Centers, an All-Russia Scientific Research Institute, an All-Russian Monitoring and Laboratory Control Center, and a Center for Scientific Analysis of Civil Defense Issues.
To perform rapid response operations the following forces and equipment:
Central Air-Mobile Rescue Team. These teams are equipped with aviation facilities that include helicopters and cargo aircraft (Iliushin-76 and Antonov-74). The teams have taken part in United Nation's humanitarian delivery operations.
Civil Defense Troops. These troops consist of military troop divisions and regiments stationed in various regions of the country.
Search and Rescue Service. This service maintains 30 units in various republics, regions and provinces. 4
Overview of EMERCOM's Role, Equipment and Use.
The Minister of EMERCOM
1. "EMERCOM of Russia," publication of the Ministry of Extraordinary Situations, p 13. For another good list of statistics on accidents before 1994, see Andrey Bayduzhiy, "The Time of Catastrophes Has Come in Russia, Rise in Accident Rate Taking on Unprecedented Proportions," Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 30 July 1994, pp 1,3. BACK
2. Ibid., EMERCOM document, pp 1, 2. BACK
3. Ibid., EMERCOM document, p 2. BACK
4. Ibid., EMERCOM document, pp 3,4. BACK
5. ITAR-TASS, 1502 GMT 5 August 1994, as reported in FBIS-SOV-94-152, 5 August 1994. BACK
6. Based on a conversation with an EMERCOM official in March 1995. BACK
7. Kirillov, Andrey, "SOS Team Always Ready for Anything," Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 19 August 1994 p 5. BACK
8. Ibid., Kirillov. BACK
9. Discussion with EMERCOM officials in Moscow in June 1995. BACK
10. Based on discussions with EMERCOM personnel in Moscow in June 1995. BACK
11. Based on a visit by the author to the operations center in June 1995. BACK
12. Oleg Kryuchek, "Victor Chernomyrdin Runs Exercises on Kamchatke from Moscow (Viktor Chernomyrdin prorukovodit ucheniyami na Kamchatke iz Moskvy)," Sevodnya 22 April 1995, page unknown. BACK
13. "Emergency Minister Holds Exercises in Nalchik," Segodnya, 12 May 1994 p 3. BACK
14. INTERFAX, 1725 GMT 23 March 1994. BACK
15. Information from discussions at EMERCOM headquarters and from the EMERCOM pamphlet "Russian Humanitarian Convoy." BACK
16. ITAR-TASS news release, 1041 GMT 1 February 1994. BACK
17. Vladimir Berezko, "Emergency Situations Minister: Assistance Must Reach," Krasnaya Zvezda, 22 December 1994, p 3. BACK
18. "What Problem Today Can Be Called the Most Acute for Your Department and What Solution Do You See To It?", Sluzhba, 20 December 1994, p 2, as translated in JPRS-UMA-95-003, 31 January 1995, p 2, 3. BACK
19. Aleksandr Nikolayev, "Under the Carpet," Obshchaya Gazeta, No. 38/63, 23-29 September 1994, p 8. BACK