The Chemical Directorate Training Department organizes combat training of chemical warfare units and subunits as well as specialist training. It coordinates with other entities of the directorate on a number of questions and directly oversees the chemical warfare school, officer schools and training regiments, particularly the Hungnam Chemical Engineering College, which trains officer cadres for chemical warfare troops and at the same time performs functions of an NBC center.
Hungnam Chemical Engineering College
Hungnam Fertilizer Complex
North Korea has at least eight industrial facilities that can produce chemical agents; however, the production rate and types of munitions are uncertain. Presumably one or more of the agents [sarin, tabun, phosgene, adamsite, prussic acid and a family of mustard gases] comprising the basis of North Korean chemical weapons are produced at the Hungnam Fertilizer Complex, probably asphyxiating and tear agents.
Uranium deposits near Hungnam are reportedly being mined to supply uranium for North Korea's nuclear weapons programs, though the precise location and details of this operation have not been publicly reported.
The first cyclotron in Korea was built at Hungnam (by the Japanese in 1943-4). This Japanese plant in Hungnam was
captured by Soviet troops at the end of the Second World War.
Sources and Resources
- "North Korea's Nuclear Infrastructure," Joseph Bermudez, Jane's Intelligence Review February 1994, pages 74-79.
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