AMBASSADOR HECTOR CHARRY SAMPER
IN NAME OF THE DELEGATION OF COLOMBIA
BEFORE II THE CONFERENCE ON MEASURES TO FACILITATE THE TAKE EFFECT OF THE TREATY OF COMPLETE PROHIBITION OF NUCLEAR TESTS - (TPCEN)
NEW YORK, 12 OF NOVEMBER OF 2001
I have the taste to express to him, in name of the Delegation of Colombia, our congratulations by its designation like President of the Second Conference of Facilitación for the take effect of the Treaty of Complete Prohibition of Nuclear Tests - (TPCEN). We trusted that, with its capacities, and the effort of all, will be fulfilled our assignment to reach the aims proposed in article XIV of the Treaty.
We stood out pleased the honorable Mexican tradition to the service of La Paz and of the configuration of a multilateral system it jeopardize with the use of its main instruments.
We have listened to with attention the inaugural intervention of the Secretary General of the United Nations and shared the preoccupations in her expressed. Its revalida message the postulates of the Treaty to continue in the efforts in favor of the quick take effect of the TPCEN. Just let us create to express our recognition to Mr. Hoffman, Executive Secretary, by its work.
The call of this conference has not been able to become at more opportune moment. We faced an aid of circumstances that by their gravity and implications, demand of the international community adjustments in his questioned perception in the matter of security and the conception and design of novel more effective mechanisms of global cooperation.
She is well-known the estagnación and deceleration of the control of the armamentismo and the nuclear disarmament, accompanied by an adverse atmosphere the application of safeguards, particularly in countries with not declared nuclear programs. Colombia shares with the immense majority of the international community, and the main experts, the conviction that the TPCEN is central part of the treaty regime, agreements and norms that consecrate the will to prevent the proliferation with the arms of massive destruction. It is a vital handle to reinforce the limitation of all luck of armaments - conventional and nonconventional - and to advance towards the objective I complete - cannot be waived although distant of the disarmament.
It is necessary to prevent new armament races, to seat the collective security instead of the ways insulares. We are of the majority states that we lack the technology to exert monitoring on the nuclear tests or sophisticated intelligence for the verification of the fulfillment of the treaty. For that reason our confidence rests in the effectiveness, the transparency, the reliability, of the TPCEN like expression of the multilateral action to organize the prevention, the control, the sanctions to those who violate the Treaty. The possibilities also worry to us to the ecological injurious effects and about the nuclear use about terrorist groups. There are at the moment 31,000 nuclear weapons against 39,000 existing ones at the time which the Treaty of Nuclear No-Proliferacion I have been taking effect for 31 years. The decrease is slow, worrisome.
The doctrines of first use persist of a concomitante form (first-it uses), preventive use (pre-emptive uses) with a noticeable deceleration of the mechanisms of control of nuclear weapons, particularly in the referred thing in the Treaty on the Limitation of the System of Missiles Antibalisticos (Treaty on the Limitation of Anti-ballistic Missile Systems) and START II.
Recently indicated in the symposium of the Agency the International of Atomic Energy on Safeguards and Nuclear Terrorism, members of the TNP exist solid evidences of programs of nuclear weapons in some not-nuclear states. The easy access and the illegal use of the nuclear technology accompanied by a sensible increase of the traffic of radioactive material warn to us, like a signal of alarm, on the dangers and abominable threats of nuclear terrorism in anyone of its forms. The unthinkable thing has become probable.
In these circumstances, the validity of the instruments whereupon is structured the building of the global regime of nuclear proliferation - intimately bound to the disarmament - does not acquire a greater relevance, without precedents. Among them the Treaty of Nuclear nonProliferation that is first instrument.
He is essential that the efforts of nuclear disarmament are translated in concrete measures by the countries with nuclear weapon as the last year were its commitment in the Conference of Overhaul of the celebrated TNP. To reinforce the system of safeguards is key.
The TNP allows to attend the States, particularly developing, in the pacifica use of the nuclear energy without affecting the objectives of nonproliferation. Let us create in the pacifica use of the nuclear technology and science with comprobable fullness of safeguards and controls. That will be our position in the Meeting of Governors of the Agency of Atomic Energy for which we were chosen recently.
As it is known the Treaty for the Complete Prohibition of Nuclear Tests represents the culmination of a long process of almost half directed century to prevent the nuclear proliferation and the advance towards the elimination with the nuclear weapons, with a view to reaching international La Paz and the security.
Like one of the fundamental axes of its foreign policy, Colombia supports and participates in the global strategy of security and it is united to the efforts of the international community, to end all the nuclear explosions, under strict and effective international control.
We are part of a region with pacifist vocation that created in 1967 in total Cold War, a free zone of nuclear weapons by means of the treaty of Tlatelolco whose principles, as outside expressed by the Minister of Outer Relations of Chile, to name of the Group of River, have indicated a north to us and marked a conductive thread in the matter of not-proliferation. We identified ourselves totally with the declaration of the Group of River.
Colombia signed the TPCEN IN 1996, like result of its conviction that the complete prohibition of the nuclear tests is indispensable for La Paz and international security. We are a not-nuclear country without no pretension nor reason that motivates to change this situation to us. On the contrary, we firmly create in the not-proliferation of the arms of massive destruction and in the pacifica use of science and nuclear technologies.
The inclusion of Colombia in the list of countries which it deals with annexed the II of the Treaty whose ratification is necessary for its take effect, gives an additional responsibility us. Our commitment with the Treaty is reflected in the will of the National Government to ratify it to the greater brevity. Already approved by the Congress, the ratification law is in the process of constitutional control.
Here we are reunited nonsingle to state a series of important political developments - of necessary and careful analysis -, but to identify measures that facilitates the take effect of the Treated one and reinforce the assembly of the international system in the matter.
The Conference will have to respond to its mandate, that is to say, to identify and to cause measures of facilitación under the principle of which the objectives of the Treaty are obtained if the confidence and mutual benefits of the cooperation between the States are based on.
It is of particular relevance to find measures you specify, perhaps under the principle of " marries by marries " for countries developing like us, with impediments of constitutional order to cancel the originated financial contributions before the ratification. By our part, of " bona fidae " we have exposed the difficulties that are crossed to him to Colombia, and renewed the disposition to make a effort to surpass them. As much the Preparatory Commission as Provisional the Technical Secretariat is in capacity to contribute to an acceptable solution for the parts that the take Treaty effect accelerates.
Imaginative mechanisms of transference of technology necessary to implement national systems of data, concrete modernization of facilities of seismic networks, contributions to the development of the national capacity are some examples of cooperation that open perspective for the mentioned solution.
The organization of the Treaty and the Preparatory Commission will have to make efforts additional to promote in the countries developing the benefits of their adhesion, nonsingle like contribution to the world-wide security, but for benefit of the civil and scientific applications, of the verification techniques. The technical cooperation to the countries developing must be invigorated in all the system of United Nations.
The Treaty of Complete Prohibition of the Nuclear Tests must take advantage of the Conferences overhaul to reinforce its own capacity of reflection on the application of the treaty. With self-criticism, recognition of profits that are evident and prospectiva in a joint effort to obtain their objectives at difficult moments.
To find answer to a series of questions that allow to fit their own paradigms, must be a constant and decided work. Single thus it will be able to clear the political uncertainty on essential aspects of the Treaty, that certainly does not operate in the emptiness. This connected nonsingle with other treaties but with the same international climate, the chronic conflict resolution, with the certainty of which the monitoring, the safeguards, them inspection on the land, the moratorium in the nuclear tests, fulfills their assignment.
Recognizing the necessity to have a unique and global regime of verification, to weigh the putting in it practices of the regime of verification in the phase of the Preparatory Commission taking in consideration his financing and restlessness on the date of take effect of the treaty, it will require of a handling adapted by the Preparatory Commission.
Fine lmente, se pondrá a prueba la capacidad de adaptaci ó n de la Comisi ó n Preparatoria y de la Organizaci ó n para el TPCEN a los desaf í os de la realidad internacional y al aprovechamiento de sus ventajas comparativas y valor agregado en favor de la cooperaci ó n internacional con el objetivo de servir a la paz y la seguridad mundial, en beneficio de todos. Disipar los temores sobre los peligros nucleares contribuye a disipar otros temores sobre peligros devastadores. En nuestro siglo XXI tenemos el imperativo categ ó rico de convertirlo en el tiempo de las certidumbres pacificas, las soluciones negociadas de los conflictos y las convergencias inteligentes en una civilizaci ó n com ú n.