Brazil and Australia have ratified the CTBT in the last
several days, bringing to 16 the number of states that have done so. Brazil also
acceded to the Non-Proliferation Treaty, bringing us one step closer to universal
adherence to that Treaty.
In welcoming Brazil’s actions, President Clinton in a
July 13 statement said:
“Today, Brazil ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban
Treaty (CTBT) and acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). I want
to congratulate President Cardoso and the Government of Brazil for taking this
“Brazil’s decision renews momentum for the international effort
to halt the spread of nuclear weapons and promote disarmament around the world.
At a time when actions by India and Pakistan threaten a nuclear competition in
South Asia, Brazil has chosen a different course -- to invest in its people, not
in a costly arms race.
“Brazil’s action today to ratify the CTBT make it all the more important for
the U.S. to do the same. I call on our Senate to act expeditiously to approve
the CTBT -- already signed by
149 nations and supported by the Joint Chiefs
of Staff -- so that the United States can lead in this vital endeavor.”
Brazil and Australia are among the 44 states whose ratification is
required to bring the Treaty into force. These 44 states, which are named in the
Treaty, are states with nuclear power or nuclear research reactors on their territories
and are members of the Conference on Disarmament. Six other such states, including
France, the U.K. and Japan, have already ratified the CTBT.
The American public overwhelmingly agrees with the President’s desire to put the
United States in the lead on the test ban.
"Brazil's actions today to ratify the CTBT make it all the
more important for the U.S. to do the same."
Well over two-thirds of Americans -- 73 percent --
believe that the Senate should approve the CTBT, while only 16 percent believe it should