Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan signed the Almaty Declaration in February 1997 calling for the formation of a Central Asian Nuclear Weapon Free Zone (CANWFZ). In September 15-16, 1997, an international conference was convened in Tashkent, Uzbekistan to consider some of the issues related to the conclusion of such a Treaty, although no actual text for a proposed Treaty was put forth.
The five Central Asian states issued at the Tashkent conference a Foreign Ministers' Statement supporting the conclusion of a Treaty. A UN resolution supporting the initiative for a CANWFZ passed the UN First Committee by consensus in November 1997. A subsequent meeting was held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, in 1998 to begin drafting the text of a Treaty.The United States has told the Central Asian states that the United States is willing to review and provide comments on any draft text of a Treaty. The United States was represented at the conference by a delegation of experts from ACDA, State, and DoD who participated in the conference as observers.
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