IK/160 16 December 1993 SPECIAL COMMISSION COMPLETES AERIAL SURVEY OF RADIOACTIVE EMISSIONS FROM FIVE NEW IRAQI SITES The following was received from the Special Commission set up under Security Council resolution 687 (1991) in connection with the disposal of Iraq's weapons of mass destruction: The Special Commission has completed a second survey in Iraq to plot the location of gamma emissions, in particular those above normal local background levels. The survey was conducted using sensors mounted on the Commission's helicopters. The purpose of the mission was to obtain more detailed information on the emissions from certain areas covered during the first such survey last September and to investigate new areas. Gamma radiation is emitted from many types of radioactive materials. The aerial surveys will serve to verify that the radio-elements identified and their locations are fully consistent with Iraq's declaration of its nuclear programme. The surveys will also identify any areas which require further investigation. The final results of those investigations will give the Commission an account of the nature and level of emission at each site investigated. Future missions will then be able to detect any changes in the level of radiation. Major changes in emission levels might be indicative of movements of radioactive materials, which should be subject to monitoring and verification under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'s plan to monitor Iraq's compliance with its obligations not to re-acquire nuclear capability. A total of five new sites were surveyed during this mission, bringing to seven the total number of sites so surveyed. Those sites were in and around municipal Baghdad and in central and north-western Iraq. * *** * .