Index Military Definitions

wading crossing. See deep fording; deep fording capability; shallow fording.

waiver. [DSMC]

l Specifications. A written authorization to accept a configuration item (CI) or other designated item, which, during production, or after having been submitted for inspection, is found to depart from specified requirements, but nevertheless is considered suitable as is or after rework by an approved method.

l Decision to not require certain criteria to be met for certain reasons, such as national security.

walking patient. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A patient not requiring a litter while in transit.

Walleye. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A guided air-to-surface glide bomb for the stand-off destruction of large semi-hard targets. It incorporates a contrast-tracking television system for guidance.

wanted cargo. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval control of shipping, a cargo which is not immediately required by the consignee country but will be needed later.

war. War is defined as sustained use of armed force between nations or organized groups within a nation involving regular and irregular forces in a series of connected battles and campaigns to achieve vital national objectives. War may be limited, with some self-imposed restraints on resources or objectives. Or, it may be general with the total resources of a nation or nations employed and the national survival of a belligerent at stake.

war air service program. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The program designed to provide for the maintenance of essential civil air routes and services, and to provide for the distribution and redistribution of air-carrier aircraft among civil air transportation carriers after withdrawal of aircraft allocated to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.

war game. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A simulation, by whatever means, of a military operation involving two or more opposing forces, using rules, data, and procedures designed to depict an actual or assumed real life situation.

war materiel procurement capability. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The quantity of an item which can be acquired by orders placed on or after the day an operation commences (D-day) from industry or from any other available source during the period prescribed for war materiel procurement planning purposes.

war materiel requirement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The quantity of an item required to equip and support the approved forces specified in the current Secretary of Defense guidance through the period prescribed for war materiel planning purposes.

war reserve (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Nuclear weapons materiel stockpiled in the custody of the Department of Energy or transferred to the custody of the Department of Defense and intended for employment in the event of war.

war reserve materiel requirement. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the war materiel requirement required to be on hand on D-day. This level consists of the war materiel requirement less the sum of the peacetime assets assumed to be available on D-day and the war materiel procurement capability.

war reserve materiel requirement, balance. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the war reserve materiel requirement which has not been acquired or funded. This level consists of the war reserve materiel requirement less the war reserve materiel requirement, protectable.

war reserve materiel requirement, protectable. [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of the war reserve materiel requirement that is either on hand and/or previously funded which shall be protected; if issued for peacetime use, it shall be promptly reconstituted. This level consists of the prepositioned war reserve materiel requirement, protectable, and the other war reserve materiel requirement, protectable.

war reserve stock(s). [JP 1-02] (DoD) That portion of total materiel assets which is designated to satisfy the war reserve materiel requirement.

war reserve stocks for allies. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A Department of Defense program to have the services procure or retain in their inventories those minimum stockpiles of materiel such as munitions, equipment, and combat essential consumables to ensure support for selected allied forces in time of war, until future in-country production and external resupply can meet the estimated combat consumption.

war reserves. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Stocks of materiel amassed in peacetime to meet the increase in military requirements consequent upon an outbreak of war. War reserves are intended to provide the interim support essential to sustain operations until resupply can be effected.

warble. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, the process of varying the frequency of sound produced by a narrow band noise-maker to ensure that the frequency to which the mine will respond is covered.

warden system. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An informal method of communication used to pass information to US citizens during emergencies. See also noncombatant evacuation operations.

warehouse chart. See planograph.

Warfighter training support package. See training support package.

Warfighting Concept. A written document that translates a vision or visions into a more detailed, but still abstract description of some future activity or endstate, principally concerned with a 3-15 year timeframe. Warfighting concepts are unrestricted and support the current Capstone Warfighting Concept (TRADOC 525-5). A branch/functional/operational concept addresses all DTLOMS domains.

warfighting concept developer. [TP 71-9] Army, joint, or military agency personnel, normally within a combat developments organization, responsible (or have the lead responsibility) for developing and staffing branch, functional, and operational concepts and for evaluating the applicability and potential of DTLOMS ideas to the concept. Warfighting concept development and evaluation is a combat developments function supported by an ICT that includes representatives from the DTLOMS domains and HQ TRADOC.

warfighting concepts of operation. [TP 71-9] All concepts written by proponents that support, enable, and amplify the Capstone concept are warfighting concepts of operation. These concepts translate a vision or visions into a more detailed, but still abstract, description of some future activity or end state, principally concerned with a 3-15 year timeframe. Warfighting concepts are unrestricted and support the current Capstone Warfighting Concept (TRADOC Pam 525-5). A warfighting concept of operation addresses all DTLOMS domains. These concepts address combat, combat support, and combat service support.

warfighting requirements. [TP 71-9] Requirements for DTLOMS products in direct use by or support of the Army warfighter in training for and conducting operational missions (tactical or other), or connecting that warfighter to the sustaining base.

warhead. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) That part of a missile, projectile, torpedo, rocket, or other munition which contains either the nuclear or thermonuclear system, high explosive system, chemical or biological agents or inert materials intended to inflict damage.

warhead mating. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The act of attaching a warhead section to a rocket or missile body, torpedo, airframe, motor or guidance section.

warhead section. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A completely assembled warhead including appropriate skin sections and related components.

WarMod training support package. See training support package.

warned exposed. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The vulnerability of friendly forces to nuclear weapon effects. In this condition, personnel are assumed to be prone with all skin covered and with thermal protection at least that provided by a two-layer summer uniform. See also unwarned exposed; warned protected.

warned protected. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The vulnerability of friendly forces to nuclear weapon effects. In this condition, personnel are assumed to have some protection against heat, blast, and radiation such as that afforded in closed armored vehicles or crouched in fox holes with improvised overhead shielding. See also unwarned exposed; warned exposed.

WARNET. See training support package.

warning. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A communication and acknowledgment of dangers implicit in a wide spectrum of activities by potential opponents ranging from routine defense measures to substantial increases in readiness and force preparedness and to acts of terrorism or political, economic, or military provocation.

l Operating procedures, practices, or conditions which may result in injury or death if not carefully observed or followed. See also danger.

warning area. See danger area.

warning net. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A communication system established for the purpose of disseminating warning information of enemy movement or action to all interested commands.

warning of attack. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A warning to national policy makers that an adversary is not only preparing its armed forces for war, but intends to launch an attack in the near future. See also tactical warning; warning; warning of war.

warning of war. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A warning to national policy makers that a state or alliance intends war, or is on a course that substantially increases the risks of war and is taking steps to prepare for war. See also strategic warning; warning; warning of attack.

warning order. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO)

l A preliminary notice of an order or action which is to follow. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A crisis action planning directive issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that initiates the development and evaluation of courses of action by a supported commander and requests that a commander's estimate be submitted.

l A planning directive that describes the situation, allocates forces and resources, establishes command relationships, provides other initial planning guidance, and initiates subordinate unit mission planning.

warning order (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A crisis action planning directive issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff that initiates the development and evaluation of courses of action by a supported commander and requests that a commander's estimate be submitted. See also warning order.

warning red. See air defense warning conditions.

warning white. See air defense warning conditions.

warning yellow. See air defense warning conditions.

warp. [JP 1-02] (DoD) To haul a ship ahead by line or anchor.

warrant. [DSMC]

l An official document issued by the Secretary of the Treasury and countersigned by the Comptroller General of the United States by which monies are authorized to be withdrawn from the Treasury. Warrants are issued after appropriations and similar congressional authority have been enacted.

l An official document designating an individual as a contracting officer. The warrant will state as reference the limits of the contracting officer's authority.

warranty. [DSMC] A promise or affirmation given by a contractor to the Government regarding the nature, usefulness, or condition of the supplies or performance of services furnished under a contract. Refer to Title 10 U.S.C.2403 for the mandatory use of warranties in the acquisition of weapon systems.

Warrior training support package. See training support package.

wartime load. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The maximum quantity of supplies of all kinds which a ship can carry. The composition of the load is prescribed by proper authority. See also combat loading.

wartime manpower planning system (WARMAPS). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A standardized DoD-wide procedure, structure, and data base for computing, compiling, projecting, and portraying the time-phased wartime manpower requirements, demand, and supply of the DoD components. See also times (S-day)

wartime reserve modes (WARM). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Characteristics and operating procedures of sensor, communications, navigation aids, threat recognition, weapons, and countermeasures systems that will contribute to military effectiveness if unknown to or misunderstood by opposing commanders before they are used, but could be exploited or neutralized if known in advance. Wartime reserve modes are deliberately held in reserve for wartime or emergency use and seldom, if ever, applied or intercepted prior to such use.

watching mine. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In naval mine warfare, a mine secured to its mooring but showing on the surface, possibly only in certain tidal conditions. See also floating mine; mine.

water suit. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A G-suit in which water is used in the interlining thereby automatically approximating the required hydrostatic pressure-gradient under G forces. See also pressure suit.

water terminal. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A facility for berthing ships simultaneously at piers, quays, and/or working anchorages, normally located within sheltered coastal waters adjacent to rail, highway, air, and/or inland water transportation networks.

watercraft. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Any vessel or craft designed specifically and only for movement on the surface of the water.

waterspace management. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The allocation of surface and underwater spaces into areas and the implementation of agreed procedures to permit the coordination of assets, with the aim of preventing mutual interference between submarines or between submarines and other assets, while enabling optimum use to be made of all antisubmarine warfare assets involved.

wave. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l A formation of forces, landing ships, craft, amphibious vehicles or aircraft, required to beach or land about the same time. Can be classified as to type, function or order as shown:

l Assault wave.

l Boat wave.

l Helicopter wave.

l Numbered wave.

l On-call wave;

l Scheduled wave.

l An undulation of water caused by the progressive movement of energy from point to point along the surface of the water.

wave crest. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The highest part of a wave. See also crest; wave.

wave height. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The vertical distance between trough and crest, usually expressed in feet. See also wave.

wave length. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The horizontal distance between successive wave crests measured perpendicular to the crest, usually expressed in feet. See also crest; wave; wave crest.

wave period. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The time it takes for two successive wave crests to pass a given point. See also wave; wave crest.

wave trough. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The lowest part of the wave between crests. See also crest; wave.

wave velocity. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The speed at which a wave form advances across the sea, usually expressed in knots. See also wave.

wave-off. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An action to abort a landing, initiated by the bridge, primary flight control, landing safety officer or enlisted man, or pilot at his or her discretion. The response to a wave-off signal is mandatory. See also abort; primary flight control.

way point. [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air operations, a point or a series of points in space to which an aircraft may be vectored.

weapon and payload identification. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l The determination of the type of weapon being used in an attack.

l The discrimination of a re-entry vehicle from penetration aids being utilized with the re-entry vehicle. See also attack assessment.

weapon debris (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The residue of a nuclear weapon after it has exploded; that is, materials used for the casing and other components of the weapon, plus unexpended plutonium or uranium, together with fission products.

weapon engagement zone (WEZ). [JP 1-02] (DoD) In air defense, airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with a particular weapon system.

l fighter engagement zone (FEZ). In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with fighter aircraft.

l high-altitude missile engagement zone (HIMEZ). In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with high-altitude surface-to-air missiles.

l low-altitude missile engagement zone (LOMEZ). In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with low- to medium-altitude surface-to-air missiles.

l short-range air defense engagement zone (SHORADEZ). In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with short-range air defense weapons. It may be established within a low- or high-altitude missile engagement zone.

l joint engagement zone (JEZ). In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which multiple air defense systems (surface-to-air missiles and aircraft) are simultaneously employed to engage air threats.

weapon support and logistic research and development (R&D). [DSMC] Technology programs funded outside the weapon system development programs that may result in improved subsystem reliability and maintainability, improved support for the operation and maintenance of weapon systems, and improved logistics infrastructure elements.

weapon system. 1Items that can be used directly by the armed forces to carry out combat missions and that cost more than $100, 000 or for which the eventual total procurement cost is more than $10,000,000. The term does not include commercial items sold in substantial quantities to the general public. 2A combination of one or more weapons with all related equipment, materials, services, personnel and means of delivery and deployment (if applicable) required for self-sufficiency.

weapon system employment concept. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A description in broad terms, based on established outline characteristics, of the application of a particular equipment or weapon system within the framework of tactical concept and future doctrines.

weapon system management team (WSMAT). A WSMAT consists of a system weapon system staff manager (WSSM) (chairperson) and functional area specialists. Membership is determined by the amount of activity of each specific weapon system and the functional areas to be covered.

weapon system manager. See system manager.

weapon system staff manager. The WSSM acts for the Deputy Chief of Staff for Development, Engineering, and acquisition while the system is being developed; for the Deputy Chief of Staff for Supply, Maintenance, and Transportation after transition. The WSSM is at HQ AMC and responsible for the system management functions during the entire acquisition cycle.

weapon system support officer (WSSO). The WSSO is responsible for providing functional support to the WSSM (see above). The WSSO is the single expert at HQ AMC knowledgeable in the details of the assigned weapon system(s) from a functional area standpoint.

weapon systems training. Organized training conducted in a formal situation on weapons, weapon systems, and related equipment for both operator and maintenance personnel.

weapon(s) system. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A combination of one or more weapons with all related equipment, materials, services, personnel and means of delivery and deployment (if applicable) required for self-sufficiency.

weapon-target line. An imaginary straight line from a weapon to a target.

weaponeering. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The process of determining the quantity of a specific type of lethal or nonlethal weapons required to achieve a specific level of damage to a given target, considering target vulnerability, weapon effect, munitions delivery accuracy, damage criteria, probability of kill, and weapon reliability.

weapons assignment. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air defense, the process by which weapons are assigned to individual air weapons controllers for use in accomplishing an assigned mission.

weapons free. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air defense, a weapon control order imposing a status whereby weapons systems may be fired at any target not positively recognized as friendly. See also weapons hold; weapons tight.

weapons free zone. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An air defense zone established for the protection of key assets or facilities, other than air bases, where weapon systems may be fired at any target not positively recognized as friendly. See also weapons free.

weapons hold. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air defense, a weapon control order imposing a status whereby weapons systems may only be fired in self-defense or in response to a formal order. See also weapons free; weapons tight.

weapons of mass destruction (WMD). 1Weapons that through use or the threat of use can cause large-scale shifts in objectives, phases, and courses of action. 2[JP 1-02] (DoD) In arms control usage, weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Can be nuclear, chemical, biological, and radiological weapons, but excludes the means of transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separable and divisible part of the weapon. See also destruction.

weapons readiness state. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The degree of readiness of air defense weapons which can become airborne or be launched to carry out an assigned task. Weapons readiness states are expressed in numbers of weapons and numbers of minutes. Weapon readiness states are defined as follows:

l 2 minutes. Weapons can be launched within two minutes.

l 5 minutes. Weapons can be launched within five minutes.

l 15 minutes. WEAPONS can be launched within fifteen minutes.

l 30 minutes. Weapons can be launched within thirty minutes.

l 1 hour. Weapons can be launched within one hour.

l 3 hours. Weapons can be launched within three hours.

l released. Weapons are released from defense commitment for a specified period of time.

weapons recommendation sheet. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A sheet or chart which defines the intention of the attack, and recommends the nature of weapons, and resulting damage expected, tonnage, fusing, spacing, desired mean points of impact, and intervals of reattack.

weapons state of readiness. See weapons readiness state.

weapons tight. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) In air defense, a weapon control order imposing a status whereby weapons systems may be fired only at targets recognized as hostile. See also weapons free; weapons hold.

weather (VAT B). [JP 1-02] (DoD) Short form weather report, giving:

V – Visibility in miles.

A – Amount of clouds, in eights.

T – Height of cloud top, in thousands of feet.

B – Height of cloud base, in thousands of feet.

(The reply is a series of four numbers preceded by the word weather. An unknown item is reported as unknown.)

weather central. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An organization which collects, collates, evaluates, and disseminates meteorological information in such manner that it becomes a principal source of such information for a given area.

weather deck. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A deck having no overhead protection; uppermost deck.

weather forecast. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A prediction of weather conditions at a point, along a route, or within an area, for a specified period of time.

weather map. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A map showing the weather conditions prevailing, or predicted to prevail, over a considerable area. Usually, the map is based upon weather observations taken at the same time at a number of stations. See also map.

weather minimum. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The worst weather conditions under which aviation operations may be conducted under either visual or instrument flight rules. Usually prescribed by directives and standing operating procedures in terms of minimum ceiling, visibility, or specific hazards to flight.

Web-based training. [TR 350-70] Web-based training is a DL method in which training applications residing on a central computer functioning as a network server are delivered across a public or private computer network (e.g., the Internet) to students at any location and displayed on a Web browser. Authorized students may access training applications on demand and download them for individualized instruction. Web-based training can be updated very rapidly, and access to the training may be controlled by the training provider.

weight and balance sheet. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A sheet which records the distribution of weight in an aircraft and shows the center of gravity of an aircraft at takeoff and landing.

weight points. [TR 350-70] A means of identifying which lessons, tests, learning objectives, etc. are more or less important in relation to the total training program. Weight points are assigned to each test according to the importance of the test to job performance. A scale of 0 to 1000 is often used. Weight point distribution is shown in the student evaluation plan.

weighted guidelines. [DSMC] A government technique for developing fee and profit negotiation objectives, within percentage ranges established by regulation.

well. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As used in air intercept, a code meaning, "Equipment indicated is operating efficiently."

wharf. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A structure built of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides cargo-handling facilities. A similar facility of solid construction is called a quay. See also pier; quay.

what luck. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As used in air intercept, a code meaning, "What are/were the results of assigned mission?"

what state. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As used in air intercept, a code meaning, "Report amount of fuel, ammunition, and oxygen remaining."

what's up. [JP 1-02] (DoD) As used in air intercept, a code meaning, "Is anything the matter?"

wheel load capacity. [JP 1-02] (DoD) The capacity of airfield runways, taxiways, parking areas, or roadways to bear the pressures exerted by aircraft or vehicles in a gross weight static configuration.

wheelbase. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The distance between the centers of two consecutive wheels. In the case of vehicles with more than two axles or equivalent systems, the successive wheelbases are all given in the order front to rear of the vehicle.

which transponder. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A code meaning report type of transponder fitted - Identification Friend or Foe, Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System, or Secondary Surveillance Radar.

white cap. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A small wave breaking offshore as a result of the action of strong winds. See also wave.

white propaganda. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Propaganda disseminated and acknowledged by the sponsor or by an accredited agency thereof. See also propaganda.

whiteout. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) Loss of orientation with respect to the horizon caused by sun reflecting on snow and overcast sky.

whole-task practice. An exercise, performed with or without a training device, which allows students to practice an entire task at one time.

Wholesale Price Index (WPI). [DSMC] A composite index of wholesale prices of a representative group of commodities.

wickets. [DSMC] A procedure/process of reviews, decisions and sign-offs through which a program or effort must proceed.

wide area network (WAN). [TR 350-70] A WAN is used to interconnect geographically dispersed LANs and hosts. It is the means to transfer data between installations and other distant sites; it brings data to or carries data from an installation.

wideband. A communications circuit in excess of 20 kHz bandwidth. WIN circuits are wideband.

width of sheaf. [JP 1-02] (DoD) Lateral interval between center of flank bursts or impacts. The comparable naval gunfire term is deflection pattern.

Wild Weasel. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An aircraft specially modified to identify, locate, and physically suppress or destroy ground based enemy air defense systems that employ sensors radiating electromagnetic energy (anti-radar and anti-SAM operations). Wild Weasel 1 was a modified F-100. Wild Weasel 1A, 2 and 3 were F-105s. Wild Weasel 4 was an F-4 version.

will not fire. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A term sent to the spotter or other requesting agency to indicate that the target will not be engaged by the fire support ship.

Wilson cloud. See condensation cloud.

win-win. [DSMC] A philosophy whereby all parties in a defense acquisition scenario come away gaining some or most of what they wanted (i.e., everyone wins something, even though it may not be 100 percent of the goal), the ideal outcome.

winch. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A hoisting machine used for loading and discharging cargo and stores or for hauling in lines. See also cargo; stores.

wind shear. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A change of wind direction and magnitude.

wind velocity. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) The horizontal direction and speed of air motion.

window. 1A defined portion of a display screen in which a video image or other information may be shown. 2See chaff.

windowing. The practice of not completely clearing or changing to a new display screen in order to present new information. A small portion of the screen is defined, activated, and used to display the new information. When this window is removed, the original screen display remains.

wing. [JP 1-02] (DoD)

l An Air Force unit composed normally of one primary mission group and the necessary supporting organizations, i.e., organizations designed to render supply, maintenance, hospitalization, and other services required by the primary mission groups. Primary mission groups may be functional, such as combat, training, transport, or service.

l A fleet air wing is the basic organizational and administrative unit for naval-, land-, and tender-based aviation. Such wings are mobile units to which are assigned aircraft squadrons and tenders for administrative organization control.

l A balanced Marine Corps task organization of aircraft groups/squadrons together with appropriate command, air control, administrative, service, and maintenance units. A standard Marine Corps aircraft wing contains the aviation elements normally required for the air support of a Marine division.

l A flank unit; that part of a military force to the right or left of the main body.

wingman. [JP 1-02] (DoD) An aviator subordinate to and in support of the designated section leader; also, the aircraft flown in this role.

wipe. A visual effect created by a special effects generator where one picture replaces another by sliding in from the edge of the screen.

withdrawal. [DSMC] The action taken by a service to remove its resources (personnel and funds) before the program is completed.

withdrawal operation. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) A planned operation in which a force in contact disengages from an enemy force.

withhold (nuclear). [JP 1-02] (DoD) The limiting of authority to employ nuclear weapons by denying their use within specified geographical areas or certain countries.

within-course tests. Administered during a course of instruction to assure that all students are keeping up with the learning objectives.

wooden bomb. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A concept which pictures a weapon as being completely reliable and having an infinite shelf life while at the same time requiring no special handling, storage or surveillance.

wooden round. [DSMC] A round (shell, missile, etc.) requiring no maintenance or preparation time prior to loading for firing.

work aid. [DSMC] A device such as a pattern, template, or sketch used to enhance a worker's ability to learn and perform a task efficiently.

work breakdown structure (WBS). [DSMC] An organized method to break down a project into logical subdivisions or subprojects at lower and lower levels of details. It is very useful in organizing a project.

work cycle. [DSMC] A pattern of motions and/or processes that is repeated with negligible variation each time an operation is performed.

work elements. The element is the smallest component in the structure of a job. Elements combine to form a task, tasks combine to form

work measurement (labor standards). [DSMC] A method to determine how long it should take an employee to perform the work and to identify opportunities for improvement.

work order. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A specific or blanket authorization to perform certain work - usually broader in scope than a job order. It is sometimes used synonymously with job order.

work package budgets. [DSMC] Resources which are formally assigned by the contractor to accomplish a work package expressed in dollars, hours, standards, or other definitive units.

work packages. [DSMC] Detailed short-span jobs, or material items, identified by the contractor for accomplishing work required to complete the contract. Characteristics of the work package: it represents units of work at levels where work is performed; it is clearly distinguished from all other work packages; it is assignable to a single organizational element; and it has scheduled start and completion dates, as applicable, interim milestones, all of which are representative of physical accomplishment.

work performed. [DSMC] Includes completed work packages and the completed portion of work packages begun and not yet completed.

work sample. A sample problem representative of the job as a whole, chosen and adapted for the purpose of testing performance on important operations of the job as nearly under normal conditions as possible apart from an actual tryout. Performance on a work sample is frequently used as a criterion against which prediction devices in evaluation are validated.

work sampling study. [DSMC] A statistical sampling technique employed to determine the proportion of delays or other classifications of activity present in the total work cycle.

work unit. A work unit is the smallest segment into which research and technology efforts are normally divided for purposes of local administration.

workaround. [DSMC] A procedure developed for taking into account shortcomings or other problems in a program and devising workable solutions to get around the problems.

working anchorage. [JP 1-02] (DoD, NATO) An anchorage where ships lie to discharge cargoes over-side to coasters or lighters. See also emergency anchorage.

working capital fund. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A revolving fund established to finance inventories of supplies and other stores, or to provide working capital for industrial-type activities.

working-level integrated product team (WIPT). 1[AMC] WIPTs are a form of IPT. They are made up of representatives from the PM office, CD organization, Department of the Army staff, contractors, and other cognizant functional experts. They are headed up the PM or the PM’s designated representative. Their purpose is to assist the PM to efficiently develop/acquire the new system by addressing all facets of the life cycle on as much of a real-time basis as is possible. 2[DSMC] Team of representatives from all appropriate functional disciplines working together to build successful and balanced programs, identify and resolve issues, and make sound and timely decisions. WIPTs may include members from both government and industry, including program contractors and sub-contractors. A committee, which includes non-government representatives, to provide an industry view, would be an advisory committee covered by Federal Advisory Committee Act and must follow the procedures of that Act.

workload. 1[DSMC] The amount of work in terms of predetermined work units which organizations or individuals perform or are responsible for performing. 2[DSMC] A quantitative expression of human tasks, usually identified as standard hours of work or a corresponding number of units.

world geographic reference system. See georef.

worst case scenario. [DSMC] In planning, to examine the worst possible environment or outcome and evaluate results around which to formulate next step.

worth. [DSMC] The measure of value received for the resources expended. It is directly proportional to the cost to a foe (damage, neutralization, deception, and/or counteraction) and indirectly proportional to the system cost.

worth/utility. [DSMC] The value of the Measure of Effectiveness (MOE) level to attain the system's objectives. For example, if the MOEs are time to overrun a defensive line and the number of friendly casualties, what are time and casualties worth with respect to accomplishing the mission? Utilities must be obtained from the decision maker.

wounded. See seriously wounded; slightly wounded.

wounded in action (WIA). [JP 1-02] (DoD) A casualty category applicable to a hostile casualty, other than the victim of a terrorist activity, who has incurred an injury due to an external agent or cause. The term encompasses all kinds of wounds and other injuries incurred in action, whether there is a piercing of the body, as in a penetration or perforated wound, or none, as in the contused wound. These include fractures, burns, blast concussions, all effects of biological and chemical warfare agents, and the effects of an exposure to ionizing radiation or any other destructive weapon or agent. The hostile casualty's status may be very seriously ill or injured, seriously ill or injured, incapacitating illness or injury, or not seriously injured. See also casualty category.

wreckage locator chart. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A chart indicating the geographic location of all known aircraft wreckage sites, and all known vessel wrecks which show above low water or which can be seen from the air. It consists of a visual plot of each wreckage, numbered in chronological order, and cross referenced with a wreckage locator file containing all pertinent data concerning the wreckage.

write. To transcribe recorded data from one place to another, or from one medium to another.

writing speed (video). The speed at which the video heads on a quadruplex or helical scan video recorders revolve in relation to the videotape passing across the video head drum. For instance, a VHS tape with a linear speed of 2.34 cm/s has a writing speed of 4.85 m/s.

written performance test. [TR 350-70] Performance tests that require the student to write in the performance of the job task, e.g., complete a form; compute.

written performance-based tests. [TR 350-70] Used to assess the student's ability to apply facts, principles, procedures, etc., required to perform the learning objective. Essay, short answer, and multiple-choice questions (in order of preference and effectiveness of measurement) can be question types for performance-based tests.

wrong. [JP 1-02] (DoD) A proword meaning, "Your last transmission was incorrect, the correct version is ____________."