May 1998 Pakistan
Special Weapons News
- Chagai Hills Nuclear Test Site - Location Map
- AELs Event Detail for Event 1442825 1998/05/30 06:55:06.0 28.5636N 63.8405E 20 63.8km mb 4.3 SOUTHWESTERN PAKISTAN
- 'Pak conducted one, not 5 tests on May 28' - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Tests weren't thermonuclear: Qadeer Khan - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- China accused of having major hand in Pak N-arms - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- 'Islamic bomb' speeds up rethinking - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Fresh Pak test brings chorus of condemnation - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak conducts one more test, offers talks - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Fresh Pak tests signal beginning of N-arms race - [May 31,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- PAK NUKES Voice of America -- 30 May 1998 -- PAKISTAN SAYS IT HAS CONDUCTED ONE -- NOT TWO -- MORE NUCLEAR TESTS DESPITE INTERNATIONAL PLEAS TO STOP FURTHER NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS.
- Pakistan completes the current series of nuclear tests
Foreign Secretary, Mr. Shamshad Ahmed's statement at the Press Conference in Islamabad on 30 May 1998 -- After successfully conducting five nuclear tests on 28 May 1998, Pakistan completed the current series by another nuclear test today. Let me clarify here that there was only one test conducted today. All the tests conducted were fully contained. There was no release of radio-activity. The results were as expected. The devices tested correspond to weapons configuration, compatible with delivery systems.
- Pakistan conducts TWO more Nuclear Explosions
Pakistan on Saturday tested two more nuclear warheads with a yield of each 12 kilotons.
The tests were conducted at Balochistan, bringing the total number of tests to seven.
- HOME BROADCASTS 31-05-1998
RADIO PAKISTAN In occupied Kashmir, expression of jubilation continued over Pakistanís nuclear tests. People exchanged congratulations and distributed sweets. Pakistan successfully conducted another nuclear test, at 11.55 Saturday morning. Announcing this at a news conference in Islamabad, Foreign Secretary Shamshad Ahmad said with this Pakistan has completed the current series of 6 nuclear tests. Asked about Pakistanís position on CTBT, he said the relevance and efficacy of global non-proliferation regimes is now questionable because of their irrelevance to the new reality of nuclearised South Asia.
- PAK NUKE SCIENTIST Voice of America 31 May 1998 -- THE HEAD OF PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR PROGRAM -- ABDUL QADEER KHAN -- SAYS NUCLEAR WARHEADS CAN BE DELIVERED TO MOST MAJOR INDIAN CITIES ON PAKISTAN'S MEDIUM-RANGE GHAURI MISSILE.
- NEWS SUMMARY (31-05-1998) ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN Nawaz asks India find solution of held Kashmir and stop killing.
India compelled Pakistan to go nuclear. Non-aggression pact with India only after just settlement of Kashmir issue. Pakistan offers talks to avoid nuclear conflagration.
Pakistan ready to sign CTBT if India does so. Pakistan now has upper edge in sub-continent.
- PAK NUKES Voice of America 31 May 1998 --
PAKISTAN'S TOP NUCLEAR SCIENTIST -- ABDUL QADEER KHAN -- SAYS THE COUNTRY'S INTERMEDIATE-RANGE GHAURI MISSILES ARE BACK IN STORAGE. THE MISSILES WERE DEPLOYED LAST WEDNESDAY WHEN ISLAMABAD SAID IT HAD "CREDIBLE EVIDENCE" INDIA WAS PLANNING AN ATTACK ON PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS.
- PAK BLAST / INDIA REACT Voice of America 30 May 1998 -- K-C SINGH A SPOKESMAN FOR INDIA'S FOREIGN MINISTRY SAYS WHAT THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT WOULD LIKE IS A "NO-FIRST USE" AGREEMENT ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS WITH PAKISTAN.
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY (30-05-1998) MINISTRY OF INFORMATION The Prime Minister has vacated the P.M. Secretariat as a part of national austerity measures. Foreign diplomats based in Islamabad have sent reports to their respective countries that if Nawaz Sharif had not detonated nuclear blasts, the masses would have ousted him from power.
- HOME BROADCASTS 30-05-1998
RADIO PAKISTAN The Foreign Minister Mr. Gohar Ayub Khan said there is no problem of putting war heads on the missiles by Pakistan. He stressed that Pakistanís missile is
capable of carrying nuclear war heads up to 1500 kilometre range. Finance Minister Sartaj Aziz
appealed to Pakistanis to invest in defence savings certificate and other such schemes which offer attractive rate of return.
- CLINTON / PAKISTAN Voice of America 30 May 1998 --
PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS CONDEMNED THE SECOND ROUND OF NUCLEAR TESTS BY PAKISTAN. THE PRESIDENT'S COMMENTS CAME AS HE SIGNED DOCUMENTS FORMALLY IMPOSING SANCTIONS ON PAKISTAN.
- INDIA / REACT Voice of America 30 May 1998 --
INDIAN REACTION TO THE LATEST NUCLEAR TESTS BY PAKISTAN IS LOW-KEY. A SENIOR AIDE TO INDIA'S PRIME MINISTER SAID THAT THERE WAS NO FEELING OF EMERGENCY OR APPREHENSION IN INDIA.
- INDIA REACT Voice of America 30 May 1998 --
SENIOR INDIAN OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE NOT SURPRISED BY A SECOND NUCLEAR TEST IN PAKISTAN.
INDIA'S PRIME MINISTER ON SATURDAY INDICATED HE IS WILLING TO CONSIDER MAKING A SELF-IMPOSED MORATORIUM ON NUCLEAR TESTING BINDING.
- PAK NUKES Voice of America 30 May 1998 --
PAKISTAN SAYS IT HAS CONDUCTED ONE MORE NUCLEAR TEST DESPITE INTERNATIONAL PLEAS TO STOP FURTHER NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS.
- PAKISTAN / MIDDLE EAST REACT Voice of America 30 May 1998 -- OFFICIAL REACTION TO PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR TESTS HAS BEEN RESTRAINED IN THE MIDDLE EAST, BUT COMMENTARY IN THE NEWS MEDIA HAS BEEN EXTENSIVE AND WIDE RANGING.
- PAK / WORLD REACT Voice of America 30 May 1998 --
THERE IS A CHORUS OF NEGATIVE REACTION WORLD WIDE TO NEWS THAT PAKISTAN CONDUCTED A SECOND ROUND OF NUCLEAR TESTS ON SATURDAY.
- U-N / PAKISTAN NUCLEAR Voice of America 30 May 1998 -- AT THE UNITED NATIONS, SECRETARY-GENERAL KOFI ANNAN AND THE SECURITY HAVE DENOUNCED PAKISTAN'S LATEST NUCLEAR TEST. THE SECURITY COUNCIL HELD A SPECIAL SESSION SATURDAY TO
DISCUSS PAKISTAN'S MOST RECENT TEST.
- NEWS SUMMARY (30-05-1998)
ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN Security Council statement on Pakistan's test; Pakistan's nuke tests a defensive measure; Thursday's tests measured 5.0 on Richter Scale; PM made no mention of ending tests; 85% Pakistanis happy over nuke tests.
- STATE DEPT. SPOKESMAN ON PAKISTAN'S MAY 30 NUCLEAR TEST USIA 30 May 1998 -- -- State Department Spokesman James Rubin said May 30 that
"The US condemns this second round of nuclear tests by Pakistan.
- CLINTON LETTER TO CONGRESS ON PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS USIA 30 May 1998 -- President Clinton informed the Speaker of the House and
the President of the Senate May 30 that he had determined that "Pakistan, a non-nuclear-weapon state, detonated a nuclear explosive device on May 28, 1998.
- TEXT OF A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT TO THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE May 30, 1998 Pursuant to section 102(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, I am hereby reporting that, in accordance with that section, I have determined that Pakistan, a non-nuclear-weapon state, detonated a nuclear explosive device on May 28, 1998.
- TEXT: PRESIDENTIAL DETERMINATION ON SANCTIONS AGAINST PAKISTAN USIA 30 May 1998 -- President Clinton informed Secretary of State Albright
by memorandum of May 30 that "In accordance with section 102(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, I hereby determine that Pakistan, a non-nuclear-weapon state, detonated a nuclear explosive device on May 28, 1998.
- TEXT: CLINTON STATEMENT MAY 30 ON FURTHER TESTING BY PAKISTAN USIA 30 May 1998 -- President Clinton condemned the "second round of nuclear
tests by Pakistan" May 30.
- SECRETARY-GENERAL CALLS ON PAKISTAN TO JOIN INDIA IN DECLARING MORATORIUM ON FUTURE NUCLEAR WEAPON TESTS 30 May 1998 Press Release
SG/SM/6577 -- The Secretary-General urged both countries to accede to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) without conditions.
- Pak used 'tested' trigger, say Experts - [May 30,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak declares self a N-weapons state - [May 30,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak to pay heavy price for N-tests, says Benazir - [May 30,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- 'Islamic bomb' threat to Israel, says Moynihan - [May 30,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak 'preparing' for another nuclear test - [May 30,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- China defends Pak at UN; UK recalls envoy - [May 30,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- IAEA DIRECTOR GENERAL, REGRETTING NUCLEAR TESTS BY INDIA AND PAKISTAN, CALLS FOR UTMOST RESTRAINT 29 May 1998 Press Release IAEA/1321 -- Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei deeply regrets the recent nuclear tests by India and Pakistan. Such tests could lead to a dangerous nuclear arms race and call into question the basic principles of non-proliferation, developed over the last three decades and reflected in the NPT.
- PAKISTAN WARNS IN DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE OF MASSIVE RETALIATION IF NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS ATTACKED 29 May 1998 Press Release DCF/335 (UN Information Service) -- Pakistan told the Conference on Disarmament this morning that an Indian attack on its nuclear facilities would warrant a "swift and massive retaliation with unforeseen consequences".
- China, Russia concerned over nuclear tests - [May 29,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak holds five N-tests, declares emergency - [May 29,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Nuclear tit-for-tat - [May 29,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY May 29, 1998 THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary "Q: Mike, is there any consideration being given to easing or lifting these sanctions? MR. MCCURRY: That is a question that we would be
willing to examine once we see both governments do the kinds of things that we've suggested are now necessary: acceptance and signing of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty without condition; participation in the discussions about cutting off production of fissile materials; assuring the world community they are not doing things with respect to their ballistic missiles or any aspects of their weaponry that involve aspects of the nuclear programs that they
have now unveiled; and further steps to de-escalate tension on the subcontinent."
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing FRIDAY, MAY 29, 1998 -- PAKISTAN US attempts to create a coordinated international response US to arrange initial international meeting to discuss Asian sub-continent Meeting next week will be at ministerial-level of UN Security Council permreps China's role in current crisis discussed
Tentative Secretarial decision not to recall US ambassador Strongly-worded message sent to Pakistan and India last night Goal of meeting is to discuss ways to defuse tensions, promote dialogue with India US view of how, why Pakistan decided to test nuclear weapons JAPAN
Belief that North Korea supplied ballistic missiles to Pakistan
- IAEA 'DEEPLY REGRETS' INDIAN, PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS USIA 29 May 1998 -- The director general of the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA), Mohamed ElBaradei, released a statement May 29 saying he "deeply regrets the recent nuclear tests by India and Pakistan" and urging them to exercise "the utmost restraint" and adhere to the basic principles of non-proliferation.
- English News Headlines 29-05-1998
PAKISTAN TELEVISION CORPORATION The nation today offer thanks giving prayers for successfully conducting of nuclear tests by Pakistan. The U.N. security council fails to agree on a declaration regretting Pakistan's nuclear testing after china refuse to sign the
statement. Britain, France and Germany oppose sanctions against Pakistan
- TEXT: UN SECURITY COUNCIL ON PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS
29 May 1998 -- The United Nations Security Council has deplored Pakistan's testing of nuclear devices and appealed to both India and Pakistan to sign the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty "without delay and without conditions."
- SOUTH ASIAN NUCLEAR TESTING RAISES SPECTER OF ARMS RACE
29 May 1998 By Jacquelyn S. Porth USIA -- Defense Department spokesman Ken Bacon says the 10 recent nuclear tests conducted by Pakistan and India this month pose "a threat to the people of those countries should this arms race get out of control or...miscalculations occur."
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY (29-05-1998) MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND MEDIA DEVELOPMENT -- In the wake of imminent Indian attack on Pakistanís installations, high leadership of politics and army remained awakened throughout the night between May 27, 98 and 28, 98. The Indian High Commissioner in Islamabad was summoned by the Foreign Office at 1.00 a.m. on May 28, 98 and told in clear terms that any Indian attempt to strike Kahuta will have dire consequences. Similarly Beijing and Washington were also apprised of the gravity of the situation.
- HOME BROADCASTS 29-05-1998 RADIO PAKISTAN
The Prime Minister announced austerity measures to deal with any situation. He said he has decided not to use the Prime Ministerís Secretariat. The President is associated in this decision. Provincial Governors, Chief Ministers, Federal Ministers, Services Chiefs and senior civil and military officials are also with the government in this austerity drive. Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif announced that Pakistan is prepared to resume dialogue with India to address all outstanding issues including the core issue of Jammu and Kashmir.
- NEWS SUMMARY (29-05-1998) ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN President promulgates emergency; President promulgates ordinance; Sharif offers non-aggression pact following nuclear blasts; Pakistan to continue support to nuclear non-proliferation efforts; Sharif offers talks to India after nuclear tests; State Bank suspends licences of money changers instantly; Pakistani-Americans welcome Pakistan's nuclear move; Nuclear tests were necessary to uphold country's security, sovereignty.
- PAK NUKES Voice of America -- 29 May 1998 -- PAKISTAN FOREIGN MINISTER GOHAR AYUB KHAN SAYS MORE NUCLEAR TESTS MAY BE NEEDED AS THE COUNTRY BEGINS THE PROCESS OF INTRODUCING NUCLEAR WEAPONS INTO ITS ARMED FORCES.
- CHINA / PAKISTAN Voice of America -- 29 May 1998 --
CHINA HAS EXPRESSED DEEP REGRET OVER THE FIVE NUCLEAR TESTS BY PAKISTAN. BUT CHINA IS BLAMING INDIA FOR INITIATING THE NUCLEAR RACE IN SOUTH ASIA AND IS REFUSING TO CONDEMN PAKISTAN.
- AUSTRALIA / PAK NUKE REACT Voice of America -- 29 May 1998 -- AUSTRALIA'S GOVERNMENT FRIDAY LODGED A PROTEST AGAINST PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR TESTS. AUSTRALIA FOLLOWED UP BY CANCELLING AID TO ISLAMABAD.
- ISRAEL / PAKISTAN NUKES Voice of America -- 29 May 1998 -- ISRAEL SAYS ITS MAIN CONCERN ABOUT PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR TESTS IS THAT THEY MIGHT ENCOURAGE RADICAL STATES IN THE REGION TO DEVELOP NUCLEAR WEAPONS AS WELL.
- JAPAN / PAKISTAN / NUKE / REACT Voice of America -- 29 May 1998 -- THE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT HAS GONE AHEAD WITH ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST
- Why Pakistan Went Nuclear ? Ishtiaq Ahmad - Government of Pakistan Factsheet - 29 May 1998 - After Indiaís five nuclear explosion of May 11 and 13, Pakistan was left with no choice but to give a corresponding response to India's nuclear belligerency. As soon as Prime Minister Vajpaee declare India a nuclear state, BJP hardline leaders including the Party President K. Thakre, had started issuing aggressive statements over Kashmir.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY May 29, 1998 Q What is the President doing in regards to Pakistan, beyond the sanctions? MR. MCCURRY: Jamie Rubin announced that they are undertaking to organize the ministerial-level conference next week, beginning with ministerial representatives from the permanent members of the U.N. Security Council to address the situation in South Asia.
- SPOKESMAN NOTES "PROFOUND DISAPPOINTMENT" AT PAKISTANI TEST By Rick Marshall USIA 28 May 1998 -- White House Spokesman Mike McCurry said May 28 that Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif called President Clinton early this morning -- just prior to his public announcement that Pakistan had just conducted five nuclear tests -- and that the President expressed his "profound disappointment" at the explosions.
- DoD News Briefing Thursday, May 28, 1998 --
There was no deception on the part of the Pakistanis here. We knew very much what they were
up to. I can't get into details now on the size of the test or the number of devices that were exploded. Our intelligence community is in the process of looking into that. It takes a while to pull together the seismic and other data and to get a clear picture of what went
- ASSEMBLY PRESIDENT SAYS NUCLEAR TESTS BY PAKISTAN 'A SERIOUS BLOW' TO GLOBAL NON-PROLIFERATION EFFORTS 28 May 1998 Press Release GA/SM/42
-- Appeals to India and Pakistan To Refrain From Continued Development of Their Nuclear Weapons
- SECRETARY-GENERAL, DEPLORING INDIAN AND PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS, URGES BOTH GOVERNMENTS TO SIGN COMPREHENSIVE TEST-BAN TREATY
28 May 1998 Press Release SG/SM/6575 -- Calls for No-First-Use Pledge, Freezing of Nuclear Weapons Development Programmes
- PAK EMERGENCY Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 --
PAKISTAN'S PRESIDENT RAFIQ TARAR HAS DECLARED A STATE OF EMERGENCY IN THE COUNTRY AND HAS SUSPENDED PART OF THE CONSTITUTION. ISLAMABAD IS ACCUSING INDIA OF THREATENING TO ATTACK ITS NUCLEAR INSTALLATIONS.
- PAK NUKES / REACTION Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- MANY PAKISTANIS HAVE REACTED JOYOUSLY TO NEWS OF THE COUNTRY'S NUCLEAR TESTS.
MOST PAKISTANIS BELIEVE THEIR COUNTRY HAD NO CHOICE BUT TO RESPOND TO WHAT THEY SEE AS INDIA'S THREATS TO THEIR SECURITY.
- PAK NUKES / ECONOMY Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- PAKISTAN'S FINANCE MINISTER -- SARTAJ AZIZ -- SAYS THE EXPECTED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS IN THE WAKE OF THE COUNTRY'S FIVE NUCLEAR TESTS COULD COST PAKISTAN THREE-BILLION DOLLARS.
- English News Headlines 28 May 1998 PAKISTAN TELEVISION CORPORATION Pakistan has been receiving information of the possibility of attacks on its nuclear installations. The purpose behind this action would be to prevent Pakistan from taking an appropriate decision in the supreme national interest. The statement said, credible information was received lastnight that an attack was to be mounted before dawn. The Indian high commissioner in Islamabad was summoned to the foreign office at 1.00 a.m.
- Pak TUs urge Govt not to test N-device - [May 28,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY (28-05-1998)
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND MEDIA DEVELOPMENT Pakistan has moved out intermediate range Ghauri missiles to be deployed at unidentified sites for retaliation in any eventuality of
pre-emptive strikes against its nuclear installations. Pakistan has enhanced security around its nuclear installations as preparations to match Indiaís nuclear explosions enter a critical
stage, knowledgeable sources said.
- HOME BROADCASTS 28-05-1998 RADIO PAKISTAN In occupied Kashmir, Indian occupation troops have let loose reign of terror in Baramula and Kupwara districts. The Chairman Senate Mr. Wasim Sajjad pointed out that the core issue between Pakistan and India is Kashmir. Unless it is resolved in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolutions, peace and security cannot be guaranteed in South Asia.
- Nuclear crisis in South Asia: key questions Government of Pakistan Factsheet - 28 May 1998 - Is there a possibility of nuclear war between India and Pakistan? The danger of war is real, as the post-nuclear tests euphoria of erratic Hindu nationalist leaders has scaled up their belligerent behaviour.
- Indian Nuclear Explosions Government of Pakistan Factsheet - 28 May 1998 - A belligerent act which India has taken to fulfill its long-cherished agenda of subjugating smaller neighbours to establish its regional hegemony. Indiaís ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is the political wing of racist, Hindu militant organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), whose declared aim is the extermination of Muslims from India.
- NEWS SUMMARY (28-05-1998) ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN Hashimoto, Blair, Demriel call Nawaz to share Pak's security concerns; Karamat calls on PM; CIA making only guesses about Pak nuke test; Gilani asks India to give up its aggressive stance; Seventy per cent Pakistanis favours nuclear test - Gallup Pakistan; Pakistan ready for Nuclear Test?
- Text of Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif Statement at a Press Conference on Pakistan Nuclear Tests ISLAMABAD, May 29 (APP):
Pakistan today successfully conducted five nuclear tests The results were as expected.
We are prepared to resume Pakistan-India dialogue to address all outstanding issues including the core issue of Jammu and Kashmir, as well as peace and security. These should include urgent steps for mutual restraint and equitable measures for nuclear stabilization.
- MRS. CLINTON / PAK NUKE Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- FIRST LADY HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON SAYS THE UNITED STATES DID ALL IT COULD TO AVERT NUCLEAR TESTS BY PAKISTAN AND INDIA.
- JAPAN / PAKISTAN / NUKE REACT Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- IN JAPAN, REACTION TO PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR WEAPON'S TEST WAS WHAT YOU WOULD EXPECT FROM THE ONLY NATION IN THE WORLD TO EXPERIENCE THE HORROR OF A NUCLEAR ATTACK.
- CONGRESS - PAKISTAN Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- SENATOR BROWNBACK BLAMES THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION FOR NOT DOING ENOUGH TO STOP THE SOUTH ASIAN ARMS RACE. DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSMAN LEE HAMILTON DISPUTES THAT ASSESSMENT BUT CALLS THE EXPLOSIONS A SETBACK FOR THE WORLD.
- PAK NUKE / EURO REACT Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- VIRTUALLY EVERY EUROPEAN LEADER HAS CONDEMNED PAKISTAN FOR DETONATING FIVE NUCLEAR DEVICES.
- PAK NUKE / INDIA REACT Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- INDIA'S PRIME MINISTER, ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE, SAYS THE PAKISTANI TEST COULD LEAD HIM TO RETHINK INDIA'S DECISION TO PLACE A MORATORIUM ON ALL FURTHER TESTS.
- PAKISTAN NUCLEAR-DIPLOMACY Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- DESPITE TWO WEEKS OF INTENSE INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS, PAKISTAN WENT AHEAD WITH NUCLEAR TESTS THURSDAY.
- PAKISTAN NUKE / U-N REACT Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- THE UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY-GENERAL AND THE U-N SECURITY COUNCIL DENOUNCED PAKISTAN FOR ITS LATEST NUCLEAR TESTS.
- PAKISTAN NUKE MONITORING Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- SCIENTISTS WHO MONITOR NUCLEAR TESTS SAY THE BLASTS IN PAKISTAN WERE DETECTED BY DOZENS OF SEISMIC MONITORS AROUND THE GLOBE. MORE THAN 40 STATIONS DETECTED THE WAVES. THE BLAST MEASURED ABOUT FOUR POINT NINE ON THE RICHTER EARTHQUAKE MONITORING SCALE.
- U-S / PAKISTAN NUKE MONITORING Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- U-S INTELLIGENCE AND MILITARY OFFICIALS SAY THEY ARE TRYING TO INDEPENDENTLY DETERMINE HOW MANY NUCLEAR DEVICES PAKISTAN SET OFF. SCIENTISTS HAVE NOT YET BEEN ABLE
TO VERIFY PAKISTAN'S STATEMENT THAT IT SET OFF FIVE DEVICES.
- PAKISTAN / INDIA SANCTIONS Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- SANCTIONS ARE LIKELY TO COST PAKISTAN BILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN AID AND ARE SIMILAR TO SANCTIONS IMPOSED EARLIER THIS MONTH AGAINST INDIA. BUT SINCE PAKISTAN IS A MUCH SMALLER ECONOMY -- THE SANCTIONS IMPACT IS LIKELY TO BE GREATER.
- RUSSIA / PAKISTAN TESTS Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- RUSSIA SAYS IT WILL WORK WITH THE UNITED STATES TO
PREVENT A NUCLEAR ARMS RACE IN SOUTH ASIA.
- U-S PAKISTAN Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 --
THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION IS IMPOSING WIDE-RANGING SANCTIONS AGAINST PAKISTAN AFTER INTENSIVE U-S DIPLOMACY FAILED TO PERSUADE THAT COUNTRY NOT TO CARRY OUT ITS NUCLEAR TESTS.
- U-S REACT / PAKISTAN Voice of America -- 28 May 1998 -- PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS DEPLORED THE PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR TESTS, WHICH CAME DESPITE A LAST-MINUTE PERSONAL APPEAL BY MR. CLINTON TO PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF FOR RESTRAINT.
- Seismic Detection of Pakistani Tests
Comprehensive Test Ban Prototype International Data Center - The nuclear test conducted by Pakistan took place at 28 May 1998. The preliminary source parameters of this event determined by the IDC (International Data Center) are as follows: ORIGIN TIME: 10:16:25.7 EPICENTER: 29.06N 64.82E
- PAK NUKE TEST Voice of America 28 May 1998 -- PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF SAYS HIS COUNTRY HAS
CONDUCTED FIVE NUCLEAR TESTS IN RESPONSE TO THE SAME NUMBER OF
NUCLEAR TESTS BY INDIA.
- PAK NUKE TEST Voice of America 28 May 1998 -- PAKISTAN HAS DETONATED THREE NUCLEAR DEVICES IN RESPONSE TO INDIA'S NUCLEAR TESTS. THE TESTS WERE CARRIED OUT IN THE CHAGAI REGION OF PAKISTAN'S SOUTHWESTERN BALUCHISTAN PROVINCE.
DETAILS OF THE TESTS WERE NOT IMMEDIATELY KNOWN.
- PAK TEST MONITORING Voice of America 28 May 1998 -- PENTAGON OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE NOT YET RECEIVED INDEPENDENT CONFIRMATION OF THE PAKISTANI TESTS, AND A SPOKESMAN FOR THE NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL SAYS THEY ARE ACTIVLY SEEKING
- PAK NUKE / INDIA REACT Voice of America 28 May 1998 --
INDIA HAS REACTED QUICKLY TO THE NEWS OF THE PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS. VOA'S JIM TEEPLE REPORTS FROM NEW DELHI. PRIME MINISTER ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE TOLD LAWMAKERS THE PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS VINDICATED HIS DECISION TWO WEEKS AGO TO DETONATE FIVE NUCLEAR DEVICES.
- U-S REACT / PAKISTAN Voice of America 28 May 1998
U-S OFFICIALS SAY THEY HAVE INDEPENDENT CONFIRMATION OF THE PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS, AND THAT PRESIDENT CLINTON IS DISAPPOINTED AND VERY CONCERNED ABOUT PAKISTAN'S ACTIONS.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary - May 28, 1998 -- MR. MCCURRY: " ... all these strict
sanctions in place remain in place and cannot be removed until there are the kind of steps that would allow the President to go to Congress and suggest that sanctions should be relaxed. So to the degree that these sanctions do have an impact in these countries -- to the degree that that pressure begins to build on these governments and they see fit to follow the kind of course that we have suggested they need to pursue at this point, that would put the administration in a position to make a case to Congress if we were in that position to relax
sanctions. We are a long way -- in the aftermath of this decision, we're not there at this point."
- TEXT: BRITAIN'S COOK CONDEMNS PAKISTAN NUCLEAR TESTS
28 May 1998 -- British Foreign Secretary Robin Cook, in Luxembourg for the NATO foreign ministers meeting May 28, condemned the Pakistani nuclear tests which took place earlier in the day.
- TEXT: ALBRIGHT ON PAKISTAN, NATO AT LUXEMBOURG PRESS CONFERENCE 28 May 1998 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright said May 28 that
Pakistan's decision to conduct nuclear tests and thus join in an arms race with India was "a serious error. We urge India and Pakistan to restore their standing in the world by renouncing further tests, signing the CTBT [Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty] and NPT [Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty], and taking immediate steps to reduce tensions."
- TEXT: NATO, RUSSIA CONDEMN INDIAN AND PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS 28 May 1998 -- The foreign ministers of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries and Russia issued a joint statement May 28 condemning India and Pakistan for their recent nuclear tests.
- SPOKESMAN NOTES "PROFOUND DISAPPOINTMENT" AT PAKISTANI TEST 28 May 1998 By Rick Marshall USIA Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif called President Clinton early this morning -- just prior to his public announcement that Pakistan
had just conducted five nuclear tests -- and that the President expressed his "profound disappointment" at the explosions.
- TRANSCRIPT: TALBOTT BRIEFS ON PAKISTAN, INDIA NUCLEAR TESTS 28 May 1998 -- Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott told reporters that the immediate goals of the United States are to have the two countries renounce any further testing, sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and take decisive steps in reducing tensions between them.
- TALBOTT: INDIAN, PAKISTANI NUCLEAR TESTS A SETBACK
28 May 1998 By Jane A. Morse USIA -- Pakistan's decision to match India in nuclear testing has dangerous implications for the region and the world, but an arms race is not inevitable, according to Strobe Talbott.
- UN MEMBERS DEPLORE PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR TESTS
28 May 1998 By Judy Aita USIA -- Calling for a coordinated international effort to
stop the arms race in South Asia, US Ambassador Bill Richardson deplored Pakistan's nuclear tests May 28.
- BROWNBACK "GRAVELY DISAPPOINTED" BY PAKISTAN'S NUCLEAR TESTS 28 May 1998 -- U.S. Senator Sam Brownback (Republican, Kansas), Chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, announced that he is withdrawing his bill to repeal the Pressler Amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act, which he originally introduced to alleviate Pakistan's security concerns following India's nuclear testing earlier this month.
- SOUTH ASIAN NUCLEAR TESTING RAISES SPECTER OF ARMS RACE
28 May 1998 By Jacquelyn S. Porth USIA -- Defense Department spokesman Ken Bacon says the 10 recent nuclear tests conducted by Pakistan and India this month pose "a threat to the people of those countries should this arms race get out of control or...miscalculations occur."
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary -- May 27, 1998 - Q Mike, with Pakistan on the brink of capability to
test, are there additional efforts by the administration now to persuade them not go to forward? MR. MCCURRY: I think you're well aware that the President has been directly involved with Prime Minister Sharif, with others.
- U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing WEDNESDAY, MAY 27, 1998 -- PAKISTAN Pakistani Delegation Visit to US Diplomatic Discussions with Pakistani Government re Nuclear Testing Prospects for Security Guarantees to Pakistan Pakistani Assurances re Nuclear Testing Economic Effect on Pakistan From Possible Sanctions
INDIA Economic Costs of Sanctions to India for Nuclear Testing World Bank Action on Loan for India Actions Necessary by India to Reverse Sanctions US Ambassador to India in Washington
Negotiation of No First Use Agreement with Pakistan
- U-S / PAKISTAN NUKE Voice of America 27 May 1998 -- WHITE HOUSE OFFICIALS SAY THEY AGREE WITH ASSESSMENTS PAKISTAN IS CAPABLE OF TESTING AT ANY TIME BUT SAY THEY ARE STILL TRYING TO TALK ISLAMABAD OUT OF THE IDEA.
- STATE / PAKISTAN NUCLEAR Voice of America 27 May 1998
INTENSIVE AMERICAN EFFORTS ARE UNDERWAY TO TRY TO PERSUADE PAKISTAN NOT TO FOLLOW INDIA IN CONDUCTING NUCLEAR TESTS.
- PAK NUKE Voice of America 27 May 1998 --
THE CHAIRMAN OF PAKISTAN'S SENATE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS -- AKRAM ZAKI -- SAYS ISLAMABAD MUST TEST A NUCLEAR DEVICE TO RESTORE THE MILITARY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL BALANCE IN SOUTH ASIA.
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY (27-05-1998) MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND MEDIA DEVELOPMENT Senior leader of BJP, L K Sharma has said, Azad Kashmir is not a part of Pakistan ; attack on it will not be considered as attack on Pakistan; India will regain Azad Kashmir. (Jang/KPI).
- HOME BROADCASTS 27-05-1998 RADIO PAKISTAN
Renouncing the Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee's allegations that Pakistan is interfering in the Indian-held Kashmir, Chairman National Assembly Special Committee on Kashmir, Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar Khan has said that Pakistan is just providing moral, political and diplomatic support to the Kashmiris for their right of self-determination.
- NEWS SUMMARY (27-05-1998) ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN Pakistan can brave sanctions; Iran's reaction on Indian nuclear tests strengthened Pak-position;
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY (26-05-1998)
MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND MEDIA DEVELOPMENT The Prime Minister in a special interview has said that the honour of the country cannot be compromised due to fear of economic
sanctions, Islamic bomb thinking is totally incorrect. Iranian Ambassador to Pakistan has said, the Pakistan government is solely responsible to safeguard its security concerns,
however, Iran being a brother Islamic country, fully supports Pakistan.
- HOME BROADCASTS 26-05-1998 RADIO PAKISTAN The Chief of the Army Staff General Jehangir Karamat has said that the pro-active policy being advocated from across the border would mean that the Indian Army , in addition to its operations against the freedom struggle in occupied Kashmir, could also be operating along the UN monitored line of control, thereby linking the two distinct situation.
- NEWS SUMMARY (26-05-1998)
ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN Gen. Jehangir Karamat visits a Corps Headquarters; Pakistan nuclear test held back during Benazir's government; Zafar-ul-Haq calls for greater cooperation and unity among Muslim countries; Govt not to compromise on national security issues.
- PAKISTAN NUCLEAR 26 May 1998 Voice of America
U-S OFFICIALS SAY PAKISTAN IS VERY NEARLY READY TO CONDUCT A NUCLEAR WEAPONS TEST.
- PAK KASHMIR Voice of America -- 26 May 1998 --
THE PRIME MINISTER OF PAKISTANI KASHMIR -- SULTAN MAHMOOD CHAUDHRY -- SAYS DEFENSE COMMITTEES ARE BEING ORGANIZED ALONG THE DISPUTED BORDER WITH INDIAN KASHMIR AND WEAPONS ARE BEING HANDED
OUT TO CIVILIANS IN THE AREA.
- Pak warns India on N-blackmail - [May 24,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- PAKISTAN NUCLEAR BHUTTO Voice of America -- 24 May 1998 -- FORMER PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER BENAZIR BHUTTO SAYS
PAKISTAN IS CAPABLE OF RESPONDING TO RECENT INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS
- PAK INDIA Voice of America 23 May 1998 - PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF HAS INDICATED HE HAS NOT YET MADE A DECISION ABOUT TESTING A NUCLEAR DEVICE IN RESPONSE TO INDIA'S FIVE NUCLEAR TESTS.
- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's statement on the Indian nuclear tests Press Conference , 23 May 1998 -- Since May 11, we are living under the dark shadow of Indian nuclear sabre-rattling. The fundamentalist Indian leadership, bared
its teeth even before the dust settled at Pokhran. The Indian leaders could not contain themselves a minute longer. Immediately they raised the demand that "Islamabad should realize the change in the geo-strategic situation in the region"
- Pressure mounts on Sharif to go nuclear - [May 23,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- CLINTON / INDIA-PAK Voice of America 22 May 1998 -
PRESIDENT CLINTON HAS HAD ANOTHER TELEPHONE TALK WITH PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF -- THEIR THIRD IN RECENT DAYS -- TO URGE RESTRAINT IN THE FACE OF INDIA'S NUCLEAR TESTS.
- Pak nuclear programme superior: Gohar - [May 22,1998] - The Hindustan Times
Possible New Role for China: Agent for Nuclear Calm in Asia The Christian Science
Monitor Friday, May 22, 1998
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY MINISTRY OF INFORMATION 22 May 1998 - Indian Zee TV has claimed that Pakistan will conduct N-test within 72 hours. Majeed Nizami, APNS President, has said, if the Prime Minister does not detonate N-blast, the masses will explode him definitely. The Prime Minister is leaving for China within the next 24 hours to consult the Chinese leadership on the regional scenario which has emerged following five N-tests conducted by India. A six-member special committee of the Cabinet presented a report to the Prime Minister on May 21, 1998 regarding their meetings with different political leaders and heads of states of friendly countries.
- PAK / INDIA Voice of America - 22 May 1998 - PAKISTAN'S FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS IT WOULD BE FUTILE TO RESUME TALKS WITH INDIA IN THE WAKE OF ITS NUCLEAR TESTS.
- NEWS SUMMARY ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN- 22 May 1998 - Pakistan's nuclear programme far superior to India; Special committee of cabinet presents report to Premier; Pakistan capable of giving a befitting reply to any adventurer; Pakistan has capability to test nuke device; Pakistan denies India's accusation of firing across LoC; Development of infrastructure high priority of govt.
- English News Headlines PAKISTAN TELEVISION CORPORATION- 21 May 1998 - THE PRESIDENT MUHAMMAD RAFIQ TARAR HAS SAID THAT WHOLE NATION IS UNITED TO FOIL THE EVIL DESIGNS OF ENEMY.
- [EXCERPTS] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing - 21 May 1998 - PAKISTAN Update on Contacts re Nuclear Test / Delegation Visit to US / Discussions With Chinese.
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY MINISTRY OF INFORMATION 21 May 1998 -- Pakistani delegation is expected in Washington next week to try to pain down what the United States is prepared to offer as an inducement to refrain for ma nuclear test. At least two of the five nuclear tests conducted by India may actually be Israeil nuclear tests. The components for these tests, according to highly placed Western source, might have been transported to Indian an Israeli C-130 military transport aircraft that landed in India just two weeks before the Indian tests.
- HOME BROADCASTS RADIO PAKISTAN 21 May 1998 --
- PAK INDIA Voice of America - 21 May 1998 -
PUBLIC PRESSURE CONTINUES TO MOUNT ON THE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN TO TEST A NUCLEAR DEVICE. FORMER HIGH-RANKING MILITARY OFFICERS, DIPLOMATS, AND ACADEMICS SAY ISLAMABAD IS LEFT WITH LITTLE CHOICE BUT TO CARRY OUT SUCH A TEST.
- NEWS SUMMARY ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN- 21 May 1998 - China has not asked us to do anything against our national interests; Indian nuke tests threaten peace in South Asia; Kashmir is a disputed territory; Regional security environment deteriorates sharply by Indian nuke tests; China charges India with expansionist designs in South Asia.
- DPRK - Pakistan Ghauri Missile Cooperation by Joseph S. Bermudez Jr. - 21 May 1998 -- The birth of the Ghauri program is believed to date to late 1993, or early 1994, following Benazir Bhutto's re-election as prime minister in October 1993. In December of that year she travelled to the PRC and DPRK. Although she publicly denied it subsequent events indicate that she was seeking, among other things, increased cooperation in the development of a ballistic missiles. Specifically, a system capable of striking strategic targets within India. Immediately after leaving Beijing, Bhutto travelled to P'yongyang on 30 December to request similar assistance from the DPRK.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY MIKE MCCURRY May 20, 1998 -- Q Would the Clinton administration like to see China be Pakistan's security guarantor, in other words put them under a kind of iron-clad nuclear umbrella?
- English News Headlines - 20 May 1998 - PAKISTAN TELEVISION CORPORATION PAKISTAN HAS INFORMED THE DISARMAMENT CONFERENCE IN GENEVA THAT THE TESTS, POLICY DECLARATION AND NOW THREATS BY INDIA HAVE CREATED SITUATION OF GRAVE CRISIS IN THE REGION
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY MINISTRY OF INFORMATION - 20 May 1998 - Pakistan is expected to explode its first N-test within next 72 hours high security alert has been imposed in the country armed forces have also been alerted. The Prime Minister will undertake a special tour of China during the current week following the tension created by Indian N-tests. Retired Generals of Pakistan Army have demanded of the government to carry out nuclear blast and warned if it does not do so, blood revolution can take place in the country.
- HOME BROADCASTS - 20 May 1998 - RADIO PAKISTAN --
The Prime Minister said Pakistan has the nuclear capability and can face any aggression but at the same time it does not believe in politics of tit-for-tat. The Prime Minister has said nuclear tests by India have adversely affected the balance of power in the region and it was imperative to correct that imbalance.
- PAK ECONOMY Voice of America - 20 May 1998 -
RISING TENSIONS WITH INDIA AND FEAR OF SANCTIONS AFTER A POSSIBLE NUCLEAR TEST ARE PLAYING HAVOC WITH STOCK MARKETS IN PAKISTAN.
- PAK CHINA Voice of America - 20 May 1998 - CHINA HAS NOT ASKED PAKISTAN TO REFRAIN FROM CONDUCTING ITS OWN NUCLEAR TEST.
- [EXCERPTS] U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing - 19 May 1998 - INDIA / PAKISTAN Contacts w/ Pakistan to discourage nuclear test in
reaction to Indian testing Reaction to Indian Home Minister warning remarks
to Pakistan on Kashmir Rumored China nuclear security guarantee for Pakistan; Administration view of Pressler Amendment; Pakistan would benefit by not testing
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY 19 May 1998 MINISTRY OF INFORMATION Finance Minister says, economic sanctions will have no immediate crippling effect on Pakistanís economy adding that we are ready to face them; the nuclear deterrence is cost effective; only half of aid pipeline can get affected.
- HOME BROADCASTS 19 May 1998 RADIO PAKISTAN
Government is continuing consultation with political leaders on the situation arising out of Indian nuclear tests to evolve a national consensus on the issue. The heads of Mission of G-8 countries were summoned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Islamabad Monday afternoon to convey Pakistanís deep disappointment at the very muted response that emerged from the just concluded summit of the G-8 countries.
- NEWS SUMMARY 19 May 1998 ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN
US launches new satellite to spy more effectively on India, Pakistan; Pakistani nation disappointed with G-8 decision; Foreign Secretary returns home on Tuesday after consulting Chinese leaders; Japan asks Pakistan to show utmost restraint; Pak nuclear test "as close as a key is before unlocking a lock"-- says Gohar; Diplomatic missions to visit USA and other countries; Remarks by Pakistan envoy in Moscow "misquoted"; Gohar briefs Japanese envoy on nuclear issue
- Annan urges Pak not to test nuclear device - [May 19,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Benazir for military action against India - [May 19,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- CHINA/PAKISTAN 19 May 1998 Voice of America
CHINA IS CALLING FOR INDIA TO GIVE UP ITS NUCLEAR PROGRAM FOLLOWING INDIA'S NUCLEAR TESTS LAST WEEK. THE CALL CAME AFTER A TOP PAKISTANI DIPLOMAT ENDED TALKS WITH CHINESE OFFICIALS IN BEIJING AND RETURNED TO ISLAMABAD.
- PAK INDIA 19 May 1998 Voice of America PAKISTAN PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF SAYS ISLAMABAD IS SHOWING RESTRAINT BY NOT TESTING A NUCLEAR DEVICE, BUT HE SAYS "PRESSURE IS MOUNTING BY THE HOUR" TO RESPOND TO INDIA'S FIVE
- Increased Japanese help if no test: Japanese envoy The News [Pakistan] 19 May 1998 - ISLAMABAD: A special Japanese envoy said on Monday Pakistan's leaders were carefully considering whether to respond to India's nuclear tests by conducting tests of their own
- CLINTON / BLAIR / PAKISTAN 18 May 1998 -- Voice of America PRESIDENT CLINTON AND BRITISH PRIME MINISTER TONY BLAIR HAVE MADE A JOINT APPEAL TO PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER NAWAZ SHARIF NOT TO CONDUCT A NUCLEAR TEST.
- PAK JAPAN 18 May 1998 -- Voice of America
A JAPANESE ENVOY IS IN ISLAMABAD TRYING TO CONVINCE PAKISTAN NOT TO TEST A NUCLEAR DEVICE. JAPAN DONATES MORE MONEY THAN ANY OTHER COUNTRY TO ISLAMABAD SO SANCTIONS FOLLOWING A
NUCLEAR TEST COULD BE DEVASTATING FOR PAKISTAN'S ECONOMY.
- PAK JAPAN 18 May 1998 -- Voice of America
A JAPANESE ENVOY VISITING ISLAMABAD IS URGING PAKISTAN TO EXERCISE THE "UTMOST RESTRAINT" IN REACTING TO INDIA'S FIVE NUCLEAR TESTS.
- Decision over N-test after consensus Dawn 18 May 1998 LAHORE, May 17: Claiming that Pakistan's nuclear capability was qualitatively superior to that of India's, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said here on Sunday that a decision on whether or not to demonstrate.
- Gohar Ayub says nuclear test is imminent Dawn 18 May 1998 ISLAMABAD, May 17: Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan said on Sunday that it is a matter of when and not if Pakistan will match the nuclear tests conducted by India on May 11 and 13.
- Kohl says Pak has carried out N-test; Islamabad denies - [May 18,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak to conduct test: Gohar - [May 18,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pak media doubts firing of Ghauri - [May 18,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- US may give guarantees on security to Pakistan Dawn 18 May 1998 WASHINGTON, May 17: The United States appeared ready on Saturday to provide some kind of security to Pakistan as officials publicly discussed various economic offers on the table to keep Islamabad from going nuclear.
- Benazir fears Indian attack on Kashmir Dawn 18 May 1998 JEDDAH, May 17: Former prime minister Benazir Bhutto said on Sunday that Pakistan believes it must detonate a nuclear test device within 30 days or risk a possible war with India over disputed Kashmir.
- Aslam Beg fears Indian attack on Azad Kashmir Dawn 18 May 1998 KARACHI, May 17: Former army chief and head of the Awami Qiadat Party, Gen (retd) Mirza Aslam Beg, said on Sunday he feared that the Vajpayee government would attack Azad Kashmir ...
- Govt asked not to give up nuclear option Dawn 18 May 1998 KARACHI, May 17: Leaders of different political parties on Sunday called upon the government not to submit to international pressure on matters of national security by giving up the nuclear option.
- DAILY PRESS SUMMARY 18 May 1998 - MINISTRY OF INFORMATION The Prime Minister has said Pakistan can conduct nuclear test in 12 to 24 hours, there will be no compromise on national security for monetary gains. The Cabinet has already given its approval for a nuclear test. The Prime Minister is working on a three-pronged well-conceived strategy to handle the most serious situation in the history of the nation and has decided to send special envoys to the US, European countries and Middle East. State Minister for Foreign Affairs has left for USA
whereas Foreign Secretary for China.
- NEWS SUMMARY 18 May 1998 - ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN India to conduct more test, says Russian Paper; Concerned over India's Nuclear Tests: Radio Tehran; India has plutonium for 74 bombs, says US experts; Army Chief Discusses Security Situation in Kashmir; FO spokesman denies reports regarding nuke test;
Foreign Secretary leaves for China to discuss recent developments; India may have conducted tests for Israel; Japanese PM's special envoy arrives for talks; Sharif urges world to slap punitive sanctions against India; India has a declared aggressive intent.
- Pak rejects US plea - [May 17,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- NEWS IN DETAIL 17 May 1998 - PAKISTAN TELEVISION CORPORATION PRIME MINISTER REITERATES THAT PAKISTAN POSSESSES NUCLEAR CAPABILITY AND REAFFIRMED THE PLEDGE NOT TO COMPROMISE ON NATIONAL SECURITY FOR ANY MONETARY GAINS.
- PAK NUCLEAR 17 May 1998 - Voice of America PAKISTAN SEES THE SANCTIONS IMPOSED ON ITS RIVAL INDIA FOR NUCLEAR TESTING AS TOO WEAK TO DETER PAKISTAN FROM RESPONDING TO THE THREAT TO ITS SECURITY.
- CLINTON / PAKISTAN 17 May 1998 - Voice of America
PRESIDENT CLINTON SAYS HE IS STILL HOPEFUL PAKISTAN CAN BE PERSUADED NOT TO CONDUCT ITS OWN NUCLEAR TEST IN RESPONSE TO INDIA'S TEST SERIES.
- PAK NUCLEAR 17 May 1998 - Voice of America
FOREIGN MINISTER GOHAR AYUB SAYS IT IS NOT A QUESTION OF IF PAKISTAN WOULD CONDUCT A TEST, BUT WHEN. HE SAYS THE DECISION TO TEST HAS BEEN TAKEN BY THE CABINET.
- PAK NUCLEAR 17 May 1998 - Voice of America
PAKISTAN'S FOREIGN MINISTER GOHAR AYUB SAYS THE RECENT U-S DELEGATION LED BY DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT WAS MISTAKEN TO THINK PAKISTAN HAD NOT TAKEN A FINAL
DECISION ON CONDUCTING A NUCLEAR TEST.
- BERGER SEES POSSIBLE LIFT OF BAN ON MILITARY AID TO PAKISTAN 17 May 1998 - By Wendy S. Ross USIA -- National Security Advisor Samuel "Sandy" Berger says the U.S. Congress would be more likely to lift the ban on military aid to
Pakistan if that country did not proceed with nuclear testing in response to India.
- TRANSCRIPT: CLINTON HOPES PAKISTAN REFRAINS FROM NUCLEAR TESTING 17 May 1998 - Clinton said he still had hopes that Pakistan's prime minister and the Pakistani government "will not go through with a nuclear test" in
response to India's recent tests.
- NEWS SUMMARY 17 May 1998 ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN -- Indian Nuclear blast cannot dampen Liberation spirit- APHC ; Pak seeks Arab world support against Indian nuclear designs; G-8 Statement Dismayed Pakistan: Foreign Office; Pakistan cannot be expected to remain complacent--Nawaz; Pakistan not to barter away its security interests for monetary benefits; Pakistan must demonstrate its nuclear capability :Sardar Qayyum; Pak response to be well considered and in national interest: Shamshad; Nawaz Sharif grappling with grave problem : US Mission; Pakistan never to compromise on principles; Nuclear test by Pakistan `very close to certain': Gohar.
- Calculated response pledged: Security can't be traded off, vows PM Dawn 17 May 1998 -- ISLAMABAD, May 16: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Saturday said in categorical terms that Pakistan would not trade off its security interests for any monetary assistance.
- India's defiance by: Babar Sattar DAILY DAWN - 16 MAY 1998 -- The world community has already demonstrated its ability to come to terms with the 'regrettable' steps undertaken by defiant nuclear states, after a brief period of hurling intense abuse at them.
- PM, services chiefs discuss situation Dawn 17 May 1998 -- ISLAMABAD, May 16: Consultations between the civil and military leadership over the security threat posed by Indian nuclear tests continued on Saturday as Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif held a meeting with the three services chiefs.
- Opposition's views being sought Dawn 17 May 1998 -- ISLAMABAD, May 16: The six-member Special Cabinet Committee, set up by Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif last Thursday, to consult politicians in the wake of Indian nuclear blasts, will submit its report to him within three to four days.
- Nawaz writes letter to leaders: Pakistan dismayed over G8 stand Dawn 17 May 1998 --
ISLAMABAD, May 16: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, in separate letters, dated May 13, to the leaders of the G-8 countries (Group of highly industrialised countries), stated: "I trust that you would recognize and be receptive to Pakistan's legitimate needs.
- India offers to talk to Pakistan on nuclear weapons Dawn 17 May 1998 -- NEW DELHI, May 16: India on Saturday offered to discuss the issue of nuclear weapons with Pakistan, saying it would consider offering a "no first use" pledge to Islamabad.
- English News Headlines 16 May 1998 PAKISTAN TELEVISION -- THE PRIME MINISTER WRITES TO THE LEADERS OF G-8 COUNTRIES BRIEFING THEM ON THE
SITUATION IN THE REGION FOLLOWING INDIAN BLASTS. PAKISTAN SAYS, THERE IS NO QUESTION OF RENUNCIATION OF OPTION OF NUCLEAR TESTS - ITS RESPONSE TO THE INDIAN TESTS WILL BE WELL CONSIDERED SOBER AND MATURE.
- RUSSIA / PAKISTAN Voice of America 16 May 1998 --
PAKISTAN'S AMBASSADOR TO RUSSIA SAYS HIS COUNTRY WOULD CONSIDER JOINING A BAN ON
NUCLEAR TESTS -- BUT ONLY IF INDIA DISARMS ITS NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
- CLINTON / PAKISTAN Voice of America 16 May 1998 --
DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE STROBE TALBOTT BRIEFS PRESIDENT CLINTON SUNDAY MORNING ON HIS
MISSION TO ISLAMABAD -- WHICH WHITE HOUSE OFFICIALS CONCEDE DID NOT NOT SECURE A PAKISTANI PLEDGE NOT TO TEST.
- Pakistan News Summary Pakistan Government Information Department 16 May 1998 - The Prime Minister while talking to US high-level delegation has said, Pakistan is in `no haste` to conduct a nuclear test and added "we have the capability and we did not test the bomb for the last 15 or 20 years, we are not seeking foreign aid`;
- Pakistan News Pakistan Broadcasting Corp. 16 May 1998 -- The US Deputy Secretary of State Mr. Strobe Talbott has said Pakistan has taken no irrevocable decision as far as conducting a nuclear test is concerned. They denied that Pakistan has provided the United States any "wish-list" in return not to look after its security interests the way Islamabad wants.
- Pakistan News Associated Press of Pakistan 16 May 1998 -- Nawaz Sharif grappling with grave problem : US Mission; Strobe Talbott terms his talks with PM as positive; Canadian Premier telephones PM, assures support; Pak response to be well considered and in national interest: Shamshad; Nawaz urges international community to understand Pakistan's security concerns; US official holds "good meeting" with Foreign Minister; Indian nuclear tests: GA President expresses dismay and disappointment.
- INDIAN NUCLEAR TEST: ALL EYES ON PAKISTAN'S RESPONSE
USIA FOREIGN MEDIA REACTION DAILY DIGEST 15 May 1998 -- Deputy Secretary Talbott's mission to Islamabad prompted foreign analysts to focus on whether Pakistan will explode its own bomb in response to India's nuclear tests--perhaps as early as this weekend, as some reports indicate. Observers conveyed U.S. pessimism that Mr. Talbott would "succeed in pulling Pakistan back from the brink."
- Pakistan all set to conduct N-test The Times of India 15 May 1998 -- In retaliation to the five Indian nuclear tests, Pakistan is now preparing for an underground nuclear test that could occur as early as Sunday.
- India has fully exposed its motives and hegemonic designs Prof. Khurshid Ahmad ISLAMABAD, May 15 Pakistan has no option but to conduct atomic explosions and acquire atomic status. Only
this step can safeguard Pakistanís security concerns.
- [EXCERPTS] PRESS BRIEFING BY Mike McCurry 15 May 1998 --
"Q Back on Pakistan, could you explain what the
President meant again when he said that he thought that they had
found a way to work out the F-16s."
- [EXCERPTS] REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AND PRIME MINISTER HASHIMOTO IN PHOTO OPPORTUNITY 15 May 1998 -- THE PRESIDENT: We've been working on a
resolution of the F-16 matter literally for five years. I believe we found a way to work through that before this incident developed.
- PAK US NUCLEAR Voice of America 15 May 1998 --
A HIGH-RANKING DELEGATION OF U-S OFFICIALS IS HOLDING TALKS WITH PAKISTANI LEADERS IN AN ATTEMPT TO DISSUADE PAKISTAN FROM CARRYING OUT A NUCLEAR TEST. OFFICIALS OF BOTH COUNTRIES ARE TIGHT-LIPPED AS TO WHAT INCENTIVES THE UNITED STATES MAY BE OFFERING.
- PAK / U-S / NUCLEAR Voice of America - 15 May 1998 -- A HIGH-RANKING DELEGATION OF U-S OFFICIALS HAS ARRIVED IN PAKISTAN TO TRY TO DISSUADE THE PAKISTAN GOVERNMENT FROM CARRYING OUT A NUCLEAR TEST.
- World reaction to be gauged: Pakistan not to make hasty decision : Dawn 15 May 1998 -- The federal cabinet held a special session here on Thursday on the implications of India's nuclear tests and decided to first gauge the international reaction against New Delhi.
- Govt gets unanimous support from Senate: Dawn 15 May 1998 -- The Senate unanimously adopted a joint resolution on Thursday resolving that the people of Pakistan will be steadfast in their support to any step that the government will take after taking the whole nation into confidence.
- Pakistan News Pakistan State TV 15 May 1998 --
A HIGH LEVEL AMERICAN MISSION IS IN ISLAMABAD TO DISCUSS THE SITUATION OBTAINING IN THE
REGION FOLLOWING INDIAN EXPLOSIONS. THE PRIME MINISTER DECIDES TO CONSULT LEADERS OF POLITICAL PARTIES ON PAKISTAN'S RESPONSE TO THE THREAT POSED BY INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS.
- Pakistan News Summary Pakistan Government Information Department 15 May 1998 - Cabinet is unanimous on detonating Nuclear device. The Federal Cabinet has reiterated that Pakistan would take all necessary steps in the best interest of the national security; Cabinet authorised the Prime Minister to take final decision in response to Indian nuclear tests, the Prime Minister has constituted a six member Special
Committee to evolve a strategy for addressing the situation arising out of the Indian nuclear tests.
- Pakistan News Pakistan Broadcasting Corp. 15 May 1998 -- A foreign Office spokesman said in Islamabad Thursday that the visit of US Deputy Secretary of State Mr. Strobe Talbott to Pakistan will provide an opportunity to Pakistan to explain the dangers which have been posed by the nuclear tests.
- Pakistan News Associated Press of Pakistan 15 May 1998 -- Cabinet resolves not to compromise Pakistan's supreme interests; Pakistan to behave responsibly; Pakistan to take possible step for country's security; Great powers must act to curb Indian adventurism; Sultan urges world community to sever political and diplomatic relations with India; Socio-political organisations protest against Indian nuclear tests; Pakistan to safeguard its security no matter what it costs; Rabbani says Pakistan faces 1971-like challenge; Pakistan should explode nuclear device; must weigh global pressure.
- Pakistan News Pakistan State TV 14 May 1998 -- THE FEDERAL CABINET UNANIMOUSLY RESOLVES THAT LEGITIMATE SECURITY AND DEFENCE INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY ARE SUPREME AND WILL NOT BE COMPROMISED UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES. THE PRIME MINISTER MR.MOHAMMAD NAWAZ SHARIF SAYS PAKISTAN RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MAKE ALL STEPS TO SAFEGUARD ITS NATIONAL SECURITY IN THE FACE OF INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS.
- Pakistan News Summary Pakistan Government Information Department 14 May 1998 - The Prime Minister on May 13, 98 presided over a meeting of Defence Committee of the Cabinet which rejected any unilateral and discriminatory pressure on its matters of national security. It was decided in DCC meeting to counter Indian nuclear threats; scientists have been given green signal to explode nuclear test. Foreign Minister has stated that Pakistan is reviewing its earlier stance of signing the CTBT if India did it.
- Pakistan News Pakistan Broadcasting Corp. 14 May 1998 -- The Prime Minister said Pakistan has been working tirelessly to establish a nuclear weapon free zone in South Asia and has also advocated the establishment of a zero missile zone in the region. However, by deploying the Prithvi Missiles along its borders, India effectively negated the concept of a zero missile zone. The Prime Minister recalled that in his letter or President Clinton he had drawn attention to the belligerent statements being made by the BJP leadership regarding the induction of nuclear weapons in the Indian military arsenal. He had addressed letters to other world leaders, but was disappointed that they failed to recognise the imminent threat posed by the Indian nuclear programme.
- Pakistan News Associated Press of Pakistan 14 May 1998 -- Pakistan to review signing CTBT stance, urges measures against India beyond tokenism;
Pakistan terms latest nuclear tests by India as provocative; Great powers must act to curb Indian adventurism; Gohar slams India'for going ahead with nuclear tests; India has raised nuclear stakes in South Asia;
- PAK NUCLEAR Voice of America - 14 May 1998 -- PAKISTAN HAS REITERATED ITS RIGHT TO PROTECT ITS OWN NATIONAL AND SECURITY INTERESTS IN THE WAKE OF A SERIES OF NUCLEAR TESTS BY NEIGHBORING INDIA.
- [EXCERPTS] TRANSCRIPT: NSC DEPUTY ADVISOR STEINBERG BRIEFING IN EISENACH 14 May 1998 -- STEINBERG: The President has made clear that he thinks it would be appropriate for the United States to help compensate Pakistan for the fact that we are unable to deliver the F-16s, that there's a kind of obligation, given the fact that the Pakistanis actually paid for them that some form of compensation be arranged.
- Islamabad pledges to answer Delhi plans Dawn 14 May 1998 -- : Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan on Wednesday said India's latest nuclear tests were designed to perfect battlefield tactical arms which were a threat to New Delhi's neighbours.
- All aspects of N-test evaluated : Dawn 14 May 1998 -- The Defence Committee of the Cabinet (DCC) on Wednesday evaluated threadbare all the aspects that may warrant Pakistan to go for a nuclear test in the light of Indian nuclear tests on Monday.
- Pakistan pushed to the limit: Gohar Dawn 14 May 1998 -- -- Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan said on Wednesday that India's two new nuclear tests were pushing Pakistan to the limit.
- US team coming with new package to prevent N-test: Dawn 14 May 1998 -- The US on Wednesday decided to hurriedly dispatch a top level diplomatic-cum-military delegation to Pakistan to persuade Pakistan from responding in kind to the Indian nuclear blasts.
- INDIAN NUKES Voice of America - 14 May 1998 --
PAKISTAN REJECTED INTERNATIONAL CALLS FOR RESTRAINT IN RESPONDING TO INDIA'S NUCLEAR TESTS.
- PAK / NUCLEAR / PRESS Voice of America - 14 May 1998 --
PAKISTAN'S MEDIA HAS TAKEN A KEEN INTEREST IN NEIGHBORING INDIA'S SERIES OF NUCLEAR TESTS. THERE IS MOUNTING PUBLIC PRESSURE ON THE GOVERNMENT TO CONDUCT ITS OWN TEST.
- PRESS BRIEFING BY FOREIGN OFFICE SPOKESMAN
May 14, 1998 We are not surprised at all by this development. We, in fact, have been focusing upon this danger. I myself have made statements from this forum drawing the attention of the world to these development which were absolutely like the writing on the wall. The surprise is that our warnings were not heeded.
- Indian nuclear explosions...Pakistan's statement
by Ambassador Munir Akram in the UN Conference on Disarmament, 14 May 1998.
- India Must Pay the Price 14 May 1998 -
There could have been nothing more hypocritical than New Delhi's simultaneous claim that the nuclear tests would not harm its "peaceful cooperation" and "friendly ties" with its neighbours.
- DECLARE PAKISTAN A NUCLEAR STATE!
By Ishtiaq Ahmad -- 14 May 1998 - This uncertain state of affairs about Pakistanís nuclear capability has to end. The sooner it happens, the better it will be for Pakistan. And the only way this uncertainty can end is if Pakistan declares itself a nuclear power, on which depends Islamabadís survival as an independent and sovereign state.
- News Reaction to Indian Nuclear Tests (May 14, 1998)
- REACTION OVER INDIAN NUCLEAR TEST
13 May 1998
- West's strategy for preserving peace on subcontinent blown apart By R. Jeffrey Smith DAILY DAWN - 13 May 1998
- COMMENTS OF THE FOREIGN OFFICE SPOKESMAN IN RESPONSE TO QUESTIONS ON THE TWO ADDITIONAL NUCLEAR TESTS CARRIED OUT BY INDIA ON 13 MAY 1998
- PRESS STATEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN ON THE TWO ADDITIONAL NUCLEAR TESTS CARRIED OUT BY INDIA ON 13 MAY 1998
- Statement by the Foreign Minister in the Senate of Pakistan on two further nuclear tests carried out by India on 13 May 1998 The news of the carrying out of two further nuclear tests today by India, corroborates our assessment and provides further confirmation, if any were needed, about India's consistent pattern of irresponsible behaviour.
- We can do it in seven days: Pak scientist - [May 13,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- Pakistan News Pakistan State TV 13 May 1998 -- THE DEFENCE COMMITTEE OF THE CABINET MEETS WITH THE PRIME MINISTER IN THE CHAIR EXPRESSES SATISFACTION OVER PAKISTAN'S ABILITY TO RESPOND EFFECTIVELY AND ADEQUATELY TO THE THREATS POSED BY INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS.
- Pakistan News Summary Pakistan Government Information Department 13 May 1998 - Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan called on the Prime Minister on May 12, 98 and discussed most important and sensitive aspects of the nuclear tests conducted by India. They discussed matching response to Indian nuclear tests. Dr. Abdul Qaddeer Khan said on May12,98 that he would not let down the nation against the Indian move; Pakistan had possessed nuclear capability as had been asserted by successive governments. Gohar Ayub Khan told the Senate on May 12,98 that India has been categorically informed by Pakistan that its nuclear pursuits will find a fitting response by Pakistan. Reaffirms befitting answer to Indian nuclear explosions.
- Pakistan News Pakistan Broadcasting Corp. 13 May 1998 -- The Prime Minister Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif said Pakistan is not unaware of Indian nuclear programme and had been warning the international community to take cognizance of the Indian designs. He regretted that Pakistanís warnings remained unheeded. The Foreign Minister, Mr. Gohar Ayub Khan has announced that the government stands by its commitment that any
steps of nuclear escalation by India will find a matching response from Pakistan. The Azad Jammu and Kashmir Prime Minister Sultan Mahmood Chaudhry has called for exercising nuclear option by Pakistan to give a matching response to India.
- Pakistan News Associated Press of Pakistan 13 May 1998 -- Pakistan fully alive to its legitimate security concerns; India delivers death blow to the global efforts of non-proliferation; Pakistan must follow the India's nuclear test;
Gohar reiterates matching response to India; Iqbal Haider urges defence pact with China; International community should put pressure on India rather than appealing Pakistan; Clinton visit to India in Jeopardy- Tough Sanctions Coming; Indian nuclear explosions endanger world peace.
- Pakistan's Momentous Decision Institue for Science and International Security 13 May 1998 -- Responding in kind to Indian nuclear tests only would heighten tensions on the subcontinent
- India and Pakistan--Current and Potential Nuclear Arsenals by David Albright Institue for Science and International Security 13 May 1998 --
India is widely perceived to have a significantly larger nuclear arsenal than Pakistan. Iif a nuclear arms race developed between India and Pakistan, India's overwhelming advantage could disappear.
- An Analysis of the Pakistani Ghauri Missile Test of 6 April 1998 David C. Wright - Union of Concerned Scientists and Security Studies Program, MIT -- 12 May 1998 -- On April 6, 1998 Pakistan announced that it had tested a new ballistic missile, called the Ghauri. This report is an analysis of the limited information that has been reported about the Ghauri test, based in part on my understanding of the North Korean Nodong missile.
- New Delhi's half century old nuclear quest By Ishtiaq Ahmad -- 12 May 1998 -- Pakistanís scholarly reaction to Indiaís three nuclear tests on Monday was not less of critical of New Delhiís nuclear belligerency than the countryís official response.
- Pakistan News Pakistan State TV 12 May 1998 --
THE PRIME MINISTER MR.MOHAMMAD NAWAZ SHARIF SAYS PAKISTAN IS FULLY CAPABLE OF ITS SECURITY NEEDS AND WILL ALONE DETERMINE THE RESPONSE TO A THREAT TO ITS SECURITY.
- Pakistan News Summary Pakistan Government Information Department 12 May 1998 - : The Chairperson of PPP and leader of the opposition in the National Assembly Benazir Bhutto strongly condemning the underground nuclear explosions by India. The nuclear scientist Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan said we are not scared of the these tests. "We had been feeling for a long time that India will carry out thermo-nuclear test."
- OPENING REMARKS MADE BY THE FOREIGN MINISTER IN THE
SENATE OF PAKISTAN ON INDIA'S NUCLEAR TEST 12 MAY 1998
- Statement by the Foreign Minister of Pakistan in the Senate of Pakistan on 11 May 1998 on India's nuclear tests The news of resumption of nuclear testing by India has not come as a surprise to us. For the past twenty-four years,
Pakistan had consistently drawn the attention of the international community to India's nuclear aspirations.
- Pakistan should go nuclear: Says Qazi LAHORE, MAY 11: Ameer Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan Qazi
Hussain Ahmed on Monday urged the PML (N)-led Nawaz Sharifís government to go nuclear.
- US ties with Pak need urgent review: Pallone - [May 8,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- US lifts ban on export to China - [May 6,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- US misses target, say Congressmen on Ghauri - [May 6,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- US misses target, say Congressmen on Ghauri - [May 6,1998] - The Hindustan Times
- PAK SANCTIONS 04 May 1998 - Voice of America --
THE UNITED STATES HAS ANNOUNCED SANCTIONS AGAINST A RESEARCH INSTITUTE IN PAKISTAN FOR ENGAGING IN AN ILLEGAL TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY WITH A COMPANY IN NORTH KOREA.
- Pak building missile boat with Chinese assistance - [May 2,1998] - The Hindustan Times
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Updated Monday, June 01, 1998 9:50:13 AM