NEWS SUMMARY (14-05-1998)

Pakistan to review signing CTBT stance, urges measures against India beyond tokenism

ISLAMABAD, May 14 (APP): Pakistan condemned India's two more nuclear explosions on Wednesday, declaring a review of its earlier stance of signing the CTBT after New Delhi did the same and urging the world to take measures against India beyond "tokenism." "Our position (before the Indian explosions) was that we would sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty if India did it - but now the situation has changed entirely and the events have overtaken us - and we are reviewing the situation," Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub told journalists in the Parliament House lobby. He termed the American insistence to observe restraint as smacking of "double standards." "Unfortunately there has been American pressure on observance of restraint on our part - this is clear double standards as India is allowed to go ahead with nuclear tests while we are asked to be restrained in our response," he told journalists in the Parliament House lobby Wednesday. Replying to queries about US President Bill Clinton's emphasis that its neighbours should not follow suit he said: "Had this language (by the American officials) been used for India when we repeatedly drew the world attention to BJP's designs - but we were not being listened to at that time." Asked whether Pakistan can face the sanctions in the event of a nuclear test response to Indian explosions he said: "Pakistan is a self-relying country and can sustain itself economically - a lot was said about this at the time of country's inception but we have proved that the country can sustain itself economically."

Pakistan terms latest nuclear tests by India as provocative

ISLAMABAD, May 14 (APP): A spokesman of the Foreign Office here on Wednesday termed the latest nuclear tests by the Indian government as provocative and said by nature these aimed at threatening the security of its immediate neighbours. When asked to comment on the latest Indian tests, the spokesman said that these tests have once again brought into focus the utter contempt in which New Delhi holds the world public opinion particularly the on-proliferation efforts. The muted and tentative response of the major powers has further encouraged India to show its total defiance. The South Asia region has been thrown into turmoil and its security has been severely endangered.

Great powers must act to curb Indian adventurism: Abdul Sattar

ISLAMABAD, May 14 (APP): Declarations of dismay, condemnations and disappointments alone cannot be credible and great powers have to act to curb Indian adventurism, said former Foreign Secretary Abdul Sattar here Wednesday. "Defiant and dismissive of global condemnation, India has proved itself a reckless and dangerous state," Sattar told APP here. They face a test in the wake of two more nuclear underground explosions by India at Pokhran on Wednesday. Sattar said the great powers have to, "demonstrate a capacity for action to curb Indian adventurism and guarantee the security of Indian neighbours." With its experience of Indian intimidation and aggression, Pakistan, has to take effective measures to safeguard its security, said Sattar who also served as Foreign Minister in a caretaker Government led by Moeen Qureshi. Abdul Sattar said nuclear threats can be contained only through nuclear deterrence. Pakistan has never been in any arms race."It does not need to match India, explosion for explosion or bomb for bombs," said the career diplomat.But Pakistan must strengthen its existing capacity which is minimal.

Gohar slams India'for going ahead with nuclear tests

ISLAMABAD, May 14 (APP): Foreign Minister Gohar Ayub Khan Wednesday strongly condemned India for "its highly irresponsible act" of pressing ahead with its nuclear tests. "It is height of irresponsibility by Indian leadrship," Khan told APP when asked to comment on the reports that New Delhi had conducted two more underground nuclear tests within 48 hours. He expressed apprehensions that India's intransigence would plunge South Asia into arms race. Wednesday's tests by New Delhi came despite U.S. President Clinton's call on India to stop further tests and sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) without conditions. Nuclear tests.

India has raised nuclear stakes in South Asia

WASHINGTON, D.C. May 14 (APP)- "India has sharply increased the nuclear stakes in South Asia and brought the entire region closer to a perilous situation," said Dr. Ghulam Nabi Fai, Executive Director of the Washington- based Kashmiri American Council (KAC). Dr. Fai said that the latest Indian nuclear tests executed in blatant insensitivity to the world community only seem to confirm former CIA chief Robert Gates' warning that India and Pakistan are at the brink of nuclear confrontation. The Executive Director said that the race of weapons of mass destruction in the area that was launched with India's first nuclear test in 1974 is pinned on a single issue, Kashmir that is bone of contention between the two South Asian neighbors.