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Baghdad INA in Arabic 0815 GMT 11 Jan 99 [FBIS Translated Text] Baghdad, 11 Jan (INA)-The newspaper Al-Thawrah, published here today, carries the second part of an article entitled "Who Apologizes for Whom?" by Tariq 'Aziz. The article says: What we mentioned in the memorandum, which I presented to Arab League Secretary General Chedli Klibi on 15 July 1990, was not the first occasion or attempt to discuss the base Kuwaiti conspiracy against Iraq. In its effort to deal with the Kuwaiti ruler's policy of flooding the oil market and reducing prices, Iraq initially resorted to dialogue with Kuwait. Dr. Sa'dun Hammadi, then deputy prime minister, made several visits to the Gulf states, particularly Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, to find a solution to this issue, but to no avail. The Kuwaiti rulers insisted on continuing their policy. Strangely enough, the other Gulf states that were harmed by Kuwait's conduct, as well as Egypt, did not apply any pressure on Kuwait to change this behavior, which was damaging to them all. In a previous article, I mentioned that I told President Husni Mubarak on 23 July 1990 that Egypt had lost more than $0.5 billion as a result of this Kuwaiti behavior. A summit was held in Baghdad in May 1990. Why was that summit held, and what happened during that summit, particularly as regards this subject? Since February 1990, a feverish campaign was started in the United States and certain western states against Iraq, with special emphasis on its weapons programs. The measures of sanctions and siege against Iraq started to follow. The United States froze its contracts for trade with Iraq in the field of food supplies and stopped the export of technology to Iraq, although Iraq was importing very little from it at that time. Brutal press campaigns also started in the United States against Iraq and against President Saddam Husayn personally. US newspapers and magazines started to publish sensational headlines, such as "Saddam Husayn: Most Dangerous Man in the World," and "Saddam Husayn: Enemy of the People," meaning of course the American people. Within the same context, certain states in Europe began to confiscate equipment bought by Iraq under the pretext that this was military equipment. Everybody remembers the clamor that was raised over the Super Gun and other equipment. All this coincided with the Kuwaiti rulers' action of flooding the oil market with extra oil for no economic reason, as we have mentioned in part one of this article. Before that, in 1989 Norman Schwarzkopf, who commanded the aggression against Iraq the next year, visited Kuwait. Dick Cheney, the US defense secretary during President Bush's term in office, told the New York Times on 27 January 1991 that the US Administration completed in autumn 1989 the drafting of plans for a war in the Gulf. In October of the same year, 1989, I met with James Baker in Washington. I told him: Yes, you promote in the Gulf that Iraq is a threat to them, and you are promoting warnings against Iraq. Your intelligence agencies are active against the leadership in Iraq. All this information is coming from official Gulf sources. All this happened before Iraq entered "oppressed" Kuwait. The Arab heads of state, monarchs, and amirs remember President Saddam Husayn's statement during the Baghdad summit meeting in 1990 on Kuwait's attitude to the oil issue, do they not? Following is President Saddam Husayn's statement: "We hope that our future conferences will be like this one and the previous ones, God willing, although the previous ones faced some brotherly problems. We thank God that this conference has proceeded in this way. Yet, I have an observation to make within the framework of this good gathering. Brothers, you know that since 1986, our major Arab oil revenues in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Libya, Algeria, Kuwait or any other oil-producing Arab country form the bulk of the economic strength in the Arab life. "In 1986, while we were still at war, we faced a circumstance, whose difficulties were similar to those of fighting, because it affected our economy and our major revenue, oil. So, some kind of confusion prevailed in the oil market after some parties refused to comply with the OPEC's resolutions. We are not a member of OPEC, but I would like to make a brief observation that may be useful to all of us. The confusion resulted from the failure of some of our Arab brothers to comply with OPEC's resolutions after the market was flooded with oil, giving time and flexibility to the buyers at the expense of the prevailing prices. As a result, the prices dropped to $7. Regarding Iraq, which is not a major oil-producing country or a member of the OPEC, I can say that if the oil price drops by $1 per barrel, Iraq will lose $1 billion a year. Hence, we can assess the huge oil loss the Arab nation will suffer per year. So, the direct answer to this question is: Why should the Arab nation lose tens of billions of dollars as a result of a technical or non-technical fault and without any justification, particularly since the buyers at least this year have prepared themselves to pay $25 for a barrel, as we have heard from the westerners, who are major buyers in the oil market? "This huge loss in our economy is caused by a confused vision or a failure to view the local issues from the pan-Arab angle. If we consider the overall pan-Arab economy and the extent of damage caused to it, we will hesitate much before doing anything that may cause such huge damage to the pan-Arab economy. I would like to say this in a frank, brotherly, simple, and direct way rather than in an analytical way. During wars, soldiers are harmed or killed by explosives, coup attempts take place, and economies are harmed. I hope that our brothers, who do not intend to launch wars--I am now exercising our right to speak within the framework of Iraq's sovereignty--that this behavior is a kind of war against Iraq. "If we had the ability to bear this, we would have borne it, but I believe that all our brothers are aware of our state of affairs, which we hope will improve, God willing. I say that we have reached a point at which we cannot bear any pressure. We, as well as the whole nation, will benefit from commitment to OPEC's resolutions in terms of oil production and prices. Let us rely on God." Following the Baghdad summit meeting, President Saddam Husayn proposed to [King] Fahd that Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates hold a special summit meeting to find a solution to this problem. But Fahd procrastinated in holding the conference, and Dr. Sa'dun Hammadi visited Saudi Arabia and Kuwait to discuss the issue. Finally, Fahd agreed to hold a meeting of the foreign ministers of the four countries. Saudi Oil Minister Hisham al-Nazir then came to Baghdad. During his meeting with President Saddam Husayn on 9 July 1990, the president told him: "I will not accept seeing Iraqis starve and Iraqi women selling themselves because of poverty." The oil ministers held a meeting in Jeddah on 10 July 1990 and the conferees pretended to have agreed to confine oil production to OPEC's quotas. But as soon as the meeting ended, the Kuwaiti oil minister said that his country would resume its previous production rate of October. We knew that the statement would destroy the positive results that might have been reached because of consensus in the oil market and that the oil experts knew that the Jeddah meeting would be useless if Kuwait resumed its previous production rate of November, because the oil market witnesses recession during summer. In his speech on 17 July 1990, President Saddam Husayn announced a final warning to the rulers of Kuwait. He said: "The Iraqis, who have been exposed to this premeditated oppression, believe in the need to defend their rights and themselves. They also believe in the saying that chopping off one's head is easier for him than being deprived of his livelihood. If words fail to provide protection to the kinfolk, effective action should be taken to restore usurped rights to their owners." These clear facts on the Kuwaiti rulers' past behavior, as well as their behavior before the events of 2 August 1990, proves that these rulers had colluded with US plans to weaken Iraq economically and militarily, guarantee Israel's superiority over the Arabs, and impose US-Zionist hegemony over the region. The rulers of Kuwait were aggressors and not oppressed. Who apologizes for whom?