Date :February 17, 1995
Contact:Ambassador's Office
212-737-4433É, Fax: 212-737-7779

Health Situation in Iraq is Particularly Alarming

New York, N.Y.‹
H.E. Dr. Umed M. Mubarak, Minister of Health of the Republic of Iraq declared on February 15, 1995 that "If no action is taken immediately for lifting or easing sanctions imposed on Iraq since August 1990, the genocide, which the Iraqis are being subjected to, will take its full dimension."
The Minister of Health pointed out some aspects of the health situation in Iraq as follows:
- 76% of the Iraqi population is deprived of potable water due to lack of Chlorine. Most sewage pumping stations have ceased to operate due to shortages of spare parts.
- Hospital capacity in Iraq is 35,000 beds, however, only 30% of which are now operable due to lack of regents for laboratory tests, diagnostic equipment and medications. For this reason and many others resulted from the sanctions, 530,907 Iraqis died between August 1990 and December 1994.
- The nutritional situation of the children under five years of age is particularly deteriorating. There has been a sharp increase of severe malnutrition and related syndromes such as Marasmus and Kwshiorker. The number of cases of malnutrition registered between 1990 and 1994 reached five-million cases. This factor, added to the lack of medicine and vaccines, caused an alarming jump in mortality rates among children in this category from 32 deaths per thousand live births (Period 1985-1990) to 168 per thousand in 1994. The rate of under weight births (less then 2.5 KG. ) has dramatically increased from 4.5% in 1990 to 21.1% in 1994 due to shortages of food and the consequent low level of dietary intake.
- Several diseases that Iraq successfully eradicated are now widespread namely, Cholera, Typhoid and Habituates. Other illnesses previously rare in Iraq are now spreading such as Polmyelities, measles and tetanus.
These statistics and data mentioned above by the Minister of Health proves once again that the U.N. imposed sanctions are attacking an entire population, denying them food, medications and other necessities. This situation caused the death of hundreds of thousands of Iraqi civilians and risks to generate further catastrophes.
In light of Iraq's fulfillment of its obligation under Security Council resolutions, it is time for the Security Council to vote to end this tragedy.
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