Title: "Iraq Urged to Reveal Intentions on Oil Exports." Ambassador Morris Abram called on Iraq to indicate when it intends to start exporting oil under the UN Security
Council-approved system so that it can start paying for food and medicines as well as for damages it inflicted during the Persian Gulf war. (911129)
Translated Title: Petrole: L'Irak doit faire part de ses intentions. (911129)
Author: NEWMANN, ROBIN (USIA STAFF WRITER)
11/29/91 IRAQ URGED TO REVEAL INTENTIONS ON OIL EXPORTS (U.S. seeks intention on U.N.-approved system) (440) Robin Newmann USIA European Correspondent
Geneva -- U.S. Ambassador Morris B. Abram called on Iraq November 29 to indicate when it intends to start exporting oil under the U.N. Security Council-approved system so that it can start paying for food and medicines urgently needed by the Iraqi people and pay for damages it inflicted during the Persian Gulf war.
During a dialogue with the Iraqi government representative attending the current session of the Governing Council of the U.N. Compensation Commission, which is examining claims against Iraq, Abram said Iraq should give some "humanitarian consideration" to its people and take advantage of the means the U.N. Security Council has put at its disposal to permit a limited sale of oil.
"We are aware of the claims of humanitarian need of segments of Iraq's population," said Abram, U.S. representative to the council and permanent representative to the U.N. office in Geneva. "But...no United Nations sanction bars imports of food and medicine. And the Security Council, by resolutions 706 and 712, has provided means by which Iraq could pay for such imports by exporting oil."
Abram asked the Iraqi representative to "enlighten" the council on when Iraq "intends to comply with the provisions" of the resolutions, and when it intends "to take steps to implement the compensation it has agreed to provide."
Iraq is still constrained from freely exporting oil under U.N. economic sanctions enacted by the Security Council following Iraq's August 1990 invasion of Kuwait. But resolutions 706 and 712 permit the sale of $1,600 million in oil to pay for humanitarian aid this winter and to compensate those who suffered losses during the gulf war.
To date, Iraq has refused to comply with the oil-sale resolutions, asserting that U.N.-controlled oil sales interfere with its internal affairs.
Abram recalled that Iraq's actions caused not only "grievous" losses for those who suffered during the war, including hundreds of thousands of expatriate workers in Kuwait, but also "very grave and critical" economic problems for their home countries, most of which were
GE 2 POL503 developing nations that had to absorb so many people returning home so quickly.
"The (U.N.) Secretary General warned us that if resources are not available to meet these people's legitimate claims, there could be 'intense social and political restlessness in some concerned countries,'" Abram said.
"Thus, the wisdom of the Security Council's course in adopting" the resolutions becomes "increasingly apparent." NNNN
File Identification: 11/29/91, PO-503; 11/29/91, AR-515; 11/29/91, EP-505; 11/29/91, EU-502; 11/29/91, NE-507; 11/29/91, NA-503; 12/02/91, AE-105; 12/03/91, AF-206
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Languages: Arabic; French
Keywords: ABRAM, MORRIS; IRAQ-US RELATIONS; UNITED NATIONS-SECURITY COUNCIL; PETROLEUM EXPORTATION; FOOD SUPPLY; MEDICINE; REPARATIONS
Thematic Codes: 160; 1UN
Target Areas: AR; EA; EU; NE; AF
PDQ Text Link: 205875; 206146