Title: "Iraq Continues to Violate United Nations Resolutions." The US government is increasingly concerned about Iraq's repeated and systematic violations of UN cease-fire
resolutions, including unacceptable interference with UN inspection teams. (910925)
Author: PASCOE, DOUGLAS (USIA STAFF WRITER)
09/25/91 HIRAQ CONTINUES TO VIOLATE UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTIONS SH(USIA News Analysis) (840) BYBy Douglas Pascoe
TWashington -- The United States Government is increasingly concerned about Iraq's repeated and systematic violations of United Nations cease-fire resolutions.
President Bush made it clear September 24 that Iraqi attempts to interfere with the work of U.N. inspectors constitute "unacceptable behavior," and State Department spokesman Richard Boucher added that "they (the Iraqis) demonstrate an increasing effort...to obstruct the U.N. and to reject the terms of Security Council Resolution 707."
The comments by President Bush and Boucher came a day after the president called the world's attention to Iraqi non-compliance with the resolutions during his address to the U.N. General Assembly.
"Six months after the passage of U.N. Security Council resolutions 687 and 688, Saddam (Hussein) continues to rebuild his weapons of mass destruction and subject the Iraqi people to brutal repression," the president asserted. "Saddam's contempt for U.N. resolutions was first demonstrated back in August of 1990. And it continues even as I am speaking. His government refuses to permit unconditional helicopter inspections and right now is refusing to allow U.N. inspectors to leave inspected premises with documents relating to an Iraqi nuclear weapons program."
According to State Department analyses, there is ample, incontrovertible evidence of Iraq's intention to mislead the United Nations and its inspectors in violation of the Security Council resolutions. Although Resolution 687 demands that the government of Iraq agree unconditionally to declaration, inspection and elimination of all of its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles, Saddam Hussein's government has:
-- misrepresented the number and scope of development of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles;
-- used deception and concealment to prevent U.N. inspection teams from locating weapons subject to destruction pursuant to Resolution 687;
-- denied U.N. inspection teams full and unrestricted access to facilities associated with these weapons and missiles.
Further, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) voted July 18 to find Iraq in violation of its safeguards agreement and thus of the Non-Proliferation Treaty -- the first time in the agency's history that such a finding has been made against a member state. This pattern of behavior resulted in an August 15 U.N. Security Council resolution (Number 707) condemning Iraq and holding it in "material breach" of a number of its obligations under Resolution 687.
According to U.S. officials and U.N. inspectors, Iraq went to great lengths to conceal its uranium enrichment and plutonium production programs, as well as the material produced by those programs. Indeed, these efforts at concealment were so serious that IAEA Director General Dr. Hans Blix stated on July 18: "The large enrichment program in Iraq was clandestine. It was not placed under safeguards and no confidence can arise that it had peaceful purposes."
U.S. and U.N. officials are also concerned about apparent Iraqi efforts to develop chemical and biological (CBW) weapons in violation of the same U.N. cease-fire resolutions. According to these officials, Iraq has failed to fully declare its CBW agent stocks and related facilities; failed to provide full and complete access to U.N. inspectors; and refused to accept unconditional removal of all CBW material, equipment and facilities in accordance with applicable U.N. resolutions.
For example, U.N. inspectors noted that Iraq disclosed a biological weapons research program at its Salman Park facility only after the arrival of a U.N. inspection team in early August. The inspection revealed that the Iraqis were experimenting with micro-organisms that could produce botulism and/or anthrax.
President Bush was clear in his response to these continuing Iraqi violations of U.N. resolutions: "It is the United States view that we must keep the United Nations sanctions in place as long as he (Saddam Hussein) remains in power. And this also shows that we cannot compromise for a moment in seeing that Iraq destroys all of its weapons of mass destruction and the means to deliver them. And we will not compromise." He added, however, that the United States has no desire to punish the Iraqi people -- "our argument is with a brutal dictator whose arrogance dishonors the Iraqi people."
Administration officials have concluded that Iraq's behavior in obstructing, concealing and misrepresenting its weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missile programs to the U.N. Special Commission and to the IAEA is being orchestrated at the highest levels of the Iraqi government, and that Iraq's intent in subverting Resolution 687 represented a policy aimed at retaining a capability for producing weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles.
In his address to the U.N. General Assembly, President Bush urged the United Nations not to abandon its principled stand against Saddam Hussein's aggression. He said that the concerted international effort that liberated Kuwait "can lead to a just government in Iraq. And when it does...the Iraqi people can look forward to better lives -- free at home (and) free to engage in a world beyond their borders." NNNN
File Identification: 09/25/91, PO-312; 09/25/91, AE-306; 09/25/91, EP-317; 09/25/91, EP-317; 09/25/91, NE-315; 09/26/91, AS-402; 09/26/91, AR-403; 09/26/91, NA-409
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Languages: Arabic; Spanish
Keywords: IRAQ/Defense & Military; MILITARY CAPABILITIES; UNITED NATIONS; ARMS CONTROL VERIFICATION; INSPECTIONS; IRAQ-US RELATIONS; IRAQ/Politics & Government; HUMAN RIGHTS; INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY; CHEMICAL & BIOLOGICAL WAR
Thematic Codes: 1UN; 1NE; 1AC
Target Areas: AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link: 198553; 198616