Tracking Number:  190995

Title:  "Editorial: Coalition's Role in Iraq Continues." Perhaps the most brutal war Saddam Hussein has waged has been against the people of his own country--particularly the ethnic Kurds in the north. (910719)

Translated Title:  Editorial: La coalicion sigue ejerciendo su funcion en Irak. (910719)
Date:  19910719



N(Following is an editorial, broadcast by the Voice of America July 19, reflecting the views of the U.S. government.)

TSaddam Hussein has waged aggressive war against two of Iraq's neighbors, first Iran and then Kuwait. But perhaps the most brutal war the Iraqi tyrant has waged has been against the people of his own country -- particularly the ethnic Kurds in the north. In 1988, the world was shocked when the Iraqi army killed thousands of Kurds with chemical weapons and caused tens of thousands of others to flee across the border into Turkey. Following his defeat in the recent Persian Gulf war, Saddam's forces began to kill more Iraqi citizens, both in the north and the south. This time, hundreds of thousands of Iraqis fled into thee mountains on their way to Turkey or Iran.

In order to stop the killing -- and prevent mass deaths from malnutrition, disease and exposure -- an international force was sent to northern Iraq in April. Thanks to these troops from the United States and about a dozen other nations, the Kurds have been able to return to their homes in safety. Today, virtually all of the Iraqi Kurds who fled to Turkey are back home, along with many of the Iraqis who fled to Iran.

This week, the last members of the international force left Iraq. But as U.S. officials have made clear, the redeployment of the international force does not mean the end of the coalition's role in Iraq. "We'll be just a phone call away," said Lieutenant General John Shalikashvili, the commander of the allied troops. Elements of the international force are now stationed in Turkey and on a U.S. aircraft carrier in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. The force will maintain an appropriate level of troops and aircraft in the region to insure that the conditions which caused the Kurds and other Iraqi refugees to flee their homes do not recur. Neither fixed-wing Iraqi aircraft nor Iraqi helicopters will be allowed to fly north of the 36th parallel. The Iraqi army, special police and military border guards will not be allowed inside the security zone.

As General Shalikashvili said, "We have made it clear to the government in Baghdad (that) we have a deep interest in the peace throughout Iraq, and we are prepared to take certain measures when that peace is violated -- and that applies throughout Iraq." NNNN Iraq." NNNN

File Identification:  07/19/91, TX-501; 07/19/91, AX-502; 07/19/91, AR-512; 07/19/91, PX-501; 07/19/91, EU-515; 07/19/91, NE-505; 07/19/91, NA-506; 07/19/91, AS-509
Product Name:  Wireless File; VOA Editorials
Product Code:  WF; VO
Languages:  Arabic; Spanish
Document Type:  EDI
Thematic Codes:  160; 1UN
Target Areas:  AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link:  190995; 191106