Tracking Number:  190994

Title:  UN Compensation Commission, established by Security Council Resolution 692, to meet to establish guidelines for the presentation and evaluation of claims resulting from Iraq's occupation of Kuwait. UN Report. (910719)

Title:  The UN Special Commission set up to destroy Iraq's nuclear weapons program still questioning Iraq's nuclear claims. UN Report. (910719)

Title:  UN confirms clashes between Kurds and Iraqi army. UN Report. (910719)

Date:  19910719


07/19/91 HUNITED NATIONS REPORT, FRIDAY, JULY 19 SH(Compensation Commission, Iraq, Kurds) (750)


TThe governing council of the U.N. Compensation Commission will hold its first session in Geneva July 23 to August 2 to establish guidelines for the presentation and evaluation of claims resulting from Iraq's occupation of Kuwait.

The governing council is composed of the representatives of the current 15 members of the Security Council. It is the main organ of the U.N. Compensation Commission which was established by Security Council Resolution 692 as part of the cease-fire demands on Iraq.


TThe U.N. Special Commission set up to destroy Iraq's nuclear weapons program said that "much work needs to be done" before the full extent of Baghdad's program can be determined and that it would be " take the government of Iraq's statements at face value."

In a press statement issued July 19, the Commission added that "the question of how much enriched material may have been accumulated by Iraq must remain open, this is to say, there is nothing offered by Iraq to date to give confidence in a conclusion that significant quantities of highly enriched uranium have not been produced.

"A thorough analysis of data and equipment, as well as continued inspections of designated sites, are essential to establish the facts in Iraq with regard to the full scope of the Iraqi nuclear program," the statement continued.

The head of the special commission, Ambassador Rolf Ekeus of Sweden, also informed the five permanent members of the Security Council (China, France, Great Britain, USSR, and the United States) that he is not convinced that Iraq has disclosed the full extent of its chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons capabilities.

The special commission currently has a third team of nuclear experts and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) officials viewing sites and collecting data in Iraq.

According to the commission statement, the reports from the teams "make clear that there is much work to be done before any conclusions can be reached about whether or not more equipment or material remain to be turned over to the International Atomic Energy Agency/Special Commission. Furthermore, preliminary findings apply to only few facilities, some of which Iraq originally failed to declare."

Commission members said at a press conference July 15 that they had found another large multi-billion dollar uranium enrichment plant which Baghdad omitted from its declarations to the U.N. Security Council. They reported there are still discrepancies between what Iraq has declared and what the experts are finding as they inspect facilities around the country. The team also said the type of facilities seen so far is not practical for peaceful atomic energy uses.

"Iraq has not revealed work in three enrichment technologies. Only further inspections can establish the extent of the activities with regard to enrichment, and whether Iraq has not been active in other technologies in this field as well," the July 19 statement said.

In a related development, the commission confirmed reports that it had received documents from Iraq admitting that Baghdad also has been building a "supergun." Iraq had denied having such a gun as recently as May.

In documents filed with the U.N. Special Commission July 18, Iraq admitted possessing a gun with a barrel 350 millimeters wide and 45 meters long and that it was building a second one. The commission noted that the gun would have been inaccurate for conventional armaments, and it is trying to determine if the weapon was intended for chemical, biological, or nuclear use, said one diplomat, who spoke on the condition of anonymity.


TThe United Nations guards on duty in northern Iraq reported clashes between Kurds and Iraqi forces July 19, U.N. officials said.

Preliminary information received by the office of Executive Delegate Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan in Geneva indicated that casualties were estimated between 50 and 500; the number of wounded was undetermined.

There are currently 100 U.N. personnel in northern Iraq, 87 of whom are U.N. guards sent to monitor the area after the withdrawal of allied forces who were providing a security zone for the Kurds.

Prince Sadruddin was in contact with Kurdish and Iraqi leaders and had "positive responses from both sides" to his appeal to stop the fighting, the United Nations said. NNNN

File Identification:  07/19/91, PO-508; 07/19/91, AE-508; 07/19/91, EP-513; 07/19/91, EU-502; 07/19/91, NE-511; 07/22/91, AR-105
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Thematic Codes:  160; 1UN
Target Areas:  AF; EA; EU; NE; AR
PDQ Text Link:  190994