Tracking Number:  190820

Title:  "Aid to Iraq Must Be Controlled Externally, Says US." Sharply denouncing Iraq's violations of the cease-fire agreement that ended the Persian Gulf war, US Ambassador Thomas Pickering insisted that any provision of aid to Iraqi citizens must be strictly controlled and supervised by the international community. (910718)

Translated Title:  Ayuda a Irak debe controlarse desde el exterior, afirma EU. (910718)
Date:  19910718



AID TO IRAQ MUST BY CONTROLLED EXTERNALLY, SAYS U.S. (Pickering, Bolton decry Iraqi defiance) (820) By Berta Gomez USIA Staff Writer

Washington -- Sharply denouncing Iraq's violations of the cease-fire agreement that ended the Persian Gulf war, U.S.Ambassador Thomas Pickering insisted July 18 that any provision of aid to Iraqi citizens must be strictly controlled and supervised by the international community.

"First and foremost we must continue to deny (Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein) any external financial resources," added Pickering, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.

Testifying before a joint hearing of the House Foreign Affairs Subcommittees on Europe and the Middle East and on Human Rights and International Organizations, Pickering noted that reports of significant suffering on the part of Iraqi civilians have led the United States and its allies to consider a partial easing of the sanctions that were imposed after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait last August.

Several post-war reports, including one prepared by Prince Saddrudin Aga Khan, the U.N. coordinator for relief efforts in Iraq, have suggested that Iraq be allowed to sell a portion of its oil to pay for food, medicine and other badly needed materials.

However, the Baghdad regime's "dismaying" behavior over the past year, and particularly since the cease-fire, require a careful handling of any such program, Pickering warned.

The U.N. must have "total control" over the proceeds of any future Iraqi oil sales, and over any purchases made with those proceeds, he said. Similarly, the United Nations must be allowed to conduct "strict monitoring" of the distribution of food and other humanitarian goods "to ensure that Saddam cannot continue his practice of diversion of foodstuffs from the needy to his party and military cronies," he said.

Pickering emphasized that Iraqi oil revenues should be used to pay for the implementation of the cease-fire resolutions, such as the costs of destroying its stocks of weapons of mass destruction.

He described the overall implementation of the cease-fire resolution as "sharply mixed." While the United Nations and its specialized agencies have demonstrated competence,

GE 2 POL409 creativity and professionalism, "we have been repeatedly frustrated and -- in the case of its nuclear weapons program -- dismayed by a pattern of Iraqi behavior."

That behavior, he said, has ranged "from delaying tactics in some areas -- such as in the repatriation of people and property -- to grave and outright violations of the cease- fire agreement in the area of Iraq's nuclear activities."

The ambassador warned that "Iraq must not miscalculate a second time. Its pattern of reckless defiance of the expressed will of the international community is intolerable."

He noted that the Security Council's July 12 resolution, which demands from Iraq a full accounting of its nuclear program as well as its total cooperation with the United Nations inspection team, is designed to address that problem. "The United States, together with other members of the Security Council," Pickering said, "are determined that it cannot be allowed to continue."

Pickering was joined at the hearing by John Bolton, assistant secretary of state for international organization affairs, who was similarly harsh in his assessment of Iraq's comportment.

The Baghdad regime, he said, has lied to the United Nations about the extent and nature of its nuclear program, has harassed and threatened Iraqi civilians and has interfered with the distribution of humanitarian relief -- all in clear violation of the cease-fire agreement signed by the Baghdad government. "In short," Bolton said, "Saddam Hussein is a liar."

Bolton briefly discussed a resolution sponsored by Representative Timothy Penny (Democrat of Minnesota), which would have the United Nations release frozen Iraqi assets and turn them over to UNICEF (the United Nations Children's Fund) for the provision of relief in Iraq.

"While we are all sympathetic to the needs of the Iraqi people and to the intentions of this amendment," Bolton said, "we believe that the first initiative must come from Baghdad. They have shown no such humanitarian indications."

He added that a number of U.S. citizens have legitimate legal claims against those assets and that, moreover, "President Bush has made it clear that we would not lift sanctions in that regard against Iraq while Saddam Hussein remains in power."

When asked if the United States and its coalition partners have the authority to use force to assure Iraqi compliance with the cease-fire agreement, Bolton replied that

GE 3 POL409 President Bush has indicated that existing U.N. resolutions "do give us sufficient authority."

He added that an additional U.N. Security Council resolution dealing specifically with Iraq's violations of the cease-fire agreement "is being discussed."

Asked by committee members to specify "at which point" military force would considered to be an appropriate response, Pickering said he was unable to answer because "that's the sort of thing that presidents decide." NNNN

File Identification:  07/18/91, PO-409; 07/18/91, EP-422; 07/18/91, EU-415; 07/18/91, NE-413; 07/19/91, AR-507; 07/19/91, AS-510
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Spanish
Thematic Codes:  1UN; 1AC; 3AI; 1NE
Target Areas:  EA; EU; NE; AR
PDQ Text Link:  190820; 190921