Title: "Iraq Should Pay for Its Own Emergency Programs." UN official Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan recommended that Iraq's own funds be used to resolve the dramatic food, water,
health and energy problems in Iraq. (910715)
Translated Title: L`Irak doit financer ses programmes d`urgence.; Irak debe costearse sus propios programas de emergencia. (910715)
Author: NEWMANN, ROBIN (USIA STAFF WRITER)
07/15/91 HIRAQ SHOULD PAY FOR ITS OWN EMERGENCY PROGRAMS SH(U.N. mission says other nations more in need) (660) BYBy Robin Newmann BIUSIA European Correspondent
TGeneva -- The U.N. secretary general's executive delegate for humanitarian assistance in the gulf recommended July 15 that Iraq's own funds be used to resolve the "dramatic" food, water, health and energy problems in Iraq.
Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, reporting on a July 8-13 inter-agency mission to Iraq, said U.N. and internationally-donated funds should be reserved for countries more in need.
"None of us on the mission team could overlook a glaring paradox: at a time when the international community is beset with disasters of daunting dimensions around the globe, we continue to appeal to the same donors to fund emergency programs in Iraq which the country could pay for itself. With considerable oil reserves in the ground, Iraq should not have to compete for scarce aid funds with a famine-ravaged Horn of Africa, with a cyclone-hit Bangladesh."
Moreover, Sadruddin said, the magnitude of the humanitarian needs in Iraq "requires funding which exceeds the capacity of international and United Nations relief assistance."
Speaking in Geneva, he told a meeting of donor countries to the gulf relief effort that his report contained ideas to monitor the use of Iraqi funds to ensure that those in need in Iraq would benefit from them if the U.N. sanctions committee -- which currently controls the use of Iraqi assets -- decided to ease sanctions against Iraq.
"If the sanctions committee were to decide that Iraq should be allowed to use funds from oil sales or facilitate the use of blocked accounts in order to meet urgent humanitarian needs, the (Iraqi) government indicated that it would cooperate in making available documentation relating to sales of crude oil as well as purchases of the authorized imports," the report stated.
The report estimates that $12,000 million are needed to repair Iraq's power-generating capacity and bring it back to prewar conditions. It said Iraq has about 25 percent of its prewar level of power generation, and "little more can be done further to increase power generation unless a major importation of new parts is allowed." The report also said that $6,000 million dollars are needed to restore Iraq's oil production and refining capacity to prewar levels.
The report estimates that $450 million are required to repair Iraq's damaged water treatment and sanitation system, $2,640 million are needed for food imports, and $500 million for agricultural imports.
Iraq's food supply position is "deteriorating rapidly in virtually all parts of the country," the report said. It also said that the Iraqi government's rationing system could only provide about one-third of the typical family's food needs, forcing the Iraqi population to pay inflated prices for food on the open market.
In reference to the health sector, the report said "it is highly improbable" that international humanitarian aid will be able to meet Iraq's demand for imported drugs and medical appliances which could cost $500 million a year.
Ambassador Morris B. Abram, U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations in Geneva, asked to what extent the mission had considered the most recent imports of food into Iraq. Between March 22 and July 9, he noted, the sanctions committee had received notifications of shipments of almost 1.1 million tons of foodstuffs -- or one ton for every 18 Iraqis. And this food did not include the relief supplies given to Kurds in northern Iraq and the "large amounts" of food entering Iraq from Jordan and elsewhere about which the sanctions committee had not been notified.
"If this much food is coming into the country, why are these prices as they are?" Abram asked. "And, undoubtedly, they are prohibited to a...major part of the population." NNNN
File Identification: 07/15/91, PO-107; 07/15/91, AE-110; 07/15/91, AR-122; 07/15/91, EP-122; 07/15/91, EU-111; 07/15/91, NE-112; 07/16/91, NA-204; 07/16/91, AF-205; 07/16/91, AS-202
Product Name: Wireless File
Product Code: WF
Languages: Arabic; French; Spanish
Keywords: AGA KHAN, SADRUDDIN; IRAQ/Economic & Social; HUMANITARIAN AID; RECONSTRUCTION; SANCTIONS; ABRAM, MORRIS; PUBLIC HEALTH; IRAQ-US RELATIONS; PERSIAN GULF WAR
Thematic Codes: 1NE; 1UN
Target Areas: AF; AR; EA; EU; NE
PDQ Text Link: 190343; 190445; 190355