Tracking Number:  187199

Title:  "Security Council Sets Up Iraqi Arms Embargo Regime." The UN Security Council unanimously reaffirmed the arms embargo against Iraq and asked all countries to monitor arms shipments and impose penalties for violations. (910617)

Translated Title:  L`ONU maintient l`embargo contre l`Irak.; Consejo seguridad establece regimen embargo armas Iraquies. (910617)
Date:  19910617


06/17/91 SECURITY COUNCIL SETS UP IRAQI ARMS EMBARGO REGIME (Iraq must pay for destruction of its weapons) (640) By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent

United Nations -- The United Nations Security Council unanimously reaffirmed the arms embargo against Iraq June 17 and asked all countries to monitor arms shipments and impose penalties for violations.

The resolution -- number 700 -- accepted the eight-page set of guidelines drawn up by Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar on how to ensure compliance with the council cease- fire resolution imposed on Iraq at the end of the gulf war. The guidelines require that all nations report to the United Nations in 45 days on steps they have taken to enforce the embargo.

The embargo covers all forms of conventional weapons and military equipment; chemical and biological weapons and their components; all ballistic missiles with a range greater then 150 kilometers; and nuclear weapons or nuclear-weapons-usable material or components. The embargo extents to all arms research and development; repair facilities and technology licensing; and personnel training.

States are required to prohibit the export to Iraq of any dual-purpose or multi-purpose items that they believe will be used for military purposes; they also must make sure that contracts with other states or foreign companies contain assurances that these items will not end up in Iraq.

U.S. Ambassador Alexander Watson called the action a "housekeeping resolution."

"We were approving the secretary general's report on the arms element of the sanctions, but, of course, this does not mean in any way that the other sanctions -- the main sanctions which also include arms -- are in any way relieved. They are on until they are lifted by the Security Council," Watson said.

"The point was just to follow through with (cease-fire resolution) 687," he told journalists after the council meeting. "We consider this just a housekeeping resolution. The situation doesn't change...the sanctions are in full swing across the board with the exceptions of food, medicines, and essential civilian needs."

GE 2 POL108 In a separate action June 17, the council also unanimously decided that Iraq should pay for the destruction of its chemical, biological, and ballistic weapons.

In that resolution -- number 699 -- the council approved the secretary general's plan for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the U.N. special commission to carry out the destruction of Iraq's weapons.

The council called on nations to contribute cash and services to help with the immediate expense involved in the destruction of the weapons and asked the secretary general to submit in 30 days recommendations as to how Iraq will pay the final bill.

Iraq has offered to cooperate with the United Nations, but said it cannot afford to pay the cost of the weapons destruction.

Watson said that the council realizes that it will be difficult for Iraq to pay "and that is one reason we have asked the secretary general to give us a report in 30 days on exactly how to do this....but that does not in any way" absolve Iraq from "the liability of the death and destruction it caused." He pointed out that the resolution is mandatory and Iraq "will have to pay."

The ambassador said it is important to get the disposition of the chemical and nuclear weapons underway as quickly as possible.

"It is very important that we get as much money as possible into the hands of the U.N. as quickly as possible to help the special commission," he said. "The real heavy expenditures will come when we start to destroy the chemical weapons sometime in the future. But we're not even sure how much that is going to cost or exactly how that is going to be done" until the special commission has completed its investigation of the number of weapons Iraq has. NNNN

File Identification:  06/17/91, PO-108; 06/17/91, EU-117; 06/17/91, NE-112; 06/18/91, NA-204; 06/18/91, AE-205; 06/18/91, AF-205; 06/18/91, AR-202; 06/18/91, AS-202; 06/18/91, EP-210
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  Arabic; French; Spanish
Thematic Codes:  1UN; 1NE; 1AC
Target Areas:  EU; NE; AF; EA
PDQ Text Link:  187199; 187357; 187271