Tracking Number:  179982

Title:  "UN Observers Head for Iraq, Kuwait." Austrian Brigadier General Gunther Greindl has been named chief observer of the UN Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission. (910411)

Translated Title:  "Des Observateurs de l'ONU en Irak et au Koweit." (910411)
Date:  19910411


04/11/91 * (FRENCH COMING)

U.N. OBSERVERS HEAD FOR IRAQ, KUWAIT (Peace-keeping force will be known as UNIKOM) (420) By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent

UNITED NATIONS -- The chief military observer and an advance team of political and military officers of the U.N. Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) are leaving New York for Kuwait April 10 to set up headquarters and survey the border area, a U.N. spokesman announced April 10.

The new U.N. peace-keeping force -- which will eventually number about 1,440 armed and unarmed personnel to monitor a demilitarized zone on both sides of the Iraq-Kuwait border -- was authorized by the Security Council April 9.

Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar also officially named Austrian Brigadier General Gunther Greindl as chief observer.

UNIKOM will patrol the demilitarized zone along the 200- kilometer border as well as the 40-kilometer Khor Abdullah waterway to deter boundary violations and observe any hostile or potentially hostile actions between Iraq and Kuwait. The largely barren and uninhabited demilitarized zone extends 10 kilometers into Iraq and 5 kilometers into Kuwait.

U.N. military observers traditionally consist of 300 unarmed military observers protected by 680 armed infantry and engineering and logistics units. But the UNIKOM personnel -- as is the case in all U.N. peace-keeping missions -- can only use force in self-defense. They are not authorized to take physical action to prevent military forces or equipment from entering the demilitarized zone. They will monitor the withdrawal of any armed forces now in the zone, maintain observation posts, and conduct land and air patrols.

The secretary-general has estimated that UNIKOM will cost 83 million dollars for the first six months of operation.

Meanwhile, Ambassador Eric Suy and four officials of U.N. humanitarian agencies were scheduled to leave for Iraq April 12 to assess the situation of Kurdish and other Iraqi refugees, U.N. officials announced.

Suy, the personal representative of Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, and representatives of the World

GE 2 AEF408 Health Organization (W.H.O.), the U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the World Food Program (WFP) are expected to spend 10 days in Iraq visiting both northern Iraq, where the Kurdish population is suffering, and southern Iraq, a U.N. spokesman said.

The secretary-general asked Suy to undertake the mission after the Security Council passed a resolution condemning Iraq's repression of civilians, especially Kurds, and asking for a report. The council also demanded that Iraq allow international humanitarian organizations immediate access to all parts of the country. NNNN

File Identification:  04/11/91, AE-408; 04/11/91, AF-409
Product Name:  Wireless File
Product Code:  WF
Languages:  French
Thematic Codes:  1NE; 1UN
Target Areas:  AF
PDQ Text Link:  179982; 179957