NEWS SUMMARY (20-05-1998)

India to hand over its secret nuclear programme to its defence forces:AIR

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :The three-decade old India's secret nuclear weapons programme of the Bhaba Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is being handed over to the Indian Defence Forces, reports "All India Radio (AIR)". Quoting BARC sources the radio said the latest change has taken place in the wake of Indian government's decision to induct nuclear weapons in its inventory. The nuclear programme included centrifuge emission plant at Mysore and a very high pressure facility for simulation studies. BARC also covered a plant to produce tritium, the key ingredient in recent Pokhran thermonuclear blasts, added the radio report.

India has become self-reliant in nuclear weapons technology: AIR

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :The Scientific Adviser to Indian Defence Minister, Dr. A.P.G. Abdul Kalam has claimed that India was now self-reliant in terms of nuclear weapons technology and was in a position to develop any number of nuclear warheads, reports "All India Radio." Addressing a joint press conference, the Chairman of Indian Atomic Energy Commission, Dr. R. Chidembrum and Dr. Abdul Kalam said the devices of nuclear tests carried out at Pokhran on May, 13 yielded about forty-three kilo tons.

US Sanction not to interrupt flow of World Bank funds for ongoing Indian projects: AIR

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :The World Bank has made it clear that the flow of funds for the ongoing projects aided by it in India, will not be interrupted despite the sanctions imposed by the US and loan cuts announced by Japan, reports "All India Radio (AIR)". According to details, the Bank's Director for India made the categorical statement in New Delhi quoting a communication from the Bank's Headquarters in Washington. He further said that all activities in India would continue as planned before. He said United States will not be in a position to muster support from its European allies and other countries to get the loan proposals for India vetoed. This practically proved when the US failed to convince G-8 summit on Sunday on joint sanctions against India.

Other countries not likely to join US, Japan in imposing sanctions against India: VOA

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :Despite international condemnation of the Indian nuclear tests there are clear signals that some countries may not join Japan and United States in imposing sanctions against India, reports "Voice of America" VOA. An Indian External Affairs Ministry official, who, according to VOA, said Saturday that New Delhi was satisfied because the group of G-8 has not mentioned the economic sanctions against India over its nuclear explosions. The Indian Government, according to the official, was ignoring the possible loss of economic sanctions by the United States, Japan and some other countries. However, they were waiting with concern whether other countries would follow the United States in imposing sanctions, especially the group of Industrialized countries G-8 which recently held their meeting n Birmingham.

International community fails to satisfy Pak's legitimate security concerns: Mushahid

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :Information Minister Mushahid Hussain Sayed reiterated that Pakistan's top priority is national security, but the Western world has not so far suggested any measure which could satisfy our "legitimate security concerns. He said as matter of principle, strict action ought to be taken against India for conducting nuclear tests and full support should be extended to others for exercising restraint. But unfortunately this principle has not been adopted by the G-8 countries, he told Seiichiro Noboru, the Special Envoy of Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto here late last night. The envoy conveyed the message that Pakistan should act wisely and not take any step, which could further deteriorate the situation. Mushahid said, Pakistan believes that the planned beefing-up of military power, and nuclear bomb is a part of Indian political and strategic ambitions. Japan should consider this seriously. What affects the Indian ideologies, will have on regional peace, he added.

PM hopes Radio Pakistan plays its effective role at this crucial time:

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday expressed the hope that Radio Pakistan will play its effective role at this crucial time when Pakistan faces new external threats and challenges. The Prime Minister said this, while recording his special message for Radio Pakistan on the eve of the Golden Jubilee celebrations of Radio Pakistan here Tuesday. He said, "I hope Radio Pakistan, at this historic time, will continue to enhance the courage and fortitude of the nation through its broadcasts and effectively play its role in keeping the people well informed." The Prime Minister said Radio is an effective medium of communication and link between the government and the people.

Indian tests threat to peace and stability in South Asia:

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :China's leading newspapers blasts Indian nuclear tests actions, accusing New Delhi of signalling its ambitions to seek hegemony in South Asia. People's Daily in a commentary said running against the international trend of peace the Indian government conducted three underground nuclear tests on May 11 and two tests on May 13. These tests have gravely threatened peace and stability in South Asia as well as the whole world, damaging efforts made by the international community to prevent nuclear proliferation and ban nuclear testing completely. As could only be expected, these tests have aroused worldwide indignation and are condemned by both the international community and India's own just opinion, the commentary said.

Clinton assures full security to Pakistan

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :US President Bill Clinton has said that Pakistan would be provided full security if it did not conduct nuclear test, Indian television (TVI) reported Tuesday.

Region is facing "a situation of grave crisis"--Munir Akram

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :Ambassador Munir Akram told the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva Tuesday that "the testing, policy declarations and now the threats by India," have created a situation of "grave crisis" in our region. In a statement, he drew the attention of the plenary session of the Conference on Disarmament (CD) towards "further developments that have taken place and are taking place at this time in the dangerous situation that has arisen following India's five nuclear weapons tests last week." In this context, he said, Pakistan government wishes to draw attention to the series of statements that have emanated from the highest levels of the Indian leadership on this issue.

Pakistan's security cannot be jeopardised : Premier Nawaz

ISLAMABAD, May 20 (APP) :Prime Minister Mohammad Nawaz Sharif Tuesday said that Pakistan's security was the most paramount factor and at no cost it could be jeopardized. In his letter to the chief of Muttahida Qaumi Movement, (MQM) Altaf Hussain, the Prime Minister was referring to his telephonic talk with the US President Bill Clinton. Prime Minister Sharif in his talk had categorically said that Pakistan can neither jeopardize its security nor shrug away from the challenges. "Whatever decision we take, will be reflective of national aspirations and in accordance with the national security concerns." Prime Minister in his letter to the MQM Chief said, "Pakistan has the nuclear capability and can face any aggression, but at the same time it does not believe in politics of tit for tat." Pakistan, he said, has neither shown any weakness nor given consideration to financial incentives. However, before taking any decision, he said," we will have to see the punitive actions taken against India."