29 October 1997


(White House on accomplishments of U.S.-China summit) (1260)

(The following fact sheet on the accomplishments of the U.S.-China
summit was issued by the White House on October 29, 1997.)

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October 29, 1997




The agreements reached today by the United States and China in a broad
range of areas will further cooperation toward a more stable, secure,
open, and prosperous world for the 21st~~ century.

Nonproliferation: The United States and China have a common interest
in keeping weapons of mass destruction and other sophisticated weapons
out of unstable regions and away from rogue states and terrorists.
These weapons fuel instability, spark conflict and threaten the
reliable supply of energy and secure shipping lanes.

-- Strengthening Controls. China has taken new, concrete steps to
prevent nuclear proliferation that threaten the interests of both
countries. China has:

1) Promulgated for the first time strict national regulations to
control exports of nuclear material, equipment and technology;

2) Issued a State Council directive controlling export of dual-use
items with potential nuclear use;

3) Joined the Zangger Committee, an international group which
coordinates international nuclear suppliers' efforts to control
nuclear exports;

4) Agreed not to provide assistance to unsafeguarded nuclear
facilities, including through personnel and scientific exchanges;

5) Provided assurances addressing U.S. concerns about nuclear
cooperation with Iran;

6) Tightened controls over the export of chemicals that could be used
in chemical weapons programs.

-- Regional Stability. The U.S. and China discussed the danger posed
by the provision of advanced conventional weapons to Iran which
threaten maritime activities and regional stability. China has agreed
to take steps to address U.S. concerns. The United States will
continue to monitor this issue.

-- Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation. Subject to case-by-case licensing and
on-going U.S. monitoring, President Clinton will take action to enable
U.S. companies to compete in China's nuclear power market. This will
allow U.S. companies to provide energy and environment friendly
technology to fill China's growing energy needs.

Human Rights: The United States and China have fundamental differences
in the area of human rights. The President raised U.S. concerns about
prisoners of conscience in custody for the peaceful expression of
their views and about other restrictions on expression, association,
religious freedom, assembly, and the protection of cultural and
religious traditions of Tibet. China has taken the following actions
concerning human rights:

-- Religious Freedom. China has invited a distinguished group of
American religious leaders representing the Catholic, Protestant, and
Jewish faiths to visit China to observe Chinese religious practices.

-- Prisoner Accounting. China has resumed cooperation with businessman
and human rights activist John Kamm in his project of accounting for

-- NGO FORUM. The United States and China agreed to preparatory talks
establishing a Forum for U.S. and China NGOs and officials to discuss
human rights issues.

-- United Nations Covenant. China has signed the International
Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, which obligates
parties to promote progressive development of these rights in their

-- UN Working Group. China hosted a visit of the United Nations
Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, which investigates detention of
prisoners in circumstances that may violate internationally recognized
human rights standards.

Political and Security Dialogues: The United States and China have an
interest in deepening the strategic dialogue between our two countries
which will contribute to a secure and stable world. As part of the
effort to deepen the relationship between the United States and China,
the two Presidents agreed to:

-- Meet regularly in their respective capitals.

-- Authorize the Secretaries of State and Defense and the National
Security Advisor and their Chinese counterparts to exchange regular

-- Authorize subcabinet meetings on political, military, security and
arms control issues to be held on a regular basis.

-- Establish a direct Presidential communications link.

-- Participate actively in UN discussions aimed at putting the UN on a
sounder financial basis.

Military-to-Military Relations: The United States and China have a
common interest in developing military-to-military relations in ways
that minimize the chance of miscalculation, advance transparency, and
strengthen communication.

-- Military Maritime Safety. An agreement designed to avoid incidents,
miscalculation, or misunderstandings between our naval forces.

-- Armed Forces Exchanges. The United States and Chinese armed forces
will share information regarding humanitarian crises and disaster
relief with the air of closer coordination in their reactions to such

Promoting Rule of Law: The United States and China have a common
interest in developing legal and judicial institutions that provide
more predictability and protections both for economic interactions and
for non-economic activity involving ordinary citizens.

-- Strengthening Legal Institutions. The United States and China
agreed to establish a joint liaison group pursuing cooperation on the
rule of law, including in areas such as training of judges and
lawyers, exchanges of legal experts, administrative law procedures,
legal aid, and commercial law and arbitration.

Cooperation in Law Enforcement: The United States and China have a
common interest in cooperating against the new transnational threats
of international crime, alien smuggling and narco-trafficking. The two
Presidents agreed to:

-- Fighting Drugs. The United States will station Drug Enforcement
Administration officers in its Embassy in Beijing to work in liaison
with Chinese counternarcotics agencies on cases involving violations
of U.S. narcotics laws.

-- Fighting Crime. The United States and China agreed to establish a
joint liaison group including agencies dealing with law enforcement to
strengthen efforts against international organized crime, narcotics
trafficking, alien smuggling, counterfeiting, and money laundering.

-- High Level Dialogue. At the invitation of Attorney General Reno,
China's Justice Minister will visit the United States in November,
accompanied by legal and law enforcement experts.

Economic Growth: The United States and China have a common interest in
making global trade and investment as free, fair, and open as
possible. The United States will continue to press China to provide
fair access to its market. China has agreed to:

-- Boeing~ Purchase. China has agreed to purchase 50 Boeing aircraft
valued at approximately $3 billion.

-- Information Technology Agreement. China has agreed to participate
in the ITA (Information Technology Agreement) which cuts to zero
tariffs on computers, semiconductors and telecommunications equipment.

-- Financial News Services. China and the United States have reached
agreement in principle on regulations governing provision of financial
news services by foreign companies to Chinese clients that will allow
U.S. companies to operate on acceptable terms.

Energy and the Environment: The United States and China have a common
interest in promoting economic growth and protecting the environment
at the same time.

-- Clean Energy. The United States and China agreed on an initiative
to develop clean energy projects in China through use of U.S. products
and technology and to enhance research and other cooperative efforts
in this field. The principal areas of cooperation will be urban air
pollution control and rural electrification, and clean energy sources
and energy efficiency. The initiative is an outgrowth of the
U.S.-China Forum on Environment and Development established during
Vice President Gore's March 1997 visit to China.

Science and Technology: The United States and China have a common
interest in developing the technology of the future that will spur
cooperation in areas of mutual interest such as space exploration and
medical research. The two countries will continue to cooperate through
existing Science & Technology agreements currently in place and will
undertake new cooperative projects in using space for earth science

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