July 22, 1997
Taiwan, as a part of China, is not entitled whatsoever to join the United Nations (UN), a Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesman said at a press conference in Beijing on July 22.
Tang Guoqiang noted that Nicaragua and a small number of other countries recently sent a letter to the UN Secretary General, proposing the issue of Taiwan's so-called "representation" in the United Nations, in a vain attempt to create "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan" in the UN.
Doing so has willfully trampled upon the UN Charter and its general purpose and principles and is a gross interference in China's internal affairs, the spokesman said.
"We strongly condemn this action," he said.
Tang went on to say that the United Nations is an international inter-government organization composed of sovereign states, and that only sovereign states can become its members. There is only one China in the world and that is the People's Republic of China, he said. Taiwan, as part of China, is not entitled to join the UN in any form.
On October 25, 1971, the 26th UN General Assembly adopted resolution No. 2758 by an overwhelming majority, a decision which had far-reaching significance, he recalled.
The resolution decided to restore all legitimate rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations and expel the representatives of the Taiwan authorities from the seats they had unlawfully occupied in the UN and from all its subsidiary bodies, so that the issue of China's representation in the UN was settled fairly and thoroughly, he said.
The resolution was a triumph of justice and legal principles and reflects the general purpose and principles of the UN Charter. It also thwarted an attempt by a small number of countries to create "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan."
Today the Taiwan authorities, in opposition of the historical trend, have gone so far as to buy off a small number of countries to reverse resolution No. 2758, Tang continued, noting that such moves openly despise the will of most of the UN member nations and challenges the general purpose and principles of the UN Charter.
But the tricks of the Taiwan authorities are doomed to fail, Tang noted, saying that this has exposed the Taiwan authorities' stubborness in clinging to the stance of separating the motherland, which will be firmly opposed by all Chinese people, including the compatriots in Taiwan.
"Peaceful reunification and one country, two systems" is the basic guideline to be followed by the Chinese government to settle the Taiwan issue, Tang said, noting that on July 1 this year the Chinese government successfully resolved the issue of Hong Kong in accordance with the concept of "one country, two systems." This heralded a major step China has taken on the way to the accomplishment of the reunification of the motherland.
In 1999, Macao will also return to the motherland, he added.
"We firmly believe that the issue of Taiwan will eventually be settled properly in accordance with the guideline of 'Peaceful reunification and one country, two systems'," Tang said, adding that the reunification of the motherland is the fundamental guarantee for the interests of the Taiwan compatriots.
With the accomplishment of the motherland's peaceful reunification, the Taiwan compatriots, together with the rest of the Chinese people from all ethnic groups, will enjoy fully the dignity and glory of the motherland internationally, the spokesman said.