NATO Expansion News - 1999
- YEARENDER: NATO CHALLENGES Voice of America 15 December 1999 -- This past year, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization - or NATO - waged a war, elected a new
secretary-general and celebrated half a century of existence.
- NATO FOREIGN MINISTERS Voice of America 15 December 1999 --
NATO foreign ministers say they support the European Union's plan to improve its military capabilities during the next few years, but the foreign ministers called for non-E-U members of NATO
to be involved in the decision making.
- Transcript: U.S. Defense Official Briefs on NATO Ministerial USIA 02 December 1999 -- A major topic of discussion at the NATO ministerial, according to the
U.S. defense official, was the real and growing ballistic missile threat from rogue nations, specifically North Korea.
- Text: NATO Defense Planning Comm., Nuclear Planning Group Communique USIA 02 December 1999 -- The NATO Defense Planning Committee and Nuclear Planning Group issued a Final Communique following their December 2 ministerial meeting in Brussels.
- NATO's Robertson: Allies Must Spend More for Capabilities American Forces Press Service 02 December 1999 -- "The time for a peace dividend is over because
there is no permanent peace in Europe or elsewhere," NATO Secretary-General George Robertson said Dec. 2 at the conclusion of the NATO Defense Ministers Meeting here.
- Fact Sheet: NATO Defense Capabilities Initiative USIA 02 December 1999 -- NATO released fact sheet detailing the objectives of the Defense Capabilities Initiative and progress made since the April 1999 NATO 50th Anniversary Summit.
- NATO DEFENSE MINISTERS Voice of America 01 December 1999 -- The United States is urging NATO members to spend more on their own defense.
- Text: Grossman Statement on Kosovo to Senate Armed Services Committee USIA 28 October 1999 -- Marc Grossman, assistant secretary of State for European and Canadian affairs, told the Senate Armed Services Committee October 28 that the NATO Strategic Concept adopted this year is a key to ensuring that NATO will be as good at dealing with future challenges as it was at facing threats over the past 50 years.
- NATO - MONEY Voice of America 21 September 1999 -- The man who will soon lead the NATO Alliance, British Defense Minister George Robertson, says members must clarify NATO's goals and do a better job of managing their money and manpower.
- Text: U.S.-Baltic Partnership Commission Communique 16 July 1999 -- The joint communique issued by the U.S.-Baltic
Partnership Commission July 16 underscores "progress achieved in
fostering cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and, in particular,
Lithuania's successful efforts during its CBSS [Council of Baltic Sea
States] presidency to enhance relations with the Russian Federation."
- Transcript: Talbott Remarks at Baltic Commission Ceremony USIA 16 July 1999 -- Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott says Lithuania,
Latvia and Estonia "are not only eligible" for NATO membership, "they
are making very real and concrete progress in that direction."
- TEXT: U.S. AMBASSADOR TO NATO ON THE FUTURE OF THE ALLIANCE USIA 03 June 1999 --
NATO in the 21st century will maintain strong defense
capabilities, despite the end of the Cold War and reduced military
threats to its territory, because of the need to defend the alliance's
shared values -- among them democracy, human rights and rule of law,
says the chief U.S. NATO representative.
- NATO / FUTURE ROLE Voice of America 12 May 1999 -- AS NATO CONTINUES TO BOMB YUGOSLAVIA, THE WESTERN
ALLIANCE IS ALSO TRYING TO REDEFINE ITS ROLE AT A TIME WHEN ITS
MAIN ADVERSARY -- THE SOVIET UNION -- NO LONGER EXISTS.
NATO TRIES TO FIND ITS PLACE IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM.
- TEXT: U.S. VIEW OF NATO ENLARGEMENT AND THE BALTIC STATES USIA 07 May 1999 -- The steps taken by Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to support
security and stability in Europe serve as evidence of their commitment
to the values shared by the 19 members of NATO and have "not gone
unnoticed" within the Alliance in its discussions of enlargement,
according to the permanent U.S. representative on the North Atlantic
Council, Alexander Vershbow.
- TEXT: U.S. AMBASSADOR TO NATO EVALUATES NATO 50 SUMMIT USIA 06 May 1999 --
Commitments to crisis management, NATO enlargement and
cooperation with Russia were major decisions made at the recent NATO50
Summit in Washington, according to Alexander Vershbow, the U.S.
Permanent Representative to the North Atlantic Council.
- NATO SUMMIT RESULTS: PROMULGATION OF 'A DANGEROUS NEW DOCTRINE' USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report May 3, 1999 -- Criticism of the Alliance's vision of a "new world order" clearly outweighed praise. While a few in Europe welcomed NATO's new emphasis on "protecting not just its own members, but other countries and communities as well," many underscored the problems with NATO's expanded purview and questioned the feasibility of trying to promote and impose--beyond European borders and "by force if necessary"--a "consistent" standard on human rights. The vast majority of media outside of Europe remained harshly critical of NATO's (read the U.S.') new blueprint, with most reiterating their concerns that NATO is "transforming itself into a global police force, ignoring the role of the UN." Echoing a typical view, a New Delhi analyst averred, "NATO is being enlarged--both spatially and doctrinally--in order to ensure U.S. military and political dominance over Europe, Russia and the rest of the world. The new strategic concept is suffused with this hegemonic intent."
- NATO AT FIFTY Voice of America 01 May 1999 -- ON THE LINE: DISCUSSION ABOUT THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF NATO AND THE KOSOVO SITUATION WITH
- NATO / U-S ROLE Voice of America 26 April 1999 -- NATO LEADERS HAVE ENDED THEIR SUMMIT SHOWING UNITY AND
VOWING TO CONTINUE THE AIR CAMPAIGN AGAINST YUGOSLAV PRESIDENT
SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC. A LOOK AT THE PREDOMINANT ROLE OF
THE UNITED STATES IN NATO AND ASKS WHETHER THAT ROLE WILL
CONTINUE INTO THE FUTURE.
- NATO Prepares for Future Challenges By Linda D. Kozaryn American Forces Press Service 26 April 1999 -- Rogue dictators, chemical attack, terrorist bombs -- preventive defense is the name of the game. The United States and its NATO allies are determined to be ready for any contingency.
- NATO AT 50 Voice of America 21 April 1999 -- NATO HAS UNDERGONE MANY CHANGES SINCE ITS FOUNDING 50
YEARS AGO. REVIEWS OF SOME DEVELOPMENTS AS THE ALLIANCE REACHES MIDDLE AGE.
- NATO SUMMIT ISSUES Voice of America 16 April 1999 -- THE QUESTIONS FACING NATO'S LEADERS ARE MANY AND VARIED. SHOULD MORE OF THE FORMER COMMUNIST EASTERN BLOC COUNTRIES BE BROUGHT INTO THE NATO ALLIANCE? WHAT IS NATO'S STRATEGIC MISSION?
- NATO SUMMIT Voice of America 31 March 1999 -- NEXT MONTH THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION -- NATO -- WILL CELEBRATE ITS FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY AT A SUMMIT IN WASHINGTON.
- A 'NEW ERA' FOR NATO: FORMER COLD WAR FOES 'WELCOMED' INTO FOLD USIA Foreign Media Reaction Report 18 March 1999 --
The March 12 accession to NATO of three former Warsaw Pact countries--the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland--which was commemorated during a ceremony at the Truman Presidential Library in Independence, Missouri, dominated the editorial pages in Europe and was prominently noted by media in East and South Asia, Latin America, Israel and Canada.
- NATO GETS THREE NEW MEMBERS Voice of America 18 March 1999 -- THE SUBJECT OF EXPANDING NATO HAS BEEN A MUCH-DEBATED TOPIC IN MANY COUNTRIES, BUT SOME U-S PAPERS FEEL IT WAS NOT DEBATED AS
MUCH AS IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN, IN THIS COUNTRY.
- NATO CEREMONY Voice of America 16 March 1999 -- IN BRUSSELS, THE FLAGS OF POLAND, HUNGARY, AND THE CZECH
REPUBLIC HAVE JOINED FLAGS OF THE 16 EXISTING NATO MEMBERS JUST
INSIDE THE GATE AT THE ALLIANCE HEADQUARTERS.
- NATO EXPANDS TO EASTERN EUROPE Voice of America 16 March 1999 -- IF RUSSIA WERE TO REVERT TO ITS FORMER AGGRESSIVENESS, PERHAPS AS A RESULT OF INTERNAL COLLAPSE, THE TRADITIONALLY WESTERN-LOOKING POLES, CZECHS AND HUNGARIANS AT LEAST WOULD HAVE THE BENEFIT OF NATO'S MILITARY PROTECTION.
- SOLANA AT THE COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS USIA 15 March 1999 -- NATO Secretary General Javier Solana said NATO is ready to act if President Milosevic "does not show a more flexible and
constructive attitude to the crisis in Kosovo at the Peace Talks" which resume in Paris March 15.
- NATO CHRONOLOGY 1947-1999 USIA 12 March 1999
- NATO ACCESSION OF CZECH REPUBLIC, HUNGARY AND POLAND USIA 12 March 1999 -- On the eve of the 50th anniversary of NATO (North
Atlantic Treaty Organization), Secretary of State Albright welcomed
its newest members during the March 12 accession ceremony at the
Truman Presidential Library in Independence, Missouri.
- ALBRIGHT, OTHER REMARKS AT NATO ACCESSION CEREMONY USIA 12 March 1999 -- Secretary of State Albright emphasized that
"the destinies of Europe and North America are inseparable" as she
welcomed into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization its newest
members -- the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland.
- NORTH ATLANTIC COUNCIL WELCOMES THREE NEW ALLIES USIA 12 March 1999 -- The North Atlantic Council has welcomed three new Allies
-- the Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary. "A new chapter opens in the history of the Atlantic Alliance and of Europe," the North Atlantic Council said in a March 12 statement from NATO Headquarters in Brussels.
- ALBRIGHT ON NATO ENTRY OF POLAND, HUNGARY, CZECH REPUBLIC USIA 12 March 1999 -- At the March 12 ceremony marking the entry of the three nations into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Albright vowed that "never again" will the fates of Poland, Hungary, and the
Czech Republic "be tossed around like poker chips on a bargaining table.
- NATO / NEW MEMBERS UPDATE Voice of America 12 March 1999 -- THE MOVE TO 19 NATIONS IS THE FIRST EXPANSION OF THE WESTERN MILITARY ALLIANCE SINCE SPAIN JOINED NATO IN 1982. POLAND, HUNGARY, AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC WERE, UNTIL 1990, MEMBERS OF THE SOVIET-LED WARSAW PACT.
- ALBRIGHT / NATO FUTURE Voice of America 12 March 1999 -- U-S SECRETARY OF STATE MADELINE ALBRIGHT IS
AMONG THOSE WHO SAY NATO STILL HAS AN IMPORTANT ROLE TO PLAY.
- NATO CEREMONY Voice of America 12 March 1999 -- THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION HAS THREE NEW
MEMBERS -- THE CZECH REPUBLIC, HUNGARY AND POLAND.
- NATO / NEW MEMBERS Voice of America 11 March 1999 -- FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 17 YEARS, NATO IS EXPANDING ITS
MEMBERSHIP, THIS TIME TO THREE FORMER MEMBERS OF THE SOVIET-LED WARSAW PACT.
- U-S / NATO / ROLE Voice of America 11 March 1999 -- AS NATO PREPARES TO CELEBRATE ITS 50TH BIRTHDAY, THE
WESTERN ALLIANCE IS TRYING TO REDEFINE ITS ROLE IN A WORLD NO
LONGER DOMINATED BY TWO SUPERPOWERS.
- NATO / EUROPE Voice of America 10 March 1999 -- BRITISH DEFENSE SECRETARY GEORGE ROBERTSON SAYS THE
DEVELOPMENT OF A EUROPEAN DEFENSE IDENTITY WILL NOT UNDERMINE
THE TRANSATLANTIC ALLIANCE.
- NATO CONFERENCE Voice of America 09 March 1999 -- NATO'S SECRETARY GENERAL SAYS IT NEEDS TO HELP BUILD A FEELING OF EUROPEAN COOPERATION AND BELONGING AMONG THE NEXT GENERATION OF BALKAN LEADERS.
- NATO SEC-GEN SOLANA AT "NATO AT FIFTY" CONFERENCE USIA 09 March 1999 -- NATO Secretary General Javier Solana says the real security agenda faced by Europe is to successfully manage the three major processes of transformation: 1) the transformation of Europe, 2) the transformation of Russia, and 3) the transformation of the transatlantic link.
- TEXT: CZECH, HUNGARIAN, POLISH MINISTERS INVITED TO NATO CEREMONY 17 February 1999 -- Secretary of State Madeleine Albright has invited the
foreign ministers of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to a
March 12 ceremony marking the accession of those countries into NATO.
- DEBATING NATO'S FUTURE Voice of America 11 Feburary 1999 -- AS NATO EXPANDS, ITS POST COLD WAR ROLE IS UNDER INTENSE DEBATE. SOME BELIEVE IT SHOULD CONFINE ITS ACTIVITIES TO EUROPE; OTHERS FORESEEE A GLOBAL ROLE. STILL OTHERS QUESTION WHETHER NATO SHOULD HAVE ANY ROLE NOW THAT THE SOVIET THREAT IS GONE.
- TRANSCRIPT: COHEN SAYS NATO RELIES ON STRENGTH OF U.S.-EUROPE TIES 09 February 1999 -- Defense Secretary William Cohen says the strength of the NATO alliance resides in the fact that the security of Europe and the United States "are inseparable."
- TEXT: COHEN DISCUSSES NEW NATO STRATEGIC CONCEPT
06 February 1999 -- Defense Secretary Cohen says NATO must prepare its military forces "to endure the stresses and the strains" of future operations that could involve dealing with threats from terrorists using weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
- TEXT: STATE DEPARTMENT ON 1ST YEAR OF U.S.-BALTIC CHARTER USIA 14 January 1999 -- State Department Spokesman James Rubin noted that January 16 is the first anniversary of the U.S.-Baltic Charter of Partnership, and cited the achievements under the Charter during the past year.
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