Index


Defense Budget: DOD Should Further Improve Visibility and Accountability
of O&M Fund Movements (Letter Report, 02/09/2000, GAO/NSIAD-00-18).

Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the military
services' and the Department of Defense's (DOD) fiscal year (FY)
1994-1998 operation and maintenance (O&M) budget requests, focusing on:
(1) identifying the differences between the amounts Congress initially
designated for O&M subactivities, and those DOD reported as obligated
for the same subactivities; (2) identifying those O&M subactivities
where DOD obligated funds differently that recommended by Congress in
each year of the 5-year period GAO examined; and (3) assessing
information available to Congress to track DOD's movement of funds among
O&M subactivities.

GAO noted that: (1) from FY 1994 through 1998, DOD changed funding
amounts for the 245 O&M subactivities by almost $43 billion compared
with the amounts Congress originally designated for them; (2) these
changes included both decreases and increases to the amounts designated
by Congress; (3) DOD moved almost $16 billion out of and $27 billion
into O&M subactivities; (4) every year from fiscal year 1994 through
1998 DOD obligated a different amount than Congress designated for the
same 63 subactivities; (5) in total, DOD moved about $19 billion out of
or into these subactivities; (6) in recent years DOD has improved the
information it gives to Congress on the movement of O&M funds; (7) but
this budget information is still incomplete and does not provide
adequate details of where funds are moved and why; (8) changes in the
way DOD presents budget justification materials, as well as
congressionally mandated changes in the level of details to be provided
by DOD, have improved DOD's budget information available to Congress;
(9) in particular, the high-priority readiness-related transfer reports
offer the most information available on why DOD moves funds among
selected subactivities; (10) however, the statutory requirement for
these reports will expire when DOD submits its FY 2000 report; (11) in
addition, from fiscal years 1994 through 1998, little information was
available to Congress about what DOD terms "fact-of-life" movements,
which DOD says are made to reflect changes that occur between the time
DOD formulates its budget request and the time Congress passes the
appropriation act; (12) DOD reported over $1 billion in fact-of-life
adjustments to its FY 1999 O&M appropriations; (13) DOD's financial
management regulation does not define these adjustments and provides no
guidance on when it is appropriate to make such adjustments, who should
approve them, or how much funding can be moved; and (14) without any
such guidance governing these movements, DOD and Congress cannot
evaluate whether the movements of funds are appropriate.

--------------------------- Indexing Terms -----------------------------

 REPORTNUM:  NSIAD-00-18
     TITLE:  Defense Budget: DOD Should Further Improve Visibility and
	     Accountability of O&M Fund Movements
      DATE:  02/09/2000
   SUBJECT:  Defense appropriations
	     Budget administration
	     Defense budgets
	     Reporting requirements
	     Military budgets
	     Reprogramming of appropriated funds

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Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Defense, Committee on
Appropriations, House of Representatives

February 2000

DEFENSE BUDGET

DOD Should Further Improve Visibility and Accountability of O&M Fund
Movements
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GAO/NSIAD-00-18

Letter                                                                     5

Appendixes

Appendix I:  Objectives, Scope, and Methodology

                                                                         26

Appendix II:  O&M Budget Structures

                                                                         29

Appendix III:  Differences Between Initial Congressional Designation
and DOD Obligation, by Individual O&M Subactivity and Agency

                                                                         31

Appendix IV:  O&M Subactivities and Agencies for Which DOD Consistently
Obligated Less Funds Than Congress Initially
Designated

                                                                         44

Appendix V:  O&M Subactivities and Agencies for Which DOD
Consistently Obligated More Funds Than Congress Initially
Designated

                                                                         71

Appendix VI:  Comments From the Department of Defense

                                                                         92

Appendix VII:  GAO Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments

                                                                         96

Table 1:  Differences Between Initial Congressional Designations
and DOD's Reported Obligations, by O&M Budget Activity, Fiscal
Years 1994-98                                   12

Table 2:  Consistency of Movements Between Initial Congressional
Designations and DOD's Reported Obligations, Fiscal
Years 1994-98                                   14

Table 3:  Summary of Differences in Funding Between Congressional
Designations and DOD Obligations, Fiscal Years 1994-9831

Table 4:  Differences in Funding Between Initial Congressional
Designations and DOD Obligations, by Individual O&M
Subactivity and Defense-wide Agency, Fiscal Years 1994-9832

Table 5:  O&M Subactivities and Defense-wide Agencies for Which
DOD Consistently Obligated Fewer Funds Than Congress Initially Designated,
Fiscal Years 1994-9844

Table 6:  Budget Information for Army Divisions 46

Table 7:  Budget Information for Army Claims    47

Table 8:  Budget Information for Army Corps Combat Forces48

Table 9:  Budget Information for Army Servicewide
Communications                                  48

Table 10:  Budget Information for Army Land Forces Depot
Maintenance                                     49

Table 11:  Budget Information for Army Echelon Above Corps
Forces                                          50

Table 12:  Budget Information for Army Civilian Education and
Training                                        50

Table 13:  Budget Information for Army One Station Unit Training51

Table 14:  Budget Information for Navy Ship Depot Maintenance52

Table 15:  Budget Information for Navy Weapons Maintenance52

Table 16:  Budget Information for Navy Air Systems Support53

Table 17:  Budget Information for Navy Flight Training54

Table 18:  Budget Information for Navy Fleet Ballistic Missile54

Table 19:  Budget Information for Navy Cruise Missile55

Table 20:  Budget Information for Navy Air Operations and Safety
Support                                         56

Table 21:  Budget Information for Navy Space and Electronic
Warfare Systems                                 56

Table 22:  Budget Information for Navy Coast Guard Support57

Table 23:  Budget Information for Navy Electronic Warfare58

Table 24:  Budget Information for Navy Junior Reserve Officer
Training Corps                                  58

Table 25:  Budget Information for Navy Fleet Hospital Program59

Table 26:  Budget Information for Navy Depot Operations Support60

Table 27:  Budget Information for Marine Corps Base Support for
Accession Training                              60

Table 28:  Budget Information for Marine Corps Maritime
Prepositioning                                  61

Table 29:  Budget Information for Marine Corps Base Support for
Recruiting and Other Training and Education     62

Table 30:  Budget Information for Air Force Primary Combat Forces62

Table 31:  Budget Information for Air Force Logistics Operations63

Table 32:  Budget Information for Air Force Space Control Systems64

Table 33:  Budget Information for Air Force Base Support for
Other Training                                  64

Table 34:  Budget Information for Air Force Global Command,
Control, Communications, and Intelligence and Early Warning65

Table 35:  Budget Information for Air Force Launch Vehicles66

Table 36:  Budget Information for Air Force Satellite Systems66

Table 37:  Budget Information for Air Force Arms Control67

Table 38:  Budget Information for Air Force Other Personnel Support68

Table 39:  Budget Information for On-Site Inspection Agency68

Table 40:  Budget Information for the Joint Chiefs of Staff69

Table 41:  Budget Information for the Defense Contract Audit Agency70

Table 42:  O&M Subactivities and Defense-wide Agencies for Which
DOD Consistently Obligated More Funds Than Congress Initially Designated,
Fiscal Years 1994-9871

Table 43:  Budget Information for Army Miscellaneous Activities73

Table 44:  Budget Information for Army Base Operations Support For
Land Forces Readiness                           74

Table 45:  Budget Information for Army Logistic Support Activities75

Table 46:  Budget Information for Army Land Forces Operations
Support                                         75

Table 47:  Budget Information for Army Unified Commands76

Table 48:  Budget Information for Army Other Personnel Support77

Table 49:  Budget Information for Army Management and
Operational Headquarters                        77

Table 50:  Budget Information for Navy Planning, Engineering,
and Design                                      78

Table 51:  Budget Information for Navy Mission and Other Flight
Operations                                      79

Table 52:  Budget Information for Navy Mission and Other Ship
Operations                                      79

Table 53:  Budget Information for Navy Combat Support Forces80

Table 54:  Budget Information for Navy Space Systems and
Surveillance                                    81

Table 55:  Budget Information for Navy Acquisition and Program Management81

Table 56:  Budget Information for Navy Warfare Tactics82

Table 57:  Budget Information for Navy International Headquarters
and Agencies                                    83

Table 58:  Budget Information for Marine Corps Operational Forces83

Table 59:  Budget Information for Marine Corps Recruiting and
Advertising                                     84

Table 60:  Budget Information for Marine Corps Recruit Training85

Table 61:  Budget Information for Air Force Other Servicewide
Activities                                      85

Table 62:  Budget Information for Air Force Base Support For
Logistics Operations                            86

Table 63:  Budget Information for Air Force Management and
Operational Headquarters                        87

Table 64:  Budget Information for Air Force Other Combat
Operations Support                              87

Table 65:  Budget Information for Air Force Administration88

Table 66:  Budget Information for Air Force Training Support89

Table 67:  Budget Information for Classified and Communications
Agencies, Defense Information Systems Agency, and Defense
Mapping Agency                                  90

Table 68:  Budget Information for U.S. Special Operations Command91

Table 69:  Budget Information for Defense Security Service91

Figure 1:  Number of Budget Activities, Activity Groups, and
Subactivity Groups in DOD's Active Service and Defense-wide
O&M Accounts, Fiscal Year 1998                   6

Figure 2:  How O&M Funds Are Moved Throughout the Fiscal Year11

Figure 3:  Movements of Funds for Navy Ship Depot Maintenance
O&M Subactivity in Fiscal Year 1998             20

Figure 4:  Structure of the Army Operating Forces Budget Activity30

DOD     Department of Defense

O&M     Operation and Maintenance

                                                      National Security and
                                             International Affairs Division

B-284037

February 9, 2000

The Honorable Jerry Lewis
Chairman
Subcommittee on Defense
Committee on Appropriations
House of Representatives

Dear Mr. Chairman:

The Department of Defense's (DOD) single largest appropriation group,
Operation and Maintenance (O&M), funds training, maintenance, and other
key readiness-related activities, as well as other expenses not directly
related to readiness. For fiscal year 2000, Congress has provided about
$104 billion for all these activities. 

To request funding from Congress, DOD divides its services' O&M budget
requests into four budget activities: (1) operating forces, (2)
mobilization, (3) training and recruiting, and (4) administration and
servicewide activities./Footnote1/ DOD further divides its budget
activities into various activity groups, then again into subactivity
groups. The number and names of the activity and subactivity groups differ
with each service. Although Congress reviews DOD's budget proposal for the
services and Defense-wide activities at the subactivity level, it makes
appropriations at the aggregated account level--that is, for the Army, the
Navy, the Marine Corps, the Air Force, and the Defense-wide O&M accounts.
However, to indicate how it expects O&M funds to be spent, Congress
designates,/Footnote2/ in its conference report on annual appropriations
acts, specific amounts for each subactivity group, Defense-wide agency,
field activity, and program. Figure 1 displays the services' O&M multi-
tiered budget structure.

Figure****Helvetica:x11****1:    Number of Budget Activities, Activity
                                 Groups, and Subactivity Groups in DOD's
                                 Active Service and Defense-wide O&M
                                 Accounts, Fiscal Year 1998

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Source: Our depiction, based on the services' and Defense-wide budget
justification estimates submitted to Congress for fiscal year 1998.

Congressional defense committees have expressed concerns about the extent
to which funds that directly affect readiness--generally those in the
operating forces portion of the O&M budget--have been reduced to pay for
other O&M expenses. To assist congressional oversight of O&M funds, the
previous subcommittee chairman asked that we analyze the active components
and Defense-wide agencies' O&M appropriations from fiscal year 1994
through 1998./Footnote3/ We did not include the reserve and guard
components, as it would significantly broaden the scope of our effort. As
agreed with his office, this report

o   identifies the aggregated differences between the amounts Congress
  initially designated for O&M subactivities, (especially the readiness-
  related subactivities) and those DOD reported as obligated for the same
  subactivities;

o   identifies those O&M subactivities where DOD obligated funds
  differently than recommended by Congress in each year of the 5-year
  period we examined (1994 through 1998); and

o   assesses information available to Congress to track DOD's movement of
  funds among O&M subactivities. 

To respond to this request, we conducted an analysis of congressional
conference and committee reports and DOD budget documents for fiscal years
1994 through 1998. We compared the amounts Congress designated for O&M
subactivities in its conference reports on various Defense appropriation
acts with DOD's obligations for the same subactivities. As discussed in
greater detail in appendix I, which describes our scope and methodology,
we used available DOD budget data as a basis for our analysis although our
past audits of financial statements have shown that the data may not be
reliable. However, it is the latest budget data available and we provided
our documentation of this data to the Office of the Under Secretary of
Defense (Comptroller) and service budget offices to aid in data
verification.

Since 1994, Congress has directed DOD to provide semiannual reports on
transfers from certain high-priority readiness-related subactivities
within the Operating Forces budget activity./Footnote4/ Included in the
reports are data on the funds moved into or out of these subactivities, as
well as explanations of the movements. During this period, Congress has
gradually increased the number of subactivities covered by these reports
to 28. Currently, all but one of the subactivities designated by Congress
as high-priority readiness-related are also considered most directly
related to readiness by DOD because they are in the Operating Forces
budget activity. The one exception, the Air Force airlift operations
subactivity, is included in the Mobilization budget activity.

Results in Brief

From fiscal year 1994 through 1998, DOD changed funding amounts for the
245 O&M subactivities/Footnote5/ by almost $43 billion compared with the
amounts Congress originally designated for them. These changes included
both decreases and increases to the amounts designated by Congress. DOD
moved almost $16 billion out of and $27 billion into O&M subactivities.
The changes made to these O&M subactivities accounted for about 12 percent
of the total amounts initially appropriated for O&M during the period.
Over half of the $43 billion was moved out of or into ($9 billion out of and
$13.5 billion into) 81 O&M subactivities DOD considers directly related to
readiness, while $10 billion was moved out of or into ($5.5 billion out of
and $4.4 billion into) 28 O&M subactivities that Congress now considers
high-priority readiness-related.

Every year from fiscal year 1994 through 1998 DOD obligated a different
amount than Congress designated for the same 63 subactivities. In total,
DOD moved about $19 billion out of or into these subactivities ($6.2
billion was moved out and $12.6 billion was moved in). About $4.3 billion
was moved out of and about $6.7 billion was moved into 30 subactivities
DOD considers directly related to readiness for a total of about $11
billion. The 30 subactivities include 11 of the high-priority readiness-
related subactivities. Further, of the 11 subactivities, DOD moved $3.2
billion out of 6 subactivities Congress considers high-priority readiness-
related (e.g., Army divisions, Navy ship depot maintenance, Air Force
primary combat forces), while moving $2.3 billion into 5 others (e.g.,
Army base operations for land forces, Navy mission and other flight
operations, Marine Corps operational forces).

In recent years DOD has improved the information it gives to Congress on
the movement of O&M funds. But this budget information is still incomplete
and does not provide adequate details of where funds are moved and why.
Changes in the way DOD presents budget justification materials, as well as
congressionally mandated changes in the level of details to be provided by
DOD, have improved DOD's budget information available to Congress. In
particular, the high-priority readiness-related transfer reports offer the
most information available on why DOD moves funds among selected
subactivities. However, the statutory requirement for these reports will
expire when DOD submits its fiscal year 2000 report. In addition, from
fiscal years 1994 through 1998, little information was available to
Congress about what DOD terms "fact-of-life" movements, which DOD says are
made to reflect changes that occur between the time DOD formulates its
budget request and the time Congress passes the appropriation act. DOD
reported over $1 billion in fact-of-life adjustments to its fiscal year
1999 O&M appropriations. DOD's financial management regulation does not
define these adjustments and provides no guidance on when it is
appropriate to make such adjustments, who should approve them, or how much
funding can be moved. Without any such guidance governing these movements,
DOD and Congress cannot evaluate whether the movements of funds are
appropriate.

To enhance congressional oversight, we are recommending that DOD take
actions to further improve the visibility and accountability of funds
moved within the O&M appropriations. DOD agreed with our recommendation to
provide more guidance on the fact-of-life adjustments. DOD did not agree
with our recommendation to continue to provide Congress reports on
transfers of funds in high-priority readiness-related subactivities
because DOD believes the information is available in several other
reports. However, because we do not believe these reports collectively
provide the same information, we changed our recommendation to a matter
for congressional consideration. 

Background

O&M is directly related to military readiness because it provides funds
for training troops for combat and for maintaining tanks, airplanes,
ships, and related equipment. O&M accounts also fund a wide range of
activities that are less directly related to readiness. These include many
day-to-day activities such as civilian personnel management and payments,
transportation, health and child care. Since 1989, O&M has accounted for
an average of 35 percent of the total Defense budget, making it DOD's
largest appropriation. Appendix II provides more detail of DOD's O&M
budget structure.

DOD has considerable flexibility in using O&M funds and can move them in
several ways. As shown in figure 2, after the initial appropriation is
made, DOD can "adjust" funding among subactivities through

o   adjustments directed by Congress in conference reports on
  appropriation acts and

o   fact-of-life adjustments DOD believes are necessary due to changes,
  such as unplanned force structure changes, that have occurred since the
  budget was formulated. 

After making these initial fund movements, DOD establishes a new
"adjusted" baseline budget. It can then move funds among subactivities
through

o   reprogramming actions, to move funds from one budget activity to
  another within the same account; 

o   statutorily authorized transfers, to move funds from other Defense
  appropriations (such as Procurement);

o   transfers from congressionally established, centrally managed
  accounts (such as for overseas contingencies);

o   supplemental appropriations that Congress provides for additional
  expenses during the year; and

o   rescissions, with which Congress cancels appropriated funds.

Figure****Helvetica:x11****2:    How O&M Funds Are Moved Throughout the
                                 Fiscal Year

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aIn the conference report on the appropriations act, conferees direct DOD
to make changes to its budget baseline. These changes are known as
unallocated adjustments and general provisions.

Source: Our depiction, based on Defense Financial Management Regulation
DOD 7000.14-R, conference reports on the appropriations acts, and
interviews with officials from the Office of the Under Secretary of
Defense (Comptroller).

DOD financial management regulations, which reflect agreements between DOD
and the authorization and appropriation committees, provide general
guidelines for various reprogramming. For example, congressional
notification is required for O&M reprogramming actions of $15 million or
more. In recent years, DOD has made efforts to provide Congress with a
single annual request for reprogramming actions requiring congressional
approval.

DOD Obligations Differed Substantially From Congressional Designations

From fiscal year 1994 through 1998, DOD moved almost $43 billion out of or
into 245 O&M budget subactivities after Congress made initial funding
designations. This amount represents about 12 percent of all the services'
and Defense-wide agencies' O&M appropriations over the 5-year period and
includes all fact-of-life adjustments, reprogramming actions, statutorily
authorized transfers, and supplemental appropriations. DOD moved almost
$16 billion out of and $27 billion into its O&M subactivities. As shown in
table 1, over half the fund movements took place within the Operating
Forces budget activity, which DOD considers most directly related to
readiness. Further, DOD moved almost $10 billion out of or into
($5.5 billion out of and $4.4 billion into) the 28 subactivities which,
under 10 U.S.C. 483, are listed as high-priority readiness-related for
reporting purposes. Appendix III shows these differences by O&M
subactivity for each fiscal year.

Table****Helvetica:x11****1:    Differences Between Initial Congressional
                                Designations and DOD's Reported
                                Obligations, by O&M Budget Activity,
                                Fiscal Years 1994-98^

                                      Continued from Previous Page
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M account : Operating : Mobiliza : Training : Administra :    Total  |
|             :    forces :     tion :      and :   tion and : differen  |
|             :           :          : recruiti : servicewide:       ce  |
|             :           :          :       ng :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Army        :           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Increase   :  $6,871.9 :   $105.9 :   $587.4 :   $3,250.5 : $10,815.7 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Decrease   :   3,001.9 :    178.1 :    661.0 :    1,265.0 :  5,106.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    : $9,873.8a :   $284.0 : $1,248.4 :   $4,515.5 : $15,921.7 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Navy        :           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Increase   :   3,734.3 :     37.2 :    233.7 :    2,775.8 :  6,781.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Decrease   :   2,907.4 :    301.7 :    306.5 :      616.9 :  4,132.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    :  $6,641.7 :   $338.9 :   $540.2 :   $3,392.7 : $10,913.5 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M account : Operating : Mobiliza : Training : Administra :    Total  |
|             :    forces :     tion :      and :   tion and : differen  |
|             :           :          : recruiti : servicewide:       ce  |
|             :           :          :       ng :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Marine Corps:           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Increase   :     412.4 :        b :    111.6 :      111.1 :    635.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Decrease   :     191.2 :        b :    139.9 :       41.7 :    372.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    :    $603.6 :        b :   $251.5 :     $152.8 : $1,007.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air Force   :           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Increase   :   2,186.0 :  1,395.9 :    370.7 :    3,048.1 :  7,000.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Decrease   :   2,837.4 :    852.8 :    503.4 :      978.8 :  5,172.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    :  $5,023.4 : $2,248.7 :   $874.1 :   $4,026.9 : $12,173.1 |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense-wide:           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Increase   :     290.6 :      9.5 :      8.3 :    1,223.2 :  1,531.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Decrease   :      92.8 :     57.9 :     11.3 :    1,118.6 :  1,280.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    :    $383.4 :    $67.4 :    $19.6 :   $2,341.8 : $2,812.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    : $13,495.2 : $1,548.5 : $1,311.7 :  $10,408.7 : $26,764.1 |
| increase    :           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal    :  $9,030.7 : $1,390.5 : $1,622.1 :   $4,021.0 : $16,064.3 |
| decrease    :           :          :          :            :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| DOD total   : $22,525.9 : $2,939.0 : $2,933.8 :  $14,429.7 : $42,828.4 |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amounts may not total due to rounding.

Note: Initial congressional designations for each O&M subactivity as
reported in annual conference reports on Defense appropriations acts for
fiscal years 1994-98.

aAmount does not include Army data for fiscal year 1996, when the Army
restructured its Operating Forces budget activity.

bThe Marine Corps does not have a separate budget activity for Mobilization.

Source: Our analysis, based on Defense O&M budget data. 

DOD Consistently Moved O&M Funds Into and Out of Certain Subactivities

DOD consistently obligated either more or less funding for certain O&M
subactivities than Congress originally designated. As shown in table 2,
DOD obligated less funding, totaling $6.2 billion, for the same 36 O&M
subactivities over the 5 years included in our review. DOD also obligated
more funding, totaling $12.6 billion, for 27 other O&M subactivities over
the 5 years. 

Table****Helvetica:x11****2:    Consistency of Movements Between Initial
                                Congressional Designations and DOD's
                                Reported Obligations, Fiscal Years 1994-98^

                                                                 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in billions                                        |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|          :        Total O&M :  :  DOD: readiness- :  :  Congress: high-  |
|          :    subactivities :  :       relateda,b :  :         priority  |
|          :                  :  :                  :  :       readiness-  |
|          :                  :  :       (Operating :  :       relateda,b  |
|          :                  :  :          Forces) :  :                   |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| For      :  Number :  Total :  :  Number :  Total :  :  Number :  Total  |
| each of  :      of : differ :  :      of : differ :  :      of : differ  |
| the 5    : subacti :   ence :  : subacti :   ence :  : subacti :   ence  |
| years    :  vities :     in :  :  vities :     in :  :  vities :     in  |
| 1994-98  :     DOD : fundin :  :     DOD : fundin :  :     DOD : fundin  |
|          :   moved :      g :  :   moved :      g :  :   moved :      g  |
|          :   funds :   over :  :   funds :   over :  :   funds :   over  |
|          :    into :     5- :  :    into :     5- :  :    into :     5-  |
|          :  or out :   year :  :  or out :   year :  :  or out :   year  |
|          :      of : period :  :      of : period :  :      of : period  |
|          :   every :        :  :   every :        :  :   every :         |
|          :    year :        :  :    year :        :  :    year :         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| DOD      :      36 :  $6.2  :  :      17 :  $4.3  :  :       6 :  $3.2   |
| decrease :         :        :  :         :        :  :         :         |
| d funding:         :        :  :         :        :  :         :         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| DOD      :      27 :  12.6  :  :      13 :   6.7  :  :       5 :   2.3   |
| increase :         :        :  :         :        :  :         :         |
| d funding:         :        :  :         :        :  :         :         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total    :      63 :  $18.8 :  :      30 :    $11 :  :      11 :   $5.5  |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Note: Initial congressional designations for each O&M subactivity as
reported in annual conference reports on Defense appropriation acts,
fiscal years 1994-98.

aData for the Army is only for fiscal year 1997 and 1998 because it
restructured its budget in 1996.

bAll of the subactivities designated by Congress as high-priority
readiness-related are also considered readiness-related by DOD because
they are in the Operating Forces budget activity.

Source: Our analysis, based on Defense O&M budget data. 

Appendix IV presents data on each O&M subactivity for which DOD
consistently obligated less funding than Congress designated during the
5-year period (fiscal years 1994 through 1998) and a description of what
the subactivity finances. Seventeen are among those DOD considers most
directly related to readiness, and 6 have been designated by Congress as
high-priority readiness-related for reporting purposes. The six are 

o   Army divisions,

o   Army corps combat forces, 

o   Army land forces depot maintenance, 

o   Army echelon above corps forces,

o   Navy ship depot maintenance, and 

o   Air Force primary combat forces.

For example, the Air Force reported obligations totaling about $988
million less than Congress designated for its primary combat forces
subactivity in fiscal years 1994 through 1998. This subactivity finances
front-line fighter aircraft and bombers and about 40 percent of the Air
Force's flying-hour program./Footnote6/ The Air Force said its
headquarters and major commands used funding initially designated for its
flying hour program for what they considered other critical mission
programs such as training ranges and base operations support. Our 1999
report on the Air Force flying-hour program found that $357 million
designated for the flying-hour program in fiscal year 1998 was moved for
these and other O&M purposes. However, we also found that (1) the Air
Force consistently requested funding for more flying hours than it was
able to use every year from fiscal year 1995 through 1998, using between
89 and 94 percent of estimated flying hours and (2) continuing pricing
problems have contributed to the Air Force's inability to accurately
estimate the funding it needs for this program. In a June 1998 report, we
recommended to improve pricing problems that the Secretary of the Air
Force direct the Air Force Materiel Commander to develop and implement
procedures to ensure that the prices that are established for individual
inventory items are consistent with the composite prices developed and
approved by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)
during the budget process./Footnote7/ The Command's efforts to accomplish
this are currently in progress.

DOD also consistently obligated more funds, totaling $6.7 billion, than
Congress designated for 13 O&M subactivities DOD considers most directly
related to readiness (see app. V). Five of these are subactivities
Congress has designated as high-priority readiness-related for reporting
purposes: 

o   Army base operations for land forces, 

o   Army land forces operations support, 

o   Navy mission and other flight operations, 

o   Navy mission and other ship operations, and 

o   Marine Corps operational forces.

For example, the Navy obligated a total of about $876 million more than
Congress designated for the mission and other flight operations
subactivity in fiscal years 1994 through 1998. This subactivity supports
all Navy and Marine Corps tactical air and anti-submarine forces, shore-
based fleet air support, operational testing and evaluation, operation and
maintenance of White House helicopters, and miscellaneous items such as
transportation of squadron equipment. Several sources provided additional
funding for this subactivity. In fiscal year 1998, for example, almost
$157 million in additional funds were obtained from the centrally managed
account for contingency operations. 

Some O&M funding increases came from three special transfer accounts for
drug interdiction, environmental restoration, and overseas contingency
operations. Congress established these transfer accounts to ensure DOD
would have funds for these activities without having to shift funds from
training, maintenance, or other O&M subactivities. For example, in fiscal
year 1998, the services received a total of $4.5 billion from the three
transfer accounts. However, information tracking these funds at the
subactivity level for the period under review was not readily available.

The reason for O&M fund movements among subactivities most often cited by
service budget officials is funds are needed to cover more pressing needs
or emerging requirements. Funds moved out of one subactivity cannot be
traced to another subactivity. Other work that we have done in this area
has noted that DOD's financial management systems are not designed to
capture the full costs of its activities and programs./Footnote8/ However,
services' budget documents do provide some explanations of where the funds
are moved. Many of the documents we reviewed stated that funds had to be
moved because of needs elsewhere. Having reviewed the services'
explanations of these movements, we question whether the movements were in
fact driven by more pressing needs or emerging requirements or whether
they were the result of initial budget requests that did not accurately
reflect the services' actual needs. For example, the Army consistently
failed to use all the funds budgeted for training ground operation
units,/Footnote9/ and in fiscal years 1997 and 1998, it moved funds
totaling about $880 million to other subactivities, including base
operations support.

Congress Has Visibility Over Some Movements of O&M Funds

The information DOD has provided to Congress over its movements of funds
among O&M subactivities has improved, but additional improvements are
needed to enhance congressional oversight of these movements and to ensure
DOD can account for its use of O&M funds. Although there is a requirement
for DOD to provide more detailed reports on high-priority readiness-
related subactivities, this requirement will soon expire. In addition, the
Department still does not have any formal guidance governing when it is
appropriate to make fact-of-life budget adjustments, which totaled over $1
billion in fiscal year 1999 alone.

Budget Justification and Appropriation Status Reports 
------------------------------------------------------

DOD uses its annual budget request and other reports to inform Congress of
O&M fund movements. However, the annual budget materials do not explain
where funds added to O&M subactivities come from reprogramming actions,
transfers from centrally managed accounts, or statutorily authorized
transfers from other appropriation accounts such as Procurement. 

The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998/Footnote10/
requires DOD to report monthly on the allocation of funds within O&M
budget subactivities and DOD has revised these reports. For its fiscal
year 2000 budget request, DOD revised its budget justification materials
to show details at the subactivity level, whereas prior justification
materials presented data at the activity group level. Although the revised
appropriation status reports and the budget justification materials'
format are improvements, they still only provide Congress with limited
information about fund movements. The appropriation status reports do not
identify separate actions (transfers, reprogramming actions, etc.)
associated with adjustments to the O&M budget or the reasons why
adjustments are made at the subactivity level. Budget justification
materials do not identify reprogramming actions or transfers or the
reasons for these adjustments. 

High-Priority Readiness-Related Reports
---------------------------------------

The House report on the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year
1996 noted the Committee's concerns over the extent of resources provided
for training and maintenance that are moved to other uses and the effects
of such movements on readiness./Footnote11/ Congress expanded the previous
reporting requirement on fund movements for the high-priority readiness-
related subactivities and now requires DOD to provide more detailed data,
including the total amounts moved into and out of each subactivity and an
explanation of the movement./Footnote12/ Beginning with DOD's fiscal year
1997 budget, DOD has been providing Congress with additional details and
explanations why funds moved for the 28 O&M subactivities listed by
Congress as high-priority readiness-related. However, this reporting
requirement will expire when DOD submits its annual report for fiscal year
2000 in conjunction with the President's submission of the fiscal year
2001 budget request to Congress. An example of the type of information
provided by these reports is shown in figure 3.

Figure****Helvetica:x11****3:    Movements of Funds for Navy Ship Depot
                                 Maintenance O&M Subactivity in Fiscal
                                 Year 1998

*****************
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*****************

Source: Our depiction, based on budget information for one O&M subactivity
in DOD's fiscal year 1998 high-priority readiness-related reports on
transfers. 

Fact-of-Life Adjustments
------------------------

DOD has not established guidance governing fact-of-life adjustments. DOD's
financial management regulations do not define these adjustments and
provide no guidance on when it is appropriate to make such adjustments,
who should approve them, or how much funding can be moved. Officials from
the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) confirmed there
is no formal guidance for fact-of-life adjustments. Therefore, Congress
has no assurance that fact-of-life adjustments do not need to comply with
established procedures for reprogramming actions that are reflected in
DOD's financial management regulation.

Fact-of-life adjustments are wide-ranging. For example, those made by the
Navy in fiscal year 1999 ranged between $3,000 and $96 million each. The
Navy reported that it decreased funding for fleet air training by $96
million because, on the basis of more recent data, it expected to fly
fewer hours and have fewer students. The Navy said it made this adjustment
to reflect changes that occurred after the budget was prepared but before
Congress passed the appropriations. 

The House Committee on Appropriations' report on the fiscal year 1999
Defense appropriation bill specifically expressed concern about DOD's fact-
of-life adjustments./Footnote13/ The conference report on the 1999 Defense
Appropriations Act supported the House Committee on Appropriations'
position and required DOD to report on the extent it was making these
adjustments for fiscal year 1999./Footnote14/ To comply with the
requirement, DOD reported over $1 billion in fact-of-life adjustments to
the fiscal year 1999 O&M appropriations. 

Conclusions

DOD has broad discretion in how it uses O&M funds. It has used this
discretion to move funds among various subactivities. For some readiness-
related subactivities, this movement has been significant. As a result, it
is important that congressional committees maintain visibility over the
movement of funds within the O&M account. 

When the requirement for DOD to submit reports on high-priority readiness-
related subactivities expires in 2000, Congress will no longer have ready
access to the level of budgetary information it now has and will be less
able to oversee DOD's movement of funds for the operation and maintenance
of U.S. fighting forces. Currently, these reports are the only timely and
detailed sources of information on the movement of funds among key
readiness-related military O&M subactivities to aid Congress in
determining why funds are obligated differently than Congress initially
designated. 

DOD cannot assure Congress that fact-of-life adjustments (which totaled
over $1 billion in fiscal year 1999) do not include movements of funds
that should otherwise comply with established procedures for reprogramming
actions. DOD's lack of formal guidance on fact-of-life adjustments limits
internal and congressional oversight, as well as the Department's ability
to reasonably ensure that appropriated funds are being used for their
intended purposes. 

Recommendation

To improve accountability over the movement of operation and maintenance
funds, we recommend that the Secretary of Defense direct the Under
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) to (1) develop, in consultation with
the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations, formal guidance for
fact-of-life adjustments of funds designated by Congress;
(2) provide the guidance to the services and Defense-wide agencies; and
(3) take steps to ensure the guidance is followed. The guidance should
also state when it is appropriate to make such adjustments, who should
approve them, and how much funding can be moved.

Matter for Congressional Consideration

DOD's reported obligations for some readiness-related operation and
maintenance subactivities are consistently different from the amounts
originally designated by Congress. In view of the information that is
presented in the high-priority readiness-related reports, such as the
reasons for movement of funds, that is not included in other DOD budget
reports provided to Congress for all fund movements, Congress may wish to
consider extending the legislative requirement (10 U.S.C. 483) that the
Secretary of Defense provide Congress with the high-priority readiness-
related transfer reports.

Agency Comments and Our Evaluation

In written comments on a draft of this report, DOD generally agreed with
the facts we presented but disagreed with one of two recommendations. DOD
concurred with our recommendation to develop and implement guidance for
fact-of-life adjustments of funds designated by Congress. DOD emphasized
that it would have to define carefully fact-of-life adjustments to
preserve the flexibility needed by commanders to adjust to changes (such
as major policy changes). 

DOD disagreed with our recommendation that the Secretary of Defense direct
the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) to continue providing high-
priority readiness-related transfer reports to Congress after the
legislative requirement for them expires in 2000. We believe these reports
are useful because they document each separate action taken to move funds
and state the reasons why the funds were moved. However, DOD believes
these reports are redundant and no longer necessary because other reports
it provides to Congress contain the same information.

We do not believe that the reports DOD cited, even if taken collectively,
provide the same information included in the high-priority readiness-
related reports. DOD noted that the fiscal year 1999 rebaselining report
provided data that included the amount designated by Congress and the
adjusted baseline amount by subactivity and explained the adjustments used
to reach the new adjusted baseline. However, this report does not show the
actual movement of funds between the new adjusted baseline and the amounts
reported as obligated (such as transfers from centrally managed accounts,
which DOD acknowledged were responsible for many of the changes). 

Furthermore, DOD stated in its comments that it had modified its
appropriation status reports (DD 1002 Execution Status Report) and
justification materials (OP-5 exhibit) to provide obligation data at the
subactivity level. As we previously noted, although DOD's modifications
have improved these reports, the appropriation status reports do not
identify separate actions, such as transfers from the centrally managed
accounts, associated with adjustments to the O&M appropriation or the
reasons why adjustments are made at the subactivity level. Similarly, the
justification materials do not provide data or reasons why funds were
moved from the time the new adjusted baseline is established to the time
obligations are reported. 

Finally, DOD noted that any fund transfer between O&M budget activities in
excess of $15 million above the rebaselined level requires "normal, prior
approval" by Congress. DOD stated that Congress requires DOD to provide
written notification of the cumulative value of any and all transfers in
excess of $15 million from many high-priority readiness programs. This
information, however, is limited to reprogramming of funds and does not
provide Congress ready access to full information on all the ways DOD
moves funds or on how the funds are eventually obligated.

While all the reports DOD cited provide valuable insights into the various
ways it moves funds, only the high-priority readiness-related reports
(1) show the reasons for all movements of funds from one subactivity to
another, (2) provide data on the movement of centrally managed funds by
subactivity, and (3) provide a complete trail of the movements of funds
from the time Congress designates amounts to the time obligated amounts
are reported. Because DOD disagreed with our recommendation, we changed it
to a matter for congressional consideration.

DOD's comments are reprinted in their entirety in appendix VI.

We are sending copies of this report to the Honorable William S. Cohen,
Secretary of Defense; the Honorable William J. Lynn III, Under Secretary
of Defense (Comptroller and Chief Financial Officer); the Honorable Louis
Caldera, Secretary of the Army; the Honorable Richard Danzig, Secretary of
the Navy; General James Jones, Commandant of the Marine Corps; the
Honorable F. Whitten Peters, Secretary of the Air Force; the Honorable
Jacob J. Lew, Director, Office of Management and Budget; and interested
congressional committees and members. Copies will also be made available
to others upon request.

Please contact me at (202) 512-5140 if you or your staff have any
questions concerning this report. GAO contacts and staff acknowledgments
are listed in appendix VII.

*****************
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*****************
Sincerely yours,

Norman J. Rabkin
Director, National Security 
Preparedness Issues

--------------------------------------
/Footnote1/-^The Marine Corps is an exception with only three budget
  activities and does not include the mobilization budget activity.
/Footnote2/-^We use the term "congressionally designated," "congressional
  designation," or variations of these terms throughout to refer to
  amounts set forth at the budget activity, activity group, and
  subactivity group level in an appropriation act's conference report.
  These recommended amounts are not binding unless they are also
  incorporated directly or by reference into an appropriation act or other
  statute. We did not review the appropriation acts or related statutes to
  make this determination because of the extensive time that would be
  involved.
/Footnote3/-^Most recent 5-year period data available.
/Footnote4/-^National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994,
  section 377 (P.L. 103-160, Nov. 30, 1993), subsequently amended and
  codified at 10 U.S.C. 483 by the National Defense Authorization Act for
  Fiscal Year 1998, section 323 (P.L. 105-85, Nov. 18, 1997).
/Footnote5/-^The number of O&M subactivity groups varied for each service
  every year during the 5-year period. In total, the services had 245
  subactivities during this period.
/Footnote6/-^Each of the services has a flying-hour program, which
  finances air operations support. Costs include fuel and maintenance. Our
  report, Defense Budget: Observations on the Air Force Flying-Hour
  Program (GAO/NSIAD-99-165, July 8, 1999), provides more detailed
  information on the Air Force's budget formulation process for its flying-
  hour program for fiscal years 1997 through 1999.
/Footnote7/-^Air Force Supply Management: Analysis of Activity Group's
  Financial Reports, Prices, and Cash Management (GAO/AIMD/NSIAD-98-118,
  June 8, 1998).
/Footnote8/-^DOD Financial Management: More Reliable Information Key to
  Assuring Accountability and Managing Defense Operations More Efficiently
  (GAO/T-AIMD/NSIAD-99-145, Apr. 14, 1999).
/Footnote9/-^We previously reported that the Army has consistently trained
  at reduced rates since at least fiscal year 1993, using some of its
  training funds for other purposes: 1998 DOD Budget: O&M Program
  (GAO/NSIAD-97-239R, Aug. 21, 1997); 1997 DOD Budget: Potential
  Reductions to O&M Program (GAO/NSIAD-96-220, Sept. 18, 1996); and Army
  Training: One-Third of 1993 and 1994 Budgeted Funds Were Used for Other
  Purposes (GAO/NSIAD-95-71, Apr. 7, 1996).
/Footnote10/-^P. L. 105-85, section 321 (1997).
/Footnote11/-^House Report 104-131 (1995).
/Footnote12/-^10 U.S.C. 483.
/Footnote13/-^House Report 105-591 (1998).
/Footnote14/-^House Report 105-746 (1998).

OBJECTIVES, SCOPE, AND METHODOLOGY
==================================

The former Chairman, Subcommittee on National Security, House Committee on
Appropriations, asked that we conduct an analysis of the four active
services' and the Defense-wide Operation and Maintenance (O&M) accounts
from fiscal year 1994 through 1998, for which time period budget data
should be available for our review. We focused our analysis on the active
forces and defense agencies and did not include reserve components in our
review, as it would significantly broaden the scope of our effort. As
agreed with his office, in April 1999, we provided information on
subactivities where the Department of Defense (DOD) consistently moved
funds out for every year during this period. We then agreed to continue
our analysis to review DOD's appropriations and obligations for 245
subactivities for this period./Footnote1/ Specifically we were asked to 

o   identify the aggregated differences between the amounts Congress
  initially designated for O&M subactivities, (especially the readiness-
  related subactivities) and those DOD reported as obligated for the same
  subactivities;

o   identify those O&M subactivities where DOD obligated funds
  differently than recommended by Congress in each of the 5-year period
  we examined (1994 through 1998); 

o   assess information available to Congress to track DOD's movement of
  funds among O&M subactivities. 

To identify the aggregated differences between the amounts Congress
initially designated for O&M subactivities and those DOD reported as
obligated, we compared the O&M amounts Congress designated/Footnote2/ at
the subactivity level in its conference reports on Defense appropriation
acts with DOD's reported obligations for the same O&M subactivities. To
calculate the magnitude of these increases or decreases, we added the
absolute value of the individual annual differences over the 5-year
period. For the Defense-wide account, we determined the magnitude of fund
movement at the Defense agency, field activity, and program level because
this is the lowest level at which Congress consistently designated funding
in its conference reports on the appropriation acts. 

To determine those O&M subactivities where DOD obligated funds differently
than recommended by Congress in each of the 5-year period we examined
(1994 through 1998), we identified those O&M subactivities and Defense-
wide agencies where DOD either increased funds each year or decreased
funds each year during the period under review.

We obtained general explanations from the services about overall fund
movement. For the subactivities where DOD consistently moved funds,
however, we provided our analysis and written questions to the services,
requesting explanations for why the movements occurred. We provided our
documentation of this data to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense
(Comptroller) and service budget offices to aid in data verification.

To identify readiness-related O&M subactivities, we used subactivities
Congress designated as high-priority readiness-related for reporting
purposes on transfers as mandated by 10 U.S.C. 483 and subactivities DOD
considers most directly related to readiness--those in the services'
Operating Forces budget activity. For the Army, we excluded fiscal year
1996 data for the operating forces to determine the magnitude of movement
of funds because the Army restructured its budget activity for operating
forces in December 1996, as requested by the Office of the Secretary of
Defense. When it did so, the Army did not maintain a link or "crosswalk"
between the old and the new budget structures. Consequently, comparable
budget data to determine the movement of funds was not available at the
subactivity level. However, Army data was available to determine the
movement of funds for the Army's three other budget activities in fiscal
year 1996. Because of this data limitation, we could only determine
consistent movement of funds for the Army's operating forces for fiscal
years 1997 and 1998.

While we used available DOD budget obligation data as a basis for our
analysis, our recent financial statement audit results show that this data
may not be reliable. As part of the DOD fiscal year 1998 financial
statement audit,/Footnote3/ we found several areas in which the systems
and controls over DOD's use of budgetary resources were ineffective. In
particular, we found that DOD does not know the true amount of funds that
are available to obligate and spend in its appropriation accounts because
obligated balances are not always correct or supported and that not all
disbursements are recorded promptly in DOD's accounting records. As a
result, Congress cannot be assured that DOD did not overspend its budget
authority for individual appropriation accounts or spend more for specific
programs for which Congress established spending limits. We noted that
short-term improvement strategies for DOD's financial management
weaknesses are imperative. Also, enhancements are needed in updating DOD's
Financial Management Improvement Plan--its long-term blueprint for
financial management reform. Further, we discussed our analysis with
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and service budget
officials responsible for managing O&M budgets. We adjusted nominal
dollars to constant fiscal year 1999 dollars using DOD's inflation factors
for O&M accounts to adjust for inflation and to obtain a clearer picture
of the movement of funds over the 5-year period.

To assess information available to Congress to track DOD's movement of
funds for O&M subactivities, we reviewed committee and conference reports
on various authorization and appropriation acts to identify what documents
Congress requires or directs DOD to provide on its O&M budgets. We
reviewed the documents DOD has provided to Congress showing fund movement
and other documents pertaining to the visibility of O&M funds such as semi-
annual reports on transfers from high-priority readiness-related
subactivities. We discussed the purpose and use of these documents with
Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) budget officials and
congressional staff from defense subcommittees. We also reviewed
Congressional Budget Office and Congressional Research Service reports on
defense O&M.

We performed our review at the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense
(Comptroller) for the Defense-wide agencies and at the budget offices for
the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the Air Force. We performed our
work from October 1998 through December 1999 in accordance with generally
accepted government auditing standards.

--------------------------------------
/Footnote1/-^The 245 O&M subactivities include 24 Defense-wide agencies as
  represented in the conference report on the appropriations acts.
/Footnote2/-^We use the term "congressionally designated" or
  "congressional designation" or variations throughout to refer to amounts
  set forth at the budget activity, activity group, and subactivity group
  level in an appropriation act's conference report. These recommended
  amounts are not binding unless they are also incorporated directly or by
  reference into an appropriation act or other statute. We did not review
  the appropriation acts or related statutes to make this determination
  because of the extensive time that would be involved.
/Footnote3/-^Department of Defense: Status of Financial Management
  Weaknesses and Actions Needed to Correct Continuing Challenges (GAO/T-
  AIMD/NSIAD-99-171, May 4, 1999).

O&M BUDGET STRUCTURES
=====================

This appendix describes the O&M budget structures of the active services
and the Defense-wide accounts. The services' O&M budget structure is multi-
tiered. The highest level we reviewed are--Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air
Force, and Defense-wide. Each of these is divided into four budget
activities: (1) Operating Forces, (2) Mobilization, (3) Training and
Recruiting, and (4) Administration and Servicewide./Footnote1/ Budget
activities are in turn divided into activity groups, which are further
divided into subactivity groups. For fiscal year 1998, DOD's budget
requests for the services included 42 individual activity groups and 211
individual subactivity groups and the number of these activity groups, and
subactivity groups varies for each service. The budget structure for the
Defense-wide O&M account also contains four budget activities; however,
this account is not further divided into activity and subactivity groups.
The Defense-wide O&M account structure contained 10 agencies, 7 field
activities, and 7 other programs or Defense support offices in fiscal year
1998.

As an example, figure 4 shows the budget structure of a single budget
activity--Army Operating Forces. The other services use similar budget
formats, but the names of the budget activity and subactivity groups
generally differ in each service.

Figure****Helvetica:x11****4:    Structure of the Army Operating Forces
                                 Budget Activity

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Source: Our depiction, based on Army budget justification estimates
submitted to Congress for fiscal year 2000.

--------------------------------------
/Footnote1/-^The Marine Corps is the exception, with only three budget
  activities: (1) Operating Forces, (2) Training and Recruiting, and (3)
  Administration and Servicewide.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN INITIAL CONGRESSIONAL DESIGNATION AND DOD OBLIGATION,
BY INDIVIDUAL O&M SUBACTIVITY AND AGENCY
===========================================================================

This appendix provides the details on the almost $43 billion that DOD
moved into and out of O&M subactivities in fiscal years 1994-98. The
increases and decreases in O&M funds varied significantly among a wide
range of O&M programs, which influence almost every aspect of the military-
-from the direct readiness of operating forces to the quality of life of
servicemembers and their families. A summary of these funding differences
is shown in table 3.

Table****Helvetica:x11****3:    Summary of Differences in Funding Between
                                Congressional Designations and DOD
                                Obligations, Fiscal Years 1994-98

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M account  : Amount increased:  Amount decreased : Total difference  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Army         :       $10,815.7 :          $5,106.1 :        $15,921.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Navy         :         6,781.1 :           4,132.6 :         10,913.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Marine Corps :           635.1 :             372.8 :          1,007.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air Force    :         7,000.7 :           5,172.5 :         12,173.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense-wide :         1,444.0 :           1,192.9 :          2,637.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total        :       $26,676.6 :         $15,977.0 :        $42,653.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Amounts may not total due to rounding.

Source: Our analysis, based on Defense O&M budget data. 

Movement of O&M funds among the active services' individual O&M
subactivities and Defense agencies are shown in table 4. A positive figure
means DOD obligated more funds for a subactivity than Congress initially
designated. A negative figure means DOD obligated less than initially
designated. 

Table****Helvetica:x11****4:    Differences in Funding Between Initial
                                Congressional Designations and DOD
                                Obligations, by Individual O&M Subactivity
                                and Defense-wide Agency, Fiscal Years 1994-
                                98

                                       Continued from Previous Page
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Army        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Miscellaneo :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : $1,390, : $1,534, : $2,924,  |
| us          :         :         :         :     032 :     375 :     406  |
| activities^ :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| a           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       :   $-567 :  $4,479 :      $- : 537,482 : 786,721 : 1,531,4  |
| service     :         :         : 202,169 :         :         :      18  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 1,155,3 : -245,532:      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 1,400,8  |
| support     :      42 :         :         :         :         :      74  |
| for land    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forces^a    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Force-      : 510,417 : 737,757 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 1,248,1  |
| related     :         :         :         :         :         :      75  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| special     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| activitiesa :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat      : -499,473: -620,424:      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 1,119,8  |
| unitsa      :         :         :         :         :         :      97  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Administrat : 345,567 : 357,682 : 120,700 :  -7,526 :  51,344 : 882,819  |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Divisionsc  :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : -289,925: -290,039: 579,963  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 157,772 : -136,983:  71,047 :  80,178 :    -469 : 446,450  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for basic   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 324,850 :  96,735 : 421,586  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for land    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forces      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| readinessc  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Forces      :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : -196,734: 220,238 : 416,972  |
| readiness   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| supporta    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Logistic    :  10,772 :  93,573 :  79,451 :  91,471 :  42,032 : 317,300  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| activities  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 126,120 :  42,817 :  56,989 :  33,860 : -39,748 : 299,535  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide :  39,784 : -94,505 :  68,863 :  28,740 :   8,468 : 240,359  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| transportat :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Claims      : -24,132 : -58,235 : -48,628 : -65,750 : -32,557 : 229,303  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Corps       :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : -116,594: -104,007: 220,601  |
| combat      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forcesc     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Central     :  25,745 : -36,984 : -53,888 : -37,054 : -50,149 : 203,820  |
| supply      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| activities  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Land        :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 190,070 :  13,000 : 203,070  |
| forces      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| supportc    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Depot       : -17,107 : -180,995:      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 198,102  |
| maintenancea:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide : -40,924 : -17,278 : -31,942 : -66,216 : -22,782 : 179,143  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ons         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Preposition :  -3,428 :  23,770 :  58,985 : -67,133 : -22,936 : 176,251  |
| ed stocks   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ammunition  :  16,398 :   9,066 :  26,168 :  53,985 : -64,035 : 169,651  |
| management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Land        :       b :       b :       b : -111,691: -51,302 : 162,993  |
| forces      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| depot       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenancec:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Unified     : 109,548 :  52,282 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 161,830  |
| commands^a  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Tactical    :  73,694 :  69,909 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : 143,603  |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b : -17,896 : -81,571 : -34,369 : 133,836  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for basic  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b : -24,244 : -56,164 : -52,235 : 132,643  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : -10,671 : 110,364 : 121,035  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for land   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forces      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| readinessc  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Specialized :  -2,374 : -36,949 : -56,979 : -11,681 :  10,277 : 118,260  |
|  skill      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Unified     :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :  93,351 :  12,572 : 105,923  |
| commandsa   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       :  11,196 :   7,238 :  32,084 :  29,788 :  24,959 : 105,265  |
| personnel   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  48,541 : -39,936 :  -4,915 :  -5,305 :  -2,060 : 100,755  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Corps       :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :  36,014 : -64,110 : 100,125  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forcesc     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Management  :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :  64,843 :  27,639 :  92,482  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operational :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| headquarter :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| sa          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Internation :     362 :  25,121 : -19,085 : -34,670 :  -8,078 :  87,316  |
| al          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| military    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| headquarter :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Flight      :  -2,772 : -44,397 : -10,687 :   4,285 : -18,733 :  80,873  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Echelon     :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : -32,845 : -46,192 :  79,037  |
| above       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forcesc     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Strategic   :    -131 :  -3,542 : -64,661 :   1,519 :  -4,913 :  74,766  |
| mobilizatio :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| n           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Training    :  -6,350 :  41,110 :  -6,376 :  -3,900 :   5,309 :  63,045  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Land        :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b : -21,611 :  30,340 :  51,952  |
| forces      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| systems     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| readinessa  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruiting  :   4,686 :  -4,141 :  -6,151 :  18,340 :  17,067 :  50,384  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advertising :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Off-duty    :  -3,497 : -11,891 :   2,613 :  11,290 :  20,114 :  49,405  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| voluntary   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Theater     : -38,187 : -10,670 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :  48,857  |
| defense     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forcesa     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Professiona : -11,045 : -18,101 :   1,063 :   9,434 :   8,273 :  47,917  |
| l           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| development :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  education  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Security    :   4,719 : -17,598 : -10,605 :   7,378 :   6,222 :  46,522  |
| programs    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Manpower    :   8,864 :  -8,269 :  -8,920 :  -5,272 :  -6,860 :  38,186  |
| management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat      : -18,274 :  18,174 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :  36,448  |
| development :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ^a          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :    -540 :  -2,088 :   4,378 :  10,813 :  17,375 :  35,195  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| recruiting  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Industrial  :   2,254 :   1,602 :  17,737 :  -6,839 :  -4,556 :  32,988  |
| preparednes :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Joint       : -16,965 : -15,439 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :  32,404  |
| Chiefs of   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Staff       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| exercisesa  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :  -4,361 :  -6,177 :  -6,345 :   9,010 :   1,463 :  27,357  |
| estate      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Miscellaneo :  10,951 :   8,745 :   2,070 :  -1,054 :   2,042 :  24,863  |
| us support  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| of other    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| nations     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Civilian    :  -1,061 :  -5,384 :  -5,688 :  -4,401 :  -6,216 :  22,749  |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Junior      :  -3,877 :   2,600 :  -4,428 :  -8,469 :  -1,187 :  20,561  |
| reserve     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| One         :  -3,160 :  -4,496 :  -5,251 :  -2,454 :  -2,184 :  17,546  |
| station     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| unit        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  -1,236 :  10,379 :   5,588 :  17,203  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Reserve     :   1,349 :   4,354 :   2,683 :  -5,274 :   2,449 :  16,110  |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Officer     :   4,147 :   2,996 :  -1,150 :   3,143 :     248 :  11,685  |
| acquisition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Examining   :  -1,680 :  -1,218 :    -972 :     893 :  -6,402 :  11,166  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruit     :  -1,095 :  -1,441 :     425 :    -132 :   2,164 :   5,257  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Force       :     381 :  -3,135 :      ^b :      ^b :      ^b :   3,516  |
| communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| onsa        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Navy        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Planning,   : 453,526 : 452,263 : 426,142 : 311,162 :  14,496 : 1,657,5  |
| engineering :         :         :         :         :         :      88  |
| , and       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| design      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ship depot  : -401,004: -125,644: -403,401: -217,909: -70,410 : 1,218,3  |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :      69  |
| ^c          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Mission     : 217,726 : 274,092 : 179,859 : 110,818 :  93,080 : 875,574  |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| flight      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^c:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Mission     : 241,922 : 168,578 : 106,295 :  29,530 : 109,833 : 656,158  |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ship        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^c:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 277,650 : -170,209:  61,269 : -34,213 : -32,131 : 575,473  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for ship    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^c:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ship depot  :   7,515 :  47,530 :   6,729 : 386,458 :  -9,018 : 457,249  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Administrat : 122,639 : 118,683 : -14,811 :  67,744 :  75,196 : 399,073  |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat      :  80,525 :  93,924 :  79,283 :  83,177 :  61,267 : 398,176  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forces^a    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  53,029 : -185,626:  29,577 : -55,930 :  -9,312 : 333,475  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for air     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^ :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| c           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ship        : -129,884: -103,899: -20,480 :  16,279 :   5,793 : 276,335  |
| activations :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  and        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| inactivatio :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ns          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Weapons     : -68,205 : -23,541 : -61,029 : -53,949 : -39,361 : 246,084  |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ^a          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Space       :  45,391 :  62,100 :  37,458 :  42,428 :  43,094 : 230,472  |
| systems     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| surveillanc :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| e^a         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  48,269 : -95,109 : -13,952 :  18,887 :  16,351 : 192,567  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for combat  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^ :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| a           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Aircraft    : -141,750: -11,666 :  13,577 :  -3,308 : -13,105 : 183,406  |
| depot       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ^c          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : -22,126 : -77,935 : -16,577 :   4,328 :  40,673 : 161,639  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air         : -21,220 : -23,955 : -45,915 : -43,834 : -21,969 : 156,892  |
| systems     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide :  -9,187 :  28,108 : -49,048 : -14,904 : -39,381 : 140,628  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ons         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Intermediat :  -6,664 :  25,431 :  11,084 :  29,239 : -67,962 : 140,380  |
| e           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ^a          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  12,812 : -30,987 :  -7,705 :  24,441 :  62,242 : 138,187  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| logistics   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| technical   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  67,730 : -39,514 :   4,427 :   9,121 :  11,587 : 132,379  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| weapons     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Acquisition :  26,297 :   5,872 :   5,626 :  85,093 :   8,708 : 131,597  |
|  and        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| program     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ship        : -13,231 : -39,741 :  -8,111 :  50,375 : -16,649 : 128,106  |
| operational :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| trainingc   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Aircraft    :   4,428 :  -3,892 :  -6,067 : 108,075 :  -2,100 : 124,563  |
| depot       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Civilian    :  22,581 :  17,291 :  39,301 :  36,688 :  -5,444 : 121,305  |
| manpower    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| personnel   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Flight      : -43,446 : -38,700 : -12,340 : -25,931 :    -778 : 121,196  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide :  56,598 :  30,623 :   6,471 : -14,244 :  -9,933 : 117,869  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| transportat :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       :  26,711 :  34,613 :  30,342 :  -8,901 :  11,177 : 111,744  |
| personnel   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  16,808 :  23,716 : -17,506 :    -377 : -36,153 :  94,559  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for basic   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b : -56,996 : -36,290 :   1,217 :  94,503  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for air    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operationsc :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Warfare     :   8,728 :  15,994 :  27,835 :  11,952 :  13,422 :  77,931  |
| tactics^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Investigati :  24,807 :  16,861 :  12,098 : -20,289 :   5,240 :  79,295  |
| ons and     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| security    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| programs    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fleet       :  -3,703 :  -1,560 : -19,258 : -20,030 : -33,363 :  77,914  |
| ballistic   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| missile^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruiting  :  25,047 :   3,240 :  -2,634 : -14,058 :  28,745 :  73,725  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advertising :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fleet air   :  35,399 : -23,035 :     278 :   6,590 :   4,828 :  70,130  |
| training^c  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b : -51,395 : -14,522 :   1,664 :  67,581  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for ship   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operationsc :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Equipment   :  11,959 : -18,965 : -15,960 :  -3,191 :  -9,740 :  59,815  |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ^a          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat      :  23,848 :   4,306 :  16,779 :  -5,873 :   8,552 :  59,357  |
| communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ons^a       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  36,856 : -10,330 : -12,100 :  59,286  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for basic  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  20,940 :   8,677 :  24,157 :  53,775  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| combat      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operationsa :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Specialized : -19,721 :   3,398 :   6,768 :   2,774 :  20,910 :  53,572  |
|  skill      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Operational :  -4,051 :  -5,750 :  18,376 : -12,515 :  -5,955 :  46,646  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| meteorology :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  and        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| oceanograph :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ya          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Military    :  11,401 :  -9,148 : -10,276 :  -2,597 :  -7,428 :  40,850  |
| manpower    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| personnel   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Cruise      :  -5,729 : -23,700 :  -2,791 :  -2,898 :  -3,846 :  38,964  |
| missilea    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air         :  -5,931 :  -2,925 :  -4,619 :  -9,862 : -11,347 :  34,684  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and safety  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| In-service  :    -452 :  -1,592 :   9,443 : -11,901 : -10,691 :  34,079  |
| weapon      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| systems     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Space and   : -11,751 :  -8,012 :  -3,183 :  -6,873 :  -2,596 :  32,414  |
| electronic  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| warfare     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| systems     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : -11,825 : -13,206 :     889 :     318 :   2,717 :  28,955  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat and  :   1,088 :  -1,573 : -14,716 :  -3,877 :   2,984 :  24,240  |
| weapon      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| systems     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Reserve     :   3,205 :   7,730 :  -5,576 :  -4,450 :  -2,285 :  23,245  |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Hull,       :  -5,522 :    -915 :  -4,485 :  10,210 :     743 :  21,875  |
| mechanical  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| electrical  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  -4,529 :   1,989 :  15,226 :  21,745  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| logistics   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| technical   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b : -12,290 :  -4,359 :   3,587 :  20,236  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Industrial  : -10,576 :  -6,654 :  -1,337 :      51 :    -977 :  19,596  |
| readiness   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Ship        :   5,498 :  -1,494 :    -770 :   9,542 :  -1,517 :  18,820  |
| preposition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ing and     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| surge       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Training    :     981 :    -748 :  -3,865 :   3,131 :   8,633 :  17,359  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Professiona :   1,379 :   2,388 :    -269 :   7,701 :   3,277 :  15,015  |
| l           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| development :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  education  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Intermediat :     524 :  -1,708 :  -1,906 :  -7,094 :   2,640 :  13,871  |
| e           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ^a          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :   1,456 :  -4,141 :  -6,748 :  12,345  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  -2,445 :  -2,329 :   7,475 :  12,250  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| weapons     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| supporta    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Officer     :   1,467 :   1,479 :    -921 :   2,834 :   4,739 :  11,440  |
| acquisition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Coast       :  -1,562 :  -1,757 :  -3,391 :  -3,286 :  -1,361 :  11,357  |
| Guard       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Off duty    :   3,391 :  -1,444 :   2,561 :   1,473 :   1,776 :  10,646  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| voluntary   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Aircraft    :  -1,103 :  -6,921 :  -2,144 :      -8 :      47 :  10,224  |
| activations :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  and        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| inactivatio :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ns          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Civilian    :  -3,283 :    -835 :    -648 :     302 :  -3,812 :   8,880  |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| External    :   1,143 :   2,887 :  -1,983 :     301 :  -2,469 :   8,783  |
| relations   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Electronic  :  -1,799 :  -2,128 :  -1,684 :    -931 :    -608 :   7,150  |
| warfarea    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Internation :     646 :   1,092 :   1,355 :     817 :   2,927 :   6,837  |
| al          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| headquarter :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s and       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| agencies    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Junior      :  -1,398 :     -85 :  -1,264 :  -1,995 :    -972 :   5,714  |
| reserve     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fleet       :    -388 :    -520 :    -430 :    -717 :    -552 :   2,607  |
| hospital    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| program     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruit     :     729 :    -262 :    -241 :    -725 :     264 :   2,219  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :     568 :  -1,151 :    -315 :      55 :      -3 :   2,092  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| recruiting  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Depot       :     -47 :    -101 :    -159 :    -221 :    -102 :     630  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| supporta    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :      -2 :      -2 :       0 :       4  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| recruiting  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Marine Corps:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  17,683 : -151,186:   1,339 :  38,108 :  51,190 : 259,505  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| expeditiona :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ry forcesc  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  84,377 :  24,930 :  37,479 : 146,786  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| expeditiona :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ry forcesc  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Operational :  11,149 :  52,603 :  25,019 :  30,638 :  14,205 : 133,614  |
|  forcesc    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Special     :  20,971 :  24,835 :  30,659 :    -704 :  -3,015 :  80,183  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Training    :  15,405 :  22,351 :  -6,298 :  -4,604 :  -4,612 :  53,269  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  -6,955 : -23,268 :  -4,404 :  -1,739 : -14,167 :  50,533  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :     -50 : -22,208 :   8,980 :  -2,412 :  -4,953 :  38,604  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| basic       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Logistic    : -19,931 :  -5,931 :  12,157 :       0 :       0 :  38,018  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Field       :   9,078 :  -6,838 :   3,308 :  -4,166 :   4,049 :  27,439  |
| logisticsa  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruiting  :   1,899 :     167 :   6,534 :   8,666 :  10,097 :  27,364  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advertising :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Specialized :   4,561 :  -9,639 :  -7,737 :       2 :     226 :  22,165  |
|  skill      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Depot       :  -2,440 :    -505 :  -9,771 :  -1,381 :   6,177 :  20,274  |
| maintenancec:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Administrat :   3,234 :  -2,509 :   5,881 :   6,897 :     335 :  18,856  |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Maritime    :  -2,404 :  -2,271 :  -3,488 :    -757 :  -5,132 :  14,052  |
| preposition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| inga        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  -3,131 :  -6,338 :  -2,004 :  -1,120 :    -937 :  13,530  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| recruiting  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :   7,263 :  -1,582 :   2,916 :  11,760  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Off duty    :  -1,929 :   2,305 :   3,370 :     363 :   2,558 :  10,526  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| voluntary   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide :      49 :  -1,087 :    -836 :  -5,540 :    -507 :   8,019  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| transportat :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :     786 :   5,906 :     739 :   7,431  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for basic  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruit     :     162 :   1,515 :   1,170 :   1,656 :     873 :   5,375  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :    -167 :  -1,106 :     654 :     420 :   2,506 :   4,853  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  -2,652 :    -803 :    -885 :   4,340  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| recruiting  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and other   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Professiona :    -760 :  -2,125 :    -676 :    -221 :     234 :   4,016  |
| l           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| development :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  education  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :    -405 :     822 :   1,696 :   2,923  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  support    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Junior      :    -144 :  -1,364 :     706 :     177 :      -3 :   2,394  |
| reserve     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Norway      :   1,058 :       0 :    -112 :    -606 :    -166 :   1,942  |
| preposition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| inga        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Flight      :     -56 :       0 :     -16 :      -6 :       0 :      78  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Officer     :      -7 :     -46 :      -6 :     -14 :       0 :      72  |
| acquisition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air Force   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       : 605,847 : 242,544 : 473,255 : 412,092 : 441,566 : 2,175,3  |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :      03  |
|  activities :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Primary     : -71,654 : -148,305: -217,245: -113,260: -437,977: 988,442  |
| combat      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| forcesc     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 698,065 : -31,096 :  11,368 : -12,211 :  20,834 : 773,573  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| mobility    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Airlift     : -278,265: 127,418 : 111,776 : -122,176: -87,137 : 726,772  |
| operationsd :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 303,293 : -93,223 : 173,395 : -66,481 :  43,251 : 679,643  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for air     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operationsc :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Logistics   : -134,105: -107,071: -12,165 : -292,631: -50,865 : 596,837  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat      : -28,188 :  87,293 : 230,750 : 118,644 :  85,378 : 550,252  |
| communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| onsa        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Primary     :  13,781 : -42,704 :  13,171 : -144,712: -194,998: 409,368  |
| combat      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| weaponsa    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Mobilizatio :  72,293 :  49,774 : 115,456 : 139,420 :  -8,343 : 385,285  |
| n           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| preparednes :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        : 178,796 :  32,541 :  14,254 :  96,605 :  18,427 : 340,623  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| logistics   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Management  :  54,933 :  63,842 :  87,044 :  70,250 :  63,558 : 339,628  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operational :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| headquarter :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s^a         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat      : -49,354 : -119,639:   2,876 : -81,440 : -77,942 : 331,251  |
| enhancement :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  forces^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Space       : -91,743 : -40,409 : -55,152 : -81,119 : -54,012 : 322,435  |
| control     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| systems^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  56,048 : -61,323 : 151,536 : 268,907  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for air    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^c:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       :  84,302 :  32,749 :  39,176 :  52,050 :  49,321 : 257,598  |
| combat      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  -6,178 : -166,994: -35,297 : -24,346 :  -3,873 : 236,689  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for basic   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Payments    : -80,573 : -99,856 : -16,131 : -22,742 :       0 : 219,303  |
| to          :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| transportat :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| business    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| area        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Administrat :  23,659 :  37,593 :  22,020 :  23,232 : 106,877 : 213,382  |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air         :  -4,834 :  47,173 : -40,282 :  33,441 :  64,992 : 190,722  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| trainingc   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  46,104 : -40,908 :  35,369 :  14,786 :  -3,705 : 140,872  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for space   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operationsa :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Global C3I  : -52,292 :  -7,189 : -28,408 :  -4,987 : -46,257 : 139,132  |
| and early   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| warninga    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Flight      : -56,974 : -38,335 : -22,508 : -13,769 :   4,367 : 135,953  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide :  47,054 :  20,590 :  -8,543 : -30,810 : -17,539 : 124,536  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| transportat :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Launch      : -66,428 : -35,313 :     585 :  12,125 :      44 : 114,496  |
| facilitiesa :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Airlift     : -91,272 :   1,408 :   6,621 :   1,846 :   5,990 : 107,138  |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| C3I         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Servicewide : -10,901 : -30,008 : -27,632 :   9,330 : -16,675 :  94,546  |
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ons         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Security    :   1,594 :  -7,467 :  15,435 : -58,665 :  -8,224 :  91,386  |
| programs    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  53,556 : -16,541 :  19,615 :  89,712  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for basic  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| skills and  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advanced    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  12,383 : -58,624 :  12,437 :  -3,158 :  -2,082 :  88,684  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| (academies) :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base        :  13,474 :   1,170 : -24,614 :  37,178 :  10,206 :  86,643  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| for         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  activities :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Specialized :   8,165 : -16,813 : -12,397 :  21,079 :  27,987 :  86,441  |
|  skill      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Technical   : -23,443 :  16,150 :  16,156 :  -8,597 :  16,591 :  80,938  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| activities  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Training    :  17,723 :   8,836 :  10,724 :  13,602 :  25,346 :  76,231  |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Launch      : -18,261 :  -5,153 : -25,528 : -10,433 :  -9,466 :  68,841  |
| vehicles^a  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Satellite   : -15,089 :  -6,694 : -14,938 : -18,148 : -10,636 :  65,505  |
| systems^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Off duty    :  27,106 :  23,724 :   2,985 :    -119 :  -2,836 :  56,770  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| voluntary   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Navigation  : -23,284 :  -6,254 :  10,363 :   6,452 :  -4,652 :  51,005  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| weather     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support^a   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :   9,795 : -11,493 :  28,252 :  49,541  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| logistics   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Tactical    : -11,596 :   1,012 :  -3,403 :  -6,608 : -20,809 :  43,428  |
| intelligenc :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| e and       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| other       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| special     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| activities^a:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Arms        : -13,084 :  -4,620 : -12,509 :  -2,989 :  -4,306 :  37,509  |
| control     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  -3,033 :  20,970 :  12,679 :  36,682  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| mobility    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :  10,908 :  12,612 :   4,378 :   6,938 :  34,835  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| servicewide :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  activities :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Personnel   : -12,472 :   3,290 :  -1,706 :  -4,506 :  -8,524 :  30,499  |
| programs    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Rescue and  :  -1,442 :  17,751 :   2,305 :   1,733 :  -4,019 :  27,250  |
| recovery    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| services    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Professiona :   1,985 :   7,329 :    -130 :   9,249 :   7,691 :  26,384  |
| l           :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| development :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  education  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       :   2,734 :   5,658 :  10,772 :  -5,388 :    -428 :  24,979  |
| space       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| programs    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operationsa :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :  -9,030 :   4,562 :  10,935 :  24,528  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for space  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| operations^a:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruiting  :   5,505 :   5,999 :   2,456 :   7,468 :    -948 :  22,376  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| advertising :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Reserve     :   2,786 :  -1,329 :   7,478 :   7,059 :  -1,223 :  19,875  |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other       :  -3,636 :  -8,260 :  -3,482 :  -1,648 :  -1,639 :  18,666  |
| personnel   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Civil air   :   2,875 :   3,317 :   3,243 :   1,938 :  -1,441 :  12,815  |
| patrol      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corporation :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Joint       :  -1,694 :  -4,753 :  -2,498 :   2,263 :  -1,218 :  12,426  |
| Chiefs of   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Staff       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| exercises^a :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Civilian    :   3,399 :      71 :  -5,089 :  -1,187 :    -690 :  10,436  |
| education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Officer     :  -4,955 :   3,000 :    -487 :     526 :      -5 :   8,974  |
| acquisition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subsistence :  -3,734 :      88 :  -2,595 :       0 :       0 :   6,417  |
|  in kind    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Real        :      ^b :      ^b :   1,051 :   4,410 :    -365 :   5,826  |
| property    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| maintenance :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  for        :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| accession   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| (academies) :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Internation :     469 :   2,008 :    -757 :     939 :   1,050 :   5,223  |
| al support  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Examining   :     492 :    -686 :  -1,412 :    -545 :    -719 :   3,854  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruit     :   1,174 :     153 :    -140 :      -8 :   1,746 :   3,222  |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Junior      :      28 :    -491 :  -1,590 :    -204 :    -355 :   2,669  |
| reserve     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| officers    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| training    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| corps       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense-wide:         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Office of   : -76,155 : -533,603:  28,200 :  61,619 :  34,815 : 734,391  |
| the         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Secretary   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| of Defense  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Classified  :  92,927 : 138,204 : 125,387 :  44,084 : 102,956 : 503,558  |
| and         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Communicati :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ons         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Agenciese   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| U.S.        :  47,734 :  67,382 :  51,345 :  59,268 :  54,701 : 280,430  |
| Special     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Operations  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Command     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     : -34,390 : -62,881 :  -1,244 :  20,117 :  72,143 : 190,774  |
| Logistics   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Agency      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| DOD         :  72,435 :  12,715 : -21,942 : -14,937 :  -9,577 : 131,606  |
| Dependents  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Education   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Washington  : -51,100 :  -8,870 :  25,726 :  28,937 :   9,250 : 123,884  |
| Headquarter :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| s Services  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| On-Site     : -35,834 : -19,233 : -19,896 : -20,420 : -16,435 : 111,818  |
| Inspection  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Agency      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Corporate   : -21,809 :  -6,350 : -45,693 : -19,855 :      ^f :  93,707  |
| Information :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  Management :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :      ^f :   6,084 :   1,065 :  42,144 :  43,921 :  93,214  |
| Human       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Resources   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Field       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Activity    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     : -24,989 :   2,601 :  22,635 : -24,747 :  -3,026 :  77,999  |
| Support     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Activities  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Office of   :  40,983 :  -2,868 :   2,420 : -18,248 :    -821 :  65,340  |
| Economic    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Adjustment  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Joint       :  -1,633 : -10,731 : -11,534 : -13,702 :  -8,446 :  46,046  |
| Chiefs of   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Staff       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :  18,078 :   7,338 :  -3,146 :   2,669 :   3,502 :  34,734  |
| Special     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Weapons     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Agency      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Civil       :      ^f :      ^f :      ^f :      ^f :  30,413 :  30,413  |
| Military    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Programs    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Armed       :    -270 :  18,254 :   2,199 :   4,058 :    -743 :  25,524  |
| Forces      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Information :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  Service    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :   8,088 :   9,290 :   5,193 :     401 :     366 :  23,338  |
| Security    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Service     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in thousands                                       |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :                        Fiscal Year                         |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Service     :    1994 :    1995 :    1996 :    1997 :    1998 :   Total  |
| O&M         :         :         :         :         :         : differe  |
| subactivity :         :         :         :         :         :     nce  |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :    -596 :  -6,355 :  -7,312 :  -6,138 :    -889 :  21,289  |
| Contract    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Audit       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Agency      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Federal     :  -8,578 :  -3,276 :  -4,793 :       0 :      -1 :  16,648  |
| Energy      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Program     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :     -55 :      34 :  -2,643 :   8,114 :    -829 :  11,674  |
| Acquisition :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  University :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :      ^f :      ^f :      ^f :      ^f :  11,179 :  11,179  |
| Finance     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Accounting  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Service     :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :      ^f :  -3,720 :    -904 :    -300 :    -316 :   5,240  |
| Prisoner-   :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| of-         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| War/Missing :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|  in Action  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Office      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :    -268 :    -151 :     513 :     841 :     699 :   2,473  |
| Legal       :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Services    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Agency      :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :     987 :    -311 :     -57 :     -35 :     -74 :   1,464  |
| Technology  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Security    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Administrat :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| ion         :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense     :     -47 :    -175 :      ^f :      ^f :      ^f :     222  |
| Business    :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| Management  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
| University  :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|             :         :         :         :         :         :          |
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total       : $10,304 : $8,914, : $6,007, : $9,338, : $8,088, : $42,653  |
| difference  :    ,786 :     102 :    657g :     258 :     795 :    ,598  |
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

aO&M subactivities located in the Operating Forces budget activity that
DOD considers to be most directly related to readiness.

bDefense budget data not available to calculate difference.

cO&M subactivities located in the Operating Forces budget activity that
DOD considers to be most directly related to readiness for which Congress
has also identified as high-priority readiness-related for reporting
fiscal year 1998 transfers. 

dAirlift operations subactivity is the only subactivity Congress
identified as high-priority readiness-related for reporting purposes not
located in the Operating Forces budget activity. 

eIncludes the classified and communications agencies, the Defense
Information Systems Agency, and the Defense Mapping Agency.

fDefense-wide agency, field office, or program did not exist at the time.

gAmount is conservative because the Army's fiscal year 1996 data for its
Operating Forces budget activity was not available to determine the
difference between initial congressional designations and Army obligations.

Amounts may not total due to rounding.

Source: Our analysis, based on Defense O&M budget data.

O&M SUBACTIVITIES AND AGENCIES FOR WHICH DOD CONSISTENTLY OBLIGATED LESS
FUNDS THAN CONGRESS INITIALLY DESIGNATED
===========================================================================

Every year from fiscal year 1994 through 1998, DOD obligated less funding
than Congress designated for the same 33 O&M subactivities and 3 Defense-
wide agencies. DOD considers 17 of these subactivities most directly
related to readiness. This appendix describes each subactivity or Defense
agency and shows the amounts DOD requested, those Congress initially
designated, and those DOD adjusted and obligated. Table 5 summarizes the
O&M subactivities and agencies that consistently obligated less funding
than Congress initially designated.

Data Limitations on Certain Army O&M Subactivities
--------------------------------------------------

The Army restructured its Operating Forces budget activity in fiscal year
1997 and did not maintain a link between the old and the new budget
structure. Four subactivities in the Army's Operating Forces budget
activity in this appendix were affected by this change. Therefore, the
appendix presents the amounts reported by the Army for these four
subactivities using the revised budget activity structure for fiscal years
1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****5:    O&M Subactivities and Defense-wide
                                Agencies for Which DOD Consistently
                                Obligated Fewer Funds Than Congress
                                Initially Designated, Fiscal Years 1994-98

                                      Continued from Previous Page
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                         :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|                        :     5-year total      :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M subactivity        : Congress' :    DOD's  : Differen : Percenta  |
|                        :   initial :           :       ce :       ge  |
|                        : designati : obligation:          : differen  |
|                        :       ona :           :          :      ce   |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Army                   :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Divisionsc,d          :  $2,515.7 :  $1,935.8 :   $579.9 :     23.1  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Claims                :     917.8 :     688.5 :    229.3 :     25.0  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Corps combat          :     720.9 :     500.3 :    220.6 :     30.6  |
| forcesc,d              :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Servicewide           :   3,808.6 :   3,629.4 :    179.2 :      4.7  |
| communications         :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Land forces depot     :   1,649.2 :   1,486.2 :    163.0 :      9.9  |
| maintenancec,d         :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Echelon above corps   :     906.3 :     827.2 :     79.1 :      8.7  |
| forcesc,d              :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Civilian education    :     443.3 :     420.5 :     22.8 :      5.1  |
| and training           :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  One station unit      :      84.2 :      66.6 :     17.6 :     20.9  |
| training               :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal               : $11,046.0 :  $9,554.5 : $1,491.5 :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Navy                   :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Ship depot            :  11,611.9 :  10,393.6 :  1,218.3 :     10.5  |
| maintenancec           :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Weapons maintenanceb  :   2,335.0 :   2,088.8 :    246.2 :     10.5  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Air systems support   :   1,467.8 :   1,310.8 :    157.0 :     10.7  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                         :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|                        :     5-year total      :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M subactivity        : Congress' :    DOD's  : Differen : Percenta  |
|                        :   initial :           :       ce :       ge  |
|                        : designati : obligation:          : differen  |
|                        :       ona :           :          :      ce   |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Flight training       :   1,630.5 :   1,509.4 :    121.1 :      7.4  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Fleet ballistic       :   4,180.4 :   4,102.4 :     78.0 :      1.9  |
| missileb               :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Cruise missileb       :     568.0 :     529.0 :     39.0 :      6.9  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Air operations and    :     454.4 :     419.6 :     34.8 :      7.6  |
| safety supportb        :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Space and electronic  :     385.9 :     353.5 :     32.4 :      8.4  |
| warfare systems        :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Coast Guard support   :     104.3 :      92.9 :     11.4 :     10.9  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Electronic warfareb   :      41.3 :      34.1 :      7.2 :     17.3  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Junior reserve        :     119.2 :     113.5 :      5.7 :      4.8  |
| officer training corps :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Fleet hospital        :      95.0 :      92.4 :      2.6 :      2.7  |
| program                :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Depot operations      :       6.3 :       5.7 :      0.6 :     10.0  |
| supportb               :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal               : $23,000.0 : $21,045.7 : $1,954.3 :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Marine Corps           :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Base support for      :     284.0 :     233.4 :     50.6 :     17.8  |
| accession training     :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Maritime              :     420.9 :     406.8 :     14.1 :      3.3  |
| prepositioningb        :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Base support for      :      43.6 :      30.0 :     13.6 :     31.1  |
| recruiting and other   :           :           :          :           |
| training and education :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal               :    $748.5 :    $670.2 :    $78.3 :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air Force              :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Primary combat        :  13,448.3 :  12,459.9 :    988.4 :      7.3  |
| forcesc                :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Logistics operations  :   4,574.9 :   3,978.1 :    596.8 :     13.0  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Space control         :   1,874.2 :   1,551.8 :    322.4 :     17.2  |
| systemsb               :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Base support for      :   2,303.6 :   2,066.9 :    236.7 :     10.3  |
| other training         :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Global C3I and early  :   4,053.5 :   3,914.3 :    139.2 :      3.4  |
| warningb               :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Launch vehiclesb      :     596.5 :     527.7 :     68.8 :     11.5  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Satellite systemsb    :     231.5 :     165.9 :     65.6 :     28.3  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Arms control          :     168.9 :     131.5 :     37.4 :     22.2  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Other personnel       :     178.3 :     159.5 :     18.8 :     10.5  |
| support                :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal               : $27,429.7 : $24,955.6 : $2,474.1 :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense-wide           :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  On-Site Inspection    :     464.5 :     352.7 :    111.8 :     24.1  |
| Agencye                :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Joint Chiefs of Staff :   2,807.3 :   2,761.3 :     46.0 :      1.6  |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
|  Defense Contract      :   1,754.7 :   1,733.5 :     21.2 :      1.2  |
| Audit Agency           :           :           :          :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal               :  $5,026.5 :  $4,847.5 :   $179.0 :           |
|-----------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total                  : $67,250.7 : $61,073.5 : $6,177.2 :      9.2  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

aInitial designations for each O&M subactivity as reported in DOD's budget
estimates to Congress.

bO&M subactivities located in the Operating Forces budget activity that
DOD considers to be most directly related to readiness.

cO&M subactivities located in the Operating Forces budget activity that
DOD considers to be most directly related to readiness for which Congress
also identified as high-priority readiness-related for reporting fiscal
year 1998 transfers.

dIncludes only fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

eOn-Site Inspection Agency's resources were transferred to the newly
established Defense Threat Reduction and Treaty Compliance Agency as of
October 1, 1998.

Amounts may not total due to rounding.

Source: Our analysis, based on Defense O&M budget data.

Army: Divisions
---------------

This subactivity supports the training and operations of the Army's 10
active fighting divisions (6 heavy, 1 airborne, 1 air assault, and 2
light) plus other forces associated with these divisions. Table 6 shows
the Army obligated $579.9 million less than Congress initially designated
in fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****6:    Budget Information for Army Divisions

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :  $1,330.9 :  $1,330.9 :  $1,264.1 :  $1,041.0 :    $289.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   1,233.6 :   1,184.8 :     958.5 :     894.8 :     290.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $2,564.5 :  $2,515.7 :  $2,222.6 :  $1,935.8 :    $579.9  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Claims
------------

This subactivity supports the administration of claims such as for lost or
damaged personal property or for loss, injury, or death caused by
negligence of Army personnel. It also supports status of forces claims
pursuant to international agreements. Table 7 shows the Army obligated
$229.3 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****7:    Budget Information for Army Claims

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                         :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $222.1 :    $206.3 :    $206.6 :    $182.2 :     $24.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     192.9 :     192.6 :     193.8 :     134.4 :      58.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     183.0 :     183.0 :     173.9 :     134.3 :      48.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     183.4 :     183.4 :     133.3 :     117.6 :      65.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     152.5 :     152.5 :     142.2 :     120.0 :      32.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $933.9 :    $917.8 :    $849.8 :    $688.5 :    $229.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Army: Corps Combat Forces
-------------------------

This subactivity supports the operation of corps level combat units
(aviation, armored, cavalry, field artillery, and air defense) not organic
to a division. These units may be deployed in independent or semi-
independent operations. Corps level assets provide the corps commander
with additional combat power within a theater. Table 8 shows the Army
obligated $220.6 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****8:    Budget Information for Army Corps Combat
                                Forces

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :    $384.8 :    $384.8 :    $367.9 :    $268.2 :    $116.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     354.3 :     336.1 :     248.3 :     232.1 :     104.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $739.1 :    $720.9 :    $616.2 :    $500.3 :    $220.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Servicewide Communications
--------------------------------

This subactivity supports information management activities, central
software design, the Defense Communications System, long-haul
communications, information security, satellite ground communications, and
the National Science Center for Communications and Electronics. Table 9
shows the Army obligated $179.2 million less than Congress initially
designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****9:    Budget Information for Army Servicewide
                                Communications

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $870.5 :    $913.3 :    $922.4 :    $872.3 :     $41.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     875.3 :     803.5 :     799.9 :     786.3 :      17.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     724.8 :     724.8 :     698.8 :     692.8 :      32.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     718.4 :     734.1 :     666.6 :     667.9 :      66.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     626.8 :     632.9 :     615.4 :     610.1 :      22.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $3,815.8 :  $3,808.6 :  $3,703.1 :  $3,629.4 :    $179.2  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Army: Land Forces Depot Maintenance
-----------------------------------

This subactivity supports the recovery and return of major equipment
components and end items (e.g., trucks, tanks, etc.) to combat forces.
Table 10 shows the Army obligated $163.0 million less than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****10:    Budget Information for Army Land Forces
                                 Depot Maintenance

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :    $903.8 :    $861.4 :    $766.7 :    $749.7 :    $111.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     643.2 :     787.8 :     751.4 :     736.5 :      51.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,547.0 :  $1,649.2 :  $1,518.1 :  $1,486.2 :    $163.0  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Echelon Above Corps Forces
--------------------------------

This subactivity supports echelon above corps units-separate from
divisional and corps units-that directly support operations within a
specified theater of operations. These units include theater level
aviation, engineer, medical, signal, finance, personnel, military police,
military intelligence, and logistics units. Table 11 shows the Army
obligated
$79.1 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1997
and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****11:    Budget Information for Army Echelon Above
                                 Corps Forces

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :    $461.5 :    $461.5 :    $456.9 :    $428.6 :     $32.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     444.8 :     444.8 :     409.2 :     398.6 :      46.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $906.3 :    $906.3 :    $866.1 :    $827.2 :     $79.1  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Civilian Education and Training
-------------------------------------

This subactivity supports civilian education and training typically
performed at military installations, training centers, colleges,
universities, and civilian contract facilities. Table 12 shows the Army
obligated
$22.8 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****12:    Budget Information for Army Civilian
                                 Education and Training

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $96.7 :     $95.9 :     $99.8 :     $94.8 :      $1.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     100.0 :      95.8 :      93.6 :      90.5 :       5.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      85.6 :      85.6 :      87.8 :      79.9 :       5.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      86.8 :      83.7 :      82.9 :      79.3 :       4.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      82.3 :      82.3 :      79.2 :      76.0 :       6.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $451.4 :    $443.3 :    $443.3 :    $420.5 :     $22.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Army: One Station Unit Training
-------------------------------

This subactivity supports civilian pay and benefits, trainee support,
resident instruction, local preparation of training aids and training
literature, procurement of supplies and equipment, and contracted
services. Examples include travel and per diem costs for staff and faculty
and organizational clothing and equipment issued for use during training.
Table 13 shows the Army obligated $17.6 million less than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****13:    Budget Information for Army One Station
                                 Unit Training

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $14.4 :     $15.7 :     $15.7 :     $12.6 :      $3.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      18.2 :      18.2 :      16.9 :      13.7 :       4.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      18.0 :      18.0 :      16.8 :      12.7 :       5.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      17.4 :      17.4 :      17.0 :      14.9 :       2.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      14.9 :      14.9 :      14.1 :      12.7 :       2.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :     $82.9 :     $84.2 :     $80.5 :     $66.6 :     $17.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Ship Depot Maintenance
----------------------------

This subactivity supports maintenance, ranging from overhauls to
restricted technical repairs, performed at naval and private shipyards.
Ship overhauls restore ships, including the operating systems that affect
safety or current combat capability, to established performance standards.
Table 14 shows the Navy obligated $1.2 billion less than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****14:    Budget Information for Navy Ship Depot
                                 Maintenance

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :  $2,231.7 :  $2,327.5 :  $2,179.5 :  $1,926.5 :    $401.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :   2,539.9 :   2,570.3 :   2,594.0 :   2,444.7 :     125.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :   2,387.4 :   2,545.8 :   2,370.4 :   2,142.4 :     403.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   1,880.6 :   2,047.4 :   1,945.5 :   1,829.5 :     217.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   2,060.3 :   2,120.9 :   1,972.0 :   2,050.5 :      70.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     : $11,099.9 : $11,611.9 : $11,061.4 : $10,393.6 :  $1,218.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Weapons Maintenance
-------------------------

This subactivity supports depot-level maintenance and overhaul of missile
systems, rockets, gun systems, and surface/undersea/aviation and anti-
submarine warfare systems, as well as ammunition and ordnance rework and
certification. Table 15 shows the Navy obligated $246.2 million less than
Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****15:    Budget Information for Navy Weapons
                                 Maintenance

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $564.4 :    $564.4 :    $510.6 :    $496.2 :     $68.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     517.2 :     517.2 :     501.5 :     493.6 :      23.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     424.3 :     429.6 :     390.8 :     368.6 :      61.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     406.0 :     405.0 :     374.3 :     351.0 :      54.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     404.7 :     418.8 :     402.8 :     379.4 :      39.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $2,316.6 :  $2,335.0 :  $2,180.0 :  $2,088.8 :    $246.2  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Air Systems Support
-------------------------

This subactivity supports air engineering services, ground support
equipment, technical publications, aircraft structural life survivability,
automatic test equipment, automatic test equipment centers, acquisition
and standardization reform initiatives, and integrated logistics support
management. Table 16 shows the Navy obligated $157.0 million less than
Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****16:    Budget Information for Navy Air Systems
                                 Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $217.2 :    $215.3 :    $215.4 :    $194.1 :     $21.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     407.6 :     373.9 :     366.9 :     349.9 :      24.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     318.9 :     318.9 :     279.3 :     273.0 :      45.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     288.2 :     285.9 :     246.9 :     242.0 :      43.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     273.8 :     273.8 :     265.6 :     251.8 :      22.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,505.7 :  $1,467.8 :  $1,374.1 :  $1,310.8 :    $157.0  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Flight Training
---------------------

This subactivity supports undergraduate pilot and flight officer training
and other flight training such as for flight surgeons, Naval Academy
orientation, and transition. This subactivity also finances fuel, flight
gear, organizational and intermediate maintenance parts, and contractor
maintenance of training aircraft expenses. Table 17 shows the Navy obligated
$121.1 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****17:    Budget Information for Navy Flight Training

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $372.6 :    $368.2 :    $355.3 :    $324.8 :     $43.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     353.9 :     348.5 :     335.3 :     309.8 :      38.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     288.2 :     288.2 :     283.5 :     275.9 :      12.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     307.8 :     307.8 :     300.1 :     281.9 :      25.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     317.8 :     317.8 :     319.0 :     317.0 :       0.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,640.3 :  $1,630.5 :  $1,593.2 :  $1,509.4 :    $121.1  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Fleet Ballistic Missile 
------------------------------

This subactivity supports readiness and reliability of strategic weapon
systems aboard fleet ballistic missile submarines, including systems for
launchers, fire control, navigation, test instrumentation, missiles,
missile checkout, and guidance. Table 18 shows the Navy obligated $78.0
million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****18:    Budget Information for Navy Fleet
                                 Ballistic Missile

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $891.2 :    $891.2 :    $885.8 :    $887.5 :      $3.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     848.5 :     848.5 :     846.0 :     846.9 :       1.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     832.5 :     832.5 :     823.0 :     813.2 :      19.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     788.9 :     788.9 :     775.9 :     768.9 :      20.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     819.3 :     819.3 :     802.1 :     785.9 :      33.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $4,180.4 :  $4,180.4 :  $4,132.8 :  $4,102.4 :     $78.0  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Cruise Missile
--------------------

This subactivity supports overall management, maintenance, and engineering
support to maintain the Sea Launched Cruise Missile. Funding also supports
the Joint Services Imagery Processing System and the surface ship Harpoon
weapon control systems. Table 19 shows the Navy obligated $39.0 million
less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****19:    Budget Information for Navy Cruise Missile

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $118.1 :    $118.1 :    $122.2 :    $112.4 :      $5.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     142.3 :     142.3 :     120.2 :     118.6 :      23.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     102.1 :     102.1 :      84.7 :      99.3 :       2.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      83.2 :     112.1 :     107.6 :     109.2 :       2.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      93.4 :      93.4 :      87.8 :      89.5 :       3.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $539.1 :    $568.0 :    $522.5 :    $529.0 :     $39.0  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Air Operations and Safety Support
---------------------------------------

This subactivity supports nine major programs: Aviation Mobile Facilities,
Expeditionary Airfields, Aircraft Launch and Recovery Equipment, Aviation
Facilities and Landing Aids, Aviation Life Support Systems, Air Traffic
Control, Marine Air Traffic Control Automated Landing System, Situational
Awareness Beacon With Reply, and Naval Air Technical Data and Engineering
Services Command. Table 20 shows the Navy obligated
$34.8 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****20:    Budget Information for Navy Air
                                 Operations and Safety Support 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $160.6 :    $160.0 :    $148.7 :    $154.0 :      $6.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      89.5 :      89.5 :      83.8 :      86.6 :       2.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      62.4 :      62.4 :      58.9 :      57.7 :       4.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      68.5 :      68.5 :      63.2 :      58.7 :       9.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      74.0 :      74.0 :      68.5 :      62.6 :      11.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $455.0 :    $454.4 :    $423.1 :    $419.6 :     $34.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Space and Electronic Warfare Systems
------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports the Navy Command and Control Systems, the
Tactical Support Center, Ocean Surveillance, and other electronic
programs. Table 21 shows the Navy obligated $32.4 million less than
Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****21:    Budget Information for Navy Space and
                                 Electronic Warfare Systems 

                                                                  
                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $89.3 :     $87.7 :     $78.4 :     $76.0 :     $11.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      80.0 :      80.0 :      73.7 :      72.0 :       8.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      71.9 :      71.9 :      69.6 :      68.7 :       3.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      75.6 :      75.3 :      71.3 :      68.4 :       6.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      71.0 :      71.0 :      67.9 :      68.4 :       2.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $387.8 :    $385.9 :    $360.9 :    $353.5 :     $32.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Coast Guard Support
-------------------------

This subactivity supports maintenance, overhaul, and calibration of Navy
equipment installed on Coast Guard ships and aircraft. This support
ensures interoperability between Coast Guard and Navy equipment.
Table 22 shows the Navy obligated $11.4 million less than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****22:    Budget Information for Navy Coast Guard
                                 Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $20.3 :     $20.3 :     $19.4 :     $18.7 :      $1.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      19.9 :      19.9 :      19.6 :      18.1 :       1.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      22.7 :      22.7 :      20.5 :      19.3 :       3.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      22.9 :      22.9 :      20.3 :      19.6 :       3.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      18.5 :      18.5 :      18.0 :      17.2 :       1.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $104.3 :    $104.3 :     $97.8 :     $92.9 :     $11.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Electronic Warfare
------------------------

This subactivity supports ship operations electronic warfare, including
quick reaction capability support, various electronic warfare decoys and
deception devices, and a wide spectrum of electronic warfare support such
as maintenance and software support for radar and antiship missile warning
and defense systems. Table 23 shows the Navy obligated
$7.2 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****23:    Budget Information for Navy Electronic
                                 Warfare

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :      $8.4 :      $8.4 :      $7.4 :      $6.6 :      $1.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :       9.4 :       9.4 :       7.2 :       7.2 :       2.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :       7.8 :       7.8 :       7.4 :       6.1 :       1.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :       7.9 :       7.9 :       7.2 :       7.0 :       0.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :       7.8 :       7.8 :       7.3 :       7.2 :       0.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :     $41.3 :     $41.3 :     $36.5 :     $34.1 :      $7.2  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps
-------------------------------------------

This subactivity provides funding to the Naval Junior Reserve Officer
Training Corps, including instruction in the basic elements of and
requirements for national security. Examples of funded items include
instructor salaries, cadet travel, training aids, and texts and
educational materials. Table 24 shows the Navy obligated $5.7 million less
than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****24:    Budget Information for Navy Junior
                                 Reserve Officer Training Corps

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $20.6 :     $20.6 :     $20.2 :     $19.2 :      $1.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      23.0 :      23.0 :      23.3 :      22.9 :       0.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      25.7 :      25.7 :      25.5 :      24.5 :       1.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      26.0 :      26.0 :      23.9 :      24.0 :       2.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      23.9 :      23.9 :      22.7 :      22.9 :       1.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $119.2 :    $119.2 :    $115.6 :    $113.5 :      $5.7  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Fleet Hospital Program
----------------------------

This subactivity supports modular, rapidly erectable fleet hospitals
throughout the world. The Fleet Hospital Program complements or expands
the medical capabilities of the fleet and plays a critical role in the
Marine Corps' doctrinal concept of overseas theater support. Table 25
shows the Navy obligated $2.6 million less than Congress initially
designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****25:    Budget Information for Navy Fleet
                                 Hospital Program

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $19.8 :     $19.8 :     $19.8 :     $19.4 :      $0.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      17.9 :      17.9 :      17.7 :      17.4 :       0.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      17.1 :      17.1 :      16.9 :      16.6 :       0.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      20.2 :      20.2 :      19.8 :      19.5 :       0.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      20.0 :      20.0 :      19.5 :      19.5 :       0.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :     $95.0 :     $95.0 :     $93.7 :     $92.4 :      $2.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Depot Operations Support
------------------------------

This subactivity supports testing and monitoring systems such as general
purpose electronic test equipment. Examples include in-service engineering
to develop and maintain equipment data, equipment modifications, equipment
and ship system configuration change management, and distribution and
verification of computer programs. Table 26 shows the Navy obligated $0.6
million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****26:    Budget Information for Navy Depot
                                 Operations Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :      $1.6 :      $1.6 :      $1.6 :      $1.6 :      $0.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :       1.4 :       1.4 :       1.4 :       1.3 :       0.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :       1.2 :       1.2 :       1.1 :       1.0 :       0.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :       1.2 :       1.2 :       1.1 :       1.0 :       0.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :       0.9 :       0.9 :       0.9 :       0.8 :       0.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :      $6.3 :      $6.3 :      $6.1 :      $5.7 :      $0.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Marine Corps: Base Support for Accession Training
-------------------------------------------------

This subactivity provides funding for administrative, community, and real
property services. Administrative services include installation financial
and manpower management. Community services include support of living
facilities, food services, recreation areas, special services programs,
and common-use facilities. Real property services include utilities
operations and other engineering support. Table 27 shows the Marine Corps
obligated $50.6 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****27:    Budget Information for Marine Corps Base
                                 Support for Accession Training

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $63.5 :     $63.5 :     $60.2 :     $56.5 :      $7.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      60.3 :      60.3 :      63.3 :      37.0 :      23.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      51.4 :      51.4 :      51.2 :      47.0 :       4.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      49.1 :      49.5 :      51.5 :      47.7 :       1.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      51.8 :      59.3 :      52.6 :      45.2 :      14.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $276.1 :    $284.0 :    $278.8 :    $233.4 :     $50.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Marine Corps: Maritime Prepositioning
-------------------------------------

This subactivity supports training and exercises in the Marine Corps'
prepositioning forces program and aviation logistics support ships
program. Examples of funded activities include maintenance support,
facility leases, port operations, transportation, and contractor
maintenance. Table 28 shows the Marine Corps obligated $14.1 million less
than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****28:    Budget Information for Marine Corps
                                 Maritime Prepositioning

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $71.9 :    $106.9 :    $119.5 :    $104.5 :      $2.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      77.0 :      77.0 :      77.0 :      74.7 :       2.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      81.7 :      81.7 :      77.1 :      78.2 :       3.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      77.2 :      77.2 :      79.0 :      76.4 :       0.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      78.1 :      78.1 :      78.1 :      73.0 :       5.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $385.9 :    $420.9 :    $430.7 :    $406.8 :     $14.1  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Marine Corps: Base Support for Recruiting and Other Training and Education
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports base support functions in the recruiting and
other training and education activity group. Functions include financial
management, personnel management, base safety, legal services, food
services, recreation areas, utilities operations, engineering support, and
communication systems. Table 29 shows the Marine Corps obligated
$13.6 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****29:    Budget Information for Marine Corps Base
                                 Support for Recruiting and Other Training
                                 and Education

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :      $7.6 :      $7.6 :     $10.3 :      $4.4 :      $3.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      10.1 :      10.1 :      10.4 :       3.8 :       6.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :       8.9 :       8.9 :       8.9 :       6.9 :       2.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :       8.8 :       8.8 :       8.0 :       7.7 :       1.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :       8.2 :       8.2 :       8.1 :       7.2 :       1.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :     $43.6 :     $43.6 :     $45.7 :     $30.0 :     $13.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Primary Combat Forces
--------------------------------

This subactivity supports the operation and maintenance of the Air Force's
fighters and bomber aircraft such as the F-16 or the B-1. This includes
funding for wing headquarters, fighter squadrons, bomber squadrons,
organizational avionics, and consolidated aircraft maintenance. Table 30
shows the Air Force obligated $988.4 million less than Congress initially
designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****30:    Budget Information for Air Force Primary
                                 Combat Forces

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year^a    :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :  $2,712.0 :  $2,835.1 :  $3,023.8 :  $2,763.4 :     $71.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :   2,930.8 :   3,116.5 :   3,078.5 :   2,968.2 :     148.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :   2,834.8 :   2,865.4 :   2,826.9 :   2,648.2 :     217.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   2,434.3 :   2,033.7 :   2,341.8 :  1,920.5a :     113.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   2,745.5 :   2,597.6 :   2,232.5 :  2,159.6a :     438.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     : $13,657.4 : $13,448.3 : $13,503.5 : $12,459.9 :    $988.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

^aAlthough the Air Force requested and Congress designated funds for depot
maintenance within several subactivities for fiscal years 1997 and 1998,
the Air Force's reported obligations excluded these funds for these fiscal
years.

Air Force: Logistics Operations
-------------------------------

This subactivity supports the Air Force Material Command's Air Logistics
Centers, Product Centers, and Headquarters; the Air Force's Acquisition
Program Executive Offices; and several field operating agencies. Funds are
also used to reimburse the Defense Information Systems Agency and the Air
Force Information Services Business Area for services. Table 31 shows the
Air Force obligated $596.8 million less than Congress initially designated
in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****31:    Budget Information for Air Force
                                 Logistics Operations

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $948.5 :    $943.6 :    $852.2 :    $809.5 :    $134.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     960.7 :     974.0 :     943.7 :     866.9 :     107.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     834.4 :     796.4 :     871.6 :     784.3 :      12.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   1,087.1 :   1,064.6 :     842.5 :     772.0 :     292.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     796.3 :     796.3 :     732.3 :     745.4 :      50.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $4,627.0 :  $4,574.9 :  $4,242.3 :  $3,978.1 :    $596.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Space Control Systems
--------------------------------

This subactivity supports the Air Force Satellite Control Network. This
global network provides remote tracking stations and communication links
required for operating military satellites. Examples include switchboard
systems, wire communications, launch communications, and software and
hardware maintenance. Table 32 shows the Air Force obligated
$322.4 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****32:    Budget Information for Air Force Space
                                 Control Systems 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $471.2 :    $469.6 :    $418.7 :    $377.9 :     $91.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     431.4 :     431.4 :     408.1 :     391.0 :      40.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     360.9 :     360.9 :     343.0 :     305.8 :      55.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     324.6 :     324.6 :     309.2 :     243.4 :      81.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     286.3 :     287.7 :     249.3 :     233.7 :      54.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,874.4 :  $1,874.2 :  $1,728.3 :  $1,551.8 :    $322.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Base Support for Other Training 
-------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports personnel and base infrastructure at
installations in the Air Education and Training Command. Examples include
physical plant, food, and housing services; childcare and family support;
religious services; personnel management; security forces; and morale,
welfare, and recreation. Table 33 shows the Air Force obligated $236.7
million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****33:    Budget Information for Air Force Base
                                 Support for Other Training

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $554.0 :    $549.9 :    $545.5 :    $543.8 :      $6.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     575.0 :     531.6 :     521.1 :     364.6 :     167.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     575.9 :     438.0 :     424.5 :     402.7 :      35.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     405.5 :     410.1 :     426.2 :     385.7 :      24.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     374.0 :     374.0 :     376.6 :     370.1 :       3.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $2,484.4 :  $2,303.6 :  $2,293.9 :  $2,066.9 :    $236.7  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Global Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence and
Early Warning
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports strategic offensive and defensive capabilities
and Air Force-wide communications. Table 34 shows the Air Force obligated
$139.2 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****34:    Budget Information for Air Force Global
                                 Command, Control, Communications, and
                                 Intelligence and Early Warning 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $880.5 :    $856.0 :    $805.0 :    $803.7 :     $52.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     867.8 :     822.7 :     765.7 :     815.5 :       7.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     872.7 :     876.9 :     870.9 :     848.5 :      28.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     767.4 :     778.1 :     734.3 :     773.1 :       5.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     719.8 :     719.8 :     646.3 :     673.5 :      46.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $4,108.2 :  $4,053.5 :  $3,822.2 :  $3,914.3 :    $139.2  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Launch Vehicles
--------------------------

This subactivity supports satellite launch vehicles, including the Delta
II, Atlas IIA, and Titan II and IV to provide launch and orbital support
for DOD space programs. Table 35 shows the Air Force obligated $68.8
million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998. 

Table****Helvetica:x11****35:    Budget Information for Air Force Launch
                                 Vehicles 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $117.5 :    $136.3 :    $150.0 :    $118.0 :     $18.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     120.8 :     120.8 :     124.4 :     115.7 :       5.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     124.0 :     124.0 :     112.6 :      98.5 :      25.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     110.8 :     110.8 :      98.9 :     100.4 :      10.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     104.6 :     104.6 :      94.2 :      95.1 :       9.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $577.7 :    $596.5 :    $580.1 :    $527.7 :     $68.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Satellite Systems
----------------------------

This subactivity supports the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program.
This includes equipment hardware and software, equipment maintenance at
remote tracking stations, support and service for launch pad maintenance
and launch preparation activities, and satellite and sensor daily
operations support. Table 36 shows the Air Force obligated 
$65.6 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****36:    Budget Information for Air Force
                                 Satellite Systems 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $50.5 :     $50.4 :     $40.2 :     $35.3 :     $15.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      40.4 :      40.4 :      42.5 :      33.7 :       6.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      51.9 :      51.9 :      52.6 :      36.9 :      15.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      46.2 :      46.2 :      39.3 :      28.0 :      18.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      42.6 :      42.6 :      30.3 :      32.0 :      10.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $231.6 :    $231.5 :    $204.9 :    $165.9 :     $65.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Arms Control
-----------------------

This subactivity supports efforts directly associated with implementing
arms control treaties and agreements such as the Strategic Arms Reduction
Treaty, Conventional Forces Europe, Open Skies, the Intermediate Nuclear
Forces Treaty, and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Table 37 shows the Air
Force obligated $37.4 million less than Congress initially designated in
fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****37:    Budget Information for Air Force Arms
                                 Control

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $42.2 :     $41.4 :     $38.3 :     $28.3 :     $13.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      35.4 :      31.1 :      30.2 :      26.5 :       4.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      36.6 :      36.6 :      28.6 :      24.1 :      12.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      30.0 :      30.0 :      29.4 :      27.1 :       2.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      29.8 :      29.8 :      28.6 :      25.5 :       4.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $174.0 :    $168.9 :    $155.1 :    $131.5 :     $37.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Other Personnel Support 
-----------------------------------

This subactivity supports the Air Force Broadcasting Service, including
the Air Force Armed Forces Radio and Television Service. Additional
supported programs include the Air Force Honor Guard, the Air Force Band,
the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, and the Air Force
Library and Information System. Table 38 shows the Air Force obligated
$18.8 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****38:    Budget Information for Air Force Other
                                 Personnel Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $37.0 :     $36.8 :     $36.8 :     $33.1 :      $3.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      41.5 :      41.5 :      35.3 :      33.2 :       8.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      33.9 :      33.9 :      30.4 :      30.4 :       3.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      32.2 :      32.2 :      31.4 :      30.5 :       1.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      33.9 :      33.9 :      31.3 :      32.3 :       1.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $178.5 :    $178.3 :    $165.2 :    $159.5 :     $18.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Defense-wide: On-Site Inspection Agency
---------------------------------------

This agency conducts inspections of foreign facilities, territories, or
events by sending inspection, monitoring, and escort teams to exercise its
treaty rights for on-site inspection. Table 39 shows this agency obligated
$111.8 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****39:    Budget Information for On-Site Inspection
                                 Agency

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $128.0 :     $92.8 :     $92.8 :     $56.9 :     $35.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     108.6 :      96.4 :      96.4 :      77.2 :      19.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     103.5 :      89.3 :      88.6 :      69.4 :      19.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     113.6 :      90.7 :      90.3 :      70.3 :      20.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     110.3 :      95.3 :      95.2 :      78.9 :      16.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $564.0 :    $464.5 :    $463.3 :    $352.7 :    $111.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Defense-wide: Joint Chiefs of Staff
-----------------------------------

The Joint Chiefs of Staff supports its joint exercises and the day-to-day
operations of the Joint Staff, including civilian personnel, travel,
lease, rents and utilities, communications, equipment maintenance,
printing, contract studies, facility maintenance, supplies, equipment, and
other services. Table 40 shows the Joint Chiefs of Staff obligated $46.0
million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****40:    Budget Information for the Joint Chiefs
                                 of Staff

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $499.1 :    $513.2 :    $513.2 :    $511.6 :      $1.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     549.6 :     522.7 :     523.6 :     512.0 :      10.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     605.9 :     613.1 :     612.4 :     601.6 :      11.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     610.4 :     591.1 :     595.4 :     577.4 :      13.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     676.2 :     567.2 :     564.0 :     558.7 :       8.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $2,941.2 :  $2,807.3 :  $2,808.6 :  $2,761.3 :     $46.0  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Defense-wide: Defense Contract Audit Agency
-------------------------------------------

This agency assists DOD acquisition authorities in contract pricing. The
agency evaluates contractor pricing proposals, provides contracting
officers with accounting and financial advisory services, and verifies
contractor costs. Table 41 shows the Defense Contract Audit Agency
obligated $21.2 million less than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****41:    Budget Information for the Defense
                                 Contract Audit Agency

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $395.9 :    $372.9 :    $374.0 :    $372.3 :      $0.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     367.2 :     365.8 :     365.9 :     359.5 :       6.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     361.9 :     347.2 :     345.7 :     339.9 :       7.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     349.8 :     341.2 :     340.2 :     335.1 :       6.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     332.5 :     327.6 :     326.7 :     326.7 :       0.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,807.3 :  $1,754.7 :  $1,752.5 :  $1,733.5 :     $21.2  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

O&M SUBACTIVITIES AND AGENCIES FOR WHICH DOD CONSISTENTLY OBLIGATED MORE
FUNDS THAN CONGRESS INITIALLY DESIGNATED
===========================================================================

Every year from fiscal year 1994 through 1998, DOD obligated more funding
than Congress designated for the same 24 O&M subactivities and 3 Defense-
wide agencies. DOD considers 13 of these subactivities most directly
related to readiness. This appendix describes each subactivity or Defense
agency, and shows the amounts DOD requested, those Congress initially
designated, and those DOD adjusted and obligated. Table 42 summarizes the
O&M subactivities and agencies that consistently obligated more funding
than Congress initially designated.

Data Limitations on Certain Army O&M Subactivities
--------------------------------------------------

The Army restructured its Operating Forces budget activity in fiscal year
1997 and did not maintain a link between the old and the new budget
structure. Five subactivities in the Army's Operating Forces budget
activity in this appendix were affected by this change. Therefore, the
appendix presents the amounts reported by the Army for these five
subactivities using the revised budget activity structure for fiscal years
1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****42:    O&M Subactivities and Defense-wide
                                 Agencies for Which DOD Consistently
                                 Obligated More Funds Than Congress
                                 Initially Designated, Fiscal Years 1994-98

                                       Continued from Previous Page
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|                          :     5-year total     :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M subactivity          : Congress :     DOD's : Differen : Percenta  |
|                          :        ' :           :       ce :       ge  |
|                          :  initial : obligation:          : differen  |
|                          : designat :           :          :      ce   |
|                          :     iona :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Army                     :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Miscellaneous            :   $216.0 :  $3,140.5 : $2,924.5 :   1353.7  |
| activitiesb,d            :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base operations support  :  5,198.8 :   5,620.4 :    421.6 :      8.1  |
| for land forces          :          :           :          :           |
| readinessc,d             :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Logistic support         :  1,667.0 :   1,984.4 :    317.4 :     19.0  |
| activities               :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Land forces operations   :  1,325.8 :   1,528.8 :    203.0 :     15.3  |
| supportc,d               :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Unified commandsb,d      :    119.6 :     225.5 :    105.9 :     88.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other personnel support  :    890.3 :     995.6 :    105.3 :     11.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Management and           :    291.7 :     384.2 :     92.5 :     31.7  |
| operational              :          :           :          :           |
| headquartersb,d          :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal                 : $9,709.2 : $13,879.4 : $4,170.2 :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Navy                     :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Planning, engineering,   :  1,398.7 :   3,056.2 :  1,657.5 :    118.5  |
| and design               :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Mission and other        : 10,187.7 :  11,063.1 :    875.4 :      8.6  |
| flight operationsc       :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Mission and other ship   : 10,302.7 :  10,958.9 :    656.2 :      6.4  |
| operationsc              :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Combat support forcesb   :  1,748.8 :   2,146.9 :    398.1 :     22.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions                                      |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|                          :     5-year total     :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| O&M subactivity          : Congress :     DOD's : Differen : Percenta  |
|                          :        ' :           :       ce :       ge  |
|                          :  initial : obligation:          : differen  |
|                          : designat :           :          :      ce   |
|                          :     iona :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Space systems and        :    809.0 :   1,039.4 :    230.4 :     28.5  |
| surveillanceb            :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Acquisition and program  :  2,239.0 :   2,370.7 :    131.7 :      5.9  |
| management               :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Warfare tacticsb         :    728.6 :     806.4 :     77.8 :     10.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| International            :     38.8 :      45.7 :      6.9 :     17.6  |
| headquarters and         :          :           :          :           |
| agencies                 :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal                 : $27,453.3: $31,487.3 : $4,034.0 :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Marine Corps             :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Operational forcesc      :  1,810.8 :   1,944.5 :    133.7 :      7.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruiting and           :    347.5 :     374.8 :     27.3 :      7.9  |
| advertising              :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Recruit training         :     38.3 :      43.6 :      5.3 :     14.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal                 : $2,196.6 :  $2,362.9 :   $166.3 :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Air Force                :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other servicewide        :  2,760.1 :   4,935.4 :  2,175.3 :     78.8  |
| activities               :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Base support for         :  3,553.6 :   3,894.1 :    340.5 :      9.6  |
| logistics operations     :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Management and           :    572.1 :     911.8 :    339.7 :     59.4  |
| operational headquartersb:          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Other combat operations  :  1,159.6 :   1,417.4 :    257.8 :     22.2  |
| supportb                 :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Administration           :    543.7 :     757.0 :    213.3 :     39.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Training support         :    324.0 :     400.1 :     76.1 :     23.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal                 : $8,913.1 : $12,315.8 : $3,402.7 :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense-wide             :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Classified and           : 20,643.4 :  21,146.9 :    503.5 :      2.4  |
| communications agenciese :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| U.S. Special Operations  :  5,514.8 :   5,795.1 :    280.3 :      5.1  |
| Command                  :          :           :          :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Defense Security Service :  1,012.5 :   1,035.8 :     23.3 :      2.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Subtotal                 : $27,170.7: $27,977.8 :   $807.1 :           |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total                    : $75,442.9: $88,023.2 : $12,580.3:     16.7  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aInitial designations for each O&M subactivity as reported in DOD's budget
estimates to Congress.

bO&M subactivities located in the Operating Forces budget activity that
DOD considers to be most directly related to readiness.

cO&M subactivities located in the Operating Forces budget activity that
DOD considers to be most directly related to readiness for which Congress
also identified as high-priority readiness-related for reporting fiscal
year 1998 transfers.

dIncludes only fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

eIncludes the classified and communications agencies, the Defense
Information Systems Agency, and the Defense Mapping Agency.

Amounts may not total due to rounding.

Source: Our analysis, based on Defense O&M budget data.

Army: Miscellaneous Activities
------------------------------

This subactivity supports special activities not funded elsewhere in the
Land Forces activity group. These include active Army support to the
Commander in Chief's counter-drug program and special and miscellaneous
programs not captured in other activity groups. Table 43 shows the Army
obligated $2.9 billion more than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1997 and 1998. Additional funds came from the centrally managed
account for overseas contingencies.

Table****Helvetica:x11****43:    Budget Information for Army Miscellaneous
                                 Activities

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :         ^ :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :         ^ :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :         ^ :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :    $433.6 :     $34.4 :     $68.3 :  $1,424.5 :  $1,390.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     181.6 :     181.6 :      95.0 :   1,716.0 :   1,534.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $615.2 :    $216.0 :    $163.3 :  $3,140.5 :  $2,924.5  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Base Operations Support for Land Forces Readiness
-------------------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports the quality of life for soldiers and their
families and includes services for logistics; engineering; personnel and
community; family; base communications; and morale, welfare, and
recreation. 
Table 44 shows the Army obligated $421.6 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****44:    Budget Information for Army Base
                                 Operations Support For Land Forces
                                 Readiness

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :  $2,701.7 :  $2,734.6 :  $2,648.9 :  $3,059.5 :    $324.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   2,441.0 :   2,464.2 :   2,440.4 :   2,560.9 :      96.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $5,142.7 :  $5,198.8 :  $5,089.3 :  $5,620.4 :    $421.6  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Logistic Support Activities 
----------------------------------

This subactivity supports logistics activities and functions to equip,
deploy, and sustain Army and other service forces worldwide, including
some Army commands such as Army Materiel Command, Communications-
Electronics Command, Aviation Missile Command, Industrial Operations
Command, Soldier and Biological Chemical Command, Tank Automotive and
Armament Command, Test and Evaluation Command, and Army Security
Assistance Command. Table 45 shows the Army obligated
$317.4 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****45:    Budget Information for Army Logistic
                                 Support Activities

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally : baseline  :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $365.3 :    $369.0 :    $376.3 :    $379.7 :     $10.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     372.4 :     374.6 :     374.4 :     468.2 :      93.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     315.9 :     315.9 :     313.1 :     395.4 :      79.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     321.6 :     315.6 :     326.8 :     407.1 :      91.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     255.6 :     291.9 :     346.3 :     334.0 :      42.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,630.8 :  $1,667.0 :  $1,736.9 :  $1,984.4 :    $317.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Army: Land Forces Operations Support 
-------------------------------------

This subactivity supports force-related training at Army combat training
centers, including the National Training Center, the Joint Readiness
Training Center, and the Combat Maneuver Training Center. This subactivity
also funds a virtual training center called the Battle Command Training
Program. Table 46 shows the Army obligated $203.0 million more than
Congress designated in fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****46:    Budget Information for Army Land Forces
                                 Operations Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :    $659.3 :    $661.4 :    $652.8 :    $851.4 :    $190.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     664.4 :     664.4 :     830.6 :     677.4 :      13.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,323.7 :  $1,325.8 :  $1,483.4 :  $1,528.8 :    $203.0  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Unified Commands
----------------------

This subactivity supports Headquarters, U.S. European Command;
Headquarters, U.S. Southern Command; and the Army elements of
Headquarters, U.S. Atlantic Command, and Headquarters, U.S. Pacific
Command. Table 47 shows the Army obligated $105.9 million more for than
Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1997 and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****47:    Budget Information for Army Unified
                                 Commands

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     $66.5 :     $66.5 :     $69.0 :    $159.8 :     $93.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      71.3 :      53.1 :      67.9 :      65.7 :      12.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $137.8 :    $119.6 :    $136.9 :    $225.5 :    $105.9  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Army: Other Personnel Support
-----------------------------

This subactivity supports active duty and civilian personnel management
programs, including recruitment, training, assignments, and career
progression. Specific programs include disposition of remains, chaplain
activities, Army career and alumni program, armed forces radio and
television services, and drug abuse prevention. Table 48 shows the Army
obligated $105.3 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****48:    Budget Information for Army Other
                                 Personnel Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $172.3 :    $175.7 :    $177.8 :    $186.9 :     $11.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     190.1 :     195.8 :     190.9 :     203.0 :       7.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     185.6 :     182.5 :     177.4 :     214.6 :      32.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     179.0 :     179.5 :     185.9 :     209.3 :      29.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     156.8 :     156.8 :     150.5 :     181.8 :      25.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $883.8 :    $890.3 :    $882.5 :    $995.6 :    $105.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Army: Management and Operational Headquarters
---------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports day-to-day operation of Army management
headquarters activities for the Army's operating forces, excluding unified
commands. Management headquarters activities develop policy and guidance,
perform long-range planning, programming, and budgeting, and manage and
distribute resources. Table 49 shows the Army obligated
$92.5 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1997
and 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****49:    Budget Information for Army Management
                                 and Operational Headquarters

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a :        ^a  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :    $159.2 :    $159.2 :    $156.4 :    $224.1 :     $64.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     131.3 :     132.5 :     108.1 :     160.1 :      27.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $290.5 :    $291.7 :    $264.5 :    $384.2 :     $92.5  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

aData not available because the Army restructured this subactivity.

Navy: Planning, Engineering, and Design
---------------------------------------

This subactivity supports ship system acquisition studies and reports to
improve ship construction projects. Planning, engineering, and design
support is also provided for bachelor quarters management, facilities,
environmental compliance, hazard abatement, and materials technology.
Table 50 shows the Navy obligated $1.7 billion more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998. Additional funds
came from the centrally managed account for environmental restoration.

Table****Helvetica:x11****50:    Budget Information for Navy Planning,
                                 Engineering, and Design

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $313.7 :    $313.7 :    $313.8 :    $767.2 :    $453.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     264.3 :     264.3 :     278.0 :     716.6 :     452.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     263.6 :     263.6 :     283.5 :     689.7 :     426.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     296.4 :     295.8 :     292.2 :     606.9 :     311.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     261.3 :     261.3 :     253.8 :     275.8 :      14.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,399.3 :  $1,398.7 :  $1,421.3 :  $3,056.2 :  $1,657.5  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Mission and Other Flight Operations
-----------------------------------------

This subactivity supports all Navy and Marine Corps tactical air and anti-
submarine forces, shore-based fleet air support, operational testing and
evaluation, operation and maintenance of White House helicopters, and
miscellaneous items such as transportation of squadron equipment. 
Table 51 shows the Navy obligated $875.4 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****51:    Budget Information for Navy Mission and
                                 Other Flight Operations

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :  $2,049.3 :  $1,979.0 :  $1,956.7 :  $2,196.7 :    $217.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :   2,089.1 :   2,089.1 :   2,138.7 :   2,363.2 :     274.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :   1,888.1 :   1,896.6 :   2,088.1 :   2,076.4 :     179.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   1,947.5 :   1,842.6 :   1,816.1 :   1,953.4 :     110.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   2,121.7 :   2,380.4 :   2,226.2 :   2,473.4 :      93.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     : $10,095.7 : $10,187.7 : $10,225.8 : $11,063.1 :    $875.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Mission and Other Ship Operations
---------------------------------------

This subactivity supports operating tempo, fleet training units,
specialized skills, operational support, pier-side support and port
services, organizational maintenance, and associated administrative
support. 
Table 52 shows the Navy obligated $656.2 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****52:    Budget Information for Navy Mission and
                                 Other Ship Operations

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :  $2,429.7 :  $2,152.4 :  $2,331.8 :  $2,394.3 :    $241.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :   2,055.0 :   2,055.0 :   2,072.9 :   2,223.6 :     168.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :   1,990.5 :   1,990.5 :   2,064.1 :   2,096.8 :     106.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   2,001.7 :   1,976.4 :   1,922.0 :   2,006.0 :      29.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   2,151.1 :   2,128.4 :   2,198.0 :   2,238.2 :     109.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     : $10,628.0 : $10,302.7 : $10,588.8 : $10,958.9 :    $656.2  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Combat Support Forces
---------------------------

This subactivity supports ship environmental protection, diving and
salvage operations, fleet commands and staffs, ocean facilities programs,
fleetwide imaging services, unified commands support, mobile construction
battalions, amphibious craft units, special combat support forces, and
combatant craft repair. Table 53 shows the Navy obligated $398.1 million
more than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****53:    Budget Information for Navy Combat
                                 Support Forces

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  Baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $295.7 :    $295.6 :    $307.8 :    $376.1 :     $80.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     305.2 :     305.2 :     316.6 :     399.1 :      93.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     358.9 :     358.9 :     375.3 :     438.1 :      79.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     402.4 :     401.6 :     401.5 :     484.8 :      83.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     387.5 :     387.5 :     402.5 :     448.8 :      61.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,749.7 :  $1,748.8 :  $1,803.7 :  $2,146.9 :    $398.1  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Space Systems and Surveillance
------------------------------------

This subactivity supports the Naval Space Command Headquarters; space
systems management, tracking, telemetry, and control; and undersea
surveillance. The Naval Space Command supports naval space policy. 
Table 54 shows the Navy obligated $230.4 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****54:    Budget Information for Navy Space Systems
                                 and Surveillance

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $247.3 :    $230.4 :    $272.9 :    $275.8 :     $45.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     126.9 :     126.9 :     154.7 :     189.0 :      62.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     162.5 :     162.5 :     160.8 :     199.9 :      37.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     151.0 :     151.0 :     148.4 :     193.4 :      42.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     138.2 :     138.2 :     135.2 :     181.3 :      43.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $825.9 :    $809.0 :    $872.0 :  $1,039.4 :    $230.4  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Acquisition and Program Management
----------------------------------------

This subactivity supports ship systems, space systems, food service
systems, material transportation, fuel and petroleum support, and special
support operations. Funding also supports the Navy International Program
Office. Table 55 shows the Navy obligated $131.7 million more than
Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****55:    Budget Information for Navy Acquisition
                                 and Program Management

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $410.8 :    $408.4 :    $453.8 :    $434.7 :     $26.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     427.1 :     427.1 :     428.7 :     433.0 :       5.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     450.2 :     436.0 :     458.8 :     441.6 :       5.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     487.2 :     469.8 :     559.3 :     554.9 :      85.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     495.7 :     497.7 :     512.9 :     506.5 :       8.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $2,271.0 :  $2,239.0 :  $2,413.5 :  $2,370.7 :    $131.7  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: Warfare Tactics
---------------------

This subactivity supports warfare tactics development and execution
efforts, including the Enhanced Naval Warfare Gaming System, warfare
tactics development and documentation, exercise support and analysis,
fleet training administration, and range operations. Table 56 shows the
Navy obligated $77.8 million more than Congress initially designated in
fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****56:    Budget Information for Navy Warfare Tactics

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $143.5 :    $165.6 :    $167.5 :    $174.3 :      $8.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     145.9 :     145.9 :     158.3 :     161.9 :      16.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     146.0 :     146.0 :     166.6 :     173.8 :      27.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     144.0 :     144.0 :     145.2 :     155.9 :      11.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     127.1 :     127.1 :     142.7 :     140.5 :      13.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $706.5 :    $728.6 :    $780.3 :    $806.4 :     $77.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Navy: International Headquarters and Agencies
---------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports the Latin American Cooperation Program, the
Technology Transfer Program, and emergency medical travel for Navy
personnel and their families at military assistance advisory groups and
missions and defense attach****ITCCentury Book:x8e**** offices worldwide.
Table 57 shows the Navy obligated $6.9 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****57:    Budget Information for Navy International
                                 Headquarters and Agencies

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :      $8.5 :      $8.5 :      $8.4 :      $9.2 :      $0.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :       8.1 :       8.1 :       8.0 :       9.2 :       1.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :       7.8 :       7.8 :       8.6 :       9.2 :       1.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :       7.9 :       7.9 :       7.9 :       8.7 :       0.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :       6.5 :       6.5 :       8.3 :       9.4 :       2.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :     $38.8 :     $38.8 :     $41.2 :     $45.7 :      $6.9  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Marine Corps: Operational Forces
--------------------------------

This subactivity provides funding to the operating forces that constitute
the Marine Air-Ground Team and Marine security forces at naval
installations and aboard naval vessels. Table 58 shows the Marine Corps
obligated $133.7 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****58:    Budget Information for Marine Corps
                                 Operational Forces

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $331.1 :    $338.8 :    $337.3 :    $349.9 :     $11.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     322.6 :     346.2 :     352.8 :     398.8 :      52.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     352.8 :     363.3 :     380.4 :     388.4 :      25.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     345.6 :     380.8 :     389.6 :     411.5 :      30.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     348.4 :     381.7 :     371.6 :     395.9 :      14.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,700.5 :  $1,810.8 :  $1,831.7 :  $1,944.5 :    $133.7  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Marine Corps: Recruiting and Advertising
----------------------------------------

This subactivity supports military recruiting forces development, salaries
of civilian personnel associated with recruiting, administrative supplies,
communications, travel, per diems, leasing of recruiting vehicles,
recruiter out-of-pocket expenses, and applicant processing costs and
equipment. Advertising includes magazine, broadcast, and outdoor billboard
advertising. Table 59 shows the Marine Corps obligated $27.3 million more
than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****59:    Budget Information for Marine Corps
                                 Recruiting and Advertising

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $57.1 :     $59.7 :     $59.5 :     $61.6 :      $1.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      59.3 :      66.5 :      66.5 :      66.7 :       0.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      64.4 :      68.7 :      70.5 :      75.2 :       6.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      68.2 :      73.1 :      78.0 :      81.7 :       8.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      75.2 :      79.5 :      82.0 :      89.6 :      10.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $324.2 :    $347.5 :    $356.5 :    $374.8 :     $27.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Marine Corps: Recruit Training
------------------------------

These subactivity supports recruit training at two recruit depots located
at Paris Island, South Carolina, and San Diego, California. Costs cover
individual equipment requirements, operation and maintenance of support
equipment, administrative functions, and routine supplies. Table 60 shows
the Marine Corps obligated $5.3 million more than Congress initially
designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****60:    Budget Information for Marine Corps
                                 Recruit Training

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :      $6.0 :      $6.0 :      $6.0 :      $6.2 :      $0.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :       6.8 :       6.8 :       8.6 :       8.3 :       1.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :       7.8 :       7.8 :       8.4 :       8.9 :       1.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :       8.5 :       8.5 :       9.4 :      10.1 :       1.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :       9.2 :       9.2 :      10.0 :      10.1 :       0.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :     $38.3 :     $38.3 :     $42.4 :     $43.6 :      $5.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Other Servicewide Activities
---------------------------------------

This subactivity supports a wide variety of programs and systems worldwide
for telephone services and data communications; design, implementation,
testing, and operation of new automated systems; and automated data
processing consolidation. Table 61 shows the Air Force obligated $2.2
billion more than Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994
through 1998. Additional funds came from the centrally managed account for
environmental restoration.

Table****Helvetica:x11****61:    Budget Information for Air Force Other
                                 Servicewide Activities

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $606.3 :    $589.3 :    $639.3 :  $1,195.2 :    $605.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     744.1 :     749.6 :     641.8 :     992.1 :     242.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     418.3 :     418.3 :     561.4 :     891.5 :     473.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     502.7 :     502.7 :     526.3 :     914.8 :     412.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     529.6 :     500.2 :     529.8 :     941.8 :     441.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $2,801.0 :  $2,760.1 :  $2,898.6 :  $4,935.4 :  $2,175.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Base Support for Logistics Operations
------------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports a variety of programs, including audiovisual
information activities, base communications, base operating support, child
development centers, family support centers, real property services,
environmental conservation and compliance, and pollution prevention. Table
62 shows the Air Force obligated $340.5 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****62:    Budget Information for Air Force Base
                                 Support For Logistics Operations

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $819.6 :    $740.5 :    $833.1 :    $919.3 :    $178.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     806.2 :     788.6 :   1,008.4 :     821.1 :      32.5  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     939.0 :     684.1 :     635.8 :     698.3 :      14.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     605.9 :     613.0 :     657.9 :     709.6 :      96.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     760.7 :     727.4 :     733.7 :     745.8 :      18.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $3,931.4 :  $3,553.6 :  $3,868.9 :  $3,894.1 :    $340.5  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Management and Operational Headquarters
--------------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports civilian pay, travel, supplies, and equipment
for Air Force headquarters such as Headquarters, Air Combat Command, and
Headquarters, Air Mobility Command. Table 63 shows the Air Force obligated
$339.7 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****63:    Budget Information for Air Force
                                 Management and Operational Headquarters 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $120.7 :    $115.8 :    $137.8 :    $170.7 :     $54.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     115.6 :     115.6 :     141.4 :     179.5 :      63.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     118.2 :     118.2 :     135.8 :     205.2 :      87.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     110.8 :     110.8 :     110.0 :     181.1 :      70.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     114.5 :     111.7 :     109.6 :     175.3 :      63.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $579.8 :    $572.1 :    $634.6 :    $911.8 :    $339.7  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Other Combat Operations Support 
-------------------------------------------

This subactivity supports defensive training, tactical force elements,
aircraft delivery, ground processing, chemical and biological defensive
equipment items and materials, antiterrorism programs, and other support
programs. Table 64 shows the Air Force obligated $257.8 million more than
Congress initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****64:    Budget Information for Air Force Other
                                 Combat Operations Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $282.1 :    $278.5 :    $247.5 :    $362.8 :     $84.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     241.9 :     241.9 :     234.1 :     274.7 :      32.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     222.2 :     222.2 :     236.6 :     261.4 :      39.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     206.3 :     207.8 :     285.3 :     259.9 :      52.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     207.4 :     209.2 :     222.1 :     258.6 :      49.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,159.9 :  $1,159.6 :  $1,225.6 :  $1,417.4 :    $257.8  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Administration
-------------------------

This subactivity supports the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force,
Air Staff, a portion of the 11th Support Wing that provides direct support
to Headquarters, U.S. Air Force. The subactivity also supports other Air
Force Headquarters support staff and offices. Table 65 shows the Air Force
obligated $213.3 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal
years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****65:    Budget Information for Air Force
                                 Administration

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $126.7 :    $125.0 :    $130.3 :    $148.7 :     $23.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     122.4 :     108.8 :     122.0 :     146.4 :      37.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     124.9 :     119.1 :     121.2 :     141.1 :      22.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     126.5 :     116.1 :     124.0 :     139.3 :      23.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     127.9 :      74.7 :     127.2 :     181.5 :     106.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $628.4 :    $543.7 :    $624.7 :    $757.0 :    $213.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Air Force: Training Support
---------------------------

This subactivity supports the programs of the Air Education and Training
Command; on-site training on weapon systems at Active, National Guard, and
Reserve installations; and correspondence course programs. Table 66 shows
the Air Force obligated $76.1 million more than Congress initially
designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****66:    Budget Information for Air Force Training
                                 Support

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions :           :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :     $77.6 :     $74.3 :     $76.0 :     $92.0 :     $17.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :      74.2 :      74.2 :      77.1 :      83.0 :       8.8  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :      68.7 :      68.7 :      66.2 :      79.4 :      10.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :      62.1 :      56.0 :      56.1 :      69.6 :      13.6  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :      63.9 :      50.8 :      63.5 :      76.1 :      25.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :    $346.5 :    $324.0 :    $338.9 :    $400.1 :     $76.1  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Defense-wide: Classified and Communications Agencies, Defense Information
Systems Agency, and Defense Mapping Agency 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

We combined the budgets for the classified and communications agencies,
the Defense Information Systems Agency, and the Defense Mapping Agency
from fiscal year 1994 to 1998 as shown in table 67 because of the
classified nature and reorganizations of these agencies. For example, from
1994 to 1997, the classified and communications programs consisted of the
Defense Information Systems Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the
National Security Agency, and the Central Imagery Office. Beginning in
fiscal year 1998, the classified and communications agencies consisted of
the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, and the
National Imagery and Mapping Agency. Budget information on these
individual agencies is in a classified DOD justification of estimates.
Further, the Defense Information Systems Agency is a combat support agency
that performs command, control, computer, and intelligence system missions
in support of the President, the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commanders in Chief, and DOD
components. Beginning in fiscal year 1998, DOD removed the Defense
Information Systems Agency's budget data from the classified agencies'
data. In addition, DOD disestablished the Defense Mapping Agency on
September 30, 1996, and merged most of its elements with the Central
Imagery Office to form the budget-classified National Imagery and Mapping
Agency. 

Table 67 shows DOD obligated $503.5 million more for the classified and
communications agencies, the Defense Information Systems Agency, and the
Defense Mapping Agency than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****67:    Budget Information for Classified and
                                 Communications Agencies, Defense
                                 Information Systems Agency, and Defense
                                 Mapping Agency 

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :  $4,167.6 :  $4,026.4 :  $4,050.3 :  $4,119.3 :     $92.9  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :   4,210.4 :   3,997.3 :   4,034.8 :   4,135.5 :     138.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :   4,312.5 :   4,212.7 :   4,323.3 :   4,338.1 :     125.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   4,331.4 :   4,289.8 :   4,259.4 :   4,333.8 :      44.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   4,256.9 :   4,117.2 :   4,110.6 :   4,220.2 :     103.0  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     : $21,278.8 : $20,643.4 : $20,778.4 : $21,146.9 :    $503.5  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Defense-wide: U.S. Special Operations Command 
----------------------------------------------

The U.S. Special Operations Command is a unified command with worldwide
responsibilities to train, maintain, and provide special operations
forces. Table 68 shows the U.S. Special Operations Command obligated
$280.3 million more than Congress initially designated in fiscal years
1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****68:    Budget Information for U.S. Special
                                 Operations Command

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :  $1,085.4 :  $1,094.0 :  $1,094.0 :  $1,141.7 :     $47.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :   1,083.3 :   1,077.3 :   1,073.4 :   1,144.6 :      67.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :   1,075.4 :   1,075.5 :   1,138.2 :   1,126.9 :      51.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :   1,097.8 :   1,071.0 :   1,070.3 :   1,130.2 :      59.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :   1,180.6 :   1,197.0 :   1,193.8 :   1,251.7 :      54.7  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $5,522.5 :  $5,514.8 :  $5,569.7 :  $5,795.1 :    $280.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

Defense-wide: Defense Security Service
--------------------------------------

The Defense Security Service, formerly the Defense Investigative Service,
is responsible for the Defense Security Service Training Office, the
Security Research Center, and the DOD Polygraph Institute. Table 69 shows
the Defense Security Service obligated $23.3 million more than Congress
initially designated in fiscal years 1994 through 1998.

Table****Helvetica:x11****69:    Budget Information for Defense Security
                                 Service

                                                                  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Constant 1999 dollars in millions             :           :            |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Fiscal    : Requested : Congressi :  Adjusted : Obligated : Differenc  |
| year      :           :    onally :  baseline :           :         e  |
|           :           : designated:           :           :   between  |
|           :           :           :           :           : congressi  |
|           :           :           :           :           :    onally  |
|           :           :           :           :           : designate  |
|           :           :           :           :           :     d and  |
|           :           :           :           :           : obligated  |
|           :           :           :           :           :   amounts  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1994      :    $207.9 :    $207.9 :    $214.3 :    $216.0 :      $8.1  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1995      :     213.2 :     209.0 :     215.0 :     218.3 :       9.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1996      :     213.0 :     209.1 :     213.5 :     214.3 :       5.2  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1997      :     201.4 :     199.6 :     200.0 :     200.0 :       0.4  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| 1998      :     188.5 :     186.9 :     187.3 :     187.2 :       0.3  |
|------------------------------------------------------------------------|
| Total     :  $1,024.0 :  $1,012.5 :  $1,030.1 :  $1,035.8 :     $23.3  |
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

COMMENTS FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
=======================================

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GAO CONTACTS AND STAFF ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
======================================

GAO Contacts

Brenda Farrell (202) 512-3604
Laura Talbott (202) 512-4165

Acknowledgments 

In addition to those named above, Carol Schuster, Harry Jobes, Stacey
Keisling, Julia Kennon, Stefano Petrucci, John Brosnan, Ernie Jackson, and
Nadine Furr made key contributions to this report.

 

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