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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)

Weapons Systems

 

 

WPNS001 AIM-9X SIDEWINDER

DESCRIPTION: AIM-9X is a Joint (USN/USAF) program; USN is Lead Service. AIM-9X features a redesigned focal plane array seeker, unique missile airframe enhancements, and a thrust vectored control nozzle. Maximum use of AIM-9M components (rocket motor, warhead, fuze) as GFE reduces program costs. AIM-9X performance is significantly superior to current AIM-9M missile in maneuverability,

off-boresight capabilities, and countermeasures. High emphasis is placed on growth potential and reprogrammability. AIM-9X is a CAIV flagship program.

AIM-9X will be employed as a highly maneuverable, launch & leave dogfight missile with passive guidance; it will complement longer-range, radar-guided missiles. AIM-9X coupled with the Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System (JHMCS) will return US fighter pilots to supremacy in the within visual range (WVR) fight, a position we have currently lost to competitors. F-15C/D MSIP & F/A-18C/D aircraft are threshold aircraft with F-16C/D Blk 40/50, F-15E, F-22, and F/A-18E/F as follow-on (objective) aircraft.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 027161F

JUSTIFICATION:

1. AIM-9X is a "late to need" weapon--numerous threat, neutral, and friendly fighter aircraft employ

high maneuver/high off-boresight short-range missiles (SRMs). Complementary short- and medium-range

air-to-air missiles provide combat aircraft the means to attain and maintain air supremacy. As the world’s

premiere SRM, AIM-9X coupled with JHMCS provide US aircrews with a combat advantage of first-look,

first-shot, first-kill in the WVR maneuvering arena.

2. NCAA planning models validated total number of AIM-9X all-up rounds (AURs). ORD change for

Milestone II requires dedicated Captive Aircrew Training Missiles (CATM) for realistic AIM-9X training

in lieu of reconfiguring an AUR as a CATM. Program now has a disconnect to fund 974 CATMs (FY03

-FY11) for F-15C/D, F-22, F-16C/D Blk 40/50, and F-15E (approximately 57 squadrons of aircraft;

assumed a "one for one swap" of F-22s with F-15s as they enter inventory.)

3. USAF Science Advisory Board "Concepts and Technologies to Support Global Reach--Global Power

1995-2020" study on "Superior Dogfight Missile" dated Dec 92 highlights the necessity for a SRM with

AIM-9X type performance. JROC reviewed the AIM-9X program on 31 October 1996 and validated all

five AIM-9X Key Performance Parameters.

ISSUES: Program cuts would preclude "late-to-need" AIM-9 improvements (required to restore lost

operational capability and provide a missile complementary to the F-22) until well-past CY 2000.

REFERENCES: MNS Number & Title: ORD (Final) Number & Title: None--Program directed by USN-CAF (USAF 001-93)-II-A 13 Dec 1990 JROC decision for AIM-9X (25 Nov 96) Acquisition Decision Memorandum: Development Plan Date & Title: Program Management Directive 3 Mar 97, AIM-9X Single Acquisiton 2225(2)/PE027161F Management Plan

CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: LtCol David Jones PEM Back-up Name: Maj Thomas TenpennyDRAW/DSN 574-5914 DRAW/DSN 574-5915

 

WPNS002 -- Dual Range Air-to-Air Missile (DRAAM)

DESCRIPTION: The Dual Range Air-to-Air Missile is a current lab study to determine the feasibility of combining the current medium range missile (AIM-120) and the short range missile (AIM-9) into a single missile. This technology study is a proposed follow-on to the AMRAAM P3I. This would reduce the associated costs and give the warfighter increased capability through technology advancements.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

1. A single missile to replace the current medium range (AMRAAM) and short range (AIM-9) missile.

2. Increased kinematic ranges (both minimum and maximum) at all aspects of the launch platform.

2. Improved missile guidance gives the ability to detect, track, and guide to future threats.

3. Ability to have the first shot opportunity over threat aircraft thereby increasing survivability and exchange ratios.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: N/A

ISSUES: A politically sensitive area of combining US mid-range and short-range air-to-air missiles during the period that AIM-9X is mid way through its’ life cycle.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: Mission Need Determination ORD Number & Title: N/A Ongoing (DRAAM Study Est. Completion Date: Sep 97)

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: 30 Sep 96 Aerospace Control Development Plan, 96-0482

Current CINC IPL: No

ACC PEM Name: Maj Richard E. Meyer, PEM Backup Name: LtCol David Jones, DRAW, 4-5914 DRAW, 4-5914

 

WPNS004 -- AMRAAM PHASE 3B

DESCRIPTION: The Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) is the current medium range air-to-air missile in the inventory. It is an all weather, beyond visual range, look-down shoot-down, all aspect, launch and leave, air-to-air missile. Under the PrePlanned Product Improvement (P3I) approach, Phase 3 is designed to update the guidance control (seeker). Included with the new seeker, the software will also be continuously updated through Operational Flight Programs (OFP’s).

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

1. Improved missile guidance and Electronic Counter Counter Measures (ECCM) capability.

2. Ability to detect, track, and guide to future targets through additional signal path’s, control functions, and processing capability.

3. Will provide near term improved capability and long term flexibility for threat expansion.

4. Will address further guidance control functions to counter current and future threats.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27163F

ISSUES: The 1997 Omnibus bills removed $15M from 3600 funding. This impacted the Phase 2 schedule which in turn delayed the Phase 3 work by one year. Without Phase 3, the AMRAAM will not be able to counter future threat aircraft or Electronic Counter Measures employed by the threat.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: Mission Element Need ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF) 009-All Statement for a Beyond Visual Range 76-I/II/III-A, AMRAAM PrePlanned Product Weather Aerial Kill Capability (Medium Range) Improvement

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: 12 March 1996, AMRAAM Single Acquisition Management Plan

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Maj Richard E. Meyer, PEM Backup Name: LtCol David Jones, DRAW, 4-5914 DRAW, 4-5914

 

WPNS006 -- AMRAAM PHASE 2

DESCRIPTION: The Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) is an all weather, beyond visual range, look-down shoot-down, all aspect, launch and leave, air-to-air missile Under the PrePlanned Product Improvement approach, Phase 2 will incorporate a larger rocket motor, an improved warhead, a quadrant target detection device, an improved electronic safe/arm device and continuously refine the ability to counter threats through Operational Flight Program through the software.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

1. A larger rocket motor that will give the missile increased Pk with faster average terminal velocity and better end game capability against maneuvering threats.

2. An improved warhead that will give the missile an improved ability to kill the target.

3. A quadrant target detection device that will improve the warheads chance of destroying the target.

4. Software OFP’s will improve the ability of the missile to detect, track and guide on the target.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27163F

ISSUES: The 1997 Omnibus bills took $15M from the 3600 funding thereby delaying critical improvements in ECCM. The improvement in the rocket motor is in jeopardy of sliding right by one year. An OSD directive to upgrade air-to-air-ranges (NGTCS) Next Generation Target Control is forcing a $20M AMRAAM budget disconnect requiring the program redesign of the telemetry unit device for testing. AMRAAM is not currently funded for this activity.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: Mission Element ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF) 009-All Need Statement for a Beyond Visual Range Weather Aerial 76-I/II/III-A, AMRAAM Kill Capability (Medium Range) PrePlanned Product Improvement

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: 12 March 1996, AMRAAM Single Acquisition Management Plan

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Maj Richard E. Meyer, PEM Backup Name: LtCol David Jones, DRAW, 4-5914 DRAW, 4-5914

 

WPNS007 -- AMRAAM +11 INCH ROCKET MOTOR

DESCRIPTION: The Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) is the current medium range air-to-air missile in the inventory. It is an all weather, beyond visual range, look-down shoot-down, all aspect, launch and leave, air-to-air missile. Under the PrePlanned Product Improvement (P3I) approach, Phase 3 is designed to increase the kinematic capability of the weapon to stay ahead of threat air-to-air missiles. The larger rocket motor is packaged in the same dimensions of the current missile due to value engineering by decreasing the size of the internal components.

JUSTIFICATION: Major advantages include:

1. Increased kinematic ranges.

2. Increased end game performance against maneuvering targets.

3. Ability to have the first shot opportunity over threat aircraft thereby increasing survivability and exchange ratios.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27163F

ISSUES: Phase 3 propulsion is currently unfunded by both USAF and USN. The 1995 AMRAAM COEA stated the +11" rocket motor was the best alternative at the time. Technology has continued to investigate propulsion alternatives. There are currently four different propulsion alternatives being evaluated. The Future Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (FMRAAM) being investigated by the United Kingdom is also an alternative to AMRAAM propulsion upgrade.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: Mission Element ORD Number & Title: CAF (USAF) 009-All Need Statement for a Beyond Visual Range Weather Aerial 76-I/II/III-A, AMRAAM Kill Capability (Medium Range) PrePlanned Product Improvement

1067 Number & Title: N/A Development Plan Date & Title: 12 March 1996, AMRAAM Single Acquisition Management Plan

Current CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: Maj Richard E. Meyer, PEM Backup Name: LtCol David Jones, DRAW, 4-5914 DRAW, 4-5914

 

WPNS008 AIM-9X P3I

DESCRIPTION: Refer to WPNS001 AIM-9X for basic AIM-9X program description.

AIM-9X PrePlanned Product Improvement (P3I) will keep US short range missile (SRM) performance superior to the threat. Technology changes at an often unpredictable and sometimes frequent rate; all fielded US Air-to-Air (A/A) missiles have undergone modifications and/or P3I phases to produce enhanced variants of the missile to increase lethality/aircrew survivability. Instead of delaying until there is another "late to need" situation in US infrared SRM technology, AIM-9X P3I development is being scheduled from FY01 to FY06 with follow-on production. AIM-9X P3I program will focus on enhancements to the the missile’s infrared counter-countermeasures (IRCCM) capabilities and the gov’t furnished equipment (GFE) initially provided to the AIM-9X program (the MK36, Mod 11 rocket motors, WDU-17/B warheads, and DSU-15B fuzes [Active Optical Taraget Detectors, AOTDs] ) as these components were derived from 1970’s/early 1980’s technologies. Any significant break-throughs in seeker or airframe technology will also be evaluated for consideration.

AIM-9X P3I will be employed by F-22, JSF, F-16C/D Blk 40/50, F-15E, and F/A-18C/D/E/F aircraft in both offensive and defensive missions (day or night) as a highly maneuverable, launch & leave dogfight missile with passive guidance. AIM-9X P3I coupled with the Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System (JHMCS) will insure US fighter pilots maintain sumpremacy in the within visual range (WVR) fight.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: 027161F

JUSTIFICATION:

1. Complementary short- and medium-range A/A missiles provide combat aircraft the means to

attain and maintain air supremacy. Technology is not stagnant; as aircraft and countermeasures increase

their abilities to negate/defeat AIM-9X, the US must have the foresight and resoluteness to develop and

incorporate the latest technologies into their frontline air-to-air weapons. There is "no second place" in air

combat. AIM-9X P3I is necessary to insure the world’s premiere SRM continues to provide US aircrews

with the significant combat advantage of first-look, first-shot, first-kill in the WVR maneuvering arena.

ISSUES: Funding cuts would preclude AIM-9X P3I improvements until well-past CY 2010, seriously

jeopardizing US A/A dominance in WVR arena and significantly increasing risk to aircrew survivability.

REFERENCES: MNS Number & Title: ORD (Final) Number & Title:

None--Original AIM-9X Program directed by USN-CAF (USAF 001-93)-II-A

JROC decision by 13 Dec 1990 for AIM-9X (25 Nov 96)

Acquisition Decision Memorandum: Development Plan Date & Title: AIM-9X Program Management Directive Aerospace Control Development Plan, 30 Sep 96 2225(2)/PE027161F prepared by Aerospace Control TPIPT

CINC IPL: Yes

ACC PEM Name: LtCol David Jones PEM Back-up Name: Maj Thomas Tenpenny DRAW/DSN 574-5914 DRAW/DSN 574-5915

 

WPNS102-- WCMD (Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser)

DESCRIPTION: The WCMD kit is a modification kit that replaces the tails on a portion of current inventory direct attack cluster munitions (CBU-87/89/97, etc.). The kit will integrate mature, demonstrated technology into a guidance and control retrofit kit. The weapon will use inertial guidance only (no GPS). The intent is to enable Tactical Munitions Dispensers (TMD) to correct for the effects of launch transients, ballistic errors, and unknown winds between the release point and the dispenser's functioning point. Both fighter and bomber aircraft will be able to employ WCMD from a wide range of altitudes, in adverse weather, using various tactics such as level, dive, and toss bombing, and bombing on coordinates.

JUSTIFICATION: The WCMD is seen as one solution to four deficiencies identified in the Strategic Attack/Air Interdiction Mission Area Plan (MAP): multiple kills per pass, adverse weather capability, Cluster Bomb accuracy (mid-course wind correction), and the ability to carry/dispense future submunitions and US Army mines. With the addition of a guidance kit and "smart" aircraft stores stations, aircrew members should be able to independently target weapons and strike multiple targets on a single release/pass. WCMD will be targetable by on-board aircraft systems and be capable of being targeted on a coordinate reference system. To minimize aircraft heading, velocity, and position errors, all aircraft will have Global Positioning System (GPS) quality heading, velocity, and altitude data. This will provide aircraft an adverse weather capability for targets with known positions. GPS is not required on the WCMD. The guidance kit will provide WCMD an adverse weather capability and negate a need for electro-optical guidance systems which are severely degraded by adverse weather or man-made or battlefield obscurants such as smoke or dust. The WCMD kit will reduce susceptibility to wind induced errors, not fully compensated for by aircraft avionics, by providing mid-course wind correction. Finally, the modular design of the SUU-64/65/66 Tactical Munition Dispensers (TMD) allows for future incorporation of wide area anti-armor mines, anti-helicopter mines, and other future smart submunitions.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 64600F/PE 27600F

ISSUES: Not funding the program would increase the vulnerability of CAF aircraft by requiring lower altitude attacks (in reach of hostile ground fire), provide the enemy sanctuary in adverse weather conditions, and reduce the effectiveness of cluster munitions.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF MNS 401-91: ORD Number & Title: ORD CAF401-91-I/II-B: Adverse Weather Precision Strike Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser Capability Mission Need Statement

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM : Maj Rozelsky, DRPW, 4-5429 PEM Backup:

 

WPNS103-- JSOW (Joint StandOff Weapon)

DESCRIPTION The JSOW is a 1000lb class weapon guided by GPS and INS. It is an unpowered air-to-ground glide weapon capable of ranges in excess of 40nm. It provides day, night, adverse weather attack capability with launch from outside point defenses. The AGM-154A "JSOW Baseline" will dispense 145 BLU-97 Combined Effects Munitions (CEM). This will provide capability against lightly armored mobile land combat vehicles, support vehicles, and mobile and fixed surface-to-air missile (SAM) batteries. The AGM-154B "JSOW BLU-108" (JSOW with 6 Sensor Fused Weapon submunitions) provides capability against all types of mobile land combat vehicles to include: heavy armor/tanks, armored personnel carriers, self propelled artillery, support vehicles, mobile anti-aircraft artillery, mobile SAM batteries, and mobile command-control-communications (C3I) vehicles

JUSTIFICATION:

1. JSOW provides an accurate standoff capability to employ the CEB and SFW submunitions from low, medium, and high altitudes in adverse weather from outside of point defenses.

2. Eliminates the requirement for direct target overflight necessary with CBU-87/B Combined Effects Munition and CBU-97/B Sensor Fuzed Weapon.

3. JSOW/BLU-108 provides the first real capability for the CAF bomber force in a power projection standoff role to slow, if not stop, an armored assault.

4. JSOW Baseline (CEB) provides the CAF an affordable standoff weapon which is effective against soft area targets such as: air defense sites, airfields, ports, industrial components, and lightly armored vehicles.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE0604727F

ISSUES:

1. Elimination of this program will seriously degrade the Air Force's ability to attack land combat vehicles, SAM, and C3I targets from standoff ranges, placing aircrews at increased risk.

2. Employment of current inventory weapons (Maverick/CEM) and other programmed weapons (SFW/Wind Corrected Munition Dispenser (WCMD)) will result in loss of critical aircraft assets in a high threat SAM environment.

3. Given force reductions and the need to optimize aircraft utilization and survivability, termination of the JSOW program is counterproductive in meeting Air Force requirements. Desert Storm Lessons Learned highlighted our inability to accurately deliver ordnance from medium and high altitudes under adverse weather conditions.

4. Non-funding prevents acquisition of critical components of the Bomber Roadmap. JSOW gives B-1B a larger role in power projection in a multi-threat environment, where use of direct overflight weapons is very costly.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title:

TAF MNS 401-91: Adverse Weather Precision Joint USN/CAF-USN 301-05-92/TAF 302-78-I/II-B

Strike Capability Mission Need Statement Joint Standoff Weapon

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM Name: Maj Parmer, DRPW, 4-5429 PEM Backup Name:

 

WPNS104 -- 20,000 Pound Direct Strike hard Target Weapon

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a 20,000 lb. class precision guided, adverse weather, direct attack bomb employed on the B-52 and B-2 aircraft. It will make use of the GCU developed by the JDAM program which uses GPS aided INS for adverse weather guidance. Precision accuracy will be attained by using differential GPS (DGPS) technology demonstrated on programs such as Enhanced Differential GPS for Guidance Enhancement (EDGE) and Miniature Munition Technology Demonstration (MMTD). The weapon will make use of the JDAM interface under development for the B-52 and B-2 aircraft and would be carried internally using new suspension hardware within the bay. The warhead will be a 20,000 lb. penetrator with dense metal ballast. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

 

WPNS105 -- Fast Reaction Standoff Weapon/LOCAAS-P with DM

DESCRIPTION: FRSW is a hypersonic solid rocket powered boost/glide weapon with an average velocity of mach 8.1 in order to provide rapid response to time sensitive targets. Weapon can be launched from most fighters and bombers from standoff ranges outside theater defenses . Guidance is anti-jam GPS/INS. LOCAAS has a low-cost solid state LADAR sensor coupled with a multimode warhead and a maneuvering airframe to produce a high performance submunition . Guidance/sensor integrated fusing allows the warhead to be detonated as a long rod penetrator, an aerostable slug, or as fragments based on the hardness of the target. The high resolution LADAR allows target aimpoint and warhead selection to be determined automatically. The powered LOCAAS uses a small turbojet engine which is capable of powering the vehicle for up to 30 minutes. LOCAAS will provide automatic target recognition and allow effectiveness against the full spectrum of mobile SEAD and TMD targets. Powered LOCAAS has a 33 sq. nm search area.

 

 

WPNS106 -- JASSM P-LOCAAS-DM (4)

DESCRIPTION: The Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) is the next generation cruise missile designed to destroy the enemy’s war sustaining capabilities from outside the ranges of their area air defenses. The standoff capability allows operators to target key enemy centers of gravity without putting the warfighter in harm’s way, well beyond the range of current assets. This P3I concept integrates powered LOCAAS submunitions with dual mode LADAR and MMW seeker. LOCAAS has a multimode warhead and a maneuvering airframe to produce a high performance submunition . The warhead can be detonated as a long rod penetrator, an aerostable slug, or as fragments based on the hardness of the target. The LADAR allows target aimpoint and warhead selection to be determined automatically. The powered LOCAAS uses a small turbojet engine which is capable of powering the vehicle for up to 30 minutes. JASSM will provide the delivery platform for LOCAAS thus increasing the range and operational flexibility of LOCAAS.

 

 

 

WPNS108 -- TMD/LOCAAS-P

DESCRIPTION: LOCAAS is a low-cost LADAR sensor coupled with a multimode warhead and a maneuvering airframe to produce a high performance submunition . The warhead can be detonated as a long rod penetrator, an aerostable slug, or as fragments based on the hardness of the target. The LADAR allows target aimpoint and warhead selection to be determined automatically. The powered LOCAAS uses small turbojet engine which is capable of powering the vehicle for up to 30 minutes.

 

 

WPNS109 -- LODIS/LOCAAS-P

DESCRIPTION: LOCAAS has a low-cost LADAR sensor coupled with a multimode warhead and a maneuvering airframe to produce a high performance submunition . The warhead can be detonated as a long rod penetrator, an aerostable slug, or as fragments based on the hardness of the target. The LADAR allows target aimpoint and warhead selection to be determined automatically. The powered LOCAAS uses small turbojet engine which is capable of powering the vehicle for up to 30 minutes.

 

 

 

WPNS112 -- Advanced Unitary Penetrator in GBU-31

DESCRIPTION: This concept is the Advanced Unitary Penetrator (AUP) integrated with a GBU-31 guidance kit. The AUP is a 2000 lb. class penetrator warhead intended as an upgrade/replacement for the BLU-109 warhead in applications requiring increased penetration. The AUP is designed to provide increased penetration capability over the BLU-109 warhead while maintaining the same overall weight, mass properties, dimensions, and physical interfaces associated with the BLU-109 warhead. This concept integrates the AUP warhead with the GBU-31, the JDAM tail kit for 2,000 lb class warheads. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants, day or night operations. JDAM is an autonomous direct attack weapon integrated on F-16 C/D, F/A-18 C/D, B-52 and B-2 aircraft with plans for integration on F-15E, F-117, and B-1. It is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

WPNS113 -- 2250 lb Boosted Penetrator

DESCRIPTION: The boosted penetrator is based on achieving maximum penetration without sacrificing operational flexibility. Total system weight will be less than 2,250 pounds so that it can be carried by all AF tactical aircraft and bombers as well as the Navy’s F/A-18. The goal is to achieve greater penetration than the GBU-28 with a near term, affordable design. A dense metal warhead will be used with a wraparound rocket motor to allow internal carriage in the F-117. Advanced explosives will be used to compensate for the reduced charge weight. This concept integrates the boosted penetrator warhead with a JDAM guidance kit with an adverse weather Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants. The SAR seeker mitigates target location errors and GPS errors improving overall system accuracy. Employing the seeker also gives JDAM a capability against the GPS jamming threat. JDAM is an autonomous direct attack weapon integrated on F-16 C/D, F/A-18 C/D, B-52, F-117, and B-2 aircraft with plans for integration on F-15E and B-1. It is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

WPNS114 -- 1000 lb Dense or Ballasted Penetrator in GBU-32

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a 1000 pound dense or ballasted penetrator integrated with a GBU-32 guidance kit using compressed carriage for internal carriage in advanced fighters (F-22, JSF) or carriage in cruise missiles (JASSM, CALCM, ACM, ATACMS, Tomahawk.) The warhead would either be designed with a dense metal case or contain dense metal ballast for maximum penetration. The warhead will be filled with an advanced insensitive explosive to compensate for the reduced charge weight. The warhead will be integrated with the GBU-32, the JDAM tail kit for 1,000 lb class warheads. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants, day or night operations. JDAM is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets. This weapon is designed for internal carriage on the F-22. It is also compatible with the following aircraft: F-15E, F-16, F-117, JSF, B-1, B-2, B-52H, F-14, F/A-18, S3, P3, AV-8B. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

 

WPNS115 -- 1000 lb Penetrator with Precursor in GBU-32

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a 1000 pound multistage warhead involving two shaped charges with a follow through penetrator warhead. The warhead will be integrated with the GBU-32, the JDAM tail kit for 1,000 lb. class warheads. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants, day or night operations. JDAM is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets. This weapon is designed for internal carriage on the F-22. It is also compatible with the following aircraft: F-15E, F-16, F-117, JSF, B-1, B-2, B-52H, F-14, F/A-18, S3, P3, AV-8B. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

WPNS118 -- LODIS w/SSB (Low Cost Dispensing w/ Small Smart Bomb) (HLM/SSB)

DESCRIPTION: The High Leverage Munitions (HLM) concepts are a class of next generation weapons designed to efficiently package small, highly lethal mini missiles of the future. They employ direct dispense technology being developed under WL/MN Low Cost Dispensing (LODIS) program as a means of high density loadouts for both internal and external carriage. This low observable/low drag container is capable of incremental or salvo dispensing and has virtual interface capability. Air bags are used to eject the mini missiles. The dispenser serves as a shipping/stores container. Electrical interface to the mini missiles is made via a single 1553 bus. This concept integrates Small Smart Bombs with LODIS for attacking fixed targets. The Small Smart Bomb is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 2000lb BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. With the INS/GPS guidance in conjunction with differential GPS (using all 12 channel receivers, instead of only 5) corrections provided by GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) and improved Target Location Error (TLE), it can achieve a 5-8m CEP. The submunition, with a smart fuze, has been extensively tested against multi-layered targets by Wright Laboratory under the Hard Target Ordnance Program and Miniature Munitions Technology Program. The length to diameter ratio and nose shape are designed to optimize penetration for a 50lb charge. This weapon is also a potential payload for standoff carrier vehicles such as Tomahawk, JSOW, JASSM, Conventional ICBM, etc.

 

 

WPNS121 -- JDAM PIP w/o seeker

DESCRIPTION: JDAM is a low-cost, level of effort weapon with the capability to destroy a broad spectrum of fixed and relocatable surface targets under environmental conditions that limit current inventory precision weapons. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance of Mk-84, BLU-109 and Mk-83 (and BLU-110) warheads in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants. The PIP incorporates GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) improvements in the GPS system which reduces both clock and ephemeris errors and atmospheric errors. Also modifies receiver software to utilize 12 channels and takes advantage of incremental improvements in Target Location Error (TLE). These improve navigation accuracy and overall system accuracy. It is an autonomous direct attack weapon integrated on F-16 C/D, F/A-18 C/D, B-52 and B-2 aircraft with plans for integration on F-15E, F-117, F-22 and B-1. It is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets.

 

 

WPNS124 -- Small Smart Bomb with SWAK

DESCRIPTION: The Small Smart Bomb is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 2000lb BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. With the INS/GPS guidance in conjunction with differential GPS (using all 12 channel receivers, instead of only 5) corrections provided by GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) and improved Target Location Error (TLE), it can achieve a 5-8m CEP. The submunition, with a smart fuze, has been extensively tested against multi-layered targets by Wright Laboratory under the Hard Target Ordnance Program and Miniature Munitions Technology Program. The length to diameter ratio and nose shape are designed to optimize penetration for a 50lb charge. This weapon is also a potential payload for standoff carrier vehicles such as Tomahawk, JSOW, JASSM, Conventional ICBM, etc. The Swing Wing Adapter Kit (SWAK) is added to give the SSB standoff of greater than 25 nm from high altitude release. The wing kit is jettisoned at a midcourse way point if penetration is required so that velocity can be increased after wing release. For soft targets the wing kit continues to extend the glide range until small arms threat altitude is reached. At this point the wings are released. With INS/GPS guidance, coupled with AII, a 6-8 m CEP can be achieved. This wing kit allows the SSB to be directly attached to the aircraft at any 300 lb store station or packaged in the High Leverage Munitions (HLM) for higher density carriage

 

 

WPNS127-- AGM-65 H Maverick

DESCRIPTION: TV Mavericks (AGM-65A and AGM-65B) provide direct daytime attack capability against armor targets. They provide a unique capability to destroy targets under high humidity or low thermal contrast conditions that render Infrared (IR) Mavericks unusable. Imaging Infrared (IIR) Mavericks (AGM-65D and AGM-65G) provide direct attack capability during day, night, and limited adverse weather against armor and hardened targets. AGM-65D is an IR Maverick containing the same penetrating warhead as the TV Maverick. The AGM-65G contains a 300 pound blast-frag warhead known as the Maverick Alternate Warhead (MAW).

JUSTIFICATION:

1. The Maverick missile family provides day, night, and limited adverse weather capability and is currently USAF's primary discriminatory antitank weapon.

2. IIR Mavericks do not replace TV Mavericks. Rather, the two weapons are complementary where TV Mavericks out perform IIR Mavericks under high humidity or hot desert conditions which reduce IR transmissivity or thermal contrast.

3. Maverick is a primary weapon for LANTIRN equipped aircraft.

4. TV Mavericks have been experiencing declining reliability and maintainability since exceeding their 10 year shelf life over 10 years ago. The Depot purchased a lifetime buy of all spare parts for TV Mavericks in FY88 and those parts are running out. Due to funding shortfalls, the Depot has ceased to repair AGM-65A Maverick missiles and concentrates on maintaining AGM-65B, AGM-65D, and AGM-65G Maverick missiles. This Program element provides the funding to maintain these weapon systems and support equipment.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27313F

ISSUES: Without the AGM-65H program the Air Force will lose its primary anti-tank discriminatory weapon under high humidity or hot desert conditions. This would severely impact our ability to accomplish Defense Planning Guidance on halting invading armies and attritting armored forces on the battlefield.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title: CAF (TAC SOR 215-64)- I/II/III-A, Operational Requirements Document (ORD) for TV Maverick R&M Modifications

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM: Maj Rozelsky, DRPW, 4-5429 PEM Backup:

 

WPNS130 -- Fast Reaction Standoff Weapon/Fixed Target

DESCRIPTION: FRSW is a hypersonic solid rocket powered boost/glide weapon with an average velocity of mach 8.1 in order to provide rapid response to time sensitive targets. Weapon can be launched from most fighters and bombers from standoff ranges outside theater defenses . Guidance is GPS/INS. FRSW can carry two Small Smart Bombs (SSB) for buried/hard target attack such as storage facilities for weapons of mass destruction.

 

 

 

WPNS136 -- HPM Suppression of Enemy Air Defense

DESCRIPTION: Air delivered, battery driven, narrow-band HPM munitions produce high average power over an extended time period. HPM munitions produce temporary electronic disruption of enemy SEAD assets over a broad area in a surgical manner at times and locations of our choosing. The program will combine HPM with a blast/fragmentation to produce a combined effects munition. Candidate platforms include JASSM, JSOW, JDAM, MK84, and AGM-130.

 

 

 

 

WPNS140 -- JSOW/WAM (Wide Area Munition)

DESCRIPTION: The JSOW is a gliding dispenser with inertial and GPS guidance systems. It comes filled with WAMs, mines designed to be hand-emplaced in the path of immanent enemy armor incursions. It will sense and kill armor at a much greater range than previous mines.

 

 

 

 

WPNS141 -- JDAM PIP with Seeker

DESCRIPTION: JDAM is a low-cost, level of effort weapon with the capability to destroy a broad spectrum of fixed and relocatable surface targets under environmental conditions that limit current inventory precision weapons. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance of Mk-84, BLU-109 and Mk-83 (and BLU-110) warheads in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants. The PIP incorporates an adverse weather capable Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) seeker. The seeker mitigates target location errors and GPS errors improving overall system accuracy. Employing the seeker also gives JDAM a capability against the GPS jamming threat. It is an autonomous direct attack weapon integrated on F-16 C/D, F/A-18 C/D, B-52, F-117, F-22 and B-2 aircraft with plans for integration on F-15E and B-1. It is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets.

 

 

 

WPNS143 -- Boosted Unitary Penetrator

DESCRIPTION: The boosted penetrator is based on achieving maximum penetration in a weapon that will fit internally in the F-22. Total system weight will be less than 1300 pounds. A dense metal warhead will be used with a wraparound rocket motor. Use of next generation compressed seekers and aero-control designs along with reaction jet control will allow the size to shrink sufficiently to fit inside F-22 and JSF. Advanced explosives will be used to compensate for the reduced charge weight. This concept integrates the boosted penetrator warhead with a JDAM guidance kit with an adverse weather Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants. The SAR seeker mitigates target location errors and GPS errors improving overall system accuracy. Employing the seeker also gives JDAM a capability against the GPS jamming threat. JDAM is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

 

WPNS145 -- Autonomous AG-130

DESCRIPTION: The Autonomous AGM-130 is a P3I to the production weapon to incorporate an autonomous LADAR seeker. The current weapon is employs a strap-on rocket motor and utilizes an INS/GPS midcourse guidance capability. The seeker hardware would be NDI developed for a prior weapon application. Nonrecurring costs would be incurred to develop target detection algorithms for the target set specific to the AGM-130 mission. The aircraft interface would be modified to a JDAM interface. Use of the autonomous seeker will significantly reduce the mission planning timelines and reduce the aircrew workload. In addition, elimination of the datalink pod will reduce the susceptibility to countermeasures and shrink the logistic footprint.

 

 

WPNS147--HARD TARGET SMART FUZE (Baseline Program)

 

DESCRIPTION: The Smart Fuze will be able to detect penetration through multiple target layers and initiate the warhead in the desired void therefore increasing our success on the desired mission objective. The Smart Fuze will increase the weapon lethality of the GBU-24/28. It will also provide inventory penetrator warheads (BLU-109, and BLU-113) the capability to accomplish safeing, arming and multiple delay fuze functions, as well as void detection capability.

JUSTIFICATION: Currently, penetrator weapons such as the GBU-24(BLU-109) and GBU-28(BLU-113) use the FMU-143 which have function delays of 60, 90, and 120 milliseconds (ms) respectively. An appropriate delay is selected to initiate bomb function at the desired time based on intelligence data available on a target’s physical characteristics and results of a penetration prediction model. If the characteristics are not known, or if the penetration prediction model is inaccurate, the bomb may not function at the desired point, and the desired weapon’s effect may not be achieved.

The Hardened Target Munition Smart Fuze (HTSF) is designed to reduce this uncertainty by actually setting the desired distance within a desired void the weapon is to function as well as having a backup function delay similar to the FMU-143. The HTSF will be able to detect penetration through multiple target layers and initiate the warhead in the desired void. It would be capable of distinguishing between soil, concrete, and air to determine when the target structure is entered. HTSF is a replacement fuze for the FMU-143 fuzes for the inventory penetrator warheads (BLU-109, amd BLU-113) which are currently projected to expire in inventory by 2003.

With the worldwide proliferation of hard/very hard targets, lack of detailed intelligence data, and a limited penetration prediction capability, the Smart Fuze will give the GBU-24/28 the capability to be employed effectively.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 28030

ISSUES: If the Smart Fuze funding is cut, engineering and manufacturing development cannot begin. Therefore, the effectiveness of the GBU-24/28 against some targets will be significantly degraded or totally negated. This would result in our aircrews dropping inventory penetrator warheads with old and increasingly unreliable fuzes, since the shelf life of the FMU-143 is 10 years (the last fuzes were delivered in FY93), therefore exposing our aircrews to multiple missions/multiple passes in order to achieve our desired mission objectives. The HTSF characteristic include a void sensing, layer counting and time delay within its impact mode as well as two time delays as backup modes compared with the single time delay mode with not backup mode on the FMU-143. The HTSF has a service life of 10 years and a shelf life of 20 years with a 98% reliability, while the FMU-143 has a 180 days service life and a 10 years shelf life with a 95% reliability.

The Smart Fuze's void detection/"G"-sensing capability needs to be developed now so that it can provide the GBU-24/28 with lethal, accurate fuzing, and be operational for any follow on penetrator program

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: CAF 314-90, Mission Need ORD Number & Title:

Statement for the Advanced Fuze Family

CAF 317-92, MNS for a Hard/Deeply Buried Target

Defeat Capability

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM: MR. Mike Bata, DRPW, 4-5429 PEM Backup

WPNS148 -- Fast Reaction Standoff Weapon/SSB/DASSL

DESCRIPTION: FRSW is a hypersonic solid rocket powered boost/glide weapon with an average velocity of mach 8.1 in order to provide rapid response to time sensitive targets. Weapon can be launched from most fighters and bombers from standoff ranges outside theater defenses . Guidance is GPS/INS. The Small Smart Bomb (SSB) is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 2000 pound BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. FRSW can carry two Small Smart Bombs (SSB) for buried/hard target attack such as storage facilities for weapons of mass destruction. DASSL is a LADAR(Laser Radar) terminal seeker that is used in the guidance near the end of flight in order to take out the target location error (TLE). Coupled with INS/GPS during midcourse guidance, this terminal seeker can reduce the CEP to <3m.

 

 

WPNS149-- JASSM (Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile)

DESCRIPTION: JASSM is the next generation, precision cruise missile designed to destroy the enemy’s time critical heavily defended targets from outside the ranges of their area air defenses. The standoff capability allows operators to target command and control bunkers, latest generation surface-to-air missile sites, and key enemy centers of gravity including choke points without putting the warfighter in harm’s way, well beyond the range of current assets. The weapon places both fixed and relocatable targets at risk. Target types range from non-hardened above the ground to hardened, shallow buried, point targets. Initially the following aircraft will employ JASSM with the loadout and integration date as shown:
B-52 (12) FY01, B-1 (24) FY02, B-2 (16) FY03 and F-16 (2) FY04. Follow-on integration includes the F/A-18E and other Air Force aircraft.

JUSTIFICATION: JASSM fills the Air Force’s long range, precision standoff conventional capability void. The program helps rectify the following Strategic Attack/Interdiction (SAI) Mission Are Plan (MAP) deficiencies: (1) Adverse Weather Accurate/Precision Munitions Capability; (2) Range/Loiter, (3) Capability Against Deeply Buried and/or Hardened Targets, (6) Ability to Destroy Targets From Standoff Ranges; (9) Multiple Kills Per Pass; (26) Warhead Lethality; (46) Ability to Minimize/Negate Collateral Damage.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE27325F

ISSUES: JASSM substantially reduces aircraft attrition when applying current aircraft and weapon inventory to accomplish the missions identified above. Failure to destroy critical C4I complexes and integrated air defense systems will contribute to the failure of the CAF to achieve air superiority in the campaign. This leads to higher aircraft attrition due to the requirement to penetrate enemy defenses. The lack of a standoff capability will enable some of an adversary’s most critical war-sustaining capabilities to remain intact

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: MNS CAF 303-95: ORD Number & Title: CAF 303-95-I, Rev 1:

Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile 30 Jun 95 Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile ORD
20 Mar 97

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM: Maj Ross, DRPW, 4-3857 PEM Backup: Mr. Bata, DRPW, 4-7068

 

WPNS150-- JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munition)

DESCRIPTION: JDAM is a low-cost, level of effort weapon with the capability to destroy a broad spectrum of fixed and relocatable surface targets under environmental conditions that limit current inventory precision weapons. JDAM integrates a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance of Mk-84, BLU-109 and Mk-83 (and BLU-110) warheads in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants. It is an autonomous direct attack weapon integrated on F-16 C/D, F/A-18 C/D, B-52 and B-2 aircraft with plans for integration on F-15E, F-117, F-22 and B-1. It is capable of inflight (en route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets.

JUSTIFICATION: The Combat Air Forces have a serious deficiency in conducting air-to-surface attacks during adverse weather conditions, and from medium to high altitudes. These shortfalls are identified in the Strategic Attack/Interdiction MAP and the Bomber Roadmap.

Current precision-guided air-to-surface weapons require clear line-of-sight from the aircraft to the target in order to operate. This requirement forces aircraft to operate under the weather and closer to surface-to-air threats, which increases aircraft losses. Also, many targets are time-critical to the success and length of the air campaign, and to support ground combat forces. At present, the only option available is to wait until the weather clears--which could take days--to use current precision munitions.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 64618F/PE 27583F

ISSUES: If JDAM is not fielded, any potential enemy would continue to have a sanctuary to conduct operations at night and/or in bad weather. This sanctuary would extend the time required to achieve our objectives for air operations, and increase friendly aircraft losses. The Air Force must be able to support committed ground combat forces, regardless of the weather. As a result of the decreasing force structure, our aircraft must have increased capability with conventional weapons, especially the ability to attack targets around-the-clock.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF/SAC 401-91, ORD Number & Title: CAF 401-91-II-A, Joint
Adverse Weather Precision Strike Capability, CAF/USN ORD for JDAM, 30 Aug 95
13 Nov 91

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM: Maj Bowman, DRPW, 4-5429 PEM Backup: LtCol Van Davis, DRPW, 4-7066

WPNS151 -- JDAM/Advanced GPS

DESCRIPTION: JDAM is a low-cost, level of effort weapon with the capability to destroy a broad spectrum of fixed and relocatable surface targets under environmental conditions that limit current inventory precision weapons. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance of Mk-84, BLU-109 and Mk-83 (and BLU-110) warheads in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants. The PIP incorporates GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) improvements in the GPS system which improves navigation accuracy and overall system accuracy. Also, antijam GPS gives JDAM a capability against the GPS jamming threat. It is an autonomous direct attack weapon integrated on F-16 C/D, F/A-18 C/D, B-52 and B-2 aircraft with plans for integration on F-15E, F-117, F-22 and B-1. It is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting and engagement of both horizontal and vertical targets.

 

 

WPNS152 -- JDAM/BLU-113

DESCRIPTION: This concept improves the GBU-28 by enhancing the nose design of the BLU-113 warhead for improved penetration. The warhead nose reshape will improve BLU-113 penetration by more than 25%. The penetration could potentially be further improved by replacing the traditional HE fill with a dense explosive. The design involves integrating the improved BLU-113 warhead with a JDAM tail kit. JDAM utilizes a GPS aided INS packaged in a tailkit for accurate navigation and guidance in adverse weather and other battlefield obscurants, day or night operations. JDAM is capable of inflight (in route to target area) retargeting. This concept provides autonomous, accurate, adverse weather, day/night operational capability. The GBU-28 weapon is carried on the F-15E. The JDAM/BLU-113 is compatible with F-15E, B-2, and B-52. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

WPNS154 -- LODIS/SWAK/SSB/Enhanced Blast and Frag

DESCRIPTION: The High Leverage Munitions (HLM) concepts are a class of next generation weapons designed to efficiently package small, highly lethal mini missiles of the future. They employ direct dispense technology being developed under WL/MN Low Cost Dispensing (LODIS) program as a means of high density loadouts for both internal and external carriage. This low observable/low drag container is capable of incremental or salvo dispensing and has virtual interface capability. Air bags are used to eject the mini missiles. The dispenser serves as a shipping/stores container. Electrical interface to the mini missiles is made via a single 1553 bus. This concept integrates Small Smart Bombs with LODIS for attacking fixed targets. The Small Smart Bomb is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 2000lb BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. With the INS/GPS guidance in conjunction with differential GPS (using all 12 channel receivers, instead of only 5) corrections provided by GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) and improved Target Location Error (TLE), it can achieve a 5-8m CEP. The submunition, with a smart fuze, has been extensively tested against multi-layered targets by Wright Laboratory under the Hard Target Ordnance Program and Miniature Munitions Technology Program. The length to diameter ratio and nose shape are designed to optimize penetration for a 50lb charge. This weapon is also a potential payload for standoff carrier vehicles such as Tomahawk, JSOW, JASSM, Conventional ICBM, etc. The Swing Wing Adapter Kit (SWAK) is added to give the SSB standoff of greater than 25 nm from high altitude release. The wing kit is jettisoned at a midcourse way point if penetration is required so that velocity can be increased after wing release. For soft targets the wing kit continues to extend the glide range until small arms threat altitude is reached. At this point the wings are released. With INS/GPS guidance, coupled with AII, a 6-8 m CEP can be achieved. This wing kit allows the SSB to be directly attached to the aircraft at any 300 lb store station or packaged in the High Leverage Munitions (HLM) for higher density carriage. The second generation SSB has an advanced warhead which is designed to maximize penetration capability without sacrificing blast/fragmentation potential. This is achieved by use of liners to control fragmentation and enhanced energetic explosives such as HMX or CL-20.

 

 

WPNS155 -- LODIS/SWAK/SSB/DASSL/Enhanced Blast and Frag

DESCRIPTION: The High Leverage Munitions (HLM) concepts are a class of next generation weapons designed to efficiently package small, highly lethal mini missiles of the future. They employ direct dispense technology being developed under WL/MN Low Cost Dispensing (LODIS) program as a means of high density loadouts for both internal and external carriage. This low observable/low drag container is capable of incremental or salvo dispensing and has virtual interface capability. Air bags are used to eject the mini missiles. The dispenser serves as a shipping/stores container. Electrical interface to the mini missiles is made via a single 1553 bus. This concept integrates Small Smart Bombs with LODIS for attacking fixed targets. The Small Smart Bomb is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 2000lb BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. With the INS/GPS guidance in conjunction with differential GPS (using all 12 channel receivers, instead of only 5) corrections provided by GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) and improved Target Location Error (TLE), it can achieve a 5-8m CEP. The submunition, with a smart fuze, has been extensively tested against multi-layered targets by Wright Laboratory under the Hard Target Ordnance Program and Miniature Munitions Technology Program. The length to diameter ratio and nose shape are designed to optimize penetration for a 50lb charge. This weapon is also a potential payload for standoff carrier vehicles such as Tomahawk, JSOW, JASSM, Conventional ICBM, etc. The Swing Wing Adapter Kit (SWAK) is added to give the SSB standoff of greater than 25 nm from high altitude release. The wing kit is jettisoned at a midcourse way point if penetration is required so that velocity can be increased after wing release. For soft targets the wing kit continues to extend the glide range until small arms threat altitude is reached. At this point the wings are released. With INS/GPS guidance, coupled with AII, a 6-8 m CEP can be achieved. This wing kit allows the SSB to be directly attached to the aircraft at any 300 lb store station or packaged in the High Leverage Munitions (HLM) for higher density carriage. The second generation SSB has an advanced warhead which is designed to maximize penetration capability without sacrificing blast/fragmentation potential. This is achieved by use of liners to control fragmentation and enhanced energetic explosives such as HMX or CL-20. This concept upgrades the SSB to add a low cost solid state LADAR (LASER RADAR), which is a terminal, autonomous seeker that is used in the guidance near the end of flight in order to take out the Target Location Error. This seeker is based on the Wright Lab Demonstration of Advanced Solid State LADAR (DASSL) program. The LADAR will provide a three dimensional image of the target. Coupled with INS/GPS during the midcourse guidance, this terminal seeker can reduce the CEP to <3m.

 

 

WPNS158 -- LODIS/SWAK/DASSL/Boosted Penetrator

DESCRIPTION: The High Leverage Munitions (HLM) concepts are a class of next generation weapons designed to efficiently package small, highly lethal mini missiles of the future. They employ direct dispense technology being developed under WL/MN Low Cost Dispensing (LODIS) program as a means of high density loadouts for both internal and external carriage. This low observable/low drag container is capable of incremental or salvo dispensing and has virtual interface capability. Air bags are used to eject the mini missiles. The dispenser serves as a shipping/stores container. Electrical interface to the mini missiles is made via a single 1553 bus. This concept integrates Small Smart Bombs with LODIS for attacking fixed targets. The Small Smart Bomb is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 2000lb BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. With the INS/GPS guidance in conjunction with differential GPS (using all 12 channel receivers, instead of only 5) corrections provided by GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) and improved Target Location Error (TLE), it can achieve a 5-8m CEP. The submunition, with a smart fuze, has been extensively tested against multi-layered targets by Wright Laboratory under the Hard Target Ordnance Program and Miniature Munitions Technology Program. The length to diameter ratio and nose shape are designed to optimize penetration for a 50lb charge. This weapon is also a potential payload for standoff carrier vehicles such as Tomahawk, JSOW, JASSM, Conventional ICBM, etc. This concept upgrades the SSB to add a low cost solid state LADAR (LASER RADAR), which is a terminal, autonomous seeker that is used in the guidance near the end of flight in order to take out the Target Location Error. This seeker is based on the Wright Lab Demonstration of Advanced Solid State LADAR (DASSL) program. The LADAR will provide a three dimensional image of the target. Coupled with INS/GPS during the midcourse guidance, this terminal seeker can reduce the CEP to <3m. This concept incorporates a solid rocket motor to increase the impact velocity of the SSB which will result in increased penetration performance. Two designs are under investigation; one with an inline motor and the other with a wrap around rocket motor to minimize total weapon length. The inline design was extensively tested against multi-layered targets during WL Hard Target Ordnance Program.

 

 

WPNS159 -- LODIS/SWAK/DASSL/Enhanced Blast and Frag

DESCRIPTION: The High Leverage Munitions (HLM) concepts are a class of next generation weapons designed to efficiently package small, highly lethal mini missiles of the future. They employ direct dispense technology being developed under WL/MN Low Cost Dispensing (LODIS) program as a means of high density loadouts for both internal and external carriage. This low observable/low drag container is capable of incremental or salvo dispensing and has virtual interface capability. Air bags are used to eject the mini missiles. The dispenser serves as a shipping/stores container. Electrical interface to the mini missiles is made via a single 1553 bus. This concept integrates Small Smart Bombs with LODIS for attacking fixed targets. The Small Smart Bomb is a 250 pound weapon that has the same penetration capabilities as a 20001b BLU-109, but with only 50 pounds of explosive. With the INS/GPS guidance in conjunction with differential GPS (using all 12 channel receivers, instead of only 5) corrections provided by GPS SPO Accuracy Improvement Initiative (AII) and improved Target Location Error (TLE), it can achieve a 5-8m CEP. The submunition, with a smart fuze, has been extensively tested against multi-layered targets by Wright Laboratory under the Hard Target Ordnance Program and Miniature Munitions Technology Program. The length to diameter ratio and nose shape are designed to optimize penetration for a 501b charge. This weapon is also a potential payload for standoff carrier vehicles such as Tomahawk, JSOW, JASSM, Conventional ICBM, etc. This concept upgrades the SSB to add a low cost solid state LADAR (LASER RADAR), which is a terminal, autonomous seeker that is used in the guidance near the end of flight in order to take out the Target Location Error. This seeker is based on the Wright Lab Demonstration of Advanced Solid State LADAR (DASSL) program. The LADAR will provide a three dimensional image of the target. Coupled with INS/GPS during the midcourse guidance, this terminal seeker can reduce the CEP to <3m. The second generation SSB has an advanced warhead which is designed to maximize penetration capability without sacrificing blast/fragmentation potential. This is achieved by use of liners to control fragmentation and enhanced energetic explosives such as HMX or CL-20.

 

 

WPNS163 -- JSOW/BLU-108 P3I

DESCRIPTION: The JSOW is a gliding dispenser with an inertial and GPS guidance system. It comes filled with P3I BLU-108 submunitions. Each P3I BLU-108 submunition contains four "skeets". Each skeet scans a 100’x300’ search area and fires self-forging projectiles when its infrared and ranging sensors identify a target. The P3I BLU-108 warhead produces both fragments and an armor penetrating rod.

 

 

WPNS166 -- SWAKTMD-HPM- SEAD (narrow band)

DESCRIPTION: Air delivered, battery driven, narrow-band HPM munitions producing high average power over an extended time period. Munitions produce temporary electronic disruption of enemy SEAD assets over a broad area in a surgical manner at times and locations of our choosing. SWAK is added to give standoff range of greater than 25 nm from high altitude release. The wing kit allows the TMD to be directly attached to the aircraft at any certified stores station.

 

 

 

WPNS169 -- JASSM P3I Penetrator

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a P3I to the Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) to replace the baseline warhead with an advanced penetrator that meets or exceeds the objective penetration requirement specified in the JASSM Operational Requirements Document (ORD) and to add a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) seeker for adverse weather precision attack capability. JASSM is the next generation cruise missile to destroy the enemies war-sustaining capabilities outside the ranges of the area air defenses. The Standoff capability allows us to target key enemy centers of gravity without putting the warfighter in harms way, well beyond the range of current assets. The warhead concept is a 1000 pound dense or ballasted penetrator. The warhead would either be designed with a dense metal case or contain dense metal ballast for maximum penetration. The warhead will be filled with advanced insensitive explosive to compensate for the reduced charge weight. The JASSM will be compatible with the B-52, F-16, F/A-18 (threshold), B-1, B-2, F-15E, F-117, S3, P3 and JSF (objective). This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

WPNS170--UNITARY CALCM--BLOCKII with Shaped Charge Precursor

DESCRIPTION: The Conventional Air Launched Cruise Missile (CALCM) is a highly affordable, very long range standoff missile which is produced by modifying surplus AGM 86B, Air Launched Cruise Missiles (ALCM). The CALCM Block I missile, currently in production, incorporates a 3000 LB Class blast fragmentation warhead and Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver for navigation. The Block I system, when launched from CONUS based B-52 aircraft is highly effective against soft, above ground targets like Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAM) or radar sites. The Block II program is the Precision Strike variant of CALCM. It incorporates a penetrating warhead, updated state of the art, near-precision, GPS guidance, and a modified terminal area flight profile to maximize the effectiveness of the warhead. The penetrating warhead is augmented with two forward shape charges. To maximize the warheads effectiveness against hardened targets, the Block II will maneuver and dive onto its target in a near vertical orientation. The updated guidance system will increase the systems lethality by obtaining a less than 5 meter CEP.

The Precision Strike variant of CALCM was successfully demonstrated in December 1996. A CALCM modified with a new precision GPS implementation flew for 4.5 hours, performed a newly developed steep terminal dive, and impacted the target within 2.5 meters of the aim point. The demonstration clearly showed that CALCM is capable of delivering it’s warhead with precision accuracy from extremely long standoff ranges.

A feasibility study was concluded in April 1997, in which it was determined the BROACH Warhead on CALCM would offer very significant hard target capabilities. Foreign Comparative Test (FCT) funds have been provided by DoD for a demonstration of the UK’s BROACH Warhead. The FCT will conclude in early 1998.

The current Block II program is structured for EMD to begin in first quarter FY99 with missile production to commence in third quarter FY00. Total procurement is for 130 missiles.

JUSTIFICATION:

This program will provide the warfighter a hard and deeply buried target defeat capability from outside theater defenses. The Block II CALCM will be capable of holding at risk high priority assets essential to the enemy’s warfighting ability. The system can prosecute these target from standoff ranges well outside theater defenses thereby ensuring deploying aircraft are not placed in harms way.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27323F

ISSUES:

* Air Staff, XORBP, is working a ZBT initiative to move the $9.4 million of FY00 RDT&E funds to the 3020 procurement line to fill the $18.5 million requirement.

** Quantities are based on a maximum procurement cost of $372K.

REFERENCES: (Provide the following information, if relevant.)

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title:

CAF (SAC 010-88) -I/II/III-A

FOR CALCM, ACAT III

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM Name: MR. MIKE BATA, DRPW, x5270 PEM Backup Name: MAJ ROSS, x3857

 

WPNS177 -- SWAK-TMD with kneepad DIU

DESCRIPTION: The Swing-Wing Adapter Kit (SWAK) is a factory modification to the SUU-66B Tactical Munitions Dispenser (TMD). The modified dispenser has a swing-wing to increase range and incorporates inertial and GPS guidance to keep accuracy within the TMD's requirements. It includes a fill of either BLU- 108 submunitions or BLU-97/B Combined Effect Bomblets (CEBs). Each BLU-108 submunition contains four "skeets". Each skeet scans a 100'x300' search area and fires a self-forging projectile when its infrared sensor identifies a target. The CEB is an unguided shaped charge/fray/incendiary bomblet. The kneepad Data Insertion Unit (DIU) allows the aircrew to enter target GPS coordinates into the weapon's guidance without installing a MIL-STD 1553 interface to the weapon stations.

 

 

WPNS178 -- SWAK-Mk-82 with kneepad DIU

DESCRIPTION: This concept consists of an INS/GPS kit for the 500 lb general purpose MK-82 bomb and swing wing range extension adapter kit. A virtual umbilical is used to increase loadouts. A data insertion unit transmits the GPS coordinates of the target from the cockpit to a receiver in the weapon. The receiver can also be used to update coordinates during weapon flight.

 

 

WPNS181 -- Mk-83 Enhanced Blast/Frag eqv MK-84 (GBU-32 & DSU-33 & JPF) PIP

DESCRIPTION: This bomb is for F-22 carriage. The bomb body has the same dimensions and mass properties as the Mk-83, but its blast and fragmentation effect is equivalent to a Mk-84. It utilizes JDAM guidance. The P3I DSU-33 and JPF optimize the weapon's detonation against various soft targets.

 

 

WPNS184 -- Agent Defeat -Wet Chemical Neutralizer

DESCRIPTION: Part of the explosive fill of an existing munition, such as a BLU-109, is filled with a chemical neutralizer. When the munition is detonated, its blast and fragmentation open agent containers in the vicinity. The explosion also mixes the neutralizer and agent. For the purposes of scoping out this concept, the bomb body is assumed to have the dimensions and mass properties of the BLU-109 and a JDAM kit will be used for guidance.

 

 

WPNS185 -- Agent Defeat - Thermite Frag/ Ozone Neutralizer

DESCRIPTION: This concept incorporates a supply of ozone into a bomb with MIC superthermite explosive. This provides fragmentation without significant blast effect. The ozone is a very reactive, low molecular weight neutralizer. For the purposes of scoping out this concept, the bomb body is assumed to have the dimensions and mass properties of the BLU-109 and a JDAM kit will be used for guidance.

 

 

WPNS186 -- Agent Defeat - High Temp Incindiary

DESCRIPTION: This new warhead creates temperatures high and long-lasting enough to render any agent in the area harmless. For the purposes of scoping out this concept, the bomb body is assumed to have the dimensions and mass properties of the BLU-109 and a JDAM kit will be used for guidance.

 

 

WPNS187 -- Compressed Carriage GBU-32, J1K , enhanced fill

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a JAST-1000 warhead with enhanced fill integrated with a GBU-32 guidance kit using compressed carriage for internal carriage in advanced fighters (F-22, JSF) or carriage in cruise missiles (JASSM, CALCM, ACM, ATACMS, Tomahawk.) The warhead is a combined penetrator and blast/fray warhead. The warhead shape is optimized for penetration and the enhanced fill and internal liner provide blast and controlled fragmentation capability. The warhead is shrouded to match the MK-83 mass properties and interfaces. The warhead will be integrated with the GBU-32, the JDAM tail kit for 1,000 lb class warheads. Use of aero-control designs along with reaction jet control will allow the size to shrink sufficiently to fit inside F-22 and JSF. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

 

WPNS188 -- Compressed Carriage 1K AUP JDAM PIP, enhanced fill

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a precision guided, 1000 lb. dense or ballasted warhead with enhanced fill designed for internal carriage in advanced fighters (F-22, JSF) or carriage in cruise missiles (JASSM, CALCM, ACM, ATACMS, Tomahawk.) The warhead would either be designed with a dense metal case or contain dense metal ballast for maximum penetration. The warhead will be filled with an advanced insensitive explosive to compensate for the reduced charge weight. The warhead will get precision guidance either from a terminal seeker or from JDAM GPS accuracy enhancements and the use of differential GPS. Use of aerocontrol designs along with reaction jet control will allow the size to shrink sufficiently to fit inside F-22 and JSF. This concept uses the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF), an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

 

 

WPNS202 -- SFW P3I

DESCRIPTION: This weapon includes a fill of P3I BLU-108 submunitions in the SUU-66B Tactical Munitions Dispenser (TMD). Each P3 I BLU-108 submunition contains four "skeets". Each skeet scans a 100’x300’ search area and fires a self-forging projectile when its infrared and ranging sensors identify a target. The P3I BLU-108 projectile produces both fragments and an armor penetrating rod.

 

 

WPNS205-- Joint Programmable Fuze

DESCRIPTION: The FMU-152 Joint Programmable Fuze is a joint AF/Navy program to develop a general purpose fuze with cockpit selectable arming and function times for the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM). The fuze will be compatible with the DSU-33 proximity sensor to provide air burst capability. It is an electronic fuze with dial-a-delay capability to include very long delay times. The fuze will withstand G-loads experienced by the BLU-109 and BLU-113 penetrator bombs.

JUSTIFICATION: The fuze will significantly improve the capabilities of JDAM and current conventional munitions. The development of the fuze will also increase overall reliability and maintainability over existing inventory fuzes.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 64602F/PE28030F

ISSUES: Terminating the JPF program would impact the JDAM program since the FMU-152/B JPF is the replacement for the FMU-139 fuze. The shelf life of the FMU-139 is 10 years (the last one was built in 1993), and JDAM will be fielded beyond 2010.Terminating this program would also impact capability to employ AGM-130, GBU-10/12/15/24/28, and MK-82/84 weapons, since the JPF is the replacement fuze.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: TAF/SAC 401-91, ORD Number & Title: CAF 401-91-II-A, Joint
Adverse Weather Precision Strike Capability, CAF/USN ORD for JDAM, 30 Aug 95
13 Nov 91

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM: Maj Bowman, DRPW, 5429 PEM Backup: LtCol Van Davis, DRPW, 4-7066

 

 

 

WPNS207 -- DSU-33 P3I

DESCRIPTION: The DSU-33 is a proximity sensor for general purpose bombs. It activates the bomb’s fuze at a fixed height off the ground. The P3I version would have selectable height of burst.

 

 

 

WPNS506 -- AUP 1000 pound Warhead Development

DESCRIPTION: Advanced Unitary Penetrator (AUP) is a 2000lb class penetrator warhead intended as an upgrade/replacemnt for the BLU-109 warhead in applications requiring increased penetration. The AUP is designed to provide increased penetration capability over the BLU-109 warhead while maintaining the same overall weight, mass properties, dimensions, and physical interfaces associated with the BLU-109. This warhead is compatible with the Hard Target Smart Fuze (HTSF) or the Joint Programmable Fuze (JPF). The HTSF is an accelerometer based electronic fuze which allows control of the detonation point by layer counting, distance or time. The accelerometer senses G loads on the bomb due to deceleration as it penetrates through to the target. The fuze can distinguish between earth, concrete, rock and air.

 

 

 

 

WPNS509 -- JASSM w/ SAR

DESCRIPTION: This concept is a P3I to the Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile (JASSM) to add all weather precision attack capability. Potential solutions are the replacement of the current imaging IR seeker with a SAR, or millimeter wave seeker. JASSM is the next generation cruise missile to destroy the enemies war-sustaining capabilities outside the ranges of the area air defenses. The Standoff capability allows us to target key enemy centers of gravity without putting the warfighter in harms way, well beyond the range of current assets. The JASSM will be compatible with the B-52, F-16, F/A-18 (threshold), B-1, B-2, F-15E, F-117, S-3, P-3 and JSF (objective).

 

 

 

WPNS510 -- JASSM w/multi-Stage Warhead, GBU-32

DESCRIPTION: Program develops the BROACH warhead for possible use on numerous platforms. BROACH is a dual stage, shaped charge with a follow through penetrator.

 

 

 

 

WPNS 0516 SEEK EAGLE

DESCRIPTION: Funds certification to include Ballistic Accuracy Verification, if applicable, of all developmental/inventory weapons and stores (missiles, bombs, pods, etc.) on all current/future USAF, NGB, and AFRES aircraft to meet AF operational employment/test requirements. Exception: When weapons certification is included as part of a major aircraft/weapon integration program, such as the B-2 program.

JUSTIFICATION:

1. The Air Force has a variety of combat aircraft and stores (munitions, missiles, fuel tanks, electronic countermeasure pods, etc.). Aircraft carry these stores in numerous loading configurations, which are determined by operational scenarios, missions, and tactics. The loading configurations change as operational plans and tactics change, and as new aircraft and stores are developed. Before operational use, AFI 63-104 requires certification of these configurations for safe loading, safe carriage, and safe separation (jettison and normal release).

2. Certification generates critical configuration and flight envelope data required to update aircraft software and technical orders which provides the war fighting capability.

3. Technology implementation crucial to expand certification capabilities, increase capacity, and reduce time/cost.

4. All MMHE design, analysis, and testing for munitions handling/loading support equipment would be lost for fielded and future aircraft munition systems. No other USAF office exists to provide advice and coordination on the acquisition and management of MMHE. The Focal Point promotes standardization and interoperability while reducing proliferation.

PROGRAM ELEMENT: PE 27509F

ISSUES HQ ACC and HQ AFSOC have identified specific aircraft-store configurations which must be certified to meet operational requirements. In addition, SEEK EAGLE supports flight clearances for specific, limited operational or test purposes; and quick reaction certifications for urgent and mission essential, world-wide aircraft-stores certification requirements. 100 % Reduction of the program funding will result in killing this program and therefore no certification capability (go-to-war configurations) for furute weapons.

REFERENCES:

MNS Number & Title: ORD Number & Title:

1067 Number & Title: Development Plan Date & Title:

Current CINC IPL:

ACC PEM Name: Maj Snow, DRPW, 4-5270 PEM Backup: CMSgt Ebert, DRPW, 4-5270

 

 

 

 



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ANNEX F Common Solution/Concept List (U)
Air Force Mission Area Plan (MAP)