FUNCTIONAL AREA MANAGER (FAM)
ROLE IN PLANNING
IP - 2600
INSTRUCTOR: Mr. Kenneth Hill
DESCRIPTION: This lesson presents an introduction to the duties of functional area managers (FAMs) at the Air Staff, MAJCOM/FOA, Air Component Command, Numbered Air Force, and Base level as outlined in chapter 9 of AFMAN 10-401. Itís not a "set in concrete" list of FAM duties.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this lesson is for each student to know the six functional area manager (FAM) planning areas and duties at Air Staff, MAJCOM/FOA, Air Component Command, Numbered Air Force, and Base level.
SAMPLE OF BEHAVIORS: Each student will:
1. Describe the six planning responsibilities of the functional area manager (FAM).
2. Identify the functional area managerís responsibilities for planning at all levels.
REQUIRED READING: Read Handout #1 and review the CWPC Desktop Reference for the definition of the following:
1. Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES)
2. Deliberate Planning
3. Contingency Operation/Mobility Planning and Execution System (COMPES)
4. Designed Operational Capability (DOC)
5. Manpower Force Packaging (MANFOR)
6. Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)
7. Unit Type Code (UTC)
8. Time-phased Force and Deployment Data (TPFDD)
9. Pilot Unit
10. Crisis Action Procedures (CAP)
OPTIONAL READING: The following list of publications are optional reading for this lesson but essential reading for personnel who are or will be Air Staff and MAJCOM/FOA functional area managers (FAMs).
1. Defense Planning Guidance.
2. Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan and separate functional supplements.
3. Joint Operation Planning and Execution System, Volumes 1-2.
4. USAF War and Mobilization Plan, Volume 1, Basic Plan.
5. AFPD 38-1, Organization Policy and Guidance.
6. AFPD 38-2, Manpower Policies and Procedures, Wartime Manpower Planning and Programming.
7. AFI 10-201, Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)
8. AFI 10-215, Personnel Support for Contingency Operations (PERSCO).
9. AFI 10-402, Mobilization Planning.
10. AFI 10-403, Deployment Planning.
11. AFI 10-404, Base Support Planning.
12. AFMAN 10-401, Operation Plan and Concept Plan Development and Implementation.
1. INTRODUCTION: Functional Area Managers (FAMs) play a significant part in the USAF operational planning process. Just imagine youíre a newly arrived functional manager at MAJCOM and the colonel says I want to meet with all the functional managers to discuss a new OPLAN weíve been tasked to write. Hopefully, this lesson will help clarify your responsibilities. This lesson outline covers only duties that could be considered primary planning duties of the functional area manager. It is not a "set in concrete" list of FAM duties. A complete listing of FAM planning duties can be found in AFMAN 10-401, chapter nine.
a. Functional Area Manager: The Functional Area Manager (FAM) is the individual responsible for the management and planning of all personnel and equipment within a specific functional area to support wartime and peacetime contingencies.
b. Functional Area: One or more Air Force specialties that provide a specific support or capability (I.E., Supply, Maintenance, Personnel, Services, etc.).
3. LOCATION OF FAMs: FAMs are located at most levels in the Air Force hierarchy.
a. FAMs are located at:
(1) Air Staff. The Air Staff FAMs represent the highest level of functional management responsibility. They are responsible for all of the wartime policies and procedures that affect the entire functional area. Some functional areas, such as security police and civil engineering, delegate the majority of the management responsibilities to specific field operating agencies (FOAs) while retaining the overall functional responsibility. I.E., Civil Engineering FOA is called the Air Force Civil Engineering Agency (AFCEA.
(2) MAJCOM/FOA . MAJCOM/FOA FAMs respond to the Air Staff tasking and guidance and relay appropriate tasking to the functional units in the field.
(3) Air Component Command. The Air Component FAMs are an integral part of the deliberate planning process. It is imperative that the component FAM maintains contact with the FAMs at every level to maintain continuity. The Air Force Component Command FAMs major responsibility lies in the OPLAN development arena.
(4) Numbered Air Forces (NAF). Some Numbered Air Forces FAMs are also Air Component Commands. Numbered Air Forces that are Air Component Commands have a full complement of FAMs.
(5) Base/Unit Level Unit Deployment Managers (UDM) These FAMs are the unit level personnel responsible for the day-to-day management of unit functions. Many of the responsibilities are accomplished with the help of the logistics, manpower, personnel, and operations plans office. Planning, reporting and executing the plan are important responsibilities of the unit level FAM.
4. The FAMís SIX GENERAL PLANNING AREAS: Within the planning process, the FAMs at each level are concerned with the same broad planning areas. However, the specific activities performed at each level are different. The FAMís six planning areas are:
a. Functional Planning Guidance. Functional planning guidance takes many forms, including Joint planning publications, AFM 10-401, other functional area specific instructions, and WMP-1. In general, the Air Staff publishes; the MAJCOM supplement, coordinates, and implement; and the unit interprets, reports, and executes. Specific responsibilities exist at each level within the functional planning guidance area.
(1) Functional responsibilities at Air Staff:
(a) Review the Joint Operations Planning and Execution System (JOPES) volumes to ensure Air Force functional planning concerns are properly addressed.
(b) Review the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP) basic volume and to identify changes in strategy, planning concepts, force apportionment, and joint planning guidance which might affect their functional area.
(c) Update the USAF WMP-1 functional planning guidance for each deliberate planning cycle.
(d) Ensure that Air Force functional area instructions and directives contain adequate guidance to direct the wartime functions for the given functional area.
(2) Functional planning guidance at MAJCOM/FOA:
(a) Review and understand the JOPES documents and procedures, and recommend changes to the Air Staff functional counterpart. The FAM must be prepared to comply with the planning and execution procedures outlined in these documents.
(b) Ensure the functional area wartime concept of operations supports the strategy and tasks outlined in the JSCP.
(c) Comply with the planning guidance contained in the WMP-1.
(3) Functional planning guidance for Air Component Command FAMs:
(a) Provide guidance specific to bed down base
(4) Functional planning guidance for Base Level FAMs:
(a) Provide inputs to the USAF WMP-1 functional planning guidance for each deliberate planning cycle.
(b) Provide inputs to Air Force functional area instructions and directives.
b. Asset Management. Consists of ensuring efficient use of the people and
equipment resources. Management of functional areasí wartime assets is one of the most critical aspects of the FAMsí responsibilities. Knowing the availability and readiness status of functional assets is essential to planning, programming, and execution. EXAMPLE: Inspecting a unit to determine they are capable of performing at a level indicated in the DOC statements.
(1) Asset management at Air Staff FAMs are:
(a) Insuring wartime missions are identified for their functional area. Includes maintaining AF UTC availability database.
(b) Review wartime operational requirements to ensure UTC configurations and mission capabilities support the wartime tasking.
(c) Complete MEFPAK responsibilities IAW AFMAN 10-401, chapter six.
(2) Asset management for MAJCOM/FOA FAMs: Key role is to determine which units/individuals will fill the real-world deployment requirements.
(a) Ensure the maximum military personnel are made available for wartime deployment contingency tasking consistent with available training resources, equipment, and skill availability. Monitor the readiness status of all functional units on a continuous basis.
(b) Compare each functional UTC with unit UMDs to determine availability of each UTC and notify units of the UTCs they are required to provide based on UTC/UMD comparison.
(c) At the initial indication of a crisis, review the UTC availability listing and compare the availability against the current unit SORTS report. Example: The MAJCOM FAM will determine which units are tasked because he is aware of the current readiness and training level of the units.
(d) Complete MEFPAK responsibilities IAW AFI 10-401, chapter six.
(3) Asset management at Base Level:
(a) Monitor and report the status of all available UTCs within the functional area. When long-term deficiencies are projected, advise the MAJCOM FAM.
(b) Monitor UTC/UMD authorization mismatches. Notify the MAJCOM FAM, with info copies to Wing/Command Manpower offices, when mismatches exist.
(c) Notify the MAJCOM FAM when UTC tasking cannot be supported due to changes in manning or equipping.
(d) Help to ensure the SORTS (Status of Resources and Training System) report correctly identifies the readiness of reporting units according to AFI 10-201.
c. Tracking Unit Tasking. Consists of knowing which units/UTCs are OPLAN tasked, determining availability of functional UTCs as tasked in WMP-3, part 2 and Reviewing OPLAN TPFDDs to ensure tasking consistent with UTC Mission Capability Statements.
(1) Tracking unit tasking at Air Staff:
(a) Establish requirements for specific MAJCOMs/Components/FOAs to
configure and make available specific numbers of UTCs for contingency planning. WMP 3, Part 2 construct.
(b) Review all TPFDDs during the force requirements determination stages to ensure that tasking are consistent with UTC Mission Capabilities Statements (MISCAPs) and no unit is overtasked.
(c) Review all TPFDDs after sourcing to ensure MAJCOM requirements do not exceed the number made available by each MAJCOM.
(d) Evaluate the final sourced OPLAN TPFDDs of all plans sourced during the planning cycle to determine functional UTC shortfalls and overages.
(2) Tracking unit tasking at MAJCOM:
(a) Identify units within the MAJCOM for specific numbers and types of UTCs for contingency planning.
(b) Ensure that each unitís DOC statement reflects the primary UTCs a unit is capable of providing.
(c) Track unitís tasked/untasked during deliberate/crisis planning and during exercises. Notify the Air Staff FAM and the MAJCOM war plans OPR when significant changes occur in the UTC availability listing.
(d) Notify the supported command FAM and MAJCOM war plans OPR when units that are sourced to that commandís OPLAN TPFDD can no longer fill the tasking.
(3) Tracking unit tasking at Base Level:
(a) Maintain detailed load plans and mobility rosters for all tasked UTCs according to the appropriate mobility planning instructions.
(b) Advise the MAJCOM FAM when the unit cannot fulfill any UTC tasking or when the unit cannot respond within the unitís DOC response time.
d. OPLAN Development/Execution. . Consists of providing detailed expertise for OPLAN development and making required changes during OPLAN execution. More specifically FAMs provide inputs during OPLAN development ensuring combat forces are properly supported. FAMs also participate in OPLAN requirements determination and sourcing validation process for units tasked in the deliberate OPLAN and make required changes during execution of either the deliberate plan or crisis action plan.
(1) OPLAN Development and Execution at Air Staff:
(a) Assist in the development of the UTC apportionment contained in the WMP-3, Part 2.
(b) Ensure that component command FAMs properly apply the functional planning guidance contained in the WMP-1 and other functional guidance documents in developing the TPFDD requirements in preparation for sourcing.
(c) Participate as a member of the Air Force crisis action team (CAT) during contingency operations.
(2) OPLAN Development and Execution at MAJCOM:
(a) Develop force support requirements according to WMP-1 and functional planning guidance for each tasked OPLAN TPFDD. Note this mainly applies to supported command.
(b) Physically source the UTC requirements at the Sourcing Conferences. (Core UTCís will be used as a foundation)
(c) Validate the accuracy of the information for each UTC requirement.
(d) Resolve tasking problems identified by units during TPFDD execution.
(e) Maintain a current list of the MAJCOM functional UTCs reflecting which units/UTCs have been tasked and which are available for tasking.
(3) OPLAN Development and Execution at Air Component Command:
(a) Determine functional area requirements at each wartime bed down location in the componentís portion of the TPFDD.
(b) Use CORE UTC packages as the foundation and starting point for building requirements at each wartime bed down location.
(4) OPLAN development and execution at Base Level:
(a) Execute the deployment portion of any TPFDD and deployment
manning document tasking according to the applicable instructions and procedures.
e. Enroute Support for Deploying Forces. Consists of arranging support,
training, etc., to deploying forces while they are enroute to the destination. FAMs at each level work together to coordinate this support. Example: If an unit requires additional training en route to a deployed location the FAM will schedule the training in coordination with the unit deploying.
f. Continuing Functional Support to Inplace/Deployed Forces. Consists of coordination of adequate resources so the functional capability can operate simultaneously at home base and the deployed location.