FAS | Military | DOD 101 | Systems | Ships | ROW | Russian Navy ||||
Index | Search |

Russian Navy

Project 1239 Sivuch
Bora class
Guided Missile Corvette

The Project 1239 Sivuch small missile air cushion ship is primary intended for coast defense operations. These very large surface-effect ship corvettes have proven mechanically unreliable. Completion of these units was much-delayed and they probably are not effective combat units. Two ships in service now - for future series intended for Black Sea/Baltic Fleets of Russian Federation.

The new Russian missile carrying hovercraft is meant to carry out missile attacks on ships. It is the largest military hovercraft unmatched anywhere in the world. With the displacement of 1000 tons, the craft has a cruising speed of 100 kilometers an hour. It is armed with 8 Mosquito missiles which can strike targets on the sea and on land. The hovercraft has 20 anti-aircraft missiles, an artillery complex, a machine-gun and an interference creating device. The hovercraft has an aluminium hull. Though it's a light craft, its seaworthiness is very high. The hovercraft can be on an autonomous voyage for 10 days. One refueling is enough for 2,500 miles. The complement is 68 men. As the chairman of the state commission overseeing the tests, the first deputy commander of the Russian Baltic Fleet, Vice-Admiral Alexander Brazhnik, says the hovercraft showed excellent performance in stormy conditions and carried out the first missile launches and artillery fire practice.

Tests of this new Russian missile carrying hovercraft began in the Baltic Sea in late 1999. The tests of the hovercraft were expected to finish in early 2000, and then the craft was adopted by the Russian Baltic fleet.


Designer: Zelenodolsk - Chief designer - L.Elssky
Displacement (tons): 1,050 -1,280 tons
Speed (kts): 50-55 knots
Dimensions (m): 64.0-65.6 meters long
17.2-18.o meters beam
Propulsion: 2 gas. turbines; 70'000 hp; 3x2 (+1+1) props.,  air-cashion ship take advantage of air generated between  the 2 floats for decreasing D.tonnage 3m >1.
Crew: 35-68
  • 2 x 4 Moscit (SS-N-22)
  • 1 Osa-MA SAM system (20 9M-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM)
  • Guns:
  • 1  AK-100 DP (100 mm) full autom.
  • 2  AK-630 gattl. AA (6 x 30 mm; r: 6'000rds/m/mount)
  • Torpedoes: no
    Other: no

    Class Listing

    #numberName Laid Down Launched Comm. Stricken
    1MRK 27 BoraBLACK19881997ex-Sivuch
    2MRK 17SamunBALTIC19952000...

    Sources and Resources

    FAS | Military | DOD 101 | Systems | Ships | ROW | Russian Navy ||||
    Index | Search |

    Maintained by Webmaster

    Updated Thursday, September 07, 2000 7:00:00 AM