|People's Liberation Army Navy|
The most numerous class of warships serving with the PLAN, Jianghu-class represents a modification of the Jiangdong-class with SSM in place of SAM. The frigates carry high-powered ant-aircraft guns, air and surface search radar and depth charges for anti-submarine warfare. The early variants of this small, obsolete frigate are now primarily useful for coastal patrol, given the absence of gunfire control radars and obsolete missiles.
As many as five variants have been produced, with considerable variation in armament and electronics among units.
Type 53 Jianghu I Xiamen - 1 dual 100 mm gun mounts and 4 37 mm guns Type 53H Jianghu II Xiamen - 2 dual 100 mm gun mounts and 2 37 mm guns Type 53HT Jianghu III Huangshi - 8 C-801/YJ-1 SSM replace 2 C-201/HY-2 SSM Type 53HT-H Jianghu IV Siping - intended primarily for ASW, a helicopter facility replaces half the armament. Type 53HT Jianghu V Zigong - the least expensive and least powerful variant feature a reduction in missiles and no helicopter facilities.
In early 1999 China deployed a pair of Jianghu-class frigates to the Mischief Reef area in the South China Sea. The two frigates were spotted moving around the Chinese-occupied Mischief, Fiery Cross and Johnson atolls. Although publicly expressing concern, the Phillipine government did not formally protest this deployment, since the presence of such warships is allowed by international law in high seas, even if they are within another country's exclusive economic zone. In November 1998 the Philippines protested China's intrusion into the Mischief Reef, a part of the Spratlys group of islands which is claimed in whole or in part by Malaysia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Brunei, the Philippines and China.Thailand has purchased four Chinese Jianghu-class FFGs and two improved Type IV frigates. The frigates, four being of the Chinese-made F25T class, were designed and built by the China State Shipbuilding Corp in Shanghai. The frigates are HTMS Taksin (delivered in November 1995), HTMS Bang Pakong, HTMS Chao Phraya (delivered in 1991), HTMS Saiburi, and HTMS Naresuan. The ships were purchased at "friendship prices" of 2,000 million baht each, compared to the 8,000 million baht price tag for Western-built frigates.
Builder Jiangnan SY, Shanghai
Hudong SY, Shanghai
Propulsion diesel Length 338.5 feet / 103.2 meters Beam 33.4 feet / 10.2 meters Draft 10.2 feet / 3 meters Displacement 1,702 - 1,925 tons Full Load
1,425 tons Standard Load
Endurance 4,000 miles Speed 28 knots Crew 200 Armament Jianghu I/II Jianghu IV Jianghu III Jianghu V C-201/HY-2 SSM 2 2 4 C-801/YJ-1 SSM 8 100mm/56cal gun / dual 2 2 2 100mm/55cal gun / single 1 dual 37 mm AA gun 2 4 4 4 triple 12.75 inch ASW torpedo 2 ASW rocket launcher 2 2 2 2 Construction Type 53/53H Jianghu I/II' Class
509 Chang De
'Type 53HT Jianghu III' Class
'Type 53 HT-H Jianghu IV' Class
544 Siping 'Type 53HT Jianghu V' Class Frigates
23 Jianghu I/II were built, 3 being sold and others remain in service. 3 Jianghu III were built. 1 Jianghu IV was built as a test ship for the later Luda program. 6 Jianghu V ordered, with 2 awaiting delivery.