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3M55 Oniks
P-800 Yakhont
P-800 Bolid

The supersonic P-800 Yakhont (Gem) is a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr [SS-N-7 Starbright]. The ship, submarine and coastal-launched Yakhont is launched from the unified ampoule-shaped transport-launching container (TLC). The container is 9 m long, is 0.71 m in diameter. The firing range reaches 300 km (162 nmi.) when flying along a combined trajectory and 120 kg (265 lb.) when following only a low-altitude trajectory. Flight speed varying over the range from M=2.0 to M=2.5 is provided by the kerosene-fueled multi-mode liquid-fuel ramjet. The P-800 Bolid is the encapsulated, submarine launched version of Yakhont. An air-launched version of the missile with the take-off weight of 2,500 kg (5,507 lb.) is also being developed. The closest American counterparts, the Tomahawk and Harpoon missiles, are subsonic; the best French antiship missile, the Exocet, has a range of only 45 miles.


Country of Origin Russia
Builder Beriev
RoleAmphibious anti-submarine patrol aircraft
Range 300 km mixed trajectory
120 km low trajectory
Speed Mach 2 to 2.5
Flight altitude 5 to 15 meters, final phase
Weight of warhead 200 kg [about]
Guidance active-passive, radar seeker head
Minimum target detection range 50 km in active mode
Maximum seeker head search angle 45 degrees
  • solid propellant booster stage
  • liquid-propellant ramjet sustainre motor
  • Launcher type underwater, surface ship, land
    Launch method from closed bottom launch-container
    Launch angle range 15 to 90 degrees
    Weight 3,000 kg launch
    3,900 kg in launch-container
    Launch-container dimensions 8.9 meters length
    0.7 meters diameter

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    Updated Monday, September 27, 1999 11:10:16 AM