The SA-8 GECKO is a single-stage, solid-fuel, short-range, low-altitude, all-weather SAM system. The first production version of this system was identified as SA-8a, which only had 4 launcher rails and exposed missiles. The SA-8b typically has two BAZ-5937 resupply/transloader vehicles, carrying 18 missiles each (boxed in sets of three) that supports a battery of four TELARs. A target can be brought under fire both with one missile as well as a volley of two missiles. This system is also air transportable.
The SA-8a (GECKO Mod 0) high acceleration missile (Factory Index number 9M33) has a launch weight of about 130 kg. Maximum speed is Mach 2.4, minimum altitude is 25 meters, maximum effective altitude 5000 meters. The minimum range is 1500 meters and the maximum range 12000 meters. The SA-8b or GECKO Mod 1, introduced in 1980, is mounted in a rectangular launch box and incorporates improved guidance and higher speed providing an increased maximum range of 15000 meters. The warhead of both missiles is fitted with proximity and contact fuses, and the 19 kilogram warhead's lethal radius at low altitude is about 5 meters. The system reload time is five minutes, and combat deployment time is four minutes with system reaction 26 seconds. The LAND ROLL conical-scan fire control radar operates in the H-band with a 360º travers, with a maximum range of 35 kilometers and an effective range of around 30 kilometers against a typical target. LAND ROLL also has a short-range target acquisition capability. The radar, at the rear of a one-man gunner-radar operator position, folds back 90º to reduce the overall height of the vehicle for air transport and high speed road travel. The pulsed-mode tracking radar operates in the J band with a range of 20 to 25 kilometers. The two I-band guidance radars make it possible to launch two missiles at the same target, each one responding to a different frequency to frustrate ECM.
Mounted on top of each missile guidance radar is an low light level TV optical assist system for target tracking in low visibility and heavy ECM.The SA-8 transporter erector launcher and radar (TELAR) vehicle is a six-wheeled design designated BAZ-5937. Four command-guided missiles are carried ready to launch, two either side. The driver's compartment at the front of the vehicle has accommodation for two, the driver and commander, with access via a hatch in the roof. The engine is at the very rear, and the vehicle is fully amphibious, being propelled in the water by two water jets at the rear of the hull. The vehicle is fitted with an air filtration and overpressure NBC system together with IR systems for the commander and driver.
There are at least three major families of SA-8 launch vehicles. The first, a pre-series prototype, had a very blunt nose. The standard production model has a sharper nose, and variants of this vehicle with feature minor changes in the detail of hull fittings. The SA-8b vehicle is basically similar to the SA-8a vehicle aside from the launcher which accommodates six missile canisters. Variants of the SA-8b launcher feature a reconfigured rear end, while some SA-8b TELs include an additional small radar antenna fitted above the surveillance radar associated with a newIFF system.Each battery has two missile transloaders based on the same chassis with a long tarp-covered structure covering the cargo space and crane which slides to the rear when operating. A total of 18 reloads in boxed sets of three are transferred to the TELARs by the centrally-mounted hydraulic crane.
Regimental maintenance batteries include a single radar collimation vehicle using the same chassis. The collimation antenna lies on both sides of the vehicle and overhangs the rear during transit. In operation it is raised and mounted on each side of the hull directly behind the cab.
|Date of Introduction||1980|
|Proliferation||At least 25 countries|
|Combat Weight (mt)||9|
|TELAR||BAZ-5937 6x6 amphibious cross-country capable vehicle|
|Height (m)||4.2 (with surveillance radar folded down)|
|Engine Type||D20K300 diesel|
|Cruising Range (km)||500|
|Max. Road Speed||80 km/h|
|Max. Swim Speed||8 km/h|
|Protection||NBC Protection System|
|Reaction Time (sec)||INA|
|Time Between Launches (sec)||4|
|Reload Time (min)||5|
|Fire on Move||No|
|Emplacement Time (min)||4|
|Displacement Time (min)||Less than 4 (est.)|
|Max. Range||15,000 meters|
|Min. Range||200 meters|
|Max. Altitude||12,000 meters|
|Min. Altitude||10 meters|
|Missile Speed||1020 m/s|
|Propulsion||Solid propellant rocket motor|
|Fuze Type||Contact and proximity|
|Warhead Weight||16 kg|
LLLTV/optical assist (for target tracking in low visibility and heavy ECM)
|Radar Name||LAND ROLL|
|Detection Range (km)||20-30|
|Tracking Range (km)||20-25|
|Radar Name||Monopulse Target Tracking Radar|
|Detection Range (km)||20-25|
|Tracking Range (km)||INA|
|Missile tracking radars||2|
|VARIANTS|| SA-8a Initial production model that carries four
missiles on exposed rails. |
4K33 Osa-M (SA-N-4) Naval variant