FAS | Military | DOD 101 | Systems | Missiles | ROW ||||
Index | Search | Join FAS

Igla 9K38

The SA-18 GROUSE (Igla 9K38) is an improved variant in the the SA-7 & SA-14 series of manportable SAMs. As with the earlier SA-14, the SA-18 uses of a similar thermal battery/gas bottle, and the SA-18 has the same 2 kilogram high-explosive warhead fitted with a contact and grazing fuse. But the missile of entirely new design with substantially improved range and speed,. The new seeker and aerodynamic improvements extend its effective range, and its higher speed enables it to be used against faster targets. The SA-18 has a maximum range of 5200 meters and a maximum altitude of 3500 meters. The 9M39 missile SA-18 employs an IR guidance system using proportional convergence logic. The new seeker offers better protection against electro-optical jammers; the probability of kill against an unprotected fighter is estimated at 30-48%, and the use of IRCM jammers only degrades this to 24-30%.

The Igla-M [SA-N-10 ] is the naval version of the SA-18.


Entered Service
Total length
Warhead Weight
Maximum Speed
Maximum effective range 5200 meters
altitude, (m) 10-3500
Guidance mode passive IR homing
emplace/displace time 13 sec
Single-shot hit probability

For more information on the SA-18 and efforts to control its proliferation, see ASMP Issue Brief #1: MANPADS Proliferation

FAS | Military | DOD 101 | Systems | Missiles | ROW ||||
Index | Search | Join FAS

Originally created by John Pike
Updated Saturday, October 16, 1999 12:37:49 PM