The earliest model of one-man air defense missiles developed by China was the "Hongying (Red Tassel)-5." Subsequently the "Qianwei (Advance Guard)-1" was developed in the early 1990s. The Qianwei-1 made its first public appearance at the 1994 Farnborough International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition in the United Kingdom. The Qianwei-1 caught the attention of foreign media and research institutions when it was first introduced to the public because it was claimed to surpass the US Stinger in maximum effective range, target seeker tracking capability, warhead power and other indicators.
The Anza anti-aircraft missiles give Pakistan a response to India's superiority in modern aircraft -- India has a numerical superiority in modern fighter aircraft of more than 3 to 1 over Pakistan. The Anza MK-1, Anza MK-2, and Anza MK-3 surface to air anti-aircraft missiles have ranges of 4, 6 and 15 km, respectively. The missiles are manufactured by the laboratory named after Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, the father of Pakistan's nuclear program.
The Anza MK-II is a portable shoulder-fired, IR homing air defence weapon system similar to the US Stinger missiles. It has a maximum slant range of 5 kilometers, though in the future the maximum range will be increased to almost double. The Anza MK-II is an improved version of Anza MK-II, which was handed over to Pakistan Armed Forces in January 1990. The Anza MK-II was inducted in Pakistan Army in September 1994, and has been locally produced in Pakistan since October 1994. The improved version is a lightweight portable system incorporating a contact-fuse warhead. The main differences from the earlier version are in its high speed (600 M/Sec), accuracy and sustained velocity, high maneuverability and all aspect engagement capability. It can be used to target both fixed and rotary targets and the missile can be fired by a soldier either on his feet or knees. It can be launched in automatic mode as well as in manual mode. The maximum altitude gained by Anza is 4000 meters, and it can carry 550 grams of warhead explosive. Its reaction time is less than 3.5 seconds, while transition time from movement to ready for operation is less than 10 seconds. Its self-destruction time is between 14 to 18 seconds. The launch motor to have a safe distance between the gunner and the missile after it is released has a jettison/separation characteristics. The total length of the missile with launch motor is 147-7 mm and its weighs 10.68 kg. The operating time of ground battery is more than 50 seconds, and the operating temperature range is between minus 40 centigrade to plus 55 centigrade.
ANZA MK-II Specifications
L Type 2-stage, low altitude Length
(missile, with booster motor)
1.447 m Weight 16.5 kg (total launch assembly in
(missile at launch)
10.68 kg Propulsion solid fuel booster and solid fuel sustainer rocket motor Guidance cooled InSb passive infra-red homing seeker Warhead HE fragmentation (containing 0.55 Kg HE) with contact and
Average missile cruise speed 600 m/s Max missile manoeuvring 16 g Self destruction time 14-18 s Max effective slant range 5,000 m Min effective slant range 500 m Max effective altitude 4000 m Min effective altitude 30 m Weapon reaction time less than 3.5 s Time from march to ready less than 10 s
Battery operation time more than 50 s
For more information on the QW-1 and efforts to control its proliferation, see ASMP Issue Brief #1: MANPADS Proliferation