Tactical missiles were also built by A. Berezhnyak's "Raduga" OKB
engineering group, but by a different route than taken by the "Zvezda"
Design Bureau. While "Zvezda" started from light air-to-air missiles,
"Raduga" scaled down heavy air-to-ground missiles for strategic aircraft
into light tactical ones.
The Kh-28 (Article 93, alias D8) was built by applying to it Kh-22
and KSR-5 features. Its structure is a conventional aerodynamic one, with
small delta wings. Its propulsion system is a two-stage liquid-fuel rocket
engine. It was produced as early as the nineteen sixties, especially as
an antiradar missile for Yak-28 bomber aircraft (the first Soviet missile
of this type). It was, however, never actually put on Yak-28 aircraft
but instead used as weapon of Su-7B/17/24 and Tu-22M aircraft. Series
production of the Kh-28 began in 1971. The warhead is programmed prior
to the missile launch, either by a "Filin" [Eagle Owl] set on board the
aircraft (Su-24) or a "Metel" [Blizzard] set suspended from the aircraft
(Su-7B/17, Tu-22M), to track the frequency of detected enemy ground radar.
On the Su-17 aircraft this missile is suspended under the center line
of the fuselage and the "Metel" set on the right underwing pylon. The
missile is no longer used.
Maximum effective range
Single-shot hit probability
Sources and Methods
"Survey of Russian Guided Air-to-Ground and Anti-Ship Missiles" by Piotr Butowski,
NOWA TEKHNIKA WOJSKOWA March 1995 No 3, pp 15-19 [JPRS-UMA-95-023: 7 June 1995]