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Raduga Kh-28 (AS-9 Kyle)

Tactical missiles were also built by A. Berezhnyak's "Raduga" OKB engineering group, but by a different route than taken by the "Zvezda" Design Bureau. While "Zvezda" started from light air-to-air missiles, "Raduga" scaled down heavy air-to-ground missiles for strategic aircraft into light tactical ones.

The Kh-28 (Article 93, alias D8) was built by applying to it Kh-22 and KSR-5 features. Its structure is a conventional aerodynamic one, with small delta wings. Its propulsion system is a two-stage liquid-fuel rocket engine. It was produced as early as the nineteen sixties, especially as an antiradar missile for Yak-28 bomber aircraft (the first Soviet missile of this type). It was, however, never actually put on Yak-28 aircraft but instead used as weapon of Su-7B/17/24 and Tu-22M aircraft. Series production of the Kh-28 began in 1971. The warhead is programmed prior to the missile launch, either by a "Filin" [Eagle Owl] set on board the aircraft (Su-24) or a "Metel" [Blizzard] set suspended from the aircraft (Su-7B/17, Tu-22M), to track the frequency of detected enemy ground radar. On the Su-17 aircraft this missile is suspended under the center line of the fuselage and the "Metel" set on the right underwing pylon. The missile is no longer used.


Entered Service
Total length 5.97 m
Diameter 0.43 m
Wingspan 1.93 m
Weight 720 kg
Warhead Weight160 kg
Maximum Speed3500 km/h
Maximum effective range 120 km
Guidance mode
Single-shot hit probability

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