The Type 83 152-mm SP Gun-Howitzer is capable of firing all standard types of 152-mm rounds. The main armament cannon is based on the Chinese 152-mm Towed Type 66 mounted on an entirely new chassis similar to the Russian 152-mm SP Gun-Howitzer 2S3. The layout of the Type 83 follows the general pattern of the American M109, with six roadwheel pairs, the engine and drive sprocket at the front, and the large square turret at the rear. There are extensive storage points around the hull and turret. The crew communicates with each other using the Type 803 intercom system.
Variants include the Type 462 425-mm Mineclearing Rocket Launcher 2-round rocket launcher for use in clearing minefields. Another variant is the 120-mm SP Anti-Tank Gun, with the AT gun is fitted with a 120-mm smoothbore mounted inside a turret on a Type 83 Gun-Howitzer chassis. There are reports of the Type 83 being equipped with an anti-tank rocket launcher referred to as the Type 40. However, it is suspected that the rocket launcher is really the 40-mm anti-tank rocket launcher Type 69-1 (an upgraded variant of the Russian RPG-7).
Alternative Designations None Date of Introduction 1984 Proliferation At least 1 country Description Crew 5 Platform (chassis) Type 83 Combat Weight (mt) 30.0 Chassis Length Overall (m) 7.33 Height Overall (m) 3.50 Width Overall (m) 3.24 Automotive Performance Engine Type Type 12150L, V-12, 520-hp liquid-cooled diesel Cruising Range (km) 450 km Speed (km/h) Max Road 55 Max Off-Road 35 Cross-Country INA Max Swim N/A Fording Depth (m) 1.3 Emplacement Time (min) 1 Displacement Time (min) 1 Radio Type 889D Protection Armor, Turret (mm) INA Armor Turret Top (mm) INA Armor Hull (mm) INA Self-Entrenching Blade No NBC Protection System No Smoke Equipment No ARMAMENT Main Armament Caliber, Type, Name 152-mm, Type 66 cannon Barrel Length (cal) 29 Rate of Fire (rpm) Burst 4 Normal INA Sustained INA Fire from Ground INA Loader Type Semiautomatic Breech Type Vertical sliding wedge Muzzle Brake Type Double baffle Traverse (°) Left 360 Right 360 Total 360 Elevation (°) (-/+) -5/+65° Auxiliary Weapon Caliber, Type, Name 12.7-mm (12.7x108) AA MG Type 54 Mount Type Turret top Direct Fire Range (m) 1500 Max Effective Range (m) Day 1500 ground/1600 for air targets (APDS) Night INA Fire on Move Yes Rate of Fire (rpm) 80-100 practical, 600 for air targets in 2-10 round bursts Caliber, Type, Name 7.62 (7.62 x 54R) Machinegun Type 59 Mount Type Turret coax Direct Fire Range (m) 1800 Max Effective Range (m)` Day 1000 Night 800 Fire on Move Yes Rate of Fire (rpm) 250 practical, 600 cyclic in 2-10 round bursts FIRE CONTROL Indirect Fire Panoramic Direct Fire INA Collimator INA Gun Display Unit None Fire Control Computer None VARIANTS 425-mm Mineclearing Rocket Launcher - Type 462 2-round rocket launcher for use in clearing minefields. 120-mm SP Anti-Tank Gun - The AT gun is fitted with a 120-mm smoothbore mounted inside a turret on a Type 83 Gun-Howitzer chassis. MAIN ARMAMENT AMMUNITION Caliber, Type, Name 152-mm Frag-HE, Type 66 Indirect Fire Range (m) Minimum Range 9600 Maximum Range 17,230 Complete Projectile Weight (kg) 43.6 Muzzle Velocity 655 m/s Fuze Type Liu-4 PD and Proximity 152-mm Frag-HE Rocket Assisted Projectile Indirect Fire Range (m) Minimum Range INA Maximum Range 21,880 Complete Projectile Weight (kg) INA Muzzle Velocity INA Fuze Type PD 152-mm Frag-HE Type 83 Indirect Fire Range (m) Minimum Range INA Maximum Range 30,370 Complete Projectile Weight (kg) 46.95 Muzzle Velocity 955 m/s Fuze Type Liu-4 PD and Proximity Other Ammunition Types HE-I, Illumination, Smoke 120-mm SP Anti-Tank Gun