WIN-T Concept of Operations [DRAFT]

ANNEX A Force Integration to Warfighter Information Network-Tactical, Concept of Operations

1. Proposed WIN-T force structure at Division, Corps and Echelons Above Corps (EAC).

a. The goal in this force design is to use the WIN-T Signal Company as a common thread throughout all echelons. The WIN-T Signal Company will have the same equipment and communications personnel at each echelon. Equipment will be populated to meet the needs of the subscribers. Although the WIN-T Signal Companies will be functionally the same there may be slight variations. Manpower Allocation Requirements Criteria (MARC) assigned to different echelons could impact on the Company Headquarters in maintenance areas.

b. Other Force Structure differences that occur due to types of equipment, mission or echelon will be identified in the Support Companies or Support Battalions.


Major Assemblages:

Note: Bold = Win-T Structure

  • 8 WAN Nodes w/ Ant Support Vehicle & Trailer

- 12 Multichannel TACSAT

  • 24 Sheltered Subscriber Nodes w/ Ant Support Vehicle & Trailer

- 2 Tactical Message Switches

  • 8 Transmission Relay Terminal w/ Antenna Support Vehicle & Trailer






  • WAN Node Switch
    Antenna Support Vehicle and Trailer

31F Switch Supervisor

31F Switch Op/Maint

31F Switch Op/Maint

  • Sheltered Subscriber Node Switch
    Antenna Support Vehicle and Trailer

31F Switch Supervisor

31F Switch Op/Maint

31F Switch Op/maint

  • Transmission Relay Terminal
    Antenna Support Vehicle and Trailer

31R Xmsn Sys Tm Chief

31R Xmsn Sys Op/Maint

31R Xmsn Sys Op/Maint

  • Multichannel TACSAT

31F Switch Supervisor

31F Switch Sys Op/Maint

31F Switch Sys Op/Maint

Figure A-1 Proposed Team Structure

2. Team Structure. Team structure is based on a normal complement of three personnel. Further determination of personnel numbers or MOS will be considered based on the complexity or simplicity of the equipment provided






















Figure A-2 WIN-T Signal Company


3. WIN-T Signal Company. The "heart" of the WIN-T structure is the WIN-T Signal Company. This company consists of a Company Headquarters, two Subscriber/Transmission Relay Platoons and a WAN Node Platoon.

a. Company Headquarters. The Company Headquarters provides the necessary command, control, administrative and maintenance support.

b. Subscriber Node Platoon. Each Subscriber Node Platoon has a Transmission Relay Section with two Transmission Relay Teams to provide terrestrial range extension. It also has two Subscriber Node Switch Sections with three Subscriber Node Switch Teams each that provide direct access for the subscriber to enter the network.

c. WAN Node Platoon. The WAN Node Platoon consists of two WAN Node Sections with two WAN Node Teams each. Each team has a Switch and associated Transmission Relay assemblage to provide the "nodal" connectivity for the network.

























Figure A-3 WIN-T Division Signal Battalion

4. Division Signal Battalion.

a. The WIN-T Division Signal Battalion consists of a Headquarters and Headquarters Company, two WIN-T Signal Companies and a Signal Support Company.


Division Signal Battalion Capabilities

    • 24 Subscriber Nodes
    • 8 WAN Nodes with Transmission Relay Terminals
    • 8 Transmission Relay Terminals
    • 12 Multichannel TACSAT terminals
    • GBS/TIP
    • TMS/DMS


Figure A-4 Division Signal Battalion capabilities

b. Division Signal Battalion capabilities. The quantities of principal types of equipment were based on the doctrinal support requirements within a Division normally supported by the Division Signal Battalion. The doctrinal area of operations for a digitized division has increased to 120 X 200 km.























Figure A-5 HHC, WIN-T Division Signal Battalion


5. The Signal Battalion HHC has the normal Staff Sections. The S3 Sections performs the network management functions. The G6 Section supports the Signal Commander on the Division Staff. This section has supervision over the ISSO (information Services Support Office), the Division COMSEC Office of Record (DCOR) and the Information Assurance (IA) Section.


























Figure A-6 WIN-T Signal Support Company

6. WIN-T Signal Support Company .

a. The Support Company provides the unique support that complements the WIN-T Companies and consists of a Company Headquarters, a TOC Support Platoon, an EPLRS Platoon and a TACSAT/GBS Platoon. There is nothing unique about the Company Headquarters.

b. The TOC Support Platoon Headquarters has Automation Support Teams to provide LAN management at the TAC CP and Main, and TOC Assistant teams to provide expertise in establishing the TOC. There are also two DMS Teams to provide Defense Message Services. One will be located at the Main the other at the Signal Battalion S3.

c. The EPLRS Platoon provides the data interface and extension to the Tactical Internet. The RETRANS Teams, with single channel TACSAT capability, extend the division FM nets.

d. The TACSAT/GBS Platoon supports the division with a Global Broadcast System Tactical Insertion Point and provides the satellite terminals for range extension (Active Army only). National Guard satellite structure has not been determined.















Figure A-7 The WIN-T Corps Signal Brigade

7. WIN-T Corps Signal Brigade.

a. The WIN-T Corps Signal Brigade consists of a Headquarters and Headquarters Company, three WIN-T Signal Battalions and a Signal Support Battalion.

Corps Signal Brigade Capabilities

Figure A-8 Corps Signal Brigade Capabilities

b. Corps Signal Brigade Capabilities. The numbers of principal types of equipment were based on today’s doctrinal support requirements within a 5 Division Corps normally supported by a Corps Signal Brigade. The upgrade of satellite terminals, GBS/TIP and Tactical Message System/ Defense Messaging Service (TMS/DMS) are modernization items. The structure of the Corps and its subordinate organizations will be solidified after the Corps Redesign process that is ongoing. The doctrinal area of operations for a digitized corps has increased to 800 x 800 km.






















Figure A-9 Corps WIN-T Signal Battalion

8. Corps WIN-T Signal Battalion. The Corps WIN-T Signal Battalion is very similar to the WIN-T Division Signal Battalion. It consists of an HHC and four WIN-T Signal Companies. It does not have a Support Company.
































Figure A-10 Corps Support Battalion

9. Corps Support Battalion.

a. The Corps Support Battalion has the unique capabilities that complement the WIN-T Signal Battalions and provides the necessary network support to the Corps. It consists of a typical HHC, a Range Extension Company, a Visual Extension Company and a CP Support Company.

b. The Range Extension Company provides the Satellite terminals (STAR-T/SMART-T) and the troposphere scatter radios (TROPO) that link the network where supported organizations are beyond line of sight (BLOS). It also provides the Global Broadcast System (GBS) Theater Injection Point (TIP) for the corps.

c. The Visual Information Company provides combat camera support to the corps and subordinate divisions.

d. The Command Post (CP) Company provides the Automation Support Teams (LAN management), TOC Assistance Teams and Battlefield Video Teleconferencing (BVTC) support at the Corps TAC, Main and Rear. In addition it provides the EPLRS NCS-E Data coverage, the two Defense Message Service Teams, over-the counter (OTC) message service to support Joint operations and a Cable and Wire Section.























Figure A-11 Comparison of Echelons

10. The "common thread" at all echelons is the WIN-T Signal Company. The WIN-T Signal Company will have the same equipment and communications personnel at each echelon. The HQ organizations will vary at different echelons based on their command and control responsibilities and the level of organizations they support. The support elements (Support Companies/Support Battalions) are required for the unique but complementary services they provide to their supported organizations.

The number of Theater Signal Brigades and the number of WIN-T Signal Battalions within Signal Brigades may vary at theater level varies based on the vast differences in support requirements within different theaters.