4.0 WIN-T Employment Across the Full Spectrum of Operations.
WIN-T is capable of supporting the full spectrum of military operations. The Army Strategic Planning Guidance and Army Planning Guidance define seven mission areas and the required capabilities to accomplish these missions. The figure below shows the Mission Areas.
4.1 WIN-T Employment Concept. WIN-T supports the mission areas by providing robust initial entry communications and immediate reachback capability. This reachback capability extends DISN services, providing voice and data connectivity to the warfighter. WIN-T enables the timely exchange of information, data, decisions, and orders. WIN-T provides the ability to gather, process, and disseminate an uninterrupted flow of reliable and precise information. WIN-T is designed to support rapid deployment with joint and multinational interoperability in mind.
4.1.1 WIN-T support to the warfighter begins immediately after the deployment sequence is initiated. Win-T Network Planning and Engineering (NPE) begins in garrison using WIN-T NMS.
4.1.2 While enroute to the objective, the WIN-T Hand Held Device provides key leaders with voice and data capabilities through commercial and military satellite access. With future advancements the handset will provide video and imagery capabilities.
4.1.3 As light forces arrive to secure airstrips and ports the HHD and other WIN assets such as single channel satellite, provide reachback to the sustaining base.
4.1.4 Deployment of division heavy assets begins from strategic airlift and Roll-on Roll-off transport ships. Warfighting platforms equipped with ABCS systems and Integrated Subscriber nodes use the Wide Band radio, SINCGARS and EPLRS to establish immediate voice and data connectivity amongst the fighting force. Wireless LANs interconnect TOC data systems providing the Common Relevant Picture and data transfer during route march and at quick halts.
4.1.5 The first sheltered WIN-T assets to arrive are the subscriber nodes at Brigade and Division. Together with Multichannel TACSAT providing "reachback" to the STEP and access to sustaining base networks, the Shelterized Subscriber Node provides the full suite of subscriber services to the warfighter. The subscriber nodeís HCLOS radios provides the high speed internet backbone. WAN Nodes and Transmission Relay Terminals expand the backbone and extend connectivity to subscriber nodes, integrated subscriber nodes, mobile users and the DISN. Full voice, data, imagery and video is available to the Division and Brigade TOCs. Access to specialized services such as MSS, DMS, GBS and interfaces to joint and coalition forces are all provided through the WIN-T infrastructure. The Integrated Subscriber Node at the Battalion TOC receives voice and data capabilities via the Wide Band Radio providing true C2OTM. The HHD accesses tactical cellular systems, backed up by satellite coverage.
4.1.6 As forces continue to flow into the theatre, WIN-Tís common infrastructure throughout all echelons expands the network and allows seamless information flow from platform to sustaining base.
- WIN-T in a Forced Entry Major Theater War. TBP
- WIN-T In a Stability and Support Operation. This section will describe the employment of WIN-T to support an XVIII Airborne Corp opposed intervention to deter enemy aggression.
- Contingency C4I Support. To better understand how WIN-T will support a contingency operation of this type we must first break the operation down to phases.
- Phase 0. Phase 0 is day to day operations of the division. All communication requirements are met using fixed sustaining base C4I services.
- Phase 1(X Hour). Division receives Warning Order. Crisis Action planning Initiated. Communication is supported by sustaining base C4I but voice and data security increase.
- Network Management. Network Planning and Engineering (NPE) begins using WIN-T NMS in garrison.
- Phase 2 (N Hour). 18-hour sequence is initiated. Communication is supported by sustaining base C4I. Tactical communication assets may be used for movement to APOE.
- Network Management. Network Planning and Engineering (NPE) continues using WIN-T NMS in garrison.
- Phase 3 (Enroute). Task Force is enroute to objectives.
- C2OTM. Communications capabilities include the palletized Secure Communication Package (SECOMP) which provides UHF LOS between aircraft and Single Channel UHF SATCOM back to the Sustaining Base. The WIN-T Universal Handset will provide voice and data capabilities to key leaders. With future advancements the handset will provide video and imagery capabilities. In-flight use of the Universal Handset may be prohibited due to possible interference with avionics. However, full operation of the Universal Handset in-flight is the objective.
- Phase 4 (Personnel Assault). Task Force conduct airborne assault on objectives.
- C2OTM. During the personnel assault, the Airborne C2 platform maintains FM and HF communications with the Division and Brigade assault CP and the BN TF HQ. Other organic capabilities include the Spitfire and SCAMP single channel Satellite terminals. The WIN-T Universal Handset provides voice and data capabilities to key leaders.
- Phase 5 (Heavy Drop) Heavy equipment is air dropped on objectives.
- C2OTM. The WIN-T Universal handset continues to provide access to global communication assets.
- WIN-T Network. The Assault Command Post Vehicles inserted during the heavy drop adds vehicular SINCGARS and HF radios as well as the Wide Band Radio. This Wide Band radio is the first piece of the Tactical Internet. The WIN-T Network begins.
- Phase 6A (Initial Land Operations). Airstrip and port are secure. Deployment of division heavy assets begins from strategic airlift and Roll-on Roll-off transport ships.
- C2OTM. The WIN-T Universal handset continues to provide access to global communication assets. ABCS and CSSCS systems access WIN through Wide Band Data radios.
- WIN-T Infrastructure. Subscriber Nodes integrated into warfighter platforms and using the Wide Band radio build the network. The first sheltered WIN-T assets to arrive are the subscriber nodes at Brigade and Division. In this scenario a STAR-T (corps asset) provides the "reachback" to the STEP and access to sustaining base networks. This provides full voice, data, imagery and video to the at Division and Brigade TOCs. The Integrated Subscriber Node at the Battalion TOC receives voice and data capabilities via the Wide Band Radio.
- Network Management. Lower Tier Network Management functions at the TOCs providing management tools for the Tactical Internet and TOC local area networks.
- Phase 6B (Transitional Land Operations) TBP
- Phase 6C (Force Build-up Complete) TBP