About the Authors

Naomi H. Harley, an authority in the area of radiation physics, obtained her Ph.D. in radiological physics at New York University and is currently a research professor at New York University School of Medicine, Department of Environmental Medicine. She has authored or co-authored more than 100 refereed journal articles on the measurement, dosimetry, and risk of internal radionuclides and external radiation, with emphasis on natural background radiation. She has authored six chapters in books dealing with radiation or toxicology and has three patents for radiation measurement devices. She is a councilmember of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP), an advisor to the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), and an editor of the journal Environment International.

Ernest C. Foulkes, a heavy-metal toxicologist, received his Ph.D. from Oxford University and is a professor emeritus in the Department of Environmental Health at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Dr. Foulkes has published widely in the field of toxicology and has more than 100 refereed articles and books to his credit. Dr. Foulkes is an associate editor of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology and is a past member of the editorial boards of several other journals. He was also a member of the National Research Council Committee on Biological Markers in Urinary Toxicology. He has also served as the President of the Metals Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology and as a member of the NCRP Committee on Uranium.

Lee H. Hilborne, M.D., M.P.H., is an associate professor of medicine and pathology at UCLA School of Medicine and Director of Quality Management Services at UCLA Medical Center. Dr. Hilborne has ten years' experience working with RAND Health in areas related to quality of care, medical appropriateness, and clinical outcomes. He has more than 75 contributions to the medical peer-reviewed literature and has written three book chapters related to laboratory medicine. Dr. Hilborne is the associate editor of Pathology Patterns and a member of the editorial board of Laboratory Medicine. He serves in a number of leadership roles with the American Society of Clinical Pathologists and works closely with the College of American Pathologists.

Arlene Hudson, a former U.S. Army officer and member of the OSAGWI staff, assisted with important background drafting and research.

C. Ross Anthony, Ph.D., one of the co-principal investigators on this project, carried out most of the work pulling together the research and the writing of the three main authors and coordinating the review process. Dr. Anthony received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania and is the director of RAND Health's Center for Military Health Policy Research. He has more than 25 years of experience in health care, including serving as an associate administrator at the Health Care Financing Administration, director of Development Resources for USAID/Europe, and assistant professor of economics at the University of Oregon.